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Professor Muhammad Yunus


BiographyProfessor Muhammad Yunus was born on June 28 1940 the third of 14 children in Chittagong Bangladesh His father a successful goldsmith encouraged him to pursue higher education After graduatin

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Document on Subject : "Professor Muhammad Yunus"— Transcript:

1 Professor Muhammad Yunus Biography
Professor Muhammad Yunus Biography Professor Muhammad Yunus was born on June 28, 1940, the third of 14 children, in Chittagong, Bangladesh. His father, a successful goldsmith, encouraged him to pursue higher education. After gradu ating from Dhaka University in Bangladesh, Professor Yunus received a Fulbright Scholarship to study Economics at Vanderbilt University in the United States, where he received a Ph.D. in 1971. While in the U . S . , he also taught Economics at Middle Tennessee University. He returned to Bangladesh upon its independence in 1972 to serve as the Head of the Economics 1976 was a time of great challenges and hardship as the ne wly independent Bangladesh struggled to recover from a bitter war. With the economy in ruins, abject poverty was widespread – particularly in the areas around Chittagong. In this desperate environment, the young academic decided to implement an idea: to gi ve the rural poor an alternative to the loan sharks that prey on desperately poor women. Following the success of an initial local experiment, Professor Yunus became confident that the model could work on a broader scale and went to set up microcredit proj ects in other parts of the Grameen Bank in 1983. Today, Grameen Bank has over 8.4 million members — 97 per cent of whom are female — and has lent over US$12.5 billion since its inception. In 2006, the Norwegian Nobel Committee jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Peace to Professor Yunus and Grameen Bank “for their efforts to create economic and social development from below.” implementing the concept of Social Business — a business model that aims to solve social problems while staying financially self - sustainable. To date, there are more than 50 Social Business es in operation in Bangladesh alone – some are the largest companies in the regio n . Professor Yunus currently chairs the Yunus Centre, a one - stop resource centre for all Grameen Social Business - - lending and Social Business : “Banker to the Poor” (2003), “A World Without Poverty: Social Business and the Future of Capitalism” (2008) and “Building Social Business” (2010). Among Professor Yunus’ many awards and honours are the Independence Day Award (Bangladesh, 1987), the Presidential Medal of Freed om (USA, 2009) and the Congressional Gold Medal (USA, 2012). In 2009, Forbes Business Gurus.” Muhammad Yunus is married to Afrozi Yunus, a Professor of Physics at Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka. He has two daughters, Monica and Dina. Over the past years, Professor Muhammad Yunus has taken the experience and expertise gained from the success of the Grameen Bank, to introduce a new business model -- Business. A Social Business (SB) is a non - dividend company created to solve a social problem. Like an NGO, it has a social mission and like a firm it generates its own revenues to cover costs . I nvestors may reco

2 up their investment . All profits are
up their investment . All profits are reinvested for gro wth and innovation, or to seed new social business ventures. Professor Yunus and The Nobel Prize On October 16, 2006, the Norwegian Nobel Committee announced that it would award the Nobel Peace Prize jointly to Professor Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank “for their efforts to create economic and social development from below.” At that time, Professor Yunus had led the charge for micro - credit since 1975, arguing that poverty was an artificial creation that can be wholly eliminated through human endeav our. The Committee commended Professor Yunus, stating, “Lasting peace cannot be achieved unless large population groups find ways in which to break out of poverty. Microcredit is one such means. Development from below also serves to advance democracy and h uman rights.” That December, Professor Yunus travelled to Oslo to receive his award along with nine women from the villages of Bangladesh elected to represent Grameen Bank. Professor Ole Danbolt Mjs, Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, said that th is award focused attention on three increasingly important topics: engagement with the Muslim world, female empowerment and the fight for social and economic development. In fact, he said, “the struggle against poverty is work for peace of the first order. ” In his Nobel Lecture, Professor Yunus discussed the background of Grameen Bank as well as the future of poverty. He claimed that poverty is a threat to peace and confronting poverty is a fight for human rights. A stable peace, he said, must involve oppo rtunities for people to live decent lives. While free market capitalism calls for one - dimensional profit - maximization, Professor Yunus promoted Social Business es whose primary goal is to look for solutions to solve social problems. Human beings are infini tely creative and capable, and in the future, he predicts, poverty will only be remembered in museums. “I firmly believe that we can create a poverty - free world if we collectively believe in it,” he said. S ocial Business “A charity dollar has only one l ife. A Social Business dollar has endless life.” – Professor Muhammad Yunus A Social Business (SB) is a company created for social benefit rather than private profit . Like an NGO, it has a social or environmental mission, but like a business, it generates its own revenues to cover its costs . Investors may recoup their investment. All profits are reinvested for growth and innovation, or to seed new Social Business ventures. Social Business aims to expand the current capitalist model by focusing on goals that serve society at large rather than personal profit. Financial sustainability is only a constraint to reach the social aim rather than an end in itself. Since SBs need to compete in the free market to provide their goods or services, they are inherently ef ficient in serving their social goal