. DON’T LET THE BED BUGS BITE. ”. Dean Geller- Technical Supervisor. Integrated Pest Management Group. Manitoba Housing. . “. OUTLINE. . The Epidemic. ID: 154483
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SLEEP TIGHT , DON’T LET THE BED BUGS BITE”
Dean Geller- Technical Supervisor
Integrated Pest Management GroupManitoba Housing
Bed Bug Phobia
Bed Bug Identification
Bed Bug Feeding Habits & Behaviour
How Do You Know if You Have a Bed Bug Infestation
Remediation and Control
Protecting Yourself From an Infestation
THE EPIDEMIC HOW WIDE SPREAD ARE BED BUGS?Slide4
The increase in numbers may be due to changes in modern pest control practices.This includes the use of insect-specific baits and gels, which do not work for bed bug control.The prohibition of previously successful pesticides.Pesticide resistant bed bugsMore people are traveling which increases the chance of bringing the insect back in their luggageUse of second hand furniture or clothingIncreased urbanizationPoverty
Why are bed bug numbers increasing?Slide6
Bed Bug Phobia
Bed bugs do not spread disease - TRUEBed bug are caused by poor sanitation or filthy conditions - FALSEUnlike lice and fleas, bed bugs do not live on people or animals - TRUEBed bugs can’t jump or fly, so you can’t suddenly be infested with they just by being in a room that has them - TRUEBed bugs are restricted to the poor. FALSE, anyone can get them
True or False?Slide8
WHAT ARE BED BUGS? Bed bugs are small wingless insects that feed solely on the blood of warm-blooded animals. Bed bugs look a lot like wood ticksHumans are the primary host.Bed bugs will feed on rodents or birds when a human blood meal is not available.There are other similar types of bugs – Bat bugs
Bed Bugs – Size – Shape – Colour There are seven stages to the life of a bed bug:Eggs are 1.5 mm in length and are white in colourHatchlings or 1st Instar nymph are clear in colour before feeding and are 1.5 mm in length (size of a poppy seed)Adults are brown to red in colour, oval in shape and flat when viewed from the side. (thickness of one credit card before feeding and 3 credit cards after feeding)Adults are approximately 5.5 mm in length (size of an apple seed)
Instar Bed Bug Nymph On FingerSlide11
BED BUGS BEFORE AND AFTER FEEDINGSlide12
BED BUG LIFE CYCLE
7 Stages for a bed bugEgg – 1 mm (impervious to insecticide while inside)First stage larvae – 1.5 mmSecond stage larvae – 2.0 mmThird Stage larvae – 2.5 mmFourth stage larvae – 3.0 mmFifth stage larvae – 4.5 mmAdult Stage – 5.5 mm (size of an apple seed, able to procreate)With each stage there is a required blood meal and then a moultingSlide13
BED BUG LIFE CYCLE
Life CycleFemales lay ~200 eggsEggs hatch in 1-2 weeksNymphs start to feed immediatelyNymph stage is 14-30 daysEntire life cycle is 4-9 weeks(in a perfect world!)Adults may survive up to 18 months or more without feedingSlide14
Bed Bugs – Cimex Lectularius
Bed bugs have an unusual mating behaviour that is known as traumatic insemination. The male bug penetrates the females body with a modified copulatory organ called a paramere Females lay 200 to 500 eggs in life cycle These eggs are laid over multiple days and multiple placesEggs hatch in 1-2 weeksSlide15
Bed bugs are most active at night, but are opportunists who will feed if necessary during the day depending on the sedentary habits of the host.They are attracted to heat (body warmth) and Co2, i.e. BreathingThe feed mainly on human blood and feed for 3 to 10 minutesTheir bite is painless and may result in a small red itchy bump. Unlike fleas or lice, bed bugs do not live on people, but only visit them to feed.After feeding, bed bugs generally crawl to a hiding place to digest their meal and molt to the next life cycle stage.Bed bugs that develop solely on human hosts are usually moved from one location to the next on infested furniture, bedding and/or transfer by humansThe may migrate in multi-unit buildings to other suites along heating/plumbing/electrical conduits or pipes.
Bed Bug Feeding HabitsSlide16
BED BUG BITES #2Slide17
Bed Bug Bite #3Slide18
Bed bugs do not live on people although they sometimes unintentionally hitchhike.They hide in cracks & crevasses where they won’t be disturbed.Bed bug like to be close to their blood source, but they will travel when necessary.Slide19
Bed Bugs around and in joint in table legSlide20
Bed Buds in the Cording of a MattressSlide21
Bed bugs in the fold of the mattressSlide22
How Do You Know if You Have Bed Bugs?Slide23
During the day, bed bugs tend to hide close to where they feed; for example, where people sleep.Bedbugs are attracted by heat(body) and Co2(breathing) Bedbugs do not have nests, but they do tend to gather and hide in routine places.If bedbugs are present, there will be dark spotting and staining on your sheets, mattress, pillow, carpets and clothing.
Bed Bug InspectionSlide24
Pull drawers out of dressers and check the inside. Check under lamps on nightstandsCheck cracks and crevices along baseboards and walls.Check torn or loose wallpaper, decorative borders, and behind paintings and pictures.Check the seams of your mattress and/or boxspringConceivably check any crack the width of a credit card
Bed Bug InspectionSlide25
Bed bugs under fabric of futonSlide26
Bed bugs on box spring linerSlide27
Getting Rid of Bed BugsSlide28
It is very important that tenants follow the preparation guidelines provided by their landlord or hired pest control contractor.Proper preparation is key to reducing to eradicating bed bugs.Provides access to all areas for treatmentRemoves harbourage locationsReduces physical activity at locationSlide29
Getting Rid of Bed Bugs
Getting Rid of Bed BugsSlide31
The best way to prevent bed bug problems is to keep them out of your home in the first place.Do not bring infested items into your home. Closely check or inspect your luggage or the and clothing,Check the luggage and clothing of your guests, especially after travel to other countriesBe wary of second hand furniture and clothing and inspect them very carefully before bringing them into your home.Remove or destroy wild animal roosts and bird nests in or on your house.
How can bed bug problems be prevented?
The best way to prevent bed bug problems is to keep them out of your home in the first place.
Do not bring infested items into your home. Closely check or inspect your luggage or the and clothing,
Check the luggage and clothing of your guests, especially after travel to other countries
Be wary of second hand furniture and clothing and inspect them very carefully before bringing them into your home.
Remove or destroy wild animal roosts and bird nests in or on your house.Slide32
Observe Certain Personal PrecautionsDo not sit on upholstered furniture if you think the location has a bed bug concern. Stay to hard chairsDo not place your purse, jacket, bag, etc on the furniture or even set it down on the floorEnsure that the room is brightly litDo not wear loose clothing with cuffs.In badly infested homes or suites wear a tyvex suit with tyvex foot wear.Upon return to home, have a clean change of clothes available to change into, place your soiled clothing directly into a sealed plastic bag before entering your home. Run clothes wash and dry asap using hot water and a medium to medium-hot dry cycle.
Visiting and don’t know if there are Bed Bugs?Slide33
Province of Manitoba Bed Bug Website – www.manitoba.ca/bedbugs , ph. 1-855-3MB-BUGS(1-855-362-2847) or email: email@example.com (US website)Province of Ontario site – www.bedbugsinfo.caGoogle Dr. Michael F Potter of the University of Kentucky or Dr. Lou Sorkin, Entomologist from American Museum of Natural Historywww.bedbugcentral.com (US website)
Bed Bug Resources and WebsitesSlide34
Who will you be sleeping with tonight?