LJPVU VY VSSVW JVUYVS YLLNLHPVU HUK TVUPVYPUN VSSVW JVUYVS OLYLLKZPUHK
18K - views

LJPVU VY VSSVW JVUYVS YLLNLHPVU HUK TVUPVYPUN VSSVW JVUYVS OLYLLKZPUHK

brPage 1br LJPVU VY VSSV57364W JVUYVS YLLNLHPVU HUK TVUPVYPUN VSSV57364W JVUYVS 6OLY57347LLKZ57347PUHKPUN57347HMLY57347IVULZLLK57347JVUYVS 9LZVYPUN UH

Download Pdf

LJPVU VY VSSVW JVUYVS YLLNLHPVU HUK TVUPVYPUN VSSVW JVUYVS OLYLLKZPUHK




Download Pdf - The PPT/PDF document "LJPVU VY VSSVW JVUYVS YLLNLHPVU HUK TVUP..." is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.



Presentation on theme: "LJPVU VY VSSVW JVUYVS YLLNLHPVU HUK TVUPVYPUN VSSVW JVUYVS OLYLLKZPUHK"— Presentation transcript:


Page 1
:LJ[PVU -V\Y -VSSV^\W JVU[YVS YL]LNL[H[PVU HUK TVUP[VYPUN -VSSV^\W JVU[YVS 6[OLY^LLKZPU]HKPUNHM[LYIVULZLLKJVU[YVS 9LZ[VYPUN UH[P]L ]LNL[H[PVU 5H[\YHSYLNLULYH[PVU 9L]LNL[H[PVU 4VUP[VYPUN `V\Y WYVNYLZZ 7OV[VWVPU[Z 4LHZ\YPUNKLUZP[` 4LHZ\YPUNJV]LY :\Y]L`PUNHUKYLJVYKPUNIVULZLLKKPZ[YPPI\[PVU
Page 2
:,*;065 ! -VSSV^\W JVU[YVS YL]LNL[H[PVU TVUP[VYPUN :,*;065 ! -VSSV^\W JVU[YVS YL]LNL[H[PVU TVUP[VYPUN -VSSV^\W JVU[YVS

;OLYLHYL[OYLLZ[HNLZ[VHJOPL]PUNZ\JJLZZM\S ^LLKJVU[YVS! WYPTHY` [YLH[TLU[ YLTV]HSVMTH[\YL IVULZLLKWSHU[ZHUKL_PZ[PUNZLLKSPUNZ ZLJVUKHY` [YLH[TLU[ PU[LUZP]LJVU[YVS VM[OLZLLKSPUNZ[OH[LTLYNLHM[LYYLTV]HS VMTH[\YLIVULZLLKWSHU[ZHUKJVU[YVSVM YLZWYV\[PUNTH[\YLWSHU[Z THPU[LUHUJL

^LLKPUN VUNVPUNYLTV]HS VMIVULZLLKZLLKSPUNZ[OH[LZ[HISPZOMYVT [OLZLLKIHURVYMYVTZLLKZPTWVY[LK[V[OL HYLHI`IPYKZVYV[OLYZV\YJLZ -VSSV^\WJVU[YVSPLZLJVUKHY`[YLH[TLU[ HUKTHPU[LUHUJL^LLKPUNPZJY\JPHSILJH\ZL IVULZLLKZLLKSPUNZJHUJVU[PU\L[VNLYTPUH[L

MYVT[OLSVUNSP]LKZLLKIHURWVZZPIS`MVY\W [V`LHYZ -VYLMMLJ[P]LMVSSV^\WJVU[YVS`V\ZOV\SK! 0UZWLJ[[YLH[LKHYLHZ^P[OPU[VTVU[OZ VMWYPTHY`JVU[YVSHUKYLTV]LIVULZLLK ZLLKSPUNZI`OHUKW\SSPUNVYMVSPHYZWYH`PUN ILMVYL[OL`V^LYHUKZL[ZLLK

0UZWLJ[[YLH[LKHYLHZ^OLYLIVULZLLKYVV[Z OH]LILLUSLM[PU[OLNYV\UKPLHM[LYMVSPHY ZWYH`PUNJ\[[PUNHUKZ^HIIPUNVYJ\[[PUN ^P[OV\[OLYIPJPKL[YLH[TLU[MVYYLNYV^[O HUKJVU[YVSPMULJLZZHY` *VUK\J[THPU[LUHUJLPUZWLJ[PVUZH[SLHZ[ L]LY`TVU[OZHUKYLTV]LHU`UL^

