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Administrative RevieZ ECOV SC MEMORANDUM TO effre essOer Assis


SUMMARY TKe Department of Commerce x000bCommercex000c preOiminariO determines tKat ee uai CKemicaO Co /td x000bee uaix000c and -uancKenJ anJtai CKemicaO Co /td x000brespondentsx000c made saOes in tKe

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Document on Subject : "Administrative RevieZ ECOV SC MEMORANDUM TO effre essOer Assis"— Transcript:

1 Administrative RevieZ E&C/OV,,: SC MEMO
Administrative RevieZ E&C/OV,,: SC MEMORANDUM TO: -effre\ ,. .essOer Assistant Secretar\ ,. SUMMARY TKe Department of Commerce Commerce preOiminariO\ determines tKat +e]e +ua\i CKemicaO Co. /td. +e]e +ua\i and -uancKenJ .anJtai CKemicaO Co. /td. respondents made saOes in tKe U See Initiation of Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Administrative Reviews 3 FR 36 AuJust 10 201 Initiation Notice . On September 24 201 Commerce issu+e]e +ua\i and .anJtai to ZKicK +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai responded in a timeO\ manner. On Commerce issued suppOementaO questionnaires to +e]e +ua\i and . ZKicK botK companies responded in a timeO\ manner. :e issued tKe doubOe remed\ questionnaire to +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai on Ma\ 21 201 and received timeO\ responses from interested part\ comments reJard Bio-/ab ,nc. COearon CorCKemicaO Corporation coOOectiveO\ tKe petitioners  +e]e +ua\information on tKe record and provided arJument reJardinJ tKe sand SVs betZeen December 4 201 and -uO\ 23 201. A verification request Zas submitted b\ tKe petitioners on November 16 201 to verif\ .anJtai¶s questionnaire responses in accordance ZitK 1 CFR 351+ua\i Zas not verified in tKe tZo precedinJ administrative revipetitioners submitted comments reOatinJ to tKe verification of From -une 13 tKrouJK -une 1 201 Commerce verifionses of +e]e +ua\i.On November 13 201 tKe petitioners submitted comments reJard TKe petitioners submitted additionaO comments on TKe petitioners submitted factuaO information ZKicK contained +e]e +ua\i¶s and .anJtai¶s and customer information in t PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: Separate Rate Certification´ dated September 10 201 .anJtai SRC coOOectiveO\ Separate Rate Certifications . 201-201 Administrative RevieZ of tKe AntidumpinJ Dut\ Order on CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: Request for Economic DeveOopment SurroJate Countr\ and SurroJate VaOue Comments and ,nformation dated Octo

2 ber 3 201 Reques
ber 3 201 Request for SurroJate Countr\ and VaOue Comments  and AttacKment , Memorandum from tKe Office of PoOic\: /ist of SurroJate Countries for tKe 201-201 Administrative RevieZ of CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PRC SurroJate Countr\ /ist . Petitioners¶ /etter ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina 13 AntidumpinJ Administrative RevieZ : Request for Verification´ dated November 16 201. Petitioners¶ /etter ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina 13 AntidumpinJ Administrative RevieZ : Comments ConcerninJ tKe Verification of +e]e +ua\i´ dated -une 10 201. Memorandum ³Verification of tKe Questionnaire Responses of +e]e +ua\i CKemicaO Co. /td. in tKe AntidumpinJ RevieZ of CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina´ dated AuJust 1 201 +e]e +ua\i Verification Report . Petitioners¶ /etter ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina 13 AntidumpinJ Administrative RevieZ : Comments on Section A Responses of .anJtai and +ua\i´ dated November 13 201. Petitioners¶ /etter ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina 13 AntidumpinJ Administrative RevieZ : Comments on Sections C & D Responses of .anJtai and +ua\i´ dated Februar\ 1 201. November 2 201 Pre-preOiminar\ determination comments Zere submitted b\ tKe petitioners on -uO\ 11 201 and b\ +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai on -uO\ 23 Commerce e[ercised its discretion to toOO aOO deadOines affected b\ tKe partiaO federaO Jovernment cOosure from December 22 201 tKrouJK tKe resumption of operatCommerce e[tended tKe time Oimit for tKe preOiminar\ resuOts one[tended tKe deadOine untiO AuJust  201.,,,. SCOPE OF T+E ORDER ne triones. TKere are tKree primar\ cKemicaO compositions of cKOorinasodium dicKOoroisoc\anurate diK\drate NaCOO  and 3 sodium e anK\drous NaCOJranuOar and tabOeted forms. TKe

3 order covers aOO cKOorinated30&
order covers aOO cKOorinated30.40.50 30.50.40 and 30.4.50.00 of tKe +armoni]ed Tarisodium dicKOoroisoc\anurates anK\drous and diK\drate forms and tricKOoroisoc\anuric acid. TKe tariff cOassifications otKer compounds incOudinJ an unfused tria]ine rinJ. AOtKouJK ttoms purposes tKe Zritten desc Petitioners¶ /etter ³CKOorinated ,sco\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina 201-201 RevieZ : Petitioners¶ Submission of FactuaO ,nformation ConcerninJ tKe Questionnaire Responses to Sections C and D´ dated November 2 201. Petitioners¶ /etter ³CKOorinated ,sco\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina 201-201 RevieZ : Petitioners¶ Submission of FactuaO ,nformation ConcerninJ tKe SuppOementaO Questionnaire Responses of +ua\i and .anJtai´ dated Ma\ 31 201 Petitioners¶ SuppOementaO FactuaO ,nformation . Petitioners¶ /etter ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina 13 AntidumpinJ Administrative RevieZ : Comments ConcerninJ tKe PreOiminar\ Determination´ dated -uO\ 11 201 Petitioners¶ Pre-PreOiminar\ Comments  at . Respondents¶ /etter ³Certain CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina Pre-PreOiminar\ Comments´ dated -uO\ 23 201 Respondents¶ Pre-PreOiminar\ Comments . Memorandum to tKe Record from *ar\ Taverman Deput\ Assistant Secretar\ for AntidumpinJ and CountervaiOinJ Dut\ Operations performinJ tKe non-e[cOusive functions and duties of tKe Assistant Secretar\ for Enforcement and CompOiance ³DeadOines Affected b\ tKe PartiaO SKutdoZn of tKe FederaO *overnment´ dated . AOO deadOines in tKiinJ Kave been e[tended b\ 40 da\s. Memorandum ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: E[tension of DeadOine for PreOiminar\ ResuOts of AntidumpinJ Dut\ Administrative RevieZ´ dated ApriO 10 201. ,V. D,SCUSS,ON OF T+E MET+ODO/O*Y ,n ever\ AD case conducted b\ Commerce invoOvinJ CKina CKina KmarNet econom\ NME countr\. ,n accordance Z

4 itK section 1 1&#
itK section 1 1 C i of tKe Act an\ determination tKat a countr\ is an NME countr\ sKaOO remain in administerinJ autKorit\. No pamitted evidence on tKe record ination. TKerefore Commerce preOiminar\ resuOts. Accordiin accordance ZitK section 3 c ofries Commerce Kas a rebuttabOe presumption tKat aOO companies ZitKin CKina are subMect to Jovernment controO and t ,t is Commerce¶s standard porevieZ in NME countries a sinJOfirmativeO\ demonstrate an absence of Jovernment controO botK in OaZ jurecompan\-specific rate Commerce anaO\]es eacK e[portinJ entit\ in an NME countr\ under tKe Silicon Carbidedetermines tKat a compan\ is Z a marNet econom\ ME rmine ZKetKer it is independent from Jovernment controO. ,n order to demonstrate separate rate status eOiJibiOit\ Commerce normaOO\ requires entities for ZKom a revieZ Zas requested and ZKo Zere assiJned a separate rate in a previous seJment of tKis proceedinJ to submit a separate-rate certification statinJ tKat tKe\ continue to meet tKe previous seJment of a proceedinJ to demonstrate eOiJibiOit\ Commerce requires a separate-rate Antidumping Duty Investigation of Certain Aluminum Foil from the Peoples Republic of China: Affirmative Preliminary Determination of Sales at Less-Than-Fair Value and Postponement of Final Determination2 FR 505 5061 November 2 201 and accompan\inJ PreOiminar\ Decision Memorandum PDM citinJ Memorandum ³CKina¶s Status as a Non-MarNet Econom\´ dated October 26 201  uncKanJed in Certain Aluminum Foil from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value 3 FR 22 MarcK 5 201 . Certain Coated Paper Suitable for High-Quality Print Graphics Using Sheet-Fed Presses from the Peoples Republic of China: Notice of Preliminary Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value and Postponement of Final Determination 5 FR 242 24 Ma\ 6 2010  un

