WOMEN IN THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION PowerPoint Presentations (PPT's)

dsnews | 14-05-17 | History The Russian Revolutions of 1917, and the events that proceeded and followed it, saw the creation of the world’s first socialist state, which made explicit commitments to promote the equality of men and women. Many early Russian feminists and ordinary Russian workingwomen actively participated in the Revolution, and many more were affected by the events of that period and the new policies of the Soviet Union

PowerPoint Slideshow channel for WOMEN IN THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION

Peasant women were largely uninvolved in both the "bourgeois" feminist movement, and the Bolshevik revolution. Patriarchal gender roles were way of life in villages, and the village was the only life peasant women knew. Historians have theorized that peasants saw revolution as a dangerous threat to their way of life, and that peasant women, already impoverished, feared the disruptions brought by war. Only a small minority of peasant women joined the Bolshevik cause. Peasant women's rejection of women's emancipation is most clearly demonstrated in their refusal to be involved with the Women's Bureau.

dsnews
By dsnews

Watch All docs

  • Views 511
  • 7K

    Shares

  • Direct Link:

Presentations text content in WOMEN IN THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION

Slide1

WOMEN IN THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION

The Russian Revolutions of 1917, and the events that proceeded and followed it, saw the creation of the world’s first socialist state, which made explicit commitments to promote the equality of men and women.

Slide2

RUSSIAN WOMEN AND WORLD WAR I

Millions of Russian men fought actively in World War I, causing some disruption in the patriarchal gender roles traditional to Russian society. The number of women workers in industrial centers rose to over one million as 250,000 women joined the workforce between 1914 and 1917. Peasant women also took on new roles, taking over some of their husbands' farm work. Women fought directly in the war in small numbers on the front lines, often disguised as men, and thousands more served as nurses. The social conditions of women during World War I affected the role they played in coming revolutions.

Slide3

THE FEBRUARY REVOLUTION AND ITS IMPACT ON THE BOLSHEVIK PARTY

The February Revolution toppled the tsarist regime and established a provisional government. Women were highly visible in this revolution, gathering in a mass protest on International Women's Day to call for political rights. They gained rights under the provisional government, including the right to vote, to serve as attorneys, and equal rights in civil service. Women advocating for these kinds of political rights generally came from upper and middle-class background, while poorer women protested for "bread and peace."Record numbers of women joined the Russian army. All women's combat units were put into place, the first of these forming in May 1917.

Slide4

THE WOMEN QUESTION AND BOLSHEVIK POLITICS

The Women Question, the idea that women were seen as inferior and given strict social rules and roles, was a popular topic in Russia during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Russians generally viewed women as backward or superstitious, and not to be trusted politically, and even some Marxists referred to women workers as the “most backward stratum of the proletariat” and accused them of being unable to develop a revolutionary consciousness without party guidance. Many wrote and theorized on the issue, but many Russians associated the issue mainly with feminists. Before the revolution, feminism was condemned as "bourgeois" because it tended to come from the upper classes, and was considered counterrevolutionary because of the perception that it would have divided the working class. Engels’ 1890 work on The Women Question influenced Lenin heavily. He believed that the oppression of women was a function of their exclusion from the public production sphere and the relegation to the domestic sphere. For women to have been considered true comrades, the bourgeois family had to be dismantled and women needed full autonomy and access to employment. In light of the participation of women in the February Revolution, the Bolshevik Party began to rethink and restructure its approach to "the women question

Slide5

OCTOBER REVOLUTION AND THE CIVIL WAR

The Bolsheviks came to power with the idea of liberation of women and transformation of the family. They were able to equalize women's legal status with men's by reforming certain laws such as the Code on Marriage, the Family, and Guardianship ratified in October 1918 which allows both spouses were to retain the right to their own property and earnings, grant children born outside wedlock the same rights as those born within, and made divorce available upon request. The Bolsheviks launched a movement for women's self-activity; the 

Zhenotdel

, also known as women's section of the Communist Party (1919–1930). Under the leadership of Alexandra Kollontai, and with the support of women like 

Inessa

Armand and, 

Nadezhda

Krupskaya the

Zhenotdel

spread the news of the revolution, enforced its laws, set up political education and literacy classes for working-class and peasant women and fought prostitution.

Slide6

PEASANT WOMEN AND WOMEN’S EMANCIPATION

Peasant women were largely uninvolved in both the "bourgeois" feminist movement, and the Bolshevik revolution. Patriarchal gender roles were way of life in villages, and the village was the only life peasant women knew. Historians have theorized that peasants saw revolution as a dangerous threat to their way of life, and that peasant women, already impoverished, feared the disruptions brought by war. Only a small minority of peasant women joined the Bolshevik cause. Peasant women's rejection of women's emancipation is most clearly demonstrated in their refusal to be involved with the Women's Bureau.

Next Slides

russian-revolution

RUSSIAN REVOLUTION

russian-civil-war

RUSSIAN CIVIL WAR

communist-manifesto

COMMUNIST MANIFESTO

february-revolution-1917

FEBRUARY REVOLUTION 1917

bolshevik-revolution

BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION

lenin

LENIN

stalin

STALIN

karl-marx

KARL MARX

das-capital

DAS CAPITAL

paris-commune-1971

PARIS COMMUNE 1971

soviet-union

SOVIET UNION

october-revolution

OCTOBER REVOLUTION

women-in-the-russian-revolution

WOMEN IN THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION