The downfall of the Ottoman Empire PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

Download dshistory | 2018-04-09 | General The Battle of Lepanto (1571) Beginning of the downfall Conflict between the Ottoman and Habsburg empires extended to Mediterranean Sea Turkish navy fought against Spain and Venice Destruction of the Turkish fleet Government Became weaker and parts of the empire began to act independently Mur.... ID: 662228

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By: Alyssa Ayala, Cassidy Cain, & Jen Fahr

Ottoman Empire

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EstablishmentThe CreationLocationPeriod of Time it ExistedReligionImpact on EuropeForeign RelationsThe Rising of the Ottoman EmpireThe Golden Age (1481-1566)The Downfall of the Ottoman EmpireSignificance of the Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire

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Othman (Osman) founded the Ottoman Empire around 1307Turkish tribal chiefFounded the dynasty called Osmanli (Sons of Osman)Seljuks- strongest tribe of the Turks who established themselves in Asia minorThe Mongols defeated the Seljuks in 1283 and Othman emerged as the leader of the Turks in the fight against the Byzantine Empire

Establishment

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This empire was created by Turkish tribes in Anatolia It emerged in Asia Minor after the breakdown of the empire of the Seljuk TurksOttoman Turks began to take over the other states and ending all other Turkish dynasties The Ottomans achieved many victories and were able to place large parts of the Balkan Peninsula under their ruleOttoman’s now have a stable empire

The Creation

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Ruled parts of southeastern Europe, the Middle East, and East Africa for more than 600 yearsIncludes Anatolia, the Balkans, Crimea, Hungary, parts of Syria, Arabia, and North Africa

Location

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Location

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Existed form 1301-1922One of the largest and longest lasting Empires in the world Stayed a strong empire because it was ruled by a single family for 7 centuries Reached it’s height from 1520-1566Began to decline in 15711922 the sultan was overthrown ending the empire

Period of time it existed

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Main religion was Islam Islamic ideals and laws form the basis of their society, government, and lawThe Suleiman was regarded as the religious leader of Islam and Muslims Other religions were ensured protection in the empire

Religion

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Many European countries ignored the expansion of the Ottoman EmpireThey viewed the Turks as a threat to Christian civilizationPeople, such as Luther and Desiderius Erasmus, saw the Turks as a sign of God’s anger toward EuropeThey urged for repentance and reformThe Ottoman Turks became less of a concern to Europe as the Renaissance continued

Impact on Europe

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Military alliance with France, England, and the NetherlandsWars against Habsburg Spain, Italy, and Habsburg Austria

Foreign Relations

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1. Gained landed in the northwest corner of the Anatolian Peninsula by the Seljuk Turks due to their assistance in fighting the Mongols2. Expanded westward to control Bosporus and the Dardanelles, which were two straits that connected the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea. (Byzantine Empire previously controlled this land)3. They expanded into the BalkansOttoman rulers claimed the name of sultan and built a strong military by developing an elite guard called janissaries4. New TechnologyJanissaries used firearms to spread the Ottoman Empire1400- defeated the Serbs and annexed Bulgaria

The

rise

of the ottoman Empire

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Three sultans ruled the Ottoman Empire at its height:Beyazid (1481-1512)- extended empire into Europe, added outposts to the Black Sea, put down revolts in Asia Minor, and turned the Ottoman Fleet into a major Mediterranean naval powerSelim (1512-1520)- eliminated all competition for his position, established control over the army, and moved south and eastward into Syria, Mesopotamia, Arabia, and EgyptSuleyman I the Magnificient (1530-1566)- captured Belgrade in 1521, captured Rhodes in 1522, broke military power of Hungary, and waged three campaigns against Persia

The Golden Age (1481-1566)

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The Battle of Lepanto (1571)Beginning of the downfallConflict between the Ottoman and Habsburg empires extended to Mediterranean SeaTurkish navy fought against Spain and VeniceDestruction of the Turkish fleetGovernmentBecame weaker and parts of the empire began to act independentlyMurad III (Ruled 1574-95) the Caucasus were conquered and Azerbaijan seizedOttomans were driven out of the Caucasus and Azerbaijan in 1603 and out of Iraq in 1604

The downfall of the Ottoman Empire

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Ottomans were at war with European enemies for 41 yearsLost Blakan territory and all possessions on shores of the Black SeaSelim II (ruled 1789-1807) attempted to reform empire and navy but he failed and was overthrownMahmud II (ruled 1808-39) empire was in desperate straits“Sick Man of Europe” (1850-1922)Ottomans forced to sign the Treaty of San Stefano which would end their rule in Europe except for Congress of BerlinAbdulhamid II (ruled 1876-1909) developed strong ties with Germany and fought on their side in World War IMohammed VI fled in 1922 after the sultanate was abolished

The downfall of the Ottoman Empire

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Universalized the civilizations of East and West Influenced Islamic religions in the Middle East and Persia Provided a strong and organized militaryHad a centralized political structure One of the largest, longest lasting and most successful empires

Significance of the Ottoman Empire

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"Ottoman Empire." Gale Encyclopedia of World History: Governments. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 2008. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 7 Mar. 2014."Ottoman Empire." Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students. Ed. Paul F. Grendler. Vol. 3. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2004. 132-134. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 7 Mar. 2014."Ottomans and Ottoman Empire." The Middle Ages: An Encyclopedia for Students. Ed. William Chester Jordan. Vol. 3. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1996. 186-189. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 7 Mar. 2014."Introduction to the Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Empire (Fourteenth to Seventeenth Centuries)." Gale Encyclopedia of World History: War. Vol. 1. Detroit: Gale, 2008. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 7 Mar. 2014.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Territorial_evolution_of_the_Ottoman_Empirehttp://www.mideastweb.org/Middle-East-Encyclopedia/ottoman.htmhttp://www.umich.edu/~turkish/links/ottemp_brhist.htmlhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/history/ottomanempire_1.shtmlhttp://lostislamichistory.com/islam-and-the-ottoman-empire/

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