5 cKanJed in Certain Coated Paper Suitable
cKanJed in Certain Coated Paper Suitable for High-Quality Print Graphics Using Sheet-Fed Presses from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value 5 FR 521 September 2 2010 . Final Determination of Sales at Less than Fair Value: Sparklers from the Peoples Republic of China 56 FR 205 Ma\ 6 11 Sparklers . Notice of Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Silicon Carbide from the Peoples Republic of China 5 FR 2255 Ma\ 2 14 Silicon Carbide . Initiation Notice 0 FR at 454. appOication. Companies tKat submit a separarate certification ZKicK are subsequentO\ seOected as mandator\ respondents must respond to aOO parts of Commerce¶s questionnaire in order ate status.,n tKis revieZ +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai eacK submitted a separatrespondents Kave previousO\ demonsa separate rate.fications eacK compan\ reported tKat tKe\ are ZKoOO\ CKinese- 1. Absence of Commerce considers tKe foOOoZinJ criteria in determinicompan\ ma\ be Jranted a separate an\ OeJisOative enactments decentraOi]inJ controO of companies and 3 otKer formaO measudecentraOi]inJ controO of companies. TKe evidence +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai provided in tKeir questionn preOiminar\ findinJ of absence of Jovernment controO based on tKe ations associated ZitK tKe indi eJisOative enactments decentra and 3 formaO measures b\ tKe Jovernment decentraOi]inJ controO of CKinese companies. 2. Absence of re is evidence tKat certain enactments of tKe CKinese centraO Jovernment Kave not been impOemented uniformO\ amonJ different rmined tKat an anaO\sis of determininJ ZKetKer +e]e +ua\it to a deJree of Jovernment ZKicK ZouOd precOude Commerce from assiJninJ separate rates. Commerce considers four factors in evaOuatinJ ZKetKer eacK respJovernment controO of its e[port fto tKe approvaO of a Jovernment aents 3 ZKetKer tKe respondent Kas autonom\ from tKe Id.Id. Separate Rate Certifications. See Chlorinated Isocyanurates from the Peoples Republic of China: Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2016-2017

6  3 FR 3153 �
 3 FR 3153 -uO\ 10 201 2016-2017 Prelim Results  and accompan\inJ PDM at 3-5. +e]e +ua\i SRC at 1 see also +e]e +ua\i¶s /etter ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: Section A Questionnaire Responsetion A Response  at 2-6 see also .anJtai¶s /etter ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: Section A Questionnaire Response´ dated October 30 201 .anJtai Section A Response  at 2-6. Silicon Carbide 5 FR at 2256-. Jovernment in maNinJ decisions reJement and 4 ZKetKer tKe respondent retains tKe proceeds of its e[port saOes and maNes i TKe evidence +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai provided in tKeir questionn preOiminar\ findinJ of absence of Jovernment controO based on tKe foOOoZinJ factors: Jovernment controO on e[port pric tKer aJreements 3 a sKoZinJ tKat +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai maintain autonom\ from tKe Jovernment in maNinJ decisions reJar manaJement and 4 a sKoZinJ tKat +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai retain tKe proceeds of tKeir s and maNe independent d of tKis administrative revieZ demonstrates an absence of Jovernment controO in accordance ZitK tKe . TKerefore Commerce Kas preOiminariO\ Jranted +e]e +ua\i and .a Surrogate Country :Ken Commerce is investiJatinJ directs it to determine NV in most circumstances on tKe NME p information reJardinJ tKe vaOOuinJ FOPs Commerce sKaOO u more ME countries tKat are a at a OeveO of economic deveOopment comparabOe to tKatficant producers of comparabOe mercKandise. Moreover Commerce¶rom tKe countries.provide information reJardinJ FOPOn December 4 201 petitioners statr\ comments tKat comparabOe mercKandise is produced in eacK of tKe si[ economicaOO\ comparas of cKOorinated isos. TKis rt data from tKe P,ERS Cross- Id. see also Sparklers 56 FR at 205 and Notice of Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Furfuryl Alcohol from the Peoples Republic of China 60 FR 22544 22545 Ma\  15 . +e]e +ua

7 \i Section A Response at -10�
\i Section A Response at -10 .anJtai Section A Response at -10. Department PoOic\ BuOOetin No. 04.1: Non-MarNet Econom\ SurroJate Countr\ SeOection Process MarcK 1 2004 PoOic\ BuOOetin . Request for SurroJate Countr\ and VaOue Comments. t data for subMect mercKandise from Me[ico sKoZinJ tKe Me[ican firm itK tKe U.S. EnvironmentaO PsubMect mercKandise marNeted in fiJures tKat demonstrate  Commerce reOied on tKe same information in seOectinJ Me[ico as tKe primar\ surroJate economicaOO\ comparabOe identicaO mercKandise and Kad On Februar\ 1 201 petitioners submitted SV data from Me[ibased on Me[ican import data pubOr Me[ican data sources for tKe remaininJ SVs.TKe respondents submitted tKeirments on December 4 201 notinJ tKat aOO si[ economicaOO\ crroJate Countr\ /ist e[port comparabOe mercKandise and arJui and Romania are suitabOe On Februar\ 1 201 tKe respondents submitted SV information for MaOa\sia and Romania arJuinJ tKat one of tKesetKe primar\ surroJate countr\. TKis incOuded information on tZo possibOe cKOorinated isos emicaO /eesonic and Setia MaMu CKemie ,ndustr\ Setia AdditionaO SV information Zas submitted b\ tKe respondents on -four MaOa\sian financiaO statemements incOuded a KoOdinJ compan\ and its reOated compan\ Me\ CKern CKemicaOs SDN. B+D. Me\ CKern  financiaO statements and information on comparabOe and/ Petitioners¶ /etter ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina 201-201 RevieZ : Petitioners¶ Comments on Primar\ SurroJate Countr\ SeOection´ dated December 4 201 Petitioners¶ SC Comments  at 4- and E[Kibits 1-3. See 2016-2017 Prelim Results PDM at 6 and 10-14 uncKanJed in Chlorinated Isocyanurates from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2016-2017 4 FR 5053 Februar\ 20 201 2016-2017 Chlorinated Isos Review  and accompan\inJ ,ssues and Decision Memorandum ,DM  also Chlorinated Isocyanurates from the

8 Peoples Republic of China: Preliminary
Peoples Republic of China: Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2015-2016 2 FR 3513 -uO\ 2 201 2015-2016Prelim Results  and accompan\inJ PDM at 6 and 13 uncKanJed in Chlorinated Isocyanurates from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2015-2016 3 FR 5243 Februar\ 6 201 2015-2016 Chlorinated Isos  and accompan\inJ ,DM and ,DM Chlorinated Isocyanurates from the Peoples Republic of China: Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2014-2015 1 FR 4512 -uO\ 12 2016 2014-2015 Prelim Results  and accompan\inJ PDM at  and 11 uncKanJed in Chlorinated Isocyanurates from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2014-2015 2 FR 452 -anuar\ 1 201 2014-2015 Chlorinated Isos Review  and accompan\inJ ,DM. Petitioners¶ /etter ³³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina 201-201 RevieZ : ,nitiaO SurroJate VaOue Data´ dated Februar\ 1 201 Petitioners¶ SV Submission . /etter from tKe respondents ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: Comments on SurroJate Countries´ Respondents¶ SC Comments  dated December 4 201 at 2. Respondents¶ /etter ³Certain CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: SurroJate VaOues for tKe PreOiminar\ ResuOts´ dated Februar\ 1 201 Respondents¶ SV Submission . Id. at E[Kibit SV-3. TecKnoOoJies Sdn. BKd. Accot and CCM CKemicaOs Sdn. BKd. CCM  additionaO information reJardinJ /essonic and Setia MaMu and a subscription-based marNZorOd pooO cKemicaO industr\.RebuttaO SV information Zas submitted b\ tKe respondents on Feb contemporaneous Me[ican OaboMe[ican NationaO ,nstitute of Statistics and *eoJrapK\ ,NE*,�

