Indian History PowerPoint Presentations (PPT's)

dsnews | 09-05-17 | History The Republic of India is the largest democracy in the world. India is the seventh largest (by area) and the second most populous country . This presentation help us to know a better India.

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is an Indian politician who is the 14th and current Prime Minister of India, in office since May 2014. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014, and is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi.

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Slide1

INDIAN HISTORY – an encyclopedia

Slide2

BRIEF DISCRIPTION ABOUT INDIAN HISTORY

The history of India includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; the advancement of

civilisation

from the Indus Valley

Civilisation

to the eventual blending of the Indo-Aryan culture to form the Vedic

Civilisation

; the rise of Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism; the onset of a succession ...

Slide3

History of India and its civilization dates back to at least 6500 BC which perhaps makes the oldest surviving civilization in the world. India has been a meeting ground between the East and the West. Through out its history many invaders have come to India but Indian religions allowed it to adapt to and absorb all of them. All the while, these local dynasties built upon the roots of a culture well established. India has always been simply too big, too complicated, and too culturally subtle to let any one empire dominate it for long.

Slide4

INDIAN HISTORY CAN BE BROADLY DIVIDED IN TO FIVE PHASES

Saraswati

(

Harappan

) civilization

:

 6500 BC - 1000 BC or also called 

'Vedic period'

 in history of India.

2.

 Golden period of Indian History

:

  500 BC - 800 AD

3. 

Muslim influence in India: 

 1000 AD- 1700 AD

4. 

British period in India

:  1700 AD - 1947 AD

5. 

Modern India

: 1947 - till date

 

Slide5

THE FIRST KING OF INDIA

Chandragupta

Maurya

 

(

 r. 321 – 297 BCE) was the founder of the 

Maurya

Empire

 and the first 

emperor

to

unify north and south west of present-day India into one state. He ruled from 324 BCE until his voluntary retirement and abdication in

favour

of his son, 

Bindusara

in 297 BCE.

Slide6

1848 IN INDIA

The Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations, People's Spring, Springtime of the Peoples, or the Year of Revolution, were a series of political upheavals throughout Europe in 1848. 

Slide7

INDIAN FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

 

First War of Indian Independence is a term predominantly used in India to describe the 

Indian Rebellion of 1857

. The event challenged and ended the power and control of

British East Indian Company

 in India to be replaced by nine decades of British colonial rule, known as the 

British Raj.

Slide8

MAHATMA GANDHI

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. 

Slide9

QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT

Quit India Movement (

Bhārat

Chodo

Āndolan

), or the India 

August Movement

 (August

Kranti

), was a civil

disobedience movement

 launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee or more simply by Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end ...

Slide10

DANDI MARCH

In early April, 1930 Gandhi, 61 years old, reached

Dandi

after walking 241 miles in 24 days. He then defied the law by making salt. It was a brilliant, non-violent strategy by Gandhi. To enforce the law of the land, the British had to arrest the 

satyagrahis

 (soldiers of civil disobedience) and Indians courted arrest in millions. There was panic in the administration and Indian freedom struggle  finally gathered momentum both inside and outside of India.

Slide11

JALLIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE

The 

Jallianwala

Bagh

massacre

, also known as the 

Amritsar massacre

, took place on 13 April 1919 when a crowd of nonviolent protesters, along with 

Baishakhi

 pilgrims, who had gathered in 

Jallianwala

Bagh

, 

Amritsar

 

Punjab

were fired upon by troops of

the

British

Indian Army

 under the command of Colonel 

Reginald Dyer

. The civilians had assembled to participate in the annual 

Baisakhi

celebrations

, a religious and cultural festival for 

Punjabi people

. Coming from outside the city, they may have been unaware of the imposition of martial law.

Slide12

FIRST INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRASS

Hume 

organised

the first meeting in Bombay with the approval of the Viceroy Lord

Dufferin

. 

Womesh

Chandra

Bonnerjee

 was the first president of the Congress; the first session was held from 28–31 December 1885, and was attended by 72 delegates.

Slide13

INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS IMPORTANT POINT

Indian National Congress was founded in the year -

1885

First Indian woman president of Indian National Congress -

Mrs

Sarojini

Naidu (1925)

Woman Presidents of Indian National Congress -

Mrs

Annie Besant (1917),

Mrs

Sarojini

Naidu (1925) and Mrs. Nellie

Sengupta

(1933)

 

Slide14

RAJA RAM MOHAN ROY

Raja Ram Mohan Roy (22 May 1772 – 27 September 1833) was the founder of the Brahmo Sabha  movement in 1828, which engendered the Brahmo Samajan influential socio-religious reform movement. His influence was apparent in the fields of politic public administration and education as well as religion. He was known for his efforts to establish the abolishment of the practice of sati the Hindu funeral practice in which the widow was compelled to sacrifice herself in her husband’s funeral pyre in some parts of Bengal. It was he who first introduced the word "Hinduism" into the English language in 1816. For his diverse activities and contributions to society, Raja Ram Mohan Roy is regarded as one of the most important and contentious figures in the Bengali renaissance.His efforts to protect Hinduism and Indian rights and his closeness with the British government earned him the title "The Father of the Indian Renaissance".

Slide15

SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE

Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945)  was an Indian nationalist  whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India,  but whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japanleft a troubled legacy.  The honorific Netaji (Hindustani: "Respected Leader"), first applied in early 1942 to Bose in Germany by the Indian soldiers of the Indische Legion and by the German and Indian officials in the Special Bureau for India in Berlin, was later used throughout India.

