2018 USA Swimming Stroke & Turn PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

2018  USA Swimming  Stroke & Turn PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

2018-11-08 2K 2 0 0

Description

Official Training. Clarice Wasmuth. Philosophy of Officiating. Everything is grounded in the . rules. . The rules determine what is allowed and what is not.. - “Ugly but legal”. - Officials are NOT coaches. ID: 721831

Direct Link: Embed code:

Download this presentation



DownloadNote - The PPT/PDF document "2018 USA Swimming Stroke & Turn" is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.

Presentations text content in 2018 USA Swimming Stroke & Turn

Slide1

2018 USA Swimming Stroke & Turn Official Training

Clarice Wasmuth

Slide2

Philosophy of OfficiatingEverything is grounded in the

rules. The rules determine what is allowed and what is not.

- “Ugly but legal”

- Officials are NOT coaches

Observers, not inspectorsObservation should be consistent for all rules and all swimmersDo NOT infer or extrapolateSwimmer ALWAYS gets the benefit of the doubt

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide3

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

What is

FINA

?

USA Swimming is affiliated with the Federation

Internationale

de Natation Amateur(FINA) which oversees international swimming competition, including the Olympic Games.

What is

USA

Swimming?

USA Swimming is the

national governing body

(NGB) for amateur competitive swimming in the United States. Established in 1978, USA Swimming, formally the Amateur Athletic Union(AAU), is headquartered in Colorado Springs, CO. and oversees all USA Swimming sanctioned events held in the U.S.

What is

Georgia

Swimming?

Within the United States, USA Swimming is divided into 59 Local Swimming Committees(LSCs), each one responsible for administering USA Swimming activities in a defined geographical area. The Georgia Swimming LSC geographical territory encompasses the State of Georgia and the Counties of Chambers and Russell, Alabama.

Slide4

Federation Internationale de Natation

ASUA-UANA

Amateur Swimming Union of the Americas

http://www.usaswimming.org

http://www.gaswim.org

Slide5

Conduct Expectations

Officials that are working should not wear a team or Athlete hat – you are there for all swimmers, no matter the team

Maintain positive attitude at all times

No cell phone usage on deck

Do not cheer for or coach swimmersControl emotions on deck

Do not discuss calls with anyone other than Referees or Chief Judges unless asked

Smile!

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide6

USA Swimming Stroke & Turn

GOLDEN RULE

The benefit of the doubt always goes to the swimmer!

Who are the Officials on the Deck

Clerk of Course, Administrative Officials, & Timing Operators – Dry Side Officials S & TStarter

Deck Referee

Meet Referee

Sometimes a Chief Judge

Sometimes an Administrative Referee

Slide7

TeamworkMeet Referee is in charge, assisted by Deck Referees and Chief Judges

Cooperate and respect all at all timesAccept assignment without complaint

Answer questions from Referees and Chief Judges honestly and with as much detail as possible

Follow established relief protocols

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide8

Uniform and Self-PresentationUniform Requirements

- [Khaki or Navy] pants or knee-length shorts, skort

, capris or skirt

- White polo shirt, tucked in

- Belt - Primarily white tennis shoes - White socks - Credential and/or nametag

Look professional at all times!

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide9

USA S & T

Georgia Uniform

Solid

white Collared shirt (may have a small Logo ex. Speedo, Nike,)

Navy blue shorts, skort, skirt, pants, capris;

Solid White shoes (or close to white)

NO -

Tshirts

with writing/designs & Blue Jeans are Not appropriate!

Equipment for Meet (Tax deductible)Radios (Dual Channel)Head Setheat sheet pencil or pen

Slide10

Working a MeetContact Meet Referee in Advance (They love an RSVP!)

Stroke BriefingAssignments and Jurisdiction

Observation Techniques

Reporting Disqualifications

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide11

USA Swimming S &T

Jurisdiction Can be different for each meet you go to. Usually are consistent through a entire meet. Are set by the Meet Referee & should always be explained clearly to you during the stroke briefing. Don’t be afraid to ask questions if you are unsure of your Jurisdiction!

Slide12

Disqualifications

Can be made only by the S & T Judge within whose jurisdiction the infraction has been committed.

The Official must raise their hand after seeing the infraction. If the Official does not raise their hand the infraction/DQ will not stand.

Must be based on personal observation & Gives the swimmer the benefit of any doubt. (BE SURE THE VIOLATION OCCURRED, UNDERSTAND CLEARLY WHAT IT IS AND BE PREPARED TO EXPLAIN IT.)

The S & T Judge shall then announce over radio the DQ Call – Lane & DQ (ex. Lane 5 DQ, Shoulders past vertical during the swim of the backstroke)

The S & T judge May have to write up a DQ slip

The S & T making the call should also write the DQ next to the swimmer name on their heat sheet in case any questions arise later.