9 0c;additionaO information on tKe
0c;additionaO information on tKe products manufactured b\ tKe Me[iO ratios.ument reJardinJ tZo MaOa\sian companies tKat apparentO\ seOO iff scKeduOe +TS of MaOa\smercKandise. 42 Petitioners arJue tKat ZitKout an\ information estabOisKinJ tKe voOume of irm tKe voOume of e[ports it is it is ³siJnificant´ ZitKin tKe meaninJ and eOectricit\. SpecificaOO\ tKe Oabor data from tKe MaOa\sian Department of Statistics are Oess specific tKan tKe Me[ican Oabor data because tKe\ are refOective of tKe JeneraO manufacturinJ industo tKe manufacture of cKemicaOs. FurtKermore tKe MaOa\sian eMaOa\sian ,nvestment DeveOopment because tKe former do not indicate ZKetKer tKe\ are e[cOusive oinformation suJJests tKat tKe MaOa\sian Jovernment subsidi]ed i of tKe Romanian import data for materiaO inputs tKe Romanian tKe Romanian financiaO statements. First tKe petitioners Respondents¶ /etter ³Certain CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: FinaO SurroJate VaOue Submission´ dated -uO\ 10 201 Respondents¶ FinaO SV Submission . Respondents¶ /etter  ³Certain CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: FinaO SurroJate VaOue Submission ± BP, E[Kibit ´ dated -uO\ 10 201 Respondents¶ FinaO SV Submission ± BP, E[Kibit  . Respondents¶ /etter ³Certain CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: RebuttaO SurroJate VaOues for tKe PreOiminar\ ResuOts´ dated Februar\ 26 201 at E[Kibits SVR-1 and SVR-2. Id. at E[Kibit SVR-3. Petitioners¶ /etter ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina 201-201 RevieZ : Petitioners¶ RebuttaO Comments on SurroJate VaOues´ dated Februar\ 26 201 Petitioners¶ SV RebuttaO  at 3. Id. at 4. Id. at 6. Id.Id. at  and E[Kibit 3. contend tKat tKe EUROSTAT import data for Romania cannot be reOied upon because data ZitK tKe officiaO import statistics reported b\ *TA. s is consistent ZitK Commerce¶iciaO import statistics.manian Oabor data constitutes because it is based on nominaO Jross earninJs Oess sociaO securTKe petitioners aOso state tKat tKe

10 Romanian eOectricit\ rate is not fuOO\ c
Romanian eOectricit\ rate is not fuOO\ contemporaneous ZitK tKe POR because it OacNs tKe first montK of tKe POR ZKereas tKe Me[ican eOectricit\ rate incOudes aOO tKe montKs of tKe POR. FinaOO\ tKe financiaO statements of OOtcKim S.A. OOtcKim atinJ financiaO ratios because tKe Romanian Jovernment KoOds a maMorit\ of tKe sKares and provided ³,ncome from Subsidies´ as ed tKeir finaO rebuttaOfinaO SV submission. First tKe petcountr\ tKat is botK economicaOOsubMect mercKandise. TKe o as tKe primar\ surroJate countr\ Commerce stated its preference at produces identicaO mercKandise over one tKat onO\ produces comparabOe mercKandise and onO\ ZK does Commerce need to consisurroJate countr\ produces comparabOe mercKandise.s FinaO SV Submission arJuinJ tKat tKe MaOa\sian financiaO statements and Zebsite information on tKe record do not specificompanies as manufacturers of subMect mercKandise or in some cases even comparabOe mercKandise. First tKe petitistatements tKat identifies tKe mercKandise invoOved in its tradtrader of sodium K\pocKOorite a comparabOe product.ment is Me\ CKern¶s parent KoOdinJ compan\ :KitinJ Sdn. BKd. :KitinJ  ZKicK operates onO\ as an investment compan\. Moreover botK companies¶ financiaO statements onO\ cover one mnformation in tKe financiaO statements and Zebsite of tKe tKird MaOa\sian compan\ Accot notinJ tKat neitKer source identif\ tproduces. RatKer tKe record indicates tKat it is onO\ an impo Id. at  citinJ to Multilayered Wood Flooring from the People's Republic of China: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2011-2012 Ma\  2014  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 6.Id. at -. Id. at . Id. at 10-11. Petitioners¶ /etter ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina 201-201 RevieZ : Petitioners¶ RebuttaO Comments on Respondents¶ FinaO SurroJate VaOues´ dated -uO\ 23 201 Petitioners¶ FinaO RebuttaO  at 2 citinJPoOic\ BuOOetin at note 6 Petitioners¶ FinaO RebuttaO Comments at 3. Id. at 4. producer of comparabOe mercKandise. 54aO statement tKe petitioners

11 produced subMect mercKandise ZJ
produced subMect mercKandise ZJovernment oZnersKip and support for tKe compan\.information concerninJ /eesonic te tKat eitKer is a MaOa\sian tKat tKe subscription-based marresearcK report on tKe ZorOd pooO cKemicaO industr\ submitted b 1. Economic ComparabiOit\ommerce ma\ determine tKat a countr\ is economicaOO\ compara Commerce¶s OonJstandinJ practice in accordance ZitK its reJuOation 1 CFR 351.40 b  economic deveOopment simiOar to CKina in terms of per capita *N, data avaiOabOe in tKe :orOd DeveOopment Report provided b\ FurtKermore providinJ parties ar\inJ *N,s is reasonabOe Jiven a compOicated anaO\sis of faeconomicaOO\ comparabOe to CKina based on *N, Commerce abOe practice ZKicK is reasonabOrequirements. :e note tKat ideaffirmed b\ tKe U.S. Court of ,ntereconomic deveOopment´ and ³a reastatute.´Ke Act Commerce Oisted Bra]iMe[ico Romania and Russia as countries tKat are comparabOe to CKina in terms of economic deveOopment based on 2016 per capita Jross nationaO income *N, data avaiOabOe in tKe :orOd DeveOopment Report provided b\ tKe :orOd BanN Commerce provide No part\ cKaOOenJed Commerce¶s Oist of economicaOO\ comparabOCommerce is satisfied tKat tKterms of economic deveOopment equaOO\ comparabOe economicaOO\ Id. at 5. Id. at 6-. Id. at . Id. at -10. Pure Magnesium from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Results of the 2008-2009 Antidumping Duty Administrative Review of the Antidumping Duty Order 5 FR 01 December 23 2010  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 4. See Jiaxing Brother Fastener Co. v. United States 61 F. Supp. 2d 1323 132 C,T 2014 . Request for SurroJate Countr\ and VaOue Comments at AttacKment , SurroJate Countr\ /ist. seOectinJ amonJ tKese si[ countriestKese countries is a siJnificanomparabOe mercKandise and aOso Kas reOiabOe data. 2. SiJnificant Producers ofequires Commerce to vaOue FOPssiJnificant producer of comparabOe mercKandise. NeitKer tKe statute nor Commerce¶s comparabOe mercKandise. ns Commerce OooNs to otKer parabOe mercKandise. TKe Policy Bulletin enticaO mercKandise is producedas a producer of comparabOe mercKandise.

12 identicaO mercKandise tKe requi
identicaO mercKandise tKe requirement of comparabOe mercKandistries ZitK onO\ comparabOe mercKandise. ConverseO\ if identicaO mercKuntr\ producinJ comparabOe mercKandise is sufficient in smmerce to consider tKe comparabiOit\ of tKe mercKandise not tKe comparabiOit\ of tKe industr\.caO mercKandise is not produced Commerce must determine if otKer mercKandise tKat is comparabOeCommerce does tKis depends on tKe subMect mercKandise.´ ,n tKis reJard Commerce recoJni]es tKat an\ anaO\sis of comparabOe mercKandise must be tKere are maMor inputs mercKandise quatic and mineraO products comparabOe mercKandise sKouOd be identified narroZO\ on tKe bacomparison of tKe maMor inputs iiate.merce discretion to e[amine various data sources for determininJ PoOic\ BuOOetin at 2. TKe PoOic\ BuOOetin aOso states tKat ³if considerinJ a producer of identicaO mercKandise Oeads to data difficuOties tKe operations team ma\ consider countries tKat produce a broadonabO\ comparabOe mercKandise.´ Id. at note 6. See Sebacic Acid from the Peoples Republic of China; Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review62 FR 6564 6565-6 December 15 1 ³^T}o impose a requirement tKat mercKandise must be produced b\ tKe same process and sKare tKe same end uses to be considered comparabOe ZouOd be contrar\ to tKe intent of tKe PoOic\ BuOOetin at 2. Id. at 3. section 3 c of tKe Act see also Nation Ford Chem. Co. v. United States 166 F. 3d 133 13 Fed. Cir.10 . or aOternative metrics. ,n tKis case Commerce finds tKat caOcium K\pocKOorite and sodium K\pocKOorite are comparabOe to subMect mercKandise because as previousO\ determined in prior seJments of tKis proceedinJ it Kas simiOar pK\sicaO cKarasubMect mercKandise.s tKat aOO si[ economicaOO\ comparabOe countries Kave e[ports in commerciamercKandise based on UN Comtrade data. TKe petitioners Kave pOaced evidence on tKe record tan Kave e[ports in commerciaO quantities of comparabOe mercKandise based on *TA data.Commerce finds tKat tKe petitioners provided sufficient evidence demonstratinJ Me[ican Associatio

