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dshistory | 09-05-17 | History Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi (19 November 1828 – 18 June 1858), born as Manikarnika;   pronunciation (help·info), was the queen of the Maratha-ruled Jhansi State, situated in the north-central part of India. She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and became for Indian nationalists a symbol of resistance to the British Raj.

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Slide1

JHANSI RANI

Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi, born as Manikarnika, was the queen of the Maratha-ruled Jhansi State, situated in the north-central part of India.

Slide2

Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi (19 November 1828 – 18 June 1858), boras Manikarnika;   pronunciation , was the queen of the Maratha-ruled Jhansi State, situated in the north-central part of India. She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and became for Indian nationalists a symbol of resistance to the British Raj.

Slide3

BIOGRAPHY

Lakshmibai

was born on 19 November 1828

in the holy town of Varanasi  into a Marathi  family.

 She was named

Manikarnika

and was nicknamed Manu.

Her father was

Moropant

Tambe

(a retainer of

Chimmaji

Appa

, the brother of

Baji

Rao

)

and her mother Bhagirathi

Sapre

(Bhagirathi

Bai

). Her parents came from Maharashtra . Her mother died when she was of four years. Her father worked for a court 

Peshwa

of 

Bithoor

district  who brought up

Manikarnika

like his own daughter.

 The

Peshwa

called her "

Chhabili

", which means "playful". She was educated at home and was more independent in her childhood than others of her age; her studies included shooting, horsemanship, and fencing.

Slide4

CULTURAL DEPICTION AND MEMORIALS

Slide5

INDIAN REBELLION OF 1857

May – July 1857

A

rumour

that the cartridges supplied by the East India Company to the soldiers in its army contained pork or beef fat began to spread throughout India in the early months of 1857.

On 10 May 1857 the 

Indian Rebellion

started in 

Meerut

; when news of this reached Jhansi, the

Rani

asked the British political officer, Captain Alexander

Skene

, for permission to raise a body of armed men for her own protection and

Skene

agreed to this.

 The city was relatively calm in the midst of unrest in the region but the

Rani

conducted a 

Haldi

Kumkum

 ceremony with pomp in front of all the women of Jhansi to provide assurance to her subjects, in the summer of 1857 and to convince them that the British were cowards and not to be afraid of them.

Slide6

AUGUST 1857-JUNE 1858

From August 1857 to January 1858 Jhansi under the

Rani's

rule was at peace. The British had announced that troops would be sent there to maintain control but the fact that none arrived strengthened the position of a party of her advisers who wanted independence from British rule. When the British forces finally arrived in March they found it well defended and the fort had heavy guns which could fire over the town and nearby countryside. 

Sir Hugh Rose

, commanding the British forces, demanded the surrender of the city; if this was refused it would be destroyed.

After due deliberation the

Rani

issued a proclamation: "We fight for independence. In the words of Lord Krishna, we will if we are victorious, enjoy the fruits of victory, if defeated and killed on the field of battle, we shall surely earn eternal glory and salvation.“

 She defended Jhansi against British troops when Sir Hugh Rose besieged Jhansi on 23 March 1858.

Slide7

THE SAMADHI OF RANI LASHMIBAI

Slide8

RANI LASKHMIBAI PARK JHANSI

Slide9

LITERATURE FILEM AND TELEVISION

Songs and poems

Patriotic songs have been written about the

Rani

; one of them includes these lines (translated): "How valiantly like a man fought she / The

Rani

of Jhansi / On every parapet a gun she set / Raining fire of hell / How well like a man fought the

Rani

of Jhansi / How valiantly and well!" She is a symbol of woman manhood as the line says in her respect "

Khoob

ladi

mardani

wo

to

jhansi

wali

rani

thi

" (Bravely and relentlessly she fought like men).

The most famous composition of 

Subhadra

Kumari

Chauhan

 is the Hindi poem 

Jhansi

ki

Rani

, an emotionally charged description of the life of

Rani

Lakshmibai

.

 

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