The S & T Judge on the side where the swimmer exits the pool should make an attempt to tell the swimmer that they were DQ and why. (ex. “That was a great swim. You were DQ because you did not touch with two hands during your turn.”)

Slide13

Technical Rules- Freestyle

StartForward start.

Stroke/Kick

Any style may be used. Must break surface throughout the race

except swimmer may be submerged after start and each turn not more than 15 meters where head must break surface.Turns/FinishSome part of swimmer must touch the wall at completion of each length or required distance.

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide14

Common Infractions- FreestyleHead did not break surface of water by 15 meter mark

Walking on/springing from bottomNo touch at turnOK to hold on to lane – but not to pull

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide15

DefinitionsArm––That part of the body that extends from the shoulder to the wrist

Body––The torso, including the shoulders and hipsFinish––The instant that a swimmer touches the wall at the end of the prescribed distance

Horizontal––Parallel to the surface of the water

May––Permissive, not mandatory

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide16

DefinitionsOn the Back––Position of the body when the shoulders are at or past vertical towards the back

On the Breast––Position of the body when the shoulders are at or past vertical towards the breast

Propulsive––Having the power to propel

Scissor Kick––Use of the top of the instep of one foot and the bottom of the other foot in the propulsive part of the kick

Shall––Mandatory

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide17

DefinitionsSimultaneously––Occurring at the same time

Touch––Contact with the end of the courseTurn––A point where the swimmers reverse or change direction

Vertical––Perpendicular to the water surface

Wall––Vertical portion of the pool, contiguous surfaces of the deck and overflow gutter, the front portion of the starting block or platform, or the touchpad at the end of the course

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide18

Back stroke

Start: In water facing start end with both hands on gutter or starting grips.

guttered pool - feet/toes may be above the water, but may not be in, on, above lip, or bent over the gutter at any time before or after start.

flat wall pads - feet/toes may be placed above the water level.

when using backstroke ledges - the toes of both feet must be in contact with the wallStroke: Any style as long as swimmer remains on back. Swimmer must break surface throughout the race except swimmer may be submerged after start and each turn not more than 15 meters where head must break surface.

Turns:

During turn swimmer may go past vertical to the breast and may utilize a continuous single or continuous simultaneous double arm pull to initiate the turn. Some part of swimmer must touch wall at completion of each length. Shoulders at or past vertical toward back when feet leave wall.

Finish

: Some part of swimmer must touch the wall while on the back.

Slide19

Common Infractions- BackstrokeToes above lip of gutter after start

Head did not break surface of water by 15 meter markShoulders past vertical towards breastDelay initiating arm pull

Delay initiating turn

Re-submerged

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide20

Technical Rules- Butterfly

StartForward start

Stroke

Body kept on breast.

Multiple kicks permitted but first arm pull must bring swimmer to the surface. Must break surface throughout the race except swimmer may be submerged after start and each turn not more than 15 meters where head must break surface. Arms, shoulder to wrist, brought forward over water and pulled back simultaneously.

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide21

Technical Rules- Butterfly

KickSimultaneous up and down movement.No alternating, scissors, or breaststroke kicking movements.

Turns/Finish

Shoulders at or past vertical toward breast when the swimmer leaves the wall.

Touch should be made with both hands separated and simultaneous at, above, or below the water surface.

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide22

Common Infractions- Butterfly

Head did not break surface of water by 15 meter markAlternating kickBreaststroke kickScissors kick

Non-simultaneous arms

Underwater recovery

One hand touchNon-simultaneous touch

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide23

Technical Rules- Breaststroke

StartForward start.

Stroke

Body kept on breast.

Stroke cycle is one arm pull and one leg kick in that order. Simultaneous arm movement in same horizontal plane. After start and each turn one arm stroke may be completely back to legs. Head must break surface at widest part of second pull. Recovery by the hands from the breast-on, under, or over the water. Elbows under water except last stroke before turn or finish.

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide24

Technical Rules- Breaststroke

KickAfter start and each turn, prior to the first breaststroke kick, a single butterfly kick is permitted.

Movement of the legs shall be simultaneous vertically and horizontally.

Feet turned out during propulsive part of kick.

No alternating, scissors, or butterfly kick, except as stated, is allowed.Turns/FinishShoulders at or past vertical toward breast when feet leave wall.

Touch shall be made with both hands separated and simultaneously at, above, or below the water surface.

At the last stroke before the turn and at the finish an arm stroke not followed by a leg kick is permitted.

Head may be submerged after the last arm pull prior to the touch, provided it breaks the surface of the water at some point during the last complete or incomplete stroke cycle preceding the touch.

