American Revolution (1776) PowerPoint Presentations (PPT's)

dshistory | 21-05-17 | History The American Revolution was a political upheaval that took place between 1765 and 1783 during which colonists in the Thirteen American Colonies maintained by force of arms their refusal to submit to the authority of the King and Parliament of Great Britain, and founded the independent United States.

PowerPoint Slideshow channel for American Revolution (1776)

filmmakin

dshistory
By dshistory

Watch All docs

  • Views 2888
  • 7K

    Shares

  • Direct Link:

Presentations text content in American Revolution (1776)

Slide1

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also referred to as the American War of Independence and as the Revolutionary War in the United States, was an armed conflict between Great Britain and thirteen of its North American colonies which after the onset of the war declared independence as the United States of America.

AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR

Slide2

HISTORY OF AMERICA

The 

prehistory of the Americas

 (North, South, and Central America, and the Caribbean) begins with people migrating to these areas from Asia during the height of an Ice Age. These groups are generally believed to have been isolated from peoples of the "Old World" until the coming of Europeans in the 10th century from Norway and with the voyages of Christopher Columbus in 1492.

Slide3

CAUSES

Disputed control over taxation

The close of the 

Seven Years' War

 in 1763 saw Great Britain triumphant in driving the Kingdom of France  from North America, but heavily in debt. Britain's national debt at the end of the war had doubled to £130,000,000 and the annual cost of the British civil and military establishment in America in 1764 was £350,000, five times the cost of 15 years earlier. In part due to the policy of Salutary Neglect, whereby smuggling in the colonies had for over a century been tacitly accepted, the British government's expenditure in the colonies was four times higher than the total taken in revenues. London therefore decided upon a more vigorous approach by clamping down on avoidance of customs duties. It also passed a number of new taxes.

Slide4

CRISIS

Nobody was punished for the "Boston Tea Party" and in 1774 Parliament ordered Boston Harbor closed until the destroyed tea was paid for. It then passed the Massachusetts Government Act to punish the rebellious colony. The upper house of the Massachusetts legislature would be appointed by the Crown, as was already the case in other colonies such as New York and Virginia. The royal governor was able to appoint and remove at will all judges, sheriffs, and other executive officials, and restrict town meetings. Jurors would be selected by the sheriffs and British soldiers would be tried outside the colony for alleged offenses. These were collectively dubbed the "Intolerable Acts" by the Patriots.

Slide5

INTERNAL BRITISH POLITICS

During this time the British did not present a united front toward the American Patriots. The Parliament of Great Britain at this time was informally divided between conservative (Tory) and liberal (Whig) factions. The Whigs generally favored lenient treatment of the colonists short of independence while the Tories staunchly upheld the rights of Parliament. The Whigs felt that the Tory policies were pushing Americans to rebel, while the Tories thought Whig leniency (such as repealing the Stamp Act) was doing the same. Many Whigs freely associated themselves with the American Patriot cause, which Tories thought were encouraging the Americans in their resistance. The result was that, although Lord North's Tory government usually had a Parliamentary majority, a large Whig minority opposed it and constantly criticized its policies. Meanwhile, Whig commanders in America such as Sir William Howe  and his brother Admiral Howe came under the suspicion of Tories and Loyalists for not vigorously prosecuting the war effort.

Slide6

SUGAR ACT

The 

Sugar Act

, also known as the American

Revenue

Act

, was a revenue-raising 

act

 passed by the British Parliament of Great Britain in April of 1764. The earlier Molasses 

Act

 of 1733, which had imposed a tax of six pence per gallon of molasses, had never been effectively collected due to colonial resistance and evasion.

Slide7

STAMP ACT 1765

The 

Stamp Act of 1765

 (short title 

Duties in American Colonies Act 1765

; 5 George III, c. 12) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain that imposed a direct tax on the colonies of British America and required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp .Printed materials included legal documents, magazines, playing cards, newspapers, and many other types of paper used throughout the colonies. Like previous taxes, the stamp tax had to be paid in valid British currency, not in colonial paper money. The purpose of the tax was to help pay for troops stationed in North America after the British victory in the Seven Years' War and its North American theater of the French and Indian War. The Americans said that there was no military need for the soldiers because there were no foreign enemies on the continent, and the Americans had always protected themselves against Indians. They suggested that it was actually a matter of British patronage to surplus British officers and career soldiers who should be paid by London.

