ORGANICS
60K - views

ORGANICS

Similar presentations


Download Presentation

ORGANICS




Download Presentation - The PPT/PDF document "ORGANICS" is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.



Presentation on theme: "ORGANICS"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

ORGANICS

Chemical compounds in living systems

Slide2

COMPOSITION OF LIVING THINGS

70 – 90% water

Remaining 10% are Carbon based compounds

Other essential elements included in these compounds????

H, O, N, S, P

Where does all the Carbon to make these compounds originate?

Slide3

WHAT MAKE CARBON SO SPECIAL??

TetravalentForm both chains & ringsForm double & triple bonds

Slide4

HYDROCARBONS: Simplest organic molecule

Hydrophobic(nonpolar)Insoluble in waterMajor component of fossil fuelsLiving systems  Lipids

What do petroleum products & fats have in common???

Slide5

ISOMERS

Same molecular formula, different structure

# possible isomers increase as size of the C chain increases

Slide6

STRUCTURAL ISOMERS

Different arrangement of atoms

Slide7

GEOMETRIC ISOMERS

Different arrangement around inflexible = bonds

Slide8

STEREO OR OPTICAL ISOMERS

Mirror-images – many implication in drug interactions

Slide9

CREATING COMPLEX ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Convert hydrocarbon chain into another organic compound by removing a Hydrogen & adding a functional group

Slide10

HYDROXYL or ALCOHOL

- OHPolar Soluble (more OH’s, more soluble)

Slide11

CARBONYLS

AldehydeAttach to 1st or last C

Ketone Attach to middle C

Polar (soluble)Source of attachment for H bonds

Slide12

CARBOXYL

-COOHAcids – give sour taste

Slide13

AMINE

-NH2BaseIndicator for proteins

Slide14

THIOL (sulfhydryl)

-SHStrong odors (garlic) – added to gasesStabilize protein structure

Slide15

ETHERS

C-O-CSlightly polar, capable of H bondsCommon link w/in carbohydrates & lipids

Slide16

PHOSPHATE

Used in energy transferADP  ATPStructural component of DNA

Slide17

POLYMERIZATION

Monomer – single unit (building block)Polymer – large molecule of similar repeating unitsMethane  Ethane  Butane (1 C) (2 C) (3 C)

Slide18