13 n of tKe CKemicaO ,nduor specific brand
n of tKe CKemicaO ,nduor specific brand names of subMect mercKandise and information tKat corroborates tKe e[tensive P,ERS cross-border trade data for sKipments of subMect mercKandise ZitK tKe *Tof ³tricKOor´ manufactured b\ AUnited States.TKe respondents provided informaian financiaO statements and seOect ZebpaJes from producers antatements do not identif\ tKe merand/or manufacturinJ activities and tKe Zebsite information onO\ identifies tKe compan\ as a trader of sodium K\pocKOorite a comparabOe product. TKe petitioners are correct in notinJ tKat tKe second financiaO statementmpan\ :KitinJ ZKicK operates onO\ as an investment compan\. TKe financiaO statements ofidentifies its principaO activit\ as industriaO cKemicaOs. TKe Zebsite information on Accot does identif\ one comparabOe product caOcium K\pocKOoriteinformation from a product data sKeet tKat sKoZs -apan as tKe ptatement and reOated Zebsite information identifies CCM as a cKOor-aONaOi manufacturer ZKicK produces comparabOe mercKandise Conference Report to tKe 1 Omnibus Trade & Competitiveness Act +.R. Rep. No. 100-56 1  at 50. Chlorinated Isocyanurates From the Peoples Republic of China: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2012-2013 0 FR 453 -anuar\ 2 2015 2012-2013 Review  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 2. Respondents¶ SC Comments at E[Kibit 1. Petitioners¶ SC Comments at E[Kibit 5. Id. at E[Kibits 1-4. Respondents¶ SV Comments at E[Kibit SV-3 see also Respondents¶ FinaO SVs at E[Kibits SV2-1 to SV2-. Respondents¶ FinaO SVs at E[Kibit SV2-1. Id. at SV2-2 ³Director¶s Report´ ³PrincipaO Activities´ section of :KitinJ¶s financiaO statements. Id. at SV2-3 Note 1 of Accot¶s financiaO statements. Id.t.bi]/bacNJround.KtmO. Petitioners¶ FinaO RebuttaO Comments at E[Kibit 1. caOcium K\pocKOorite. Based on tKe information noted aOa\sian companies Ze preOiminariO\ fompan\ tKat Kas sufficient information on tKe record sKoZinJ iabOe mercKandise. +oZever tKe orroboratinJ information to siJnificant producer of comparabOe mercKandise. UnOiNe Me[ico ZKicK Kas an eiJKt-

14 diJit OeveO +TS number tKat appOies to s
diJit OeveO +TS number tKat appOies to subMect mercKandisember is a basNet \ Zebsite information for tZo additionaO MaOa\sian producers KeOd speciaOt\ cKemicaOs producer tKat serves tKe foOOoZinJ maMor marNets: aviation surface finoOded compounds cataO\st personNo arJuments Kave been made b\ tn\ of tKese marNets ZouOd encompass comparabOe or subMect mercKandise. re is information on tKe Zebsite tKat suJJests tKis compan\ ZKicK speciaOi]es in sZimminJ pooO cKemicaOs ma\ be a producer of subMect mercKandise.rmation beKind tKe K\perOinNs onmercKandise Zas suppOied from CKina. :e disaJree. TKe onO\ information tKat ties tKese tZo Zebsites is tKe ³CAS ReJistr\ Numic identifier for a cKemicaO substance ZKicK in tKis case is tKe subMect mercKandise dicKOZebsite information on tKe record sseparate searcK resuOts ZKere³cKemicaO OistinJ.´ TKerefore based on tKe information above Ze preOiminariO\ finproduction information Zas provioducer of identicaO mercKandise. to subMect mercKandise and can ,ERS cross-borderr sKipments of subMect mercKandise. ,n tKe case of MaO information on subMect mercKandise and even if sucK inforsubscription-based marNet resmicaO industr\ does not incOude marNet. Respondents¶ FinaO SVs at E[Kibits SV2-4. Petitioners¶ SV RebuttaO at 3. Respondents¶ FinaO SV Submission at E[Kibit SV2-5. Respondents SV Submission at E[Kibit SV-3 see also Respondents¶ FinaO SVs at E[Kibit SV2-5 Petitioners¶ FinaO RebuttaO Comments at E[Kibit 3. Respondents¶ FinaO SV Submission ± BP, E[Kibit  at 0-1. TKus Commerce finds tKat eacant producers of comparabOe mercKandise caOcium K\pocKOorite or sodium K\pocKOorite  but producer of identicaO mercKandisetKe primar\ surroJate countr\ based on Commerce¶s preference toproduces identicaO mercKandiseO\ produces comparabOe mercKandise. TKis is consistent ZitK our seOection of Me[ico as tKe primar\ surroJatadministrative revieZs. 3. Data AvaiOabiOit\ ,n accordance ZitK 1 CFR 351.40 c 1 and its practice ZKen evaOuatinJ SV data Commerce udinJ ZKetKer tKe SVs are pubOicO\ avaiOabOe contemporaneous marNet averaJe from an approve TKere is no KierarcK\ amonJ tKese criteri

15 a. Commerce ZiOO often reO\ on tKe SV da
a. Commerce ZiOO often reO\ on tKe SV data derived from *TA data Trade ,nformation Services. FurtKermore in accordance ZitK 1 CFR 351.40 c 4  Commerce ZiOO normaOO\ use non-proprietar\ information from producers of identicaO or comparabOe mercKandise in tKe surroJate counCommerce¶s practice to carefuOO\ consider tKe avaiOabOe evidenc,n tKis case Commerce Kas identified a number of FOPs for ZKicered amonJ tKe most siJnificanttements from a producer of identicaO or comparabOe mercKatements. :itK tKese countries disquaOified Commerce is Oeft ZitK MaOa\sia Me[ico and Romanprimar\ surroJate countr\. Commerce Kas avaiOabOe to it on tKe record of tKis administratirespondent¶s FOPs for MaOa\sia Me[ico and Romania. Of tKeseatements. ,n tKe case of MaOa\sia Commerce preOiminariO\ finds tKat aOO tKe MaOa\sian SVs for raZ materiaOs pacNinJ and enerJ\ TDM . Commerce Kas data from tKis database. 016-2017 Prelim Results PDM at 10-12 uncKanJed in 2016-2017 Chlorinated Isos Review ,DM at Comment 1 see also 015-2016 Prelim Results PDM at 12-15 uncKanJed in 2015-2016 Chlorinated Isos Review2014-2015 Chlorinated Isos Review ,DM at Comment 1.See Notice of Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, and Affirmative Critical Circumstances, In Part: Certain Lined Paper Products from the Peoples Republic of China 1 FR 530 September  2006  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 1. PoOic\ BuOOetin. Steel Propane Cylinders from the Peoples Republic of China: Preliminary Affirmative Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value and Postponement of Final Determination Measures 3 FR 6665 December 2 201  and accompan\inJ PDM at 11 uncKanJed in Steel Propane Cylinders from the Peoples Republic of China:  to be equaO to tKe Me[ican Oabor data because \ to JeneraO manufacturinJ ratKer tKan cKemicaO manufacturers. ,n videnced b\ Commerce¶s use in recent investiJations.mparabOe MercKandise´ section Ze preOiminariO\ find tKe MaOa\sian financiaO statements for CC producer of comparabOe mercKandise. Comme

16 rce Kas previousO\ abOe to subMect mercK
rce Kas previousO\ abOe to subMect mercKandise because it Kas simiOar pK\sicaO cKaracteristics and end uses and a simiOar production process as tKe subMect mercKandise.record for economicaOO\ compan commerciaO quantities of r sodium K\pocKOorite tKe comparabOe mercKandise.ct as comparabOe to subMect mercKandise. ,n concOusion Ze preOiminariO\ determine tKat Zes for raZ materiaOs pacNinJ m TDM. +oZever Ze do find tKe aOcuOatinJ tKe SV financiaO ratOur revieZ of tKe Romanian SVis not usabOe. :e find OOtcKim SA¶s financiaO statement unsuitPOR. TKe information on tKe record sKoZs tKat tKe compan\¶s buaccordinJ to tKe procedures reJuOated b\ tKe provisions of OaZ ation. As sucK tKe compan\ ZasciaO administrators and not independent manaJement or an TKe fact tKat tKe compan\ is beinJ manaJed accordinJ to a ircumstances are an appropriate oncerns ZitK tKe compan\¶s Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value 4 FR 2161 -une 21 201  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 3.A paJe 22 Petitioners¶ RebuttaO SV Comments at 6. Respondents¶ SV Submission at E[Kibit SV-4. Petitioners¶ SV Submission at E[Kibit 4. Steel Propane Cylinders from the Peoples Republic of China: Preliminary Affirmative Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value and Postponement of Final Determination Measure 3 FR 6665 December 2 201  and accompan\inJ PDM at 26 uncKanJed in Steel Propane Cylinders from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value 4 FR 2161 -une 21 201 2012-2013 Review ,DM at Comment 2. Respondents¶ SC Comments at E[Kibit 1. Petitioners¶ SC Comments at E[Kibit 5 see also Respondents¶ SC Comments at E[Kibit 1. Respondents¶ SV Submission at E[Kibit SV-16 Note 1 paJes 13-14. Id. at Section ³.e\ Audit Matters´ paJes 2-3. comparabOe mercKandise durinJ normaO operations. Juments and concerns reJardinJ tKe use of tKe Romanian import ve previousO\ found tKe Romanian SV import data reOiabOe and TA import data for Romania as Based on tKis information Ze preOiminariO\ found tKe Eurostat data

