SUGAR ACT PowerPoint Presentations (PPT's)

dshistory | 21-05-17 | History The Sugar Act, also known as the American RevenueAct, was a revenue-raising act passed by the British Parliament of Great Britain in April of 1764. The earlier Molasses Act of 1733, which had imposed a tax of six pence per gallon of molasses, had never been effectively collected due to colonial resistance and evasion.

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 of 1733, which had placed a tax on each gallon of imported foreign molasses. However, corrupt practices kept merchants in the colonies from having to pay the taxes.

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Slide1

SUGAR ACT 1764

Slide2

The 

Sugar Act

, also known as the 

American Revenue Act

 or the 

American Duties Act

, was a revenue-raising act passed by the Parliament of Great Britain on April 5, 1764. The preamble to the act stated: "it is expedient that new provisions and regulations should be established for improving the revenue of this Kingdom ... and ... it is just and necessary that a revenue should be raised ... for defraying the expenses of defending, protecting, and securing the same." The earlier Molasses Act of 1733, which had imposed a tax of six pence per gallon of molasses, had never been effectively collected due to colonial evasion. By reducing the rate by half and increasing measures to enforce the tax, the British hoped that the tax would actually be

collected.These

incidents increased the colonists' concerns about the intent of the British Parliament and helped the growing movement that became the American Revolution.

Slide3

BACKGROUND

The Molasses Act of 1733 was passed by Parliament largely at the insistence of large plantation owners in the British West Indies. Molasses from French, Dutch, and Spanish West Indian possessions was inexpensive. Sugar (from the British West Indies) was priced much higher than its competitors and they also had no need for the large quantities of lumber, fish, and other items offered by the colonies in exchange. Sometimes colonists would pay Molasses Act taxes because they were rather low depending on where they resided and how much money they had. In the first part of the 18th Century, the British West Indies were Great Britain's most important trading partner, so Parliament was attentive to their requests. However, rather than acceding to the demands to prohibit the colonies from trading with the non-British islands, Parliament passed the prohibitively high tax on the colonies on molasses imported from those islands. If actually collected, the tax would have effectively closed that source to New England and destroyed much of the rum industry. Instead, smuggling, bribery or intimidation of customs officials effectively nullified the law.

 

Slide4

EFFECT ON AMERICAN COLONIES

The Sugar Act was passed by Parliament on April 5, 1764, and it arrived in the colonies at a time of economic depression. It was an indirect tax, although the colonists were well informed of its presence. A good part of the reason was that a significant portion of the 

colonial

 

economy

 during the 

Seven Years' War

 was involved with supplying food and supplies to the British Army. Colonials, however, especially those affected directly as merchants and shippers, assumed that the highly visible new tax program was the major culprit. As protests against the Sugar Act developed, it was the economic impact rather than the constitutional issue of 

taxation without representation

 that was the main focus for the colonists.

Slide5

CAUSE AND EFFECT OF THE SUGAR ACT

The 

Sugar Act

 was passed by Parliament on April 5, 1764, and it arrived in the colonies at a time of economic depression. ... As protests against the 

Sugar

Act

developed

, it was the economic 

impact

 rather than the constitutional issue of taxation without representation that was the main focus for the colonists.

Slide6

THE SUGAR ACT OF 1764 PUT TAXES ON?

As a way to raise revenues from the 13 colonies in America, the British Parliament passed the 

Sugar Act

 on April 5, 1764. ... Although the 

Sugar Act

 reduced the 

tax

rate

of molasses by 3 pence per gallon, this law also 

put

 in place measures to ensure the strict collection of this 

tax

.

Slide7

WHO WAS INVOLVED IN THE SUGAR ACT OF 1764

On April 5, 1764, Parliament passed a modified version of the Sugar and Molasses Act (1733), which was about to expire. Under the Molasses Act colonial merchants had been required to pay a tax of six 

pence

 per gallon on the importation of foreign molasses.

Slide8

THE SUGAR ACT AFFECT

Therefore Parliament passed the Sugar Act of 1764. It was the first tax enacted by the

British

 against the colonists for the purpose of raising revenue. The Sugar Act created a new tax on molasses imported from non-

British

 isles along the same lines as the Molasses Act but the tax was reduced by half.

Slide9

BRITISH REACT TO THE SUGAR ACT OF 1764

 

The 

Sugar Act

 passed on April 5, 1764. Colonists took action against the 

British

 in opposition to the 

Sugar Act

. ... The Parliament repealed the 

Sugar Act

 after 

British

merchants started complaining due to the financial consequences of the boycotts.

Slide10

SUGAR ACT END

Officially known as The American Revenue 

Act

 of 1764, the so-called 

Sugar Act

 was a modification of the 

Sugar

 and Molasses 

Act

 of 1733, which had placed a tax on each gallon of imported foreign molasses. However, corrupt practices kept merchants in the colonies from having to pay the taxes.

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