IVULZLLKZLLKSPUNZI`OHUK;OLL_[LU[VM MVSSV^\WJVU[YVSYLX\PYLK^PSSKLJYLHZL LHJO`LHYHUKPUZWLJ[PVUZJHUILHZZPTWSL HZHUHUU\HS^HSRHUKOHUKW\SSPUNKH` :\Y]L`YLN\SHYS`MVYUL^PUMLZ[H[PVUZ LZWLJPHSS`PM[OLYLHYLV[OLYPUMLZ[H[PVUZVM IVULZLLKULHYI`

7H`JSVZLH[[LU[PVU[VHYLHZ^OLYLZLLKZ TPNO[ILKPZWLYZLKZ\JOHZ\UKLY[YLLZHUK HSVUNMLUJLSPULZ^OLYLIPYKZWLYJO *VTIPUL`LHYS`WYVNYLZZTVUP[VYPUN^P[O MVSSV^\WJVU[YVSHUKYLJVYK^LLKZHZ`V\ YLTV]L[OLT ;OLL_[LU[VMMVSSV^\WJVU[YVSYLX\PYLK^PSS

KLWLUKVU[OLKLUZP[`VM[OLPUMLZ[H[PVUHUK OV^SVUNP[OHKILLULZ[HISPZOLK;OLSHYNLY [OLIVULZLLKZLLKIHUR[OLTVYLYLZV\YJLZ [OH[^PSSILYLX\PYLKMVYMVSSV^\W^VYR 5\TLYV\Z IVULZLLK ZLLKSPUNZ ^PSS NLYTPUH[L HM[LY TH[\YL WSHU[Z HYL YLTV]LK /V^L]LY THU` ^PSS KPL K\YPUN Z\TTLY (Z IVULZLLK YHYLS` V^LYZ PU [OL YZ[ `LHY [OPZ YZ[ \ZO VM ZLLKSPUNZ JHU IL SLM[ [V [OPU

V\[ UH[\YHSS` HUK [OL YLTHPUPUN `V\UN WSHU[Z W\SSLK \W VY J\[ HUKZ^HIILK PU H\[\TU ;OL Q\]LUPSL WSHU[Z ^PSS HSZV IL LHZPLY [V ZWV[ [OHU [OL ZTHSS ZLLKSPUNZ THRPUN JVU[YVS TVYL LMJPLU[ 9LTV]PUNIVULZLLKPU[OL4\YYH`4HSSLLYLNPVU:( Nicole Zeoli
Page 3
:,*;065 ! -VSSV^\W JVU[YVS YL]LNL[H[PVU TVUP[VYPUN :,*;065 ! -VSSV^\W JVU[YVS YL]LNL[H[PVU TVUP[VYPUN -VSSV^\WHM[LYHYL

(M[LYHYLHWYV[LJ[P]LJY\Z[PZMVYTLK VU[OLZVPSZ\YMHJL;OPZJY\Z[YLK\JLZ LYVZPVUHUKYL[HPUZZVPSTVPZ[\YL>VYRPUN PUHUL^S`I\YU[HYLHJHUKPZ[\YI[OL WYV[LJ[P]LJY\Z[HUKJH\ZLZVPSJVTWHJ[PVU 0U[OLPUP[PHSZ[HNLZHM[LYHI\YUHJV]LY

VM^LLKZLLKSPUNZTH`OLSW[VJVUZLY]L TVPZ[\YLHUKWYV[LJ[UH[P]LZLLKSPUNZ0[ JHUILILULJPHS[VHSSV^[OLZP[LH[SLHZ[ ZP_TVU[OZ[VYLNLULYH[LUH[\YHSS`ILMVYL JHYY`PUNV\[MVSSV^\W^LLKYLTV]HS6M JV\YZLIVULZLLKZLLKSPUNZKVULLK[VIL JVU[YVSSLKILMVYL[OL`ZL[ZLLK 6[OLY ^LLKZ

