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John A Burns School of Medicine


Guide to Selected Plants of the Mala La au Lapa au 14514514512A hoi hou ka maulia olaA palalaulahala a kai kkAncestors of profuse herbage of the procreation of humanity I entreat youAnd justly forgi

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Document on Subject : "John A Burns School of Medicine"— Transcript:

1 John A. Burns School of Medicine Guide t
John A. Burns School of Medicine Guide to Selected Plants of the M a la La au Lapa au ‘ ‘ ‘ 1 2 A hoʻi hou ka maulia ola! A palalaulahala a kaʻi kōkō, Ancestors of profuse herbage, of the procreation of humanity, I entreat you. And justly forgive any de�lement or neglect on his part, Here is the water, the purifying element, Absolve any wrong doing! Here is the medicine, The upright plant, the prostrating plant, the vine is the medicine

2 , Take the medicine, the healing begins!
, Take the medicine, the healing begins! Hokaka is the moon, day breaks, Kū is the moon, day breaks, Kāloa is the moon, day breaks, Kāne is the moon, day breaks, Lono is the moon, day breaks, Until full health is restored! The period of con�nement is ended. You are cured! A healthful life until you are bent with age and the eyes blur. Until you are like a ripened hala leaf and must be carried in a carrying net. It is done, it is freed! ʻAwa 3 6 7 8 9 10 1

3 1 12 14 13 4 ’Awapuhi Kuahiwi 5 4 3 6
1 12 14 13 4 ’Awapuhi Kuahiwi 5 4 3 6 6 6 Page Number 12 5 11 7 8 14 9 10 3 ’Awa Piper methysticum 4 Polynesian Introduced. A shrub 4 - 12 ft. tall with green jointed stems and heart-shaped pounding. The pulverized particles are then mixed with water and strained. Traditional resources indicate that while ‘awa was healing purposes in addition to its normal uses. ‘Awa is used to hood disease) and chewed for headaches and tiredness. The ʻAwa root extract is u

4 sed to relieve congestion in the respira
sed to relieve congestion in the respiratory ’Awapuhi Kuahiwi Zingiber zerumbet 5 Polynesian Introduced. Nā Inoa ʻĒ Aʻe: ʻōpuhi, shampoo ginger or wild ginger underground branches called “rhizomes”. These rhizomes resemble ʻAwapuhi Pāke (Chinese ginger). Flowers in late Sometimes used on kuahu (hula altars) (Pukui,1986). Aromatic sap squeezed out of the �owering head used for shampoo, dried meat (Wagner, 1990). ʻAwapuhi was used as a comp

5 ress for sores, cuts and bruises; anti-
ress for sores, cuts and bruises; anti-in�ammatory properties. The ashes of burnt leaves, Schizostachyum glaucifolium Aleurites moluccana a young frond, squeezed and the liquid drunk. The resulting Pandanus tectorius 6 Indigenous. Nā Inoa ʻĒ Aʻe: pū hala, lauhala, or screw pine four types differentiated by color: common hala (yellow fruit), Blossoms can be taken as a mild laxative. The hala fruit is part Hydrocotyle verticillata Eleocharis spp. Pep

6 eromia spp. Oxalis corniculata Myoporum
eromia spp. Oxalis corniculata Myoporum sandwicense Cocos nucifera Aleurites moluccana Morinda citrifolia Treatments used for childbirth include hala leaf buds and aerial Waltheria indica Cyperus javanicus clay. For chest pains, a drink with hala aerial root is drunk (Ab Cordyline fruticosa 7 Polynesian Introduced. Nā Inoa ʻĒ Aʻe: lāʻī, lauʻī, kānāwai, or ti leaf A woody plant growing up to 13 ft. tall, with leaves 12–24 in. bundling leaves together. They

7 are also used in lei making and home t
are also used in lei making and home to keep spirits from entering the home or property. properties as protective agents against psychic evil” (Handy, 1991). Treatment for shortness of breath/asthma (nae, nae‘oiku, 8 Polynesian Introduced. Generally, they are large grasses with hard stems (stalks) and long blades. This plant can reach heights of up to 15 ft. The Honua ‘Ula). Many varieties have different striped combinations like maroon and green (Kō Manulel

8 e) or yellow, pink and green The bloom
e) or yellow, pink and green The bloom stalk and tassel served as darts in a children’s game called ke‘a pua. The skin of the stalks has been used for plaiting medicines more palatable. The sweet stalk was chewed to Young leaf buds of the Ipomoea alba Bidens spp. 9 Endemic. Bidens pilosa Naturally sweet and very tasty, the leaves are used in herbal or severe cases of asthma. The entire ko‘oko‘olau plant is uses Aleurites molucana 10 Polynesian Introduced.