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide25

Common Infractions- Breaststroke

Head did not break surface of water by widest part of second stroke (Head Not Up)Butterfly kickScissors kick

Alternating kick

Arms past hipline

Arms not in same horizontal plane One hand touchNon-simultaneous touch

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide26

Hot of the Press - Individual Medley

101.6  INDIVIDUAL MEDLEY

— The swimmer shall swim the prescribed distance in the follow­ing order: the first one-fourth, butterfly; the second one-fourth, backstroke; the third one-fourth, breaststroke; and the last one-fourth, freestyle.

.1     

Start

— The forward start shall be used.

.2     

Stroke

— The stroke for each one-fourth of the designated distance shall follow the pre­scribed rules for that stroke,

except in the freestyle, the swimmer must be on the breast except when executing a turn

.

.3      Turns

A.

Intermediate turns within each stroke shall conform to the turn rules for that stroke, except that in the freestyle turn, the swimmer must return to the breast before any kick or stroke. B. The turns when changing from one stroke to another shall conform to the finish rules for the stroke just completed, and shall be as follows:

(1)     Butterfly to Backstroke — The swimmer must touch as described in 101.3.5. Once a legal touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner, but the shoulders must be at or past the vertical toward the back when the swimmer leaves the wall.(2)       Backstroke to Breaststroke — The swimmer must touch the wall while on the back. Once a legal touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner but the shoulders must be at or past the vertical toward the breast when the swimmer leaves the wall and the prescribed breaststroke form must be attained prior to the first arm stroke.(3)

     

Breaststroke to Freestyle —

The swimmer must touch as described in 101.2.4. Once a legal touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner

and must return to the breast before any kick or stroke

.

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide27

Common Infractions- Individual MedleyAn Infraction from the previous lists – for the stroke being swam

Swimming more than ¼ of the race in the style of butterfly, backstroke, or breaststroke

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide28

Technical Rules- Relays

Freestyle RelayFreestyle rules apply. Each swimmer must swim ¼ of distance.

Medley Relay

Rules pertaining to each stroke apply.

Each swimmer must swim ¼ of event distance as prescribed stroke, in order of Backstroke, Breaststroke, Butterfly, and Freestyle. May not swim in the style of the other three strokes during the freestyle leg.

Takeoffs

Swimmer’s feet/foot must remain in contact with the starting platform until the incoming swimmer has touched the finish wall or pad.

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide29

Common Infractions- RelaysEarly takeoff

Swimming more than ¼ of the race in the style of butterfly, backstroke, or breaststroke (if a medley relay)

USA Swimming National Officials Committee

Slide30

USA S & T

Weird Issues that may arise No Assistance for a swimmer during their swim.

Any swimmer who acts in an unsafe or unsportsmanlike manner observed by the Stroke/Turn Judge may be considered for disciplinary action. Consult with Meet Referee

Swimming across lanes does not disqualify a swimmer unless interference occurs at the S & T judge’s discretion; However, the swimmer must start and finish in the same lane

Standing on the pool's bottom during a freestyle race shall not disqualify a swimmer unless he leaves the pool or walks or springs from the bottom. (NOTE: other than at the turn, standing on the bottom after the start and before the finish of any other stroke shall constitute a disqualification.) If a swimmer swimming backstroke hangs on to a lane rope…are their shoulders past vertical? If so then DQ

Slide31

OFFICIALS TRAINING

by

Ed Saltzman

TIMER

31

COPYRIGHT © 2015-11 GA SWIMMING, INC.

VERSION 15.0

Slide32

Resources

USA Swimming Web Site:

http://www.usaswimming.org

“For You” Tab then “Official” tabSigning InAthlete ProtectionBackground CheckTest & Rule Book

Georgia Swimming Web Site:

http://www.gaswim.org

Meets to apprentice at (Always read your meet info before going to a meet)

Georgia Official Site: http://www.gaofficials.org Rule Book – USA Web Site Under “Official” Tab

Slide33

Steps to Becoming USA Official

Training Class $15.00 - Gary Thesian, Finance Chair, Georgia Swimming, Inc.,

Take On Line Open Book Test – USA Swimming Site

Back Ground Check – USA Swimming Site -

$38Athlete Protection Training – USA Swimming SiteUSA 2018 NON – Athlete Registration Application $65.00Apprentice Form*** Always take with you to meets

Apprentice at 5 sessions (at least 2 different Meets)

Scan and email back to me & Doug Kintz

Certification Cards (Emailed PDF)

I will email you document with these steps after you take and pass your test. Along with your apprentice form & USA Non-Athlete Registration application.

Slide34


About DocSlides
DocSlides allows users to easily upload and share presentations, PDF documents, and images.Share your documents with the world , watch,share and upload any time you want. How can you benefit from using DocSlides? DocSlides consists documents from individuals and organizations on topics ranging from technology and business to travel, health, and education. Find and search for what interests you, and learn from people and more. You can also download DocSlides to read or reference later.