PU]HKPUN HM[LY IVULZLLK control ;OLJVU[YVSVMIVULZLLKVM[LUSLHKZ[VPU]HZPVU I`V[OLY^LLKZWLJPLZ^OPJOTH`OH]LILLU WYLZLU[PUVUS`ZTHSSU\TILYZILMVYLIVULZLLK ^HZ[YLH[LK@V\YTHUHNLTLU[WSHUT\Z[ HKKYLZZ[OPZPZZ\LHZ`V\YLMMVY[ZPUJVU[YVSSPUN IVULZLLK^PSSILULNH[LKPMHUV[OLY^LLK

ZWYLHKZHUKYLX\PYLZPU[LUZP]LJVU[YVS-VY L_HTWSL^LLKZZ\JOHZIYPKHSJYLLWLY TVU[WLSSPLYIYVVTNVYZLHUKUVUUH[P]L NYHZZLZOH]LILLUYLWVY[LK[VPU]HKLHM[LY IVULZLLKPZYLTV]LKHUKJHUVM[LUILOHYKLY [VJVU[YVS[OHUIVULZLLK ,UZ\YL[OH[`V\Y^LLKTHUHNLTLU[WSHU

HKKYLZZLZHSS^LLKZWYLZLU[H[`V\YZP[L 4\S[PWSL^LLKZTH`ULLK[VILYLTV]LKMYVT HWHY[PJ\SHYHYLHH[[OLZHTL[PTL 9LZ[VYPUN UH[P]L ]LNL[H[PVU 5H[\YHS YLNLULYH[PVU ;OLHPTVMI\ZOYLNLULYH[PVUPZ[VLUJV\YHNL UH[P]LWSHU[Z[VYLNLULYH[LMYVT[OLL_PZ[PUN ZLLKIHUR(SSV^PUNUH[P]LI\ZO[VYLLZ[HISPZO

[OYV\NOUH[\YHSYLNLULYH[PVUPZWYLMLYHISL[V YL]LNL[H[PVUMVY[OYLLYLHZVUZ! UH[P]LWSHU[ZLZ[HISPZO[OH[HYLHKHW[LK ZWLJPJHSS`[V[OLZP[L[OLZLHYLRUV^UHZ SVJHSWYV]LUHUJLZWLJPLZ SVJHSIPVKP]LYZP[`PZJVUZLY]LK UH[\YHSYLNLULYH[PVUPZMHYTVYLJVZ[ LMMLJ[P]L[OHUYL]LNL[H[PVU

9LTV]PUNTH[\YLIVULZLLKWSHU[ZJHU WYVTV[LZ\IZ[HU[PHSYLNLULYH[PVUVMUH[P]L ZLLKSPUNZWYV]PKLKHUH[P]LZLLKIHURZ[PSS L_PZ[Z5H[\YHSYLNLULYH[PVU^PSSILTVYL Z\JJLZZM\S^OLYLUH[P]L]LNL[H[PVUPZPU[HJ[ HUK[OLIVULZLLKPUMLZ[H[PVUPZYLJLU[ >OLYLKLUZLWH[JOLZVMIVULZLLKIVYKLY

UH[P]LI\ZO^VYRMYVT[OLLKNLZVM[OL IVULZLLKPUMLZ[H[PVU[V^HYKZ[OLTPKKSLVM[OL PUMLZ[H[PVU;OPZHSSV^ZUH[P]LZ[VYLNLULYH[L MYVTWYVWHN\SLZKPZWLYZLKMYVT[OLHKQHJLU[ I\ZO 5H[P]LHJHJPHZLLKSPUNNYV^PUNHTVUNZ[IVULZLLKZLLKZ Peter Tucker
Page 4
:,*;065 ! -VSSV^\W JVU[YVS YL]LNL[H[PVU TVUP[VYPUN :,*;065 ! -VSSV^\W JVU[YVS

YL]LNL[H[PVU TVUP[VYPUN 9L]LNL[H[PVU 9L]LNL[H[PVUI`WSHU[PUN[\ILZ[VJRVYKPYLJ[ ZLLKPUNPZ\ZLM\S^OLU! HZP[LOHZSPTP[LKVYUVWV[LU[PHSMVY UH[\YHSYLNLULYH[PVULNPM[OLIVULZLLK PUMLZ[H[PVU^HZSVUNLZ[HISPZOLKHUKH UH[P]LZLLKIHURPZUVSVUNLYWYLZLU[ RL`ZWLJPLZHYLTPZZPUNHUKJHUUV[IL