9 Nā Inoa ʻĒ Aʻe: candlenut tree, indi
Nā Inoa ʻĒ Aʻe: candlenut tree, indian walnut, kemiri, or varnish carved to resemble a hog’s head, and colored with red ocher were placed as symbols of Lono on altars where harvest offer ings were presented” (Handy, 1991). tress due to its light-green foliage. The nut is round 1.5-2.5 in. content. The leaves are pale green, glossy on the underside, candle (ihoiho). Their light lasts approximately 15 minutes each and can be strung and lit in sequence. They are

10 also used in lei making, along with th
also used in lei making, along with the leaves and �owers of the tree. The the surface of the water) in order to see the �sh below. A relish 2001). The trunk of the tree was sometimes used to make small or, in higher doses, as a cathartic or purge. Fresh leaves are (Abbott, 1992). The nut oil is a non-irritant and safe to use in all of the kukui are combined with other lāʻau. To build strength Christella cyatheoides Ipomoea batatas Pipturu

11 s spp. 11 Polynesian Introduced. Nā In
s spp. 11 Polynesian Introduced. Nā Inoa ʻĒ Aʻe: māmake, or waimea Broussonetia papyrifera The tea also treats for a generally “run-down” Morinda citrifolia 12 Polynesian Introduced. Nā Inoa ʻĒ Aʻe: indian mulberry, mreat morinda, or cheese fruit 1993; Malo, 1951). Oil extracted from fruit used on hair. In the constipation (Krauss, 2001). It can be used as a poultice and the Concussions treated with a mashed, green noni fruit. The leaves are brewed (

12 fresh Curcuma longa 13 Polynesian Intro
fresh Curcuma longa 13 Polynesian Introduction. Nā Inoa ʻĒ Aʻe: lena, mālena, turmeric or indian saffron plish-white in color. Highly fragrant and easily distinguished from Zingiberaceae ) family. Growth life- A mild astringent, the juice was introduced into the ear brie�y as Solanum americanum 14 Indigenous. Nā Inoa ʻĒ Aʻe: ʻolohua, pōpolohua (Niʻihau), american night Used as dye. To treat asthma bark, leaf buds, and older leaves ness is treat

13 ed by applying juice from the leaves to
ed by applying juice from the leaves to the affected as an ancillary ingredient in many medicines. The leaves, when larged or swollen tonsils). To cure a cold, steamed leaves that consecutive days (Krauss, 2001).To treat chills and high fever, Pleomele spp. with the tap roots of pōpolo and ʻuhaloa (Waltheria indica), and Waltheria indica 15 Indigenous. Found in dry, disturbed or well-drained, moist Nā Inoa ʻĒ Aʻe: ʻalaʻala pū loa, hala ʻuhaloa, hiʻaloa,

14 kanakaloa, several times a day. To trea
kanakaloa, several times a day. To treat asthma, �owers, leaf buds and days (Krauss, 2001). The �owers of the ʻuhaloa are considered “good medicine for children” (more than 10 days old). To treat 16 We would like to express our sincerest mahalo to all of those who have helped us with the Māla Lāʻau Ola, the Alakaʻi Māla (leaders), the faculty, staff, students, and community members for all their kōkua (assistance) in helping us māl

15 ama (care for) the Māla. We look forwa
ama (care for) the Māla. We look forward to working together to honor our kūpuna’s knowledge for many years to come. Excellence (HRSA grant 2D34HP16044). Abbott, Isabella A. “Lāʻau Hawaiʻi: Traditional Hawaiian Uses of Plants.” Honolulu, Hawaiʻi: Handy, E. S. Craighill, Pukui, Mary K., and Katherine Livermore. “Outline of Hawaiian Physical Therapeutics.” Honolulu, HI: Bernice P. Bishop Museum, 1934. Handy, Craighill E. S., and Handy, Elizabet

16 h G. “Native Planters in Old Hawaii: T
h G. “Native Planters in Old Hawaii: Their Life, Lore Malo, Davida. “Hawaiian Antiquities (Moolelo Hawaii). Bernice P. Bishop Museum Special Pukui, Mary K., and Dietrich Varez.”‘Ōlelo Noʻeau: Hawaiian Proverbs & Poetical Wagner, Warren L., Bruegmann, Marie M., Herbst, Derral M., and Joel Q.C. Lau. “Hawaiian Vascular Plants at Risk: 1999. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers No. 60.” Honolulu: Bishop Māla Alakaʻi:

17
Mele Look, Kimberly B. Yamauchi, Mililani Trask-Batti, Kamuela Werner and Dr. Winona K. Lee Designed by: Kamakaʻaina Seipp, Rhinehart K. Numazu Jr., and Kenneth Tsukayama Look M.A., Yamauchi K.B., Trask-Ba

18 tti M.K., Werner K.W., & Lee W.K. (2013)
tti M.K., Werner K.W., & Lee W.K. (2013). Guide to Selected John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. 17 practices. We regularly invite guest and others from the school and community to join us. ʻAwapuhi Nā Inoa ‘Ē Aʻe - school’s Department of Native Hawaiian Health. Esteemed scholar and