Slide8

BOSTON TEA PARTY

The demonstrators, some disguised as Native Americans, in defiance of the 

Tea

 Act of May 10,

1773, destroyed an entire shipment of tea sent by the East India Company. They boarded the

ships and threw the chests of 

tea

 into 

Boston

 Harbor.

Slide9

TOWNSHEND ACT

The 

Townshend Acts

 were a series of British acts passed beginning in 1767 and relating to the British American colonies in North America. The acts are named after Charles Townshend, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, who proposed the program. Historians vary slightly in which acts they include under the heading "Townshend Acts", but five acts are often mentioned: the Revenue Act of 1767, the Indemnity Act (1767), the Commissioners of Customs Act (1767), the Vice Admiralty Court Act (1768), and the New York Restraining Act (1767).The purpose of the Townshend Acts was to raise revenue in the colonies to pay the salaries of governors and judges so that they would remain loyal to Great Britain, to create a more effective means of enforcing compliance with trade regulations, to punish the province of New York for failing to comply with the 1765 Quartering Act, and to establish the precedent that the British Parliament had the right to tax the

colonies.The

Townshend Acts (1767) were met with resistance in the colonies, prompting the occupation of Boston by British troops in 1768, which eventually resulted in the Boston

Massacreof

1770

Slide10

SEVEN YEARS WAR

The Seven Years' War was a war fought between 1754 and 1763, the main conflict occurring in the seven-year period from 1756 to 1763.

Location:  

Europe, the Americas, Africa, Asia

Period: 

1756 – 1763

Slide11

ABRAHAM LINCOLN

Abraham Lincoln was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Born: 12 February 1809

Slide12

GEORGE WASGINGTON

George Washington was an American politician and soldier who served as the first President of the United States from 1789 to 1797 and was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. Born: 22 February 1732, 

Slide13

MARTIN LUTHER KING

Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs.Born: 15 January 1929, 

Slide14

FRENCH HELP IN THE REVOLUTIONERY WAR

The second agreement, the Treaty of Alliance, made the fledgling United States and

France

 allies against Great Britain in the 

Revolutionary War

. The 

French

 decided to back the U.S. in its military efforts until the U.S. had full independence from Great Britain.

Slide15

THE REVOLUTION END IN THE COLONIES

While American success in the Revolution seems obvious today, it wasn't at the time. The war for American independence began with military conflict in 

1775

 and lasted at least until 

1783

 when the peace treaty with the British was signed.

Slide16

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION COME TO AN END

In October 1781, the war virtually came to an 

end

 when General Cornwallis was surrounded and forced to surrender the British position at Yorktown, Virginia. Two years later, the Treaty of Paris made it official: 

America

 was independent.

Slide17

WIN THE REVOLUTIONERY WAR

 

The American Revolutionary War (

1775

–

1783

), also referred to as the American War of Independence and the Revolutionary War in the United States, was an armed conflict between Great Britain and thirteen of its North American colonies that after onset of the war declared independence as the United States of America.

Slide18

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

The U.S. is a country of 50 states covering a vast swath of North America, with Alaska in the northwest and Hawaii extending the nation’s presence into the Pacific Ocean. Major Atlantic Coast cities are New York, a global finance and culture center, and capital Washington, DC. Midwestern metropolis Chicago is known for influential architecture and on the west coast, Los Angeles' Hollywood is famed for

filmmakin

Next Slides

american-revolution-1776

American Revolution (1776)

abraham-lincoln

ABRAHAM LINCOLN

boston-tea-party

BOSTON TEA PARTY

martin-luther-king

MARTIN LUTHER KING

seven-years-war-american-revolution

SEVEN YEARS WAR - American Revolution

stamp-act-1765

STAMP ACT 1765

sugar-act

SUGAR ACT

townshend-act

TOWNSHEND ACT

united-states-of-america

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

george-wasgington

GEORGE WASGINGTON