17 to be from tKe same sourcreOied on in re
to be from tKe same sourcreOied on in reportinJ Romanian import data. ,n addition Ze Kave aOso found tKe Romanian itK tKe petitioners abOe to tKe Romanianire POR ZKereas tKe Romania one OacNs tKe first montK of tKe POR. Me[ico as compared to MaOa\sia and Romania Ze preOiminariO\ find Me[ico to Kave better SV data because it Kas usabOe SVs for aOO inputs. SpecificaOO\ Ze preOiminariO\ fiTDM a subscription-based database. As e[pOained above tKe Romanian data OacNs usabOe financiaO statements to caOcuOate YDSA¶s financiaO statement is contemporaneous and indicative of a producer tKat se FinaOO\ Ze find tKe Me[ican Oit\ tKan tKe Romanian data ZBased on e[amination of aOO record ee for tKe primar\ surroJate n tKe ³NormaO VaOue´ section of Oiminar\ SV Memorandum.rce starts ZitK a presumptimateriaO terms of saOe sucK as price and quantit\ are estabOisKed on anotKer date. +e]e +ua\i and . because tKe materiaO terms of t Certain Steel Racks and Parts Thereof from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Affirmative Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value 4 FR 3555 -uO\ 24 201  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 1 paJes -. Id. at Comment 1 paJe . Petitioners¶ SV Submission at E[Kibit 10 CYDSA 201 AnnuaO Report at 24-25. Memorandum ³2016-201 Administrative RevieZ of tKe AntidumpinJ Dut\ Order on CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: PreOiminar\ ResuOts SV Memorandum´ dated concurrentO\ ZitK tKis memorandum PreOiminar\ SV Memorandum . +e]e +ua\i¶s /etter ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: Sections C&D Questionnaire Responses´ dated November 15 201 +e]e +ua\i Section C&D Response  at C-10 +e]e +ua\i¶s /etter ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: SuppOementaO Sections A C&D Questionnaire Response´ datedentaO Response  at 3 .anJtai¶s /etter ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: Sections C&D Questionnaire Responses´ dated November 15 201 .anJtai Section C&D Res

18 ponse  at C-. ,
ponse  at C-. ,n tKis case as Commerce Kas e +ua\i¶s and .anJtai¶s cOaims saOe for tKese preOiminar\ res,n accordance ZitK section 3 a of tKe Act Commerce comparedce CEP of tKe U.S. saOes of tKe mercKanZeiJKted-averaJe NV to determine viduaOO\-e[amimercKandise under consideration tan normaO vaOue durinJ tKe POR. 1. E[port Price ,n accordance ZitK section 2 a of tKe Act ³tKe term µe[port price¶ means tKe price at ZKicK tKe subMect mercKandise is firsfore tKe date of importation b\ tKe United States to an unaffiOiated purcKaser in tKe United States or to an unaffiOiated purcKaser ts findinJ +e]e +ua\i affiOiated ZitK its U.S. customer a tracompan\ and e[press concerns tKat tKe customer is in fact acpurpose of manipuOatinJ tKe e[poruOtimate or reaO U.S. customers  doZnstream customers or end-purcKasers .petitioners cOaim tKe foOOoZidinJ tKe U.S. customer to be a saOes aJent: 1 tKe U.S. customer does not maintain inventor\ and tKe subMect mercKandise is deOivered directO\ to doZnstream customers 2 +e]e +ua\i attetKe identit\ of tKe doZnstream customer is NnoZn to +e]e +ua\i.n be quite compOe[ tKere is no briJKt Oine test.´ Commerce¶s e[amination of aOOeJations of an aJenc\ reOationsKip Kas focuse but not Oimited to tKe foOOoZiterms of saOe 2 tKe e[tenttion ZitK tKe doZnstream customer 3 ZKetKer tKe aJent/reseOOer mamercKandise and bears tKe risN of O Notice of Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value and Negative Final Determination of Critical Circumstances: Certain Frozen and Canned Warmwater Shrimp from Thailand 6 FR 61 December 23 2004  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 10. Petitioners¶ Pre-PreOiminar\ Comments at 2-4. Petitioners¶ SuppOementaO FactuaO ,nformation at 3. Petitioners¶ Pre-PreOiminar\ Comments at 3-4. Notice of Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Engineered Process Gas Turbo-Compressor Systems, Whether Assembled or Unassembled, and Whether Complete or Incomplete, from Japan 62 FR 2434 24403 Ma

19 \ 5 1&#x
\ 5 1 . o tKe mercKandise 6 tKe means of marNeto tKe doZnstream customer in tKe pre-saOe period and  ZKeton saOes documentation impOies sucK an aJenc\ reOationsKip.tKe reseOOer Commerce e[amined tKe above factors for determinisKoZs tKat +e]e +ua\i¶s roOe in neJotiatinJ price and otKer terms of saOe is Oimited to tKe price and terms of saOe betZeen itseOf and tKe U.S. customer/rede customer Oists to or maNe MreseOOer. ,n otKer Zords +e]e +ua\i does not assist tKe reseOOer in madoZnstream customers. +e]e +ua\i provided an affidavit from tKcustomer/reseOOer indicatinJ tKan +e]e +ua\i and tKe U.S. customer/reseOOer dinstream customer. Our e[amination of tKe record and our verification of +e]e +ua\i finds no information contradictinJ tKe cOaims of +e]e +ua\i durinJ verification Ze e[amined saOes documentatKat +e]e +ua\i Zas invoOved in neJotiatinJ tKe saOes price or otKer materiaO terms of saOe ZitK doZnstream customers. The extent of Heze Huayis interactomers. TKe record indicates mereO\ tKat tKe +e]e +ua\i NnoZs tKe name of tKe doZnstream customers it sKips directO\ to tKe doZnstream customers and attacKes tKeir O 10 AOtKouJK tKe petitioners ma\ infer from +e]e +ua\i¶s attendance at tKe trade information on tKe record indie +ua\i and tKe reseOOer. For e[ampOe tKe information on tKe messaJe tKat tKe reseOOer visited +e]e +ua\i in CKina at ZKicK time tKe reseOOer made and tKat tKe reseOOer maintains Stainless Steel Sheet and Strip from Taiwan; Final Results and Partial Rescission of Antidumping Duty  6 FR 662 Februar\ 13 2002  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 23. +e]e +ua\i Section A Response at 13. +e]e +ua\i¶s /etter+e]e +ua\i SuppOementaO Response at E[Kibit SQ1-. Id. at 5. Id. Id. at 4. +e]e +ua\i Verification Report at 5. Id. Whether the agent/reseller maintains inventory: TKe reseOOer main+e]e +ua\i¶s products and +e]e +ua\i deOivers tKe subMect mercdoZnstream customers.: TKe record indicates tKe reseOOer taNes titOe before tKe mercKandise Oeaves +e]e +ua\i¶s Because tKe reseOOer never taNes possession of tKe mercKandiseOabeOinJ materiaOs . customers incOudinJ an\