UH[\YHSS`YLJY\P[LK[VHUHYLH YL]LNL[H[PVUWYVQLJ[WYLMLYHIS`WYVWHNH[LK \ZPUNTH[LYPHSZV\YJLKMYVT[OLI\ZOSHUK HYLH[VILWSHU[LKSVJHSWYV]LUHUJLZWLJPLZ ;OPZLUZ\YLZ[OH[[OLWSHU[JVTT\UP[``V\ HYLH[[LTW[PUN[VLZ[HISPZOPZHWWYVWYPH[LMVY [OLOHIP[H[`V\HYL^VYRPUNPU-VYL_HTWSL

`V\^HU[[VLUZ\YL[OH[HUH[\YHSNYHZZSHUK JVTT\UP[`PZUV[YLWSHU[LK^P[O[YLLZHUK ZOY\IZ ;PTPUNPZPTWVY[HU[^OLULZ[HISPZOPUNUH[P]L ]LNL[H[PVUMYVTKPYLJ[ZLLKPUNVY[\IL Z[VJR0UJS\KLYL]LNL[H[PVUPU`V\YIVULZLLK THUHNLTLU[WSHUHUK[Y`[VZJOLK\SL`V\Y

^LLKJVU[YVSHJ[P]P[PLZ[VJVPUJPKL^P[O[OL ILZ[[PTL[VYL]LNL[H[L -VYKL[HPSLKPUMVYTH[PVUVUYL]LNL[H[PVUZLL )\ZO9LNLULYH[PVU!9LJV]LYPUN(\Z[YHSPHU 3HUKZJHWLZ I`9VIPU)\JOHUHU >OL[OLY [OYV\NO UH[\YHS YLNLULYH[PVU VY YL]LNL[H[PVU YLOHIPSP[H[PVU VM I\ZOSHUK PZ SVUN[LYT WYVJLZZ [OH[ YLX\PYLZ JVTTP[TLU[ [V L_[LUKLK TVUP[VYPUN HUK MVSSV^\W 4VUP[VYPUN `V\Y WYVNYLZZ

@V\JHUTVUP[VY`V\YWYVNYLZZ\ZPUNTHU` KPMMLYLU[TL[OVKZPUJS\KPUNZP[LTHWZ WOV[VWVPU[ZVYX\HU[P[H[P]LTLHZ\YLZ Z\JOHZKLUZP[`VYJV]LY;OLTVZ[Z\P[HISL TL[OVKKLWLUKZVU[OLYLZV\YJLZH]HPSHISL [OLL_WLY[PZLVM[OLWLVWSLJHYY`PUNV\[ [OLTVUP[VYPUN[OLX\LZ[PVUZ`V\^HU[[V

HUZ^LYHUK[OLPU[LUKLKH\KPLUJL-VY L_HTWSLPM`V\^PZO[VKLTVUZ[YH[L[OL UH[P]LYLNLULYH[PVUMVSSV^PUNIVULZLLK JVU[YVSH[`V\YZP[L[V[OL^PKLYJVTT\UP[` WOV[VWVPU[ZHYLPKLHS6YPM`V\ULLK[V WYLZLU[X\HU[P[H[P]LKH[HVU[OLYLZ\S[ZVM`V\Y

JVU[YVSHJ[P]P[PLZ[V`V\YM\UKPUNIVK``V\ JV\SKTVUP[VY[OLU\TILYZVMIVULZLLKWSHU[Z HUKUH[P]LZWLJPLZ\ZPUNWSV[[YHUZLJ[Z ;VTHRL]HSPKJVTWHYPZVUZTVUP[VYPUN ULLKZ[VILKVULH[HZPTPSHY[PTLVM`LHY H[SLHZ[VUJLLHJO`LHYHUKPUHJVUZPZ[LU[

THUULY0UJVYWVYH[LTVUP[VYPUNPU[V`V\Y `LHYS`HJ[P]P[`[PTL[HISL4VUP[VYPUNJHUIL JVTIPULK^P[OMVSSV^\WJVU[YVSW\SS\WHU` ZLLKSPUNZHZ`V\Z\Y]L`[OLHYLH (ZP[LKPHY`PZ\ZLM\SMVYKVJ\TLU[PUNHJ[P]P[PLZ \UKLY[HRLUHZ^LSSHZVIZLY]H[PVUZHIV\[

