2018 USA Swimming Stroke & Turn PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides
Official Training. Clarice Wasmuth. Philosophy of Officiating. Everything is grounded in the . rules. . The rules determine what is allowed and what is not.. - “Ugly but legal”. - Officials are NOT coaches. ID: 721831Direct Link: Embed code:
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2018 USA Swimming Stroke & Turn Official Training
Philosophy of OfficiatingEverything is grounded in the
rules. The rules determine what is allowed and what is not.
- “Ugly but legal”
- Officials are NOT coaches
Observers, not inspectorsObservation should be consistent for all rules and all swimmersDo NOT infer or extrapolateSwimmer ALWAYS gets the benefit of the doubt
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide3
USA Swimming National Officials Committee
USA Swimming is affiliated with the Federation
de Natation Amateur(FINA) which oversees international swimming competition, including the Olympic Games.
USA Swimming is the
national governing body
(NGB) for amateur competitive swimming in the United States. Established in 1978, USA Swimming, formally the Amateur Athletic Union(AAU), is headquartered in Colorado Springs, CO. and oversees all USA Swimming sanctioned events held in the U.S.
Within the United States, USA Swimming is divided into 59 Local Swimming Committees(LSCs), each one responsible for administering USA Swimming activities in a defined geographical area. The Georgia Swimming LSC geographical territory encompasses the State of Georgia and the Counties of Chambers and Russell, Alabama.Slide4
Federation Internationale de Natation
Amateur Swimming Union of the Americas
Officials that are working should not wear a team or Athlete hat – you are there for all swimmers, no matter the team
Maintain positive attitude at all times
No cell phone usage on deck
Do not cheer for or coach swimmersControl emotions on deck
Do not discuss calls with anyone other than Referees or Chief Judges unless asked
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide6
USA Swimming Stroke & Turn
The benefit of the doubt always goes to the swimmer!
Who are the Officials on the Deck
Clerk of Course, Administrative Officials, & Timing Operators – Dry Side Officials S & TStarter
Sometimes a Chief Judge
Sometimes an Administrative RefereeSlide7
TeamworkMeet Referee is in charge, assisted by Deck Referees and Chief Judges
Cooperate and respect all at all timesAccept assignment without complaint
Answer questions from Referees and Chief Judges honestly and with as much detail as possible
Follow established relief protocols
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide8
Uniform and Self-PresentationUniform Requirements
- [Khaki or Navy] pants or knee-length shorts, skort
, capris or skirt
- White polo shirt, tucked in
- Belt - Primarily white tennis shoes - White socks - Credential and/or nametag
Look professional at all times!
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide9
USA S & T
white Collared shirt (may have a small Logo ex. Speedo, Nike,)
Navy blue shorts, skort, skirt, pants, capris;
Solid White shoes (or close to white)
with writing/designs & Blue Jeans are Not appropriate!
Equipment for Meet (Tax deductible)Radios (Dual Channel)Head Setheat sheet pencil or penSlide10
Working a MeetContact Meet Referee in Advance (They love an RSVP!)
Stroke BriefingAssignments and Jurisdiction
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide11
USA Swimming S &T
Jurisdiction Can be different for each meet you go to. Usually are consistent through a entire meet. Are set by the Meet Referee & should always be explained clearly to you during the stroke briefing. Don’t be afraid to ask questions if you are unsure of your Jurisdiction!Slide12
Can be made only by the S & T Judge within whose jurisdiction the infraction has been committed.
The Official must raise their hand after seeing the infraction. If the Official does not raise their hand the infraction/DQ will not stand.
Must be based on personal observation & Gives the swimmer the benefit of any doubt. (BE SURE THE VIOLATION OCCURRED, UNDERSTAND CLEARLY WHAT IT IS AND BE PREPARED TO EXPLAIN IT.)
The S & T Judge shall then announce over radio the DQ Call – Lane & DQ (ex. Lane 5 DQ, Shoulders past vertical during the swim of the backstroke)
The S & T judge May have to write up a DQ slip
The S & T making the call should also write the DQ next to the swimmer name on their heat sheet in case any questions arise later.
The S & T Judge on the side where the swimmer exits the pool should make an attempt to tell the swimmer that they were DQ and why. (ex. “That was a great swim. You were DQ because you did not touch with two hands during your turn.”)Slide13
Technical Rules- Freestyle
Any style may be used. Must break surface throughout the race
except swimmer may be submerged after start and each turn not more than 15 meters where head must break surface.Turns/FinishSome part of swimmer must touch the wall at completion of each length or required distance.
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide14
Common Infractions- FreestyleHead did not break surface of water by 15 meter mark
Walking on/springing from bottomNo touch at turnOK to hold on to lane – but not to pull
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide15
DefinitionsArm––That part of the body that extends from the shoulder to the wrist
Body––The torso, including the shoulders and hipsFinish––The instant that a swimmer