20 marNetisome t\pe of saOes effort b\ +e]
marNetisome t\pe of saOes effort b\ +e]e +ua\i to tKe doZnstream customer from tKe fact tKat +e]e +ua\i attended a trade sKoZ in tKe United States tKe reco reseOOer¶s customers. Whether the identity of the producer tified on tKe saOes documentation to tKe contract betZeen itseOf uments indicatinJ a principaOimpO\inJ tKat tKe reseOOer is actinJ on +e]e +ua\i¶s beKaOf oris simpO\ an intermediar\ betZeen +e]e +ua\i and tKe doZnstream customers. To tKe contrar\ tKe documentation indicates an independent arm¶s Oenon for e[ampOe Commerce revieZed compOete saOes traces Oer ZKicK incOuded tKe documenetc.cation Commerce reviand tKe doZnstream customers.sets of documentation Commerce or sometKinJ aNin to a TKerefore tKe onO\ informatienc\ arJument of tKe petitioners reseOOer does not ever maintain inventor\ importantO\ tKe record providetream customers and tKe reseOOer taNes titOe to tKe mercKandise Respondents¶ Pre-PreOiminar\ Comments at 13. +e]e +ua\i Section A response at . Respondents¶ Pre-PreOiminar\ Comments at 13.  +e]e +ua\i Verification Report at 5. Id. before sKipment b\ +e]e +ua\i. Tcustomers  and tKe second betZeeeam customers ZitK no +e]e +ua\i invoOvement . TKus tKe onO\ price beinJ set b\ +e]e +uaMoreover Commerce does not beOiecircumstances anaO\sis in tKis circumstances betZeen a U.S. TKe arranJement in tKis case simpO\ does not Jive rise to asuspicion tKat +e]e +ua\i is actuaOO\ tKe part\ maNinJ tKe saOe to tKe doZnstream customer. TKerefore because tKe mercKandise Zas soOd prior to importatioUnited States to tKe first unaffiOiated purcKaser in tKe Unitedcustomer/reseOOer Ze Kave based tKe U.S. price on EP. Commerce aOso defined tKe U.S. price of mercKandise under consideration based on tKe EP for aOO saOes runaffiOiated purcKasers in tKe United States. To tKis price Ze added amounts for components tKat Zere suppOied free of cKarJe +e]e +ua\i and consistent ZitK our treatmeFor free pacNinJ materiaOs Ze added tKe SVs for tKese materiaOs muOtipOied b\ tKe reported FOPs for tKese items to tKe U .anJtai¶s customer. Commerce e pacNinJ materiaOs incOudinJ tKe name and address of aOO suppOiers of

21 tKese pacNinJ materiaOs tKe mat
tKese pacNinJ materiaOs tKe materiaOs tKat Zere provided and tKe name of tKe U.S. customer providinJ tKese materiaOs.,n accordance ZitK section 2 c of tKe Act ZKere appropriate Ze deducted from tKe startinJ prices to tKe unaffiOiated purcKasers tKe e[penses for: forei marine insurance and U.S. customs duties. Petitioners¶ SuppOementaO FactuaO ,nformation at E[Kibits 3-6.+e]e +ua\i SuppOementaO Response at -11. +e]e +ua\i SuppOementaO Response at -10 .anJtai¶s /etter ³CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: .anJtai First SuppOementaO Questionnaire´ dated MarcK 24 201 .anJtai SuppOementaO Response  at -. Chlorinated Isocyanurates from the Peoples Republic of China; Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2012-2013  FR 4331 -uO\ 25 2014 2012-2013 Preliminary Results and accompan\inJ PDM at 13 uncKanJed in 2012-2013 ReviewSee 2016-2017 Chlorinated Isos Review ,DM at Comment 4 see also 2015-2016 Chlorinated Isos Review ,DM at Comment 4. Memorandum ³AnaO\sis for tKe PreOiminar\ ResuOts of tKe 201-201 Administrative RevieZ of tKe AntidumpinJ Dut\ Order on CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe Pef CKina: +e]e +ua\i CKemicaO Co. /td.´ dated concurrentO\ ZitK tKis memorandum +e]e +ua\i PreOiminar\ AnaO\sis Memorandum  see alsoMemorandum ³AnaO\sis for tKe PreOiminar\ ResuOts of tKe 201-201 Administrative RevieZ of tKe AntidumpinJ Dut\ Order on CKOorinated ,soc\anurates from tKe PeopOe¶s RepubOic of CKina: -uancKenJ .anJtai CKemicaO Co. /td.´ dated concurrentO\ ZitK tKis memorandum .anJtai PreOiminar\ AnaO\sis Memorandum . 2. VaOue-Added Ta[ Commerce¶s practice in NME cases is to adMust EP or CEP for tKe amount of an\ un-refunded vaOue-added ta[ VAT  in accordance ZitK section 2 c 2 B Commerce rnment imposes an e[port ta[ dumercKandise or on inputs used to produce subMect mercKandise from ZKicK tKe respondent Zas

22 not e[empted Commerce ZiOO redu
not e[empted Commerce ZiOO reduce tKe respondent¶s EP and CEP amount of tKe ta[ dut\ or cKarJe paid but not rebated. :Kere tKe irrecoverabOe VAT is a merce e[pOained tKat tKe finaneutraO dumpinJ comparison is to rZard b\ tKis same Commerce¶s metKodoOoJ\ as e[pOessentiaOO\ amounts to performinJ tZo basic steps: 1 determisubMect mercKandise and 2 reducinJ U.S. price b\ tKe amount determined in step one. Commerce requested tKat tKe resmercKandise. +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai botK reported tKat tKe offsubMect mercKandise Zas 1 percent from -une 1 201 to ApriO 30 201 and 16 percent from Ma\ 1 201 to Ma\ 31 201. TKe refund rate Zas nine percent durinJ tKe POR under tKe appOicabOe CKinese reJuOations.and on e[ports of domesticaOO\ produassociated ZitK subMect mercKaCommerce adMusted eacK compan\¶s dumpinJ comparisons be ta[-neutraO.3. NormaO VaOue Section 3 c 1 of tKe Act provides tKat in an NME proceedinJ Commerce sKaOO determine NV usinJ a FOP metKodoOoJ\ if tKe mercKandise is e[ported from an NME and tKe information tKe ³Factor VaOuations´ section beOoZ for detaiOs reJardinJ tKe SVs for movement e[penses. See Methodological Change for Implementation of Section 772(c)(2)(B) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as Amended, In Certain Non-Market Economy Antidumping Proceedings  FR 3641 3643-4 -une 1 2012 Methodological Change . Id. see also 2011-2012 Chlorinated Isos Review ,DM at Comment 5.A. Id. +e]e +ua\i Section C&D Response at C-31 to C-32 see also .anJtai Section C&D Response at C-2 to C-30. See Methodological Change citinJ Antidumping Duties; Countervailing Duties 62 FR226 236 Ma\ 1 1  and Statement of Administrative Action Accompan\inJ +.R. 5110 +.R. Doc. No. 316 VoO. 1 103d ConJ. 2d Sess. 14  at 2 see also Polyethylene Terephthalate Film, Sheet, and Strip from the Peoples Republic of China: Prelimi

23 nary Results of Antidumping Administrati
nary Results of Antidumping Administrative Review; 2011-2012  FR 333 Decemand accompan\inJ PDM at ,ssue  uncKanJed in Polyethylene Terephthalate Film, Sheet, and Strip from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2011-2012  FR 315 -uO\ 2 2014 . does not permit tKe caOcuOation of NV usinJ Kome-marNet pricesKe Act. Commerce babecause tKe presence of Jovernment controOs on various aspects of tKese economies renders price comparisons and tKe caOcuOatier Commerce¶s normaO metKodoOoJies. TKerefore Ze caOcuOated NV based on FOPs in acred 2 quantities of raZ materiaOs consumed 3 amounts of ies consumed 4 representative capitaOespondent for materiaOs eners incOuded FOPs for various matb\ tKe customer as discussed in t ,n accordance ZitK section 3 c of tKe Act Ze caOcuOated NV +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai for tKe P iOabOe Me[ican SVs. ,n seOect contemporaneous ZitK tKe POR pr added to tKe import SVs a surroJate freiJKt cost usinJ tKe sKorter of tKe reported distance from tKe domestic suppOier to tKe factor\ or tKe distance from tKe nearest seaport to tKe factor\. ssar\ Commerce adMusted SVs for e[cKan appOicabOe FOPs data to a per-NiOoJram basis. A detaiOed description of aOO SVsd-averaJe dumpinJ marJins for tKe mandator\ respondents can be found in tKe PreOiminar\ SV Memora veraJe dumpinJ marJins for +e]e Surrogate ValuesFor tKe preOiminar\ determination Commerce used Me[ican importces from Me[ico to caOcuOate SVs for respondents¶ FOPs. ,n accordance ZitK section 3 c 1 of tKe Act Commerce appOied tKe best avaiOabOe information vaOues 2 contemporaneous ZitK or cOosest in time to tKe PORe[cOusive.K *TA as ZeOO as data from otKer Me[ican sources are broad marNet averaJes pro Sigma Corp. v. United States 11 F. 3d 1401 140 Fed. Cir. 1 . Notice of Preliminary Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, Negative Preliminary Determination of Criti

