Approaches to Rituals Theoretical analysis - PowerPoint Presentation

Approaches to Rituals Theoretical analysis
Approaches to Rituals Theoretical analysis

Approaches to Rituals Theoretical analysis - Description


Secular Ritual Religious Ritual Deeper Meaning of Ritual Symbolic actions and objects The Need for Ritual Food ritual killing of animals hunting Eg Ainu Japan North American Indian Tribe ID: 929705 Download Presentation

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rituals ritual diwali rites ritual rituals rites diwali celebration liminal life social stage festival world task passage status initiation

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Slide1

Approaches to Rituals

Theoretical analysis

Slide2

Secular Ritual

Religious

Ritual

Deeper Meaning of Ritual

Symbolic actions and objects

Slide3

The Need for Ritual

Food

– ritual killing of animals, hunting

Eg

. Ainu (Japan), North American Indian Tribe

bear rituals

Warmth/Shelter – Bolivian Witches’ MarketCompanionship – daily social rituals (movies)Communication - Catholic CommunionPurification – Hindu Kumb Melha FestivalPacification – Funeral / Burial Hindu CeremonyMaintain Order – Initiation Ceremonies Indigenous Australians

Slide4

What kinds of rituals?

Rites of passage

: North American girls’ ‘

Coming of Age

Crisis

CelebrationWorship

Slide5

Rites of Passage

A ritual marking a time when the status of an individual changes: ritual dramas of birth, initiation, marriage and death:

largely individual oriented

Non-recurrent.

Anticipated.

Bar Mitzvah

Graduation21st Birthday

Slide6

Calendrical Rites

CyclicalOrganised

by community

Turning points of socio-economic seasons

Eg

. New Year ritual:

Group orientedRecurrent – linking people with social worldAnticipated with entrances and exits.

Slide7

Diwali

Diwali is certainly one of the biggest, brightest and most important festivals of India. While Diwali is popularly known as the "festival of lights". The celebration of Diwali as the "victory of good over evil" refers to the light of higher knowledge dispelling all ignorance. While the story behind Diwali and the manner of celebration of the festival differ greatly depending on the region, the essence of the festival remains the same - the celebration of life, its enjoyment and goodness.

Slide8

Crisis Rites

Rituals performed at times of hardship (sickness, drought, flood, social anxiety)

Slide9

Celebration

Celebrates special events and dates (Christmas)

Slide10

Worship

Rituals that worship a God or Gods. Usually involves some kind of prayer.

Slide11

Lovat

Read pg. 27

– Beginning, Middle, End approach

- 5 steps

Slide12

Structure of Ritual:

Terence Lovat

Return:

Leaves the ritual and returns to ordinary world

Entry:

Leave the ordinary world and enter the ritual

Preparation: Preparatory rite/activityClimax: Experience of a central highpointCelebration: Joins in a celebration of the ritual

Slide13

`

Slide14

Structure of

Haka (during a football match)

Walk onto field

Get into formation

The performing of the

Haka

The crowd and the team celebrateFind positions for kick off

Slide15

Task

Think of a secular ritual and a religious ritual.

Complete Lovat’s pyramid for the two rituals

Slide16

Arnold van

Gennep:

Read

Pg

26 Text

Mainly for rites of passage rituals (a ritual where someone transitions from one stage of life to another)Pre-liminal: Separating from the previous lifeLiminal: Transitioning from one stage to anotherPost-liminal: A new status or state of life

Slide17

Gennep

Example for a surgical operation:

Slide18

Slide19

Task

Break down the

crocodile skin ritual

into the three phases.

Pre-liminal

:

Separating from the previous lifeLiminal: Transitioning from one stage to anotherPost-liminal: A new status or state of life

Slide20

Task

Break down this transition into the following three phases.

Going from Primary school to High school

Slide21

Victor Turner

Text p.26

3 Meanings:

Exegetical (subjective) – explained by person performing the ritual

Operational (objective) – observable by the outsider; purpose of the ritual in society

Positional – symbols used & relationships between them.

Slide22

Liminality:

Looks at what different people

experience in the

liminal

phase

Slide23

Rituals in World Religions

Questions:

Why do you think there have been attempts throughout history to deny a role for ritual in religion?

Why do you think religion invests so much energy into ritual?

Define in your own words the following group rituals and give examples:

Totemic

CalendricalCeremonialRites of PassageCrisis Rites

Shom More....