ZLHZVUHSJVUKP[PVUZVYV[OLYMHJ[VYZ[OH[TH` PU\LUJL[OLYLZ\S[ZVM`V\YJVU[YVSWYVNYHT 9LJVYKPUN[OLJVZ[VMJVU[YVSIV[OPUSHIV\Y HUKKVSSHYZPZPTWVY[HU[MVYL]HS\H[PUN[OL JVZ[LMMLJ[P]LULZZVMKPMMLYLU[TL[OVKZHUK OLSWZ`V\Z[H`^P[OPUI\KNL[ 7OV[VWVPU[Z

7OV[VWVPU[ZHYLHWOV[VNYHWOPJYLJVYKVM JOHUNLZVJJ\YYPUNV]LY[PTLH[`V\YZP[L[HRLU MYVT[OLZHTLWVPU[LHJO[PTL;OL`HYLHU L_JLSSLU[[VVSMVYKLTVUZ[YH[PUNWYVNYLZZ[V TLTILYZVMJVTT\UP[`NYV\WZ[OLW\ISPJ HUKM\UKPUNIVKPLZ
Page 5
:,*;065 ! -VSSV^\W JVU[YVS YL]LNL[H[PVU TVUP[VYPUN :,*;065 ! -VSSV^\W

JVU[YVS YL]LNL[H[PVU TVUP[VYPUN :L[[PUN\WHWOV[VWVPU[ *OVVZLZP[LZ[OH[^PSSILZ[YLWYLZLU[[OL ^VYR\UKLY[HRLUH[`V\YZP[LZ\JOHZHU HYLH^P[OZPNUPJHU[LJVSVNPJHS]HS\LZVYH OLH]PS`PUMLZ[LKHYLH 7SHJLHWLYTHULU[THYRLYZ\JOHZHZ[HRL H[[OLWVPU[MYVT^OLYL`V\^PSS[HRL[OL

WOV[VLHJO[PTL 3HILSHU(JHYK^P[O[OLKH[LHUK WOV[VWVPU[SVJH[PVUHUKH[[HJO[VHUV[OLY Z[HRLHWWYV_PTH[LS` TL[YLZMYVT[OL JHTLYHWVZP[PVU :[HUKH[[OLTHYRLYMHJL[OLSHILSSPUNJHYK HUK[HRL`V\YWOV[V ;PWZ (SPNUTHYRLYZUVY[O[VZV\[O[VH]VPK

L_JLZZP]LZ\UVYZOHKV^HUK[VTHRLP[ LHZ`[VYLTLTILY^OPJOKPYLJ[PVU[V[HRL [OLWOV[VPM[OLTHYRLYZHYLYLTV]LK ;Y`[VPUJS\KLHKPZ[PUJ[P]LVIQLJ[PULHJO WOV[VZ\JOHZH[YLLVYMLUJLWVZ[[OH[^PSS IL[OLYLLHJO[PTL

ZHTLZL[[PUNZVUHKPNP[HSJHTLYHHUK[HRL [OLWOV[VZMYVT[OLZHTLOLPNO[YLZ[[OL JHTLYHVU[OLZ[HRL^P[O[OLZHTLaVVT ZL[[PUNZ ;HRLWOV[VZHZMYLX\LU[S`HZYLX\PYLK[V YLLJ[JOHUNLZH[[OLZP[LI\[LUZ\YL`V\ OH]LWOV[VZ[HRLUH[[OLZHTL[PTLLHJO

`LHY[VTHRL]HSPKJVTWHYPZVUZ 3HILSLHJOWOV[V^P[O[OLKH[LSVJH[PVU HUK[OLYLHZVUMVY[HRPUN[OLWOV[VLN HUU\HSTVUP[VYPUNILMVYLHUKHM[LY^LLK YLTV]HS 4LHZ\YPUN KLUZP[` +LUZP[`PZKLULKHZ[OLU\TILYVMPUKP]PK\HS WSHU[ZWLY\UP[HYLHMVYL_HTWSL

IVULZLLKWSHU[ZWLYOLJ[HYL+LUZP[`PZH NVVKTLHZ\YLVMIVULZLLKWVW\SH[PVUZPaL HZIVULZLLKWVW\SH[PVUZ^PSSYLZWVUK[VTVZ[ JVU[YVS[YLH[TLU[ZI`HJOHUNLPU[OLU\TILY VMPUKP]PK\HSZVM]HYPV\ZHNLJSHZZLZYH[OLY [OHUHJOHUNLPU]PNV\YVYWSHU[ZPaL