Slide16

JHANSI RANI

Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi (19 November 1828 – 18 June 1858), born as Manikarnika;   pronunciation (help·info), was the queen of the Maratha-ruled Jhansi State, situated in the north-central part of India. She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and became for Indian nationalists a symbol of resistance to the British Raj.

Slide17

SARDAR VALLAHBHAI PATEL

Sardar Vallabhai Patel was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India. He was an Indian barrister and statesman, a leader of the Indian National Congress and a founding father of the Republic of India

Slide18

SECOND WORLD WAR 1935-45

Slide19

On

3 September 1939 Prime Minister Robert Gordon

Menzies

announced the beginning of Australia's involvement in the Second World War on every national and commercial radio station in Australia.

Almost a million Australians, both men and women, served in the Second World War. They fought in campaigns against Germany and Italy in Europe, the Mediterranean and North Africa, as well as against Japan in south-east Asia and other parts of the Pacific. The Australian mainland came under direct attack for the first time, as Japanese aircraft bombed towns in north-west Australia and Japanese midget submarines attacked Sydney

harbour

.

On 7 May 1945 the German High Command

authorised

the signing of an unconditional surrender on all fronts: the war in Europe was over. The surrender was to take effect at midnight on 8–9 May 1945. On 14 August 1945 Japan accepted of the Allied demand for unconditional surrender. For Australia it meant that the Second World War was finally over.

The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) participated in operations against Italy after its entry into the war in June 1940. A few Australians flew in the Battle of Britain in August and September, but the Australian army was not engaged in combat until 1941, when the 6th, 7th, and 9th Divisions joined Allied operations in the Mediterranean and North Africa

Slide20

INDIAN INDEPENDENCE ACT 1947

The 

Indian Independence Act 1947

 (1947 c. 30 (10 & 11. Geo. 6.)) is an 

Act

of the 

Parliament of the United Kingdom

 that

partitioned

 

British India

 into the two new independent 

dominions

of 

India

and 

Pakistan

. The Act received the 

royal assent

on 18 July 1947, and Pakistan came into being on 15 August at the same time as Indian independence. However, due to viceroy Lord Mountbatten's need to be in New Delhi for the transfer of power, Pakistan celebrated its formation a day ahead on 14 August 1947 to enable him to attend both events.

 

Slide21

CENTRAL LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY

The 

Central Legislative Assembly

 was the 

lower house

 of the 

Imperial Legislative Council

the 

legislature

 of 

British India

. It was created by the 

Government of India Act 1919

, implementing the 

Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms

. It was also sometimes called the 

Indian Legislative Assembly

 and the 

Imperial Legislative Assembly

. The 

Council of States

 was the upper house of the legislature for India.

As a result of 

Indian independence

, the Legislative Assembly was dissolved on 14 August 1947 and its place taken by

the

Constituent

Assembly of India

 and the 

Constituent Assembly of Pakistan

.

 

Slide22

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU

Jawaharlal

nehru

,

indira

gandhi’s

father was a leader of

indian

‘s nationalist movement and become

india’s

first prime minister after its independence

Slide23

LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI

Lal Bahadur Shastri (Hindustani:  2 October 1904 – 11 January 1966) was the 2nd Prime Minister of the Republic of India and a leader of the Indian National Congress party.Shastri joined the Indian independence movement in the 1920s. Deeply impressed and influenced by Mahatma Gandhi (with whom he shared his birthday), he became a loyal follower, first of Gandhi, and then of Jawaharlal Nehru. Following independence in 1947, he joined the latter's government and became one of Prime Minister Nehru's principal , first as Railways Minister (1951–56), and then in a variety of other functions, including Home Minister.

Slide24

INDIRA GANDHI – Iorn Lady

Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was an Indian politician and central figure of the Indian National Congress party, and to date the only female Prime Minister of India. Indira Gandhi was the daughter of India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. Despite her surname Gandhi, she is not related to the family of independence leader Mahatma Gandhi. She served as Prime Minister from 1966 to 1977 and then again from 1980 until her assassination in 1984, making her the second-longest-serving Prime Minister of India after her father.

Slide25

RAJIV GANDHI

Rajiv Ratna Gandhi was the Prime Minister of India, serving from 1984 to 1989. He took office after the 1984 assassination of his mother, Prime Minister Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi, to become the youngest Indian Prime Minister at the age of 40.Born: 20 August 1944, MumbaiAssassinated: 21 May 1991, SriperumbudurSpouse: Sonia Gandhi (m. 1968–1991)Education: University of Cambridge, Trinity College, Cambridge, Parents: Indira Gandhi, Feroze GandhiAwards: Bharat Ratna, Indira Gandhi Prize

Slide26

MANMOHAN SINGH

Manmohan Singh is an Indian economist and politician who served as the Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014. Born: 26 September 1932 (age 84 years), Gah, PakistanHeight: 1.75 mSpouse: Gursharan Kaur (m. 1958)Education: St John's College, Cambridge (1956–1957), morePrevious offices: Minister of Finance of India (2012–2012), moreAwards: CNN-IBN Indian of the Year in Politics, CNN-IBN Indian of the Year

Slide27

NERENDRA MODI

Narendra

Damodardas

Modi

is an Indian politician who is the 14th and current Prime Minister of India, in office since May 2014. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014, and is the Member of Parliament for Varanasi.

Next Slides

indian-history

Indian History

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MAHATMA GANDHI JI

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Quit India Movement

dandi-march-salt-march

DANDI MARCH (salt march)

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JALLIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE

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Indian National Congress

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RAJA RAM MOHAN ROY

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SECOND WORLD WAR 1935-45

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NERENDRA MODI