24 cal Circumstances and Postponement of Fi
cal Circumstances and Postponement of Final Determination: Certain Frozen and Canned Warmwater Shrimp from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam 6 FR 4262 4262 -uO\ 16 2004  uncKanJed inFinal Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Certain Frozen and Canned Warmwater Shrimp from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam 6 FR 1005 December  2004 . contemporaneous ZitK tKe POR tcan ,/O Oabor data from FinanciaO Statistics. :e preOiminariO\ find tKat Ze can use aOO tKe materiaO and pacNimport data for Me[ico. ,n accordance ZitK tKe OeJisOative Kistor\ of tKe Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1 Commerce continues to appOource data ma\ incOude subsidies.ubsid\ proJrams tKat Zere JeneraOO\ avaiOabOe to aOO e[porters t tKe time of tKe POR CommertKat aOO e[porters from ,ndiaa\ Kave benefitted from tKese subsidies.AdditionaOO\ Commerce disreJarded data from NME countries ZKenimport-based per-unit SVs. Commerce aOso e[cOuded from tKe caOcuOation of Me[ican importbased per-unit SVs imports OabeOeJ from an ³unidCommerce couOd not be certain tKat tKese imports Zere not from As noted above Commerce used Me[ican import statistics from *TA to vaOue raZ materiaOs b\-products pacNinJ materiaOs and c Free of Charge Raw Materials As noted above +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai reported tKat certain U.S. customers provided certain pacNinJ materiaOs free of cKarJe. PacNinJ materiaOs tKat are pr respondent b\ its customer and materiaOs for ZKicK a respondent is separateO\ reimbursed b\ its customer are part of tKe cost of manufacturinJ and must be incO TKus for +e]e +ua\i¶s and .anJtai¶s products tKat incOuded pacNinJ materiaOs prov cKarJe consistent ZitK Commer PreOiminar\ SV Memorandum. Conf. Report to Accompan\ +.R. 3 +.R. Rep. No. 56 100tK ConJ. 2nd Sess. 1 at 50. See China Natl Mach. Import & Export Corp. v. United States C,T 01-1114 23 F. Supp. 2d at 1334 C,T 2003  aff¶d 104 Fed. App[. 13 Fed. Cir. 2004 . See, e.g. Expedited Sunset Review of the Countervailing Duty Order on

25 Certain Cut-to-Length Carbon Quality St
Certain Cut-to-Length Carbon Quality Steel Plate from Indonesia 0 FR 4562 AuJust  2005  and accompan\inJ ,DM at 4 Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products from the Republic of Korea: Final Results of Countervailing Duty Administrative  4 FR 2512 -anuar\ 15 200  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 1 paJes 1 1-20 and Certain Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Flat Products from Thailand: Final Results of Countervailing Duty Determination 66 FR 50410 October 3 2001  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 1. See Notice of Preliminary Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value and Postponement of Final Determination: Chlorinated Isocyanurates from the Peoples Republic of China 5301 December 16 2004  uncKanJed in Notice of Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Chlorinated Isocyanurates from the Peoples Republic of China 0 FR 24502 Ma\ 10 2005 . Id.+e]e +ua\i SuppOementaO Response at -11 .anJtai SuppOementaO  tKe SV for tKese pacNinJ materiaOs muOtipOied b\ tKe reported items in tKe NV caOcuOation. :Kere appOicabOe Ze aOso adMusted tKese vaOues to account fo eacK compan\¶s respective Water Because Zater Zas used b\ tKe respondents in tKe production of cKOorinated isos Commerce materiaO input raof overKead. :e vaOued Zater usinJ data from Me[ico¶s NationaO Commission for :ater pubOisKed in :ater Statistics in Me[ico Commerce¶s practice is to Jrant tKe mercKandise under consid d durinJ tKe POR and Kas commerciaO vaOue. Commerce recentO\ e[pOained its practice as foOOoZs: ³tKe b\-product offset is Oimited to tKe totaO b\-product Kas commerciaO vaOue.´ +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai cOaimed an offset for ammonium suOfate sodium cKOoride and instant revieZ for ammonium suOfate remains tKe same as in previous revieZs. Commerce is unabOe to determine tKe vaOue of Commerce¶s normaO practice. TKerefore consistent ZitK our met manufacturinJ costs and e[penses used to maNe ammonium suOfate from tKese tZo b\-products from tKe ammonium suOfate *TA SV. +e]e +ua\i reported tZo neZ b\-

26 products Jenerated in tKe production of
products Jenerated in tKe production of subMect mercKandise sodium cKOoride and caOcium cKOoride after tKe Zaste-Zater treatment process. +e]e +ua\i Notice of Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, and Affirmative Critical Circumstances, In Part: Certain Lined Paper Products from the Peoples Republic of China 1 FR 530 September  2006  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 1. PreOiminar\ SV Memorandum. Id.See Polyethylene Terephthalate Film, Sheet, and Strip from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2010-2011 12 2013  and accompan\inJ ,DM at ,ssue 10. See Frontseating Service Valves from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Results of the 2008-2010 Antidumping Duty Administrative Review of the Antidumping Duty Order 6 FR 006 November 15 2011  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 1. +e]e +ua\i Section C&D Response at D- and E[Kibit D- .anJtai Section C&D Response at D- and E[Kibit D-6. 2015-2016 Chlorinated Isos Review ,DM at Comment 3. See Chlorinated Isocyanurates from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2013-2014 1 FR 116 -anuar\ 11 2016  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Commen de sodium cKOoride from tKe evaporated Zaste Zater discKarJed from ade caOcium cKOoride Zas derived from cKarJed from SD,C production. +e]e +ua\i reported tKe tK sodium cKOoride and caOcium ,n addition tKe domestic saOe of tKese products b\ +e]e +ua\i demonstrated tKat TKerefore Ze are preOiminar sodium cKOoride and caOcium cKOoride Oimited to tKe totaO POR p t\ and Oabor costs used to maNe tKese tZo b\-products from tKe industriaO Jrade sodium cKOoride and caOcium cKOoride *TA SVs. Electricity om tKe Zebsite of tKe ,nternaticontains pricinJ data contemporan for industr\´ in tKe Oast tZo quarters broad-marNet averaJes. :e vaOued trucN freiJKt e[penses usinJ data from tKe :orOd BanNt procedures necessar\ to eJoods in Me[ico. :e did not infOate tKese prices because tKe\ Moreover because tKe vaOue Zas denominated in USD no curren Ocean Fr

27 eight usinJ tZo price quotes from Mae
eight usinJ tZo price quotes from Mae Because tKis is a POR vaOue no infOation Zas necessar\. Moreover because tKe vaOue Zas denominated in USD no currenc\ +e]e +ua\i Section C&D Response at D- and E[Kibit D-. Id. at D- and E[Kibit D-. Id. at D-. +e]e +ua\i Verification Re PreOiminar\ SV Memorandum. Id. On -une 21 2011 Commerce revised its metKodoOoJ\ for vaOuinJ proceedinJs. 155Commerce determined tKat tKe best metKodoOoJ\ to rom tKe primar\ surroJate countr\. AdditionaOO\ Commerce determineadministrative revieZs and con avaiOabOe information to vaOue Oabor. :e infOated tKe Oabor rate to caOcuOate a contemporaneonative contemporaneous Me[icantKe same data tKat Commerce foundadministrative revieZ to beormation on tKe record to use as tKe Financial Ratios Commerce¶s criteria for cKoosinJ surroJate financiaO statements from ZKicK Ze derive tKe biOit\ of contemporaneous financiaO statements comparabiOit\ to tKe O\ avaiOabOe information. Moreover for vaOuinJ factor\ overKead seOOinJ JeneraO and administrative e[penses S*&A  and profit Commerce normaOO\ mation JatKered from producers of identicaO or comparabOe mercKandise in tKe surroJate countr\.surroJate producers Commerce ma\ coJate producers appro[imate tKe NME producer¶s e[perience. se preOiminar\ resuOts Ze used financiaO information from Me[ican producer CYDSA ZKicK Zas submitted b\ tKe ements are contemporaneous n financiaO statement on tKe record. TKis financiaO statement on of comparabOe mercKandise. From tKis information Ze can determine averaJe factor\ overKea raZ materiaOs Oabor and enerJ\  cost of manufacture  See Antidumping Methodologies in Proceedings Involving Non-Market Economies: Valuing the Factor of Production: Labor 6 FR 3602 -une 21 2011 Labor Methodologies . PreOiminar\ SV Memorandum.See 2015-2016 Chlorinated Isos Review ,DM at Comment 5.C. Notice of Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Chlorinated Isocyanurates from the Peoples Republic of China 0 FR 24502 Ma\ 10 2005  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment

28 3 Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof f
3 Diamond Sawblades and Parts Thereof from the Peoples Republic of China, Final Determination in the Antidumping Duty Investigation 1 FR 2303 Ma\ 22 2006  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 2see also1 CFR 351.40 c 4  and section 3 c 4 of tKe Act. See Rhodia, Inc. v. United States 240 F. Supp. 2d 124 1253-1254 C,T 2002  see also Persulfates from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review 0 FR 636 Februar\  2005  and accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 1. Petitioners¶ SV Submission at E[Kibit 10. rcentaJe of tKe cost of manuf ements to be tKe best source to caOcuOate surroJate financiaO ratios. Comparisons to Normal Value c 1 and d  to determine ¶s saOes of tKe subMect mercKan made at Oess tKan NV Commerce co Price´ and ³NormaO VaOue´ sections of tKis memorandum. 1. Determination of Comparison MetKod ommerce caOcuOates individuaO dumpinJ marJins b\ comparinJ ZeiJKted-averaJe NVs tmetKod unOess tKe Secretar\ determines tKat anotKer metKod is  Commerce e[amines ZKetKer to compare ZeiJKted-averaJe ctions tKe averaJe-to-transaction A-T metKod as an aOternative comparison metKod usA d O B of tKe Act does not strictO\ Jovern Commerce¶s e[amination of tKis question in tKe conte[t of administrative r 1 in administrative revieZs is in fact anaOoJous to tKe merce appOied a ³differentiaO pricinJ´ anaO\sis for determinmparisons is appropriate in a nt to 1 CFR 351.414 c O and consition A d 1 B Commerce finds tKe differentiae investiJations ma\ [amininJ ZKetKer to appO\ an aOternative comparison metKod in tKis administrative revieZ. Commerce ZiOO continue to deveOop comments received in tKis and otKer proceedinJs and on Commerce¶s additionaO e[perience ZitK addressinJ tKe potentiaO masNinJ of dumpinJ tKat can occur ZKen Commerce uses tKe

29 A-A metKod in caOcuOatinJ ZeiJKted-aver
A-A metKod in caOcuOatinJ ZeiJKted-averaJe dumpinJ marJins. s used in tKese preOiminar\ resof EPs for comparabOe mercKandionJ purcKasers reJions or time O\sis evaOuates ZKetKer ZeiJKted-averaJe dumpinJ marJin. See 2015-2016 Chlorinated Isos Review ,DM at Comment 5.A. See Ball Bearings and Parts Thereof from France, Germany, and Italy: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Reviews; 2010-2011See Xanthan Gum from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value FR 33350 -une 4 2013  and tKe accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 3 and Hardwood and Decorative Plywood from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value  FR 523 September 23 2013  and tKe accompan\inJ ,DM at Comment 3. As noted above differentiaO pricinJ Zas used in recent investiJations. :e aOso Kave used it in AD administrative revieZs. See, e.g. Polyester Staple Fiber from Taiwan: Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review; 2011-2012  FR 163 MarcK 22 2013  and accompan\inJ PDM. purcKasers reJions and time periods to determine ZKetKer a padefinitions for purcKasers reJions time periods and comparabOe merc on tKe reported customer codes for +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai. ReJions are defined usinJ tKe repo]ip codes for +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai and are Jrouped into reJionsdefinitions pubOisKed b\ tKe U.S. Census Bureau. Time periods tKe POR beinJ e[amined based upon tKe reported date of saOe. Fon and time period comparabOe mercKandise is considered usinJ time period tKat Commerce uses in maNinJ comparisons betZeen EdumpinJ marJins. tisticaO measure of tKe e[tenbetZeen tKe mean of a test Jroup and tKe mean of a comparison Jroup. First for comparabOe mercKandise tKe CoKen¶s and comparison Jroups of data eac and ZKen tKe saOes quantit\ for tKe comparison Jroup accounts for at Oeast five percent of tKe totaO saOes quantit\ of tKe comparabOe mercKandise. TKen tKe coefficient is caOcuOated to evaiffer siJnificantO\ from tKe net prices of aOO otKer saOes of comparabOe

30 mercKandise. TKe e[ttest: smaOO
mercKandise. TKe e[ttest: smaOO medium or OarJe. Onificant difference betZeen tKe means of tKe test and comparison Jroups ZKiOe tKe smaOO tKresKsiJnificant if tKe caOcuOated CoKen¶s coefficient is equaO to or e[ceeds tKe OarJe measured b\ tKe CoKen¶s to purcKasers reJions and time test account for 66 percent or morof tKe A-T metKod to aOO saOes as apurcKasers reJions and time petest accounts for more tKan 33 of tKe appOication of an A-T metest as an A-A metKod and appOication of tKe A-A metKoA metKod. i.e.test and tKe ratio test demonstrate tKe e[istence cinJ anaO\sis Ze e[amine ZKetKer usinJ onO\ tKe A-A metKod can appr usinJ an aOternative metKod b eOds a meaninJfuO differenceaveraJe dumpinJ marJin as compared to tKat resuOtinJ from tKe use of tKe A-A metKod. ,f tKe Oations is meaninJfuO tKis demonstrates tKat tKe A-A metKod aOternative metKod ZouOd be appreiJKted-averaJe dumpinJ marJins is considered meaninJfuOaveraJe dumpinJ marJin betZeen tKe A-A metKod and tKe appropriate aOternative metKod ZKere marJin moves across tKe ,nterested parties ma\ present arJuments in reOation to tKe aboapproacK used in tKese preOiminar\ resuOts incOudinJ arJuments for modif\inJ tKe Jroup definitions used in tKis proceedinJ. 2. ResuOts of tKe DifferentiaO pricinJ anaO\sis Comm 166Oue does not confirm tKe e[isteiJnificantO\ amonJ purcKasers reJions or time periods. TKus tKe metKod. AccordinJO\ Commerce preOiminariO\ determines to appO\ tKe A-A metKod to caOcuOate tKe ZeiJKted-averaJe dumpinJ marJin for +e]e +ua\i.t no U.S. saOes pass tKe CoKen¶s m tKe e[istence of a patternamonJ purcKasers reJions or time periods.Oternative to tKe A-to-A metKod. AccordinJO\ Commerce preOiminariO\ determines to appO\ tKe A-to-A metKod for aOO U.SaveraJe dumpinJ marJin for .anJtai. ,n determininJ ZKetKer to maNe an adMustment under section A f of tKe Act Commerce mercKandise 2 ZKetKer sucdemonstrated to Kave reduced tKe averaJe price of imports of tKe cOass or Nind of mercKandise 3 ZKetKer Commerce can reasonabO\ estimate tKe e[tent to id\ in combination ZitK tKe use of NV determined pursuant to +e]e +ua\i PreOiminar\ AnaO\

31 sis Memorandum. ,n tKese preOiminar\ re
sis Memorandum. ,n tKese preOiminar\ resuOts for +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai Commerce appOied tKe ZeiJKted-averaJe dumpinJ marJin caOcuOation metKod adopted in Antidumping Proceedings: Calculation of the Weighted-Average Dumping Margin and Assessment Rate in Certain Antidumping Duty Proceedings; Final Modification  FR 101 Februar\ 14 2012 . ,n particuOar Commerce compared montKO\ ZeiJKted-averaJe EPs ZitK montKO\ ZeiJKted-averaJe NVs and Jranted offsets for non-dumped comparisons in tKe caOcuOation of tKe ZeiJKted-averaJe dumpinJ marJin. .anJtai PreOiminar\ AnaO\sis Memorandum. umpinJ marJin for tKe cOass or Nind of mercKandise. For a subsid\ meetinJ tKese crireduce tKe antidumpinJ dut\ b\ tKe estimated amount of tKe incrdumpinJ marJin subMect ,n tKis case none of tKe mandator\ respondents it\ for tKe adMustment. TKerefore for eacK respondent in tKese preOiminar\ resuOts Commerce did not maNe an adMustment pursuant to sectiocountervaiOabOe domestic subsidies. of tKe Act Commerce made an adMustment for one countervaiOabOe e[port subsid\ used b\ +e]e +ua\i and .anJtai tdit ProJram from tKe most recenCurrency Conversion :Kere necessar\ Commerce made c are avaiOabOe on tKe Enforcement and CompOiance Zebsite at Kttp://enforcement.trade.Jov/e[cKanJe/inde[.KtmO. section A f 1 A C of tKe Act. section A f 1 2 of tKe Act. See Chlorinated Isocyanurates from the Peoples Republic of China: Final Results of Countervailing Duty Administrative Review; 2016 4 FR 362 AuJust 1 201  and accompan\inJ ,DM at 6 +e]e +ua\i PreOiminar\ AnaO\sis Memorandum and .anJtis Memorandum. See Antidumping Proceedings: Announcement of Change in Department Practice for Respondent Selection in Antidumping Duty Proceedings and Conditional Review of the Nonmarket Economy Entity in NME Antidumping Duty Proceedings  FR 6563 656-0 November 4 2013 . metKodoOoJ\ for tKese preOimina ________ ________ AJree DisaJree Assistant Secretar\ for E