+LUZP[`PZ[OLTVZ[HWWYVWYPH[LWVW\SH[PVU TLHZ\YLMVYZJH[[LYLKIVULZLLKPUMLZ[H[PVUZ 4LHZ\YPUN[OLKLUZP[`VM[OPJRIVULZLLK PUMLZ[H[PVUZPZKPMJ\S[HZP[JHUIL[PTL JVUZ\TPUN[VKL[LYTPULOV^THU`PUKP]PK\HS WSHU[ZHYLWYLZLU[PUHJS\TW-VYKLUZL [OPJRL[ZP[PZTVYLHWWYVWYPH[L[VTLHZ\YL

JV]LYZLLWHNL 4LHZ\YPUNKLUZP[`PUHNLJSHZZLZ^PSSTVYL HJJ\YH[LS`YLLJ[[OLJOHUNLZJH\ZLKI` [OLJVU[YVS[YLH[TLU[Z0[PZHNVVKPKLH[V KL[LYTPUL[OLKLUZP[`VMQ\]LUPSLHUKTH[\YL WSHU[ZZLWHYH[LS`HZ[OLYLTV]HSVMTH[\YL IVULZLLKWSHU[ZPZNLULYHSS`MVSSV^LKI`[OL

NLYTPUH[PVUVMTHU`IVULZLLKZLLKSPUNZ 1\]LUPSLWSHU[ZJV\SKILKLULKHZ[OVZL \UKLY JT[HSSVYPMTLHZ\YLK^OLU[OL WVW\SH[PVUPZPUV^LYQ\]LUPSLWSHU[ZJV\SK IL[OVZL[OH[HYLUV[V^LYPUN -VYL_HTWSLILMVYL[YLH[TLU[[OLKLUZP[`TH` IL TH[\YLWSHU[ZHUK Q\]LUPSLZ[V[HS

WSHU[ZWLYOLJ[HYL:P_TVU[OZHM[LY[OL PUP[PHS[YLH[TLU[[OLKLUZP[`TH`ILTH[\YL WSHU[ZHUKQ\]LUPSLZ[V[HSWSHU[Z +LUZLIVULZLLKPUMLZ[H[PVUILMVYLJVU[YVS Kym Smith 5H[P]LYLNLULYH[PVUHM[LYWHY[PHSHUKNYHK\HSIVULZLLK YLTV]HS Kym Smith
Page 6

:,*;065 ! -VSSV^\W JVU[YVS YL]LNL[H[PVU TVUP[VYPUN :,*;065 ! -VSSV^\W JVU[YVS YL]LNL[H[PVU TVUP[VYPUN WLYOLJ[HYL-VSSV^\WJVU[YVSPZJHYYPLK V\[ TVU[OZHM[LY[OLPUP[PHSJVU[YVS(M[LY TVU[OZ[OLKLUZP[`TH`OH]LKYVWWLK[V TH[\YLWSHU[ZHUKQ\]LUPSLZ[V[HS

WSHU[ZWLYOLJ[HYL0MVUS`[V[HSU\TILYZVM IVULZLLKWSHU[Z^LYLJV\U[LK[OLKYHTH[PJ LMMLJ[VM[OLPUP[PHS[YLH[TLU[VU[OLIVULZLLK WVW\SH[PVU^V\SKUV[OH]LILLUJHW[\YLK 7SV[JV\U[Z )VULZLLKKLUZP[`JHUILTLHZ\YLKZPTWS`I` THYRPUNV\[[OYLLVYTVYLWSV[ZX\HKYH[Z VM T_ T

ZX\HYLTL[YLZ;OL WSV[ZZOV\SKILYHUKVTS`SVJH[LKV]LY[OL ZP[LHUK[OLTVYLWSV[Z`V\OH]L[OLTVYL WYLJPZL[OLYLZ\S[Z^PSSIL*V\U[[OLU\TILY VMIVULZLLKWSHU[ZPULHJOHNLJSHZZPULHJO WSV[HUKKL[LYTPUL[OLH]LYHNL4\S[PWS`[OL

