American government. 3 Branches. The American Constitution outlines a three branch government, which was a departure from the one branch system in the Articles of Confederation. The three branches include:. ID: 366660
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The 3 Branches
The American Constitution outlines a three branch government, which was a departure from the one branch system in the Articles of Confederation
The three branches include:
Bicameral- Senate and House of Representatives
The Legislative Branch is made up of two houses
The Senate is the senior or more prestigious house. There are two Senators for each state.
The House of Representatives is the junior house and representation is determined by the population of each stateSlide4
Expressed and Enumerated-
5 deal with economic legislation
Taxes, borrowing money, regulate
coin money, punish counterfeiting
7 provide for defense
Punish piracies, to declare war, raise and support armed forces, to call forth the militia, and to organize the militia
5 of the rules outline such things as
, establishing post offices, securing
patents and copyrights
, establishing courts, and governing the District of Columbia.’
And finally the
The legislative branch of government was designed to be the focal point of American government
The legislative branch’s primary job is to pass lawsSlide6
The president has broad but vague powers.
“The executive shall be vested in a President of the United States of America”
The main role of the President to faithfully execute the laws passed through the legislature
This position was created due to the weaknesses inherent in the Articles of ConfederationSlide7
Powers of the Executive
Commander in chief of the armed forces and state militias
Appoints (with approval) heads of executive departments
May pardon people convicted of federal crimes
Makes treaties with consent of Senate
Appoints ambassadors, federal judges, and other top officials with Senate consent.
Delivers an annual State of the Union address
Calls Congress into special sessions
Meets with Heads of State, Ambassadors, and other foreign officials.
Commissions military officers
Ensure that the laws Congress passes are “faithfuly executed”Slide8
The Judicial Branch
There are two different court systems in the United States.
One system consists of the federal courts, whose powers are derived from the Constitution and federal law.
The second includes the courts from each of the 50 states whose powers derive from state law and constitutions.Slide9
The Unwritten Constitution
The unwritten Constitution consists of traditions, precedents, and practices incorporated into our form of government that add to the Constitutions elasticity and its viability
i.e. political parties, the presidents cabinet, political action committees, and the federal bureaucracy are important examplesSlide10
Checks and Balances