Quit India Movement PowerPoint Presentations (PPT's)

dshistory | 09-05-17 | History Quit India Movement ( Bhārat Chodo Āndolan), or the India August Movement (August Kranti), was a civil disobedience movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee or more simply by Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end ...

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members to keep aloof from the congress movement and these instructions were generally observed".

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Slide1

The Quit India Movemen or the India August Movement (August Kranti), was a civil disobedience movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee or more simply by Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) on 8 August 1942, during World War II.

QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT

Slide2

The

 

Quit India Movement

  was a civil disobedience movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee or more simply by Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British Rule of India.

[1]

 The Cripps Mission had failed, and on 8 August 1942, Gandhi made a call to Do or Die in his Quit India speech delivered in Bombay at the 

Gowalia

Tank

Maidan

. The All-India Congress Committee launched a mass protest demanding what Gandhi called "An Orderly British Withdrawal" from India. Even though it was wartime, the British were prepared to act. Almost the entire leadership of the INC was imprisoned without trial within hours of Gandhi's speech. Most spent the rest of the war in prison and out of contact with the masses. The British had the support of the Viceroy's Council (which had a majority of Indians), of the All India Muslim League , the princely states, the Indian Imperial Police, the British Indian Army and the 

IndiaCivil

Service. Many Indian businessmen profiting from heavy wartime spending did not support Quit India Movement. Many students paid more attention to 

Subhas

Chandra Bose, who was in exile and supporting the Axis Powers. The only outside support came from the Americans, as President Franklin D. Roosevelt pressured Prime Minister Winston Churchill to give in to some of the Indian demands

.

Slide3

OPPOSITION TO THE QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT

Several groups supporting Indian independence were opposed to the Quit India Movement. These included the Muslim League, the Hindu

Mahasabha

, the 

Rashtriya

Swayamsevak

Sangh

, the Communist Party of India and the princely states

Slide4

MUSLIM LEAGUE

The Muslim League opposed the Quit India Movement as it was of the view that if the British left India in its current state, Muslims as a minority would be oppressed by the Hindu majority. Muhammad Ali Jinnah's opposition to Gandhi's call led to large numbers of Muslims cooperating with the British, and enlisting in the army. The Muslim League gained large numbers of new members. Congress members heeding Gandhi's call resigned from provincial legislatures, enabling the Muslim League, in alliance with the Hindu

Mahasabha

, to take control in

Sindh

, Bengal and Northwest Frontier.

Slide5

HINDU MAHASABHA

Hindu nationalist parties like the Hindu

Mahasabha

 openly opposed the call for the Quit India Movement and boycotted it officially.

 

Vinayak

Damodar

Savarkar

, the president of the Hindu

Mahasabha

at that time, even went to the extent of writing a letter titled "

Stick to your Posts

", in which he instructed Hindu

Sabhaites

who happened to be "members of municipalities, local bodies, legislatures or those serving in the army...to stick to their posts" across the country, and not to join the Quit India Movement at any cost.

Slide6

COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA

The 

Communist Party of India

 was banned at that time by the British government. In order to get the ban lifted, as well as to assist the Soviet Union in its war against 

Nazi Germany

, it supported the British war effort, despite support for Quit India by many industrial workers. In response the British lifted the ban on the party.

Slide7

PRINCELY STATES

The movement had less support in the princely states, as the princes were strongly opposed and funded the opposition.

The Indian nationalists had very little international support. They knew that the United States strongly supported Indian independence, in principle, and believed the U.S. was an ally. However, after Churchill threatened to resign if pushed too hard, the U.S. quietly supported him while bombarding Indians with propaganda designed to strengthen public support of the war effort. The poorly run American operation annoyed both the British and the Indians.

Slide8

NO SUPPORT TO THE QUIT INDIA MOVEMENT

Rashtriya

Swayamsevak

Sangh

Rashtriya

Swayamsevak

Sangh

(RSS) kept aloof from the Congress-led anti-British 

Indian independence movement

 since its founding by 

K.B.

Hedgewar

 in 1925. In 1942, the RSS, under 

M.S.

Golwalkar

 refused to join in the Quit India Movement. The Bombay government (British) appreciated the RSS position by noting that,

"the

Sangh

has scrupulously kept itself within the law, and in particular, has refrained from taking part in the disturbances that broke out in August 1942".".

The British Government stated that the RSS was not in support of civil disobedience, and as such their other political activities (even if objectionable) can be overlooked. The British Government also asserted that at

Sangh

meetings organized during the times of anti-British movements started and fought by the 

Indian National Congress

,

"speakers urged the

Sangh

members to keep aloof from the congress movement and these instructions were generally observed".

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