H]LYHNLU\TILYVMWSHU[ZWLYT_T WSV[I`[VNL[[OLU\TILYWLYOLJ[HYLVUL OLJ[HYLPZZX\HYLTL[YLZ-VYWSHU[Z Z[YHKKSPUN[OLIV\UKHYPLZVM[OLWSV[JV\U[HSS

PUKP]PK\HSZHSVUN[^VJVU[PN\V\ZZPKLZHUK KVUV[JV\U[[OLPUKP]PK\HSZ[OH[Z[YHKKSL[OL V[OLY[^VZPKLZ *HSJ\SH[PUNKLUZP[`\ZPUNWSV[JV\U[Z 7SV[[YHUZLJ[Z 7SV[ZHYLVM[LUWSHJLKHSVUNZHTWSLSPULZ JHSSLK[YHUZLJ[Z;YHUZLJ[ZHYLJVTTVUS` TSVUNHUKHYLWSHJLK T HWHY[WHYHSSLS[VLHJOV[OLY

[YHUZLJ[Z^PSSNP]L`V\YLZ\S[Z[OH[HYLTVYL YLWYLZLU[H[P]LVM`V\YLU[PYLZP[L7SV[ZPaL^PSS KLWLUKVU[OLZWLJPLZILPUNTLHZ\YLK-VY ZOY\IZZ\JOHZIVULZLLK T_ TWSV[ZTH` ILHWWYVWYPH[L:THSSLYWSV[Z JT_ JT ^V\SKILULLKLKPM`V\^LYLTLHZ\YPUNUH[P]L

ZLLKSPUNYLNLULYH[PVU2LLW[OLWSV[Z[OLZHTL ZPaLVULHJOZ\IZLX\LU[TVUP[VYPUNVJJHZPVU ZV[OH[YLZ\S[ZHYLJVTWHYHISL 0M`V\^PZO[VTVUP[VYUH[P]LYLNLULYH[PVU `V\JHUJV\U[HSSZWLJPLZPULHJOWSV[6Y `V\TH`JOVVZLVULVY[^VRL`UH[P]LZWLJPLZ

HZ[OL[HYNL[ZWLJPLZ[VILTVUP[VYLK9LJVYK [OLU\TILYVMPUKP]PK\HSZVM[OL[HYNL[ZWLJPLZ ^P[OPULHJOWSV[(]LYHNL[OLU\TILYVM PUKP]PK\HSZVMLHJOZWLJPLZPULHJOWSV[V]LY HSS[YHUZLJ[ZHUKJVU]LY[[VHKLUZP[`TLHZ\YL

PLPUKP]PK\HSZWLYZX\HYLTL[YLVYPUKP]PK\HSZ WLYOLJ[HYL *HSJ\SH[PUNKLUZP[`\ZPUNWSV[[YHUZLJ[Z 10 10 4 + 2 + 3 = 9 plants total in 3 plots 9/3 = av er age of 3 plants per 100 2 plot 3 x 100 = 300 plants per ha Calculation 30 100 plots placed at interv als along the tr ansect end point stake tr ansec
Page 7
:,*;065 ! -VSSV^\W JVU[YVS YL]LNL[H[PVU TVUP[VYPUN :,*;065 ! -VSSV^\W JVU[YVS YL]LNL[H[PVU TVUP[VYPUN 4LHZ\YPUN JV]LY

:HTWSLWVPU[TL[OVK *V\U[PUNPUKP]PK\HSIVULZLLKWSHU[ZPZVUS` WVZZPISLMVYZJH[[LYLKVYSPNO[PUMLZ[H[PVUZHZ ZLWHYH[PUNPUKP]PK\HSWSHU[ZPZ]LY`KPMJ\S[ PUKLUZLPUMLZ[H[PVUZ(ULHZPLYTL[OVKMVY TLHZ\YPUNKLUZLIVULZLLKWVW\SH[PVUZPZ[V KL[LYTPULWLYJLU[HNLJV]LY\ZPUN[OLZHTWSL WVPU[TL[OVK

TLHZ\YLZHTWSLWVPU[ZHSVUNH[YHUZLJ[7SHJL [OLWVSLUL_[[V[OL[HWLH[ZL[KPZ[HUJLZHSVUN LHJO[YHUZLJ[HUKYLJVYKHOP[PM[OLWVSL [V\JOLZHIVULZLLKWSHU[VYHTPZZPM[OL WVSLKVLZUV[[V\JOHIVULZLLKWSHU[;OL

WYVWVY[PVUVMZHTWSLWVPU[Z^P[OHOP[PZHU LZ[PTH[LVM[OLJV]LY WVPU[ZNP]LZ`V\TVYLWYLJPZLYLZ\S[Z (S[LYUH[P]LS`^HSRIL[^LLU[^VWVPU[ZLN [^VZ[HRLZVYV[OLYWLYTHULU[MLH[\YLZHUK YLJVYKHOP[PMHIVULZLLKWSHU[PZWYLZLU[

^P[OPUHTL[YLVM`V\H[HNP]LUZ[LWPU[LY]HS -VYL_HTWSL`V\Z[HY[H[[OLNH[LHUK^HSR [V^HYKZ[OLSHYNLN\T[YLLMVYH[V[HSVM Z[LWZYLJVYKPUNOP[VYTPZZL]LY` Z[LWZ @V\JHU]HY`KPZ[HUJLZHUKPU[LY]HSZ[VZ\P[ `V\YZP[L

*HSJ\SH[PUNWLYJLU[HNLJV]LY\ZPUN[OLZHTWSLWVPU[ TL[OVK :\Y]L`PUN HUK YLJVYKPUN IVULZLLK KPZ[YPI\[PVU ;OLPUMVYTH[PVU`V\YLJVYKVU[OLKPZ[YPI\[PVU VMIVULZLLKH[`V\YZP[LTH`UV[OH]LILLU YLJVYKLKILMVYL0M`V\[OPUR`V\OH]L PKLU[PLKHUL^VYWYL]PV\ZS`\URUV^U IVULZLLKPUMLZ[H[PVUYLWVY[P[[V`V\YSVJHS

^LLKZVMJLYJVU[HJ[HISL[OYV\NO`V\YSVJHS JV\UJPSVYZOPYL;OLPUMVYTH[PVUJHU[OLUIL WHZZLKVU[VZ[H[LHNLUJPLZHUKILHKKLK[V THWZH[Z[H[LHUKUH[PVUHSSL]LSZ *VUZPKLYZ\Y]L`PUNMVYIVULZLLKIL`VUK[OL IV\UKHYPLZVM`V\YZP[L;OPZ^PSSOLSW`V\[V

PKLU[PM`WVZZPISL[OYLH[Z[V`V\YJVU[YVSLMMVY[Z Z\JOHZHSHYNLIVULZLLKPUMLZ[H[PVUULHYI` HUK^PSSPTWYV]LRUV^SLKNLVM[OLKPZ[YPI\[PVU VMIVULZLLKPU[OLYLNPVU9LJVYKPUN[OL HIZLUJLVMIVULZLLKPUHUHYLHPZHSZV PTWVY[HU[ZV[OLHYLHPZRUV^U[VILZ\Y]L`LK

HUKMYLLVMIVULZLLK)LZ\YL[VWHZZ[OL YLZ\S[ZVM`V\YZ\Y]L`VU[V[OLYLSL]HU[^LLK JVU[HJ[Z (LSKTHU\HSOHZILLUKL]LSVWLKI`[OL )\YLH\VM9\YHS:JPLUJLZ[VZ[HUKHYKPZL[OL THWWPUNVM>LLKZVM5H[PVUHS:PNUPJHUJL (LSKTHU\HSMVYZ\Y]L`PUNHUKTHWWPUN

UH[PVUHSS`ZPNUPJHU[^LLKZ 4J5H\NO[ L[ HS SPZ[Z[OLH[[YPI\[LZ[OH[ZOV\SKIL YLJVYKLK^OLUZ\Y]L`PUNMVY^LLKZHUK KLZJYPILZ]HYPV\ZTL[OVKZVMKL[LYTPUPUN ^LLKKLUZP[`*VWPLZVM[OLTHU\HSHYL H]HPSHISLMYVT[OL>LLKZ(\Z[YHSPH^LIZP[L #^^^^LLKZVYNH\%

7VZ[JVU[YVSTVUP[VYPUN\ZPUNHT_TWSV[MYHTL Rachel Melland % co er = % of hits = 6/10 = 60% co ve sample points at set interv als along the tr ansect hit miss end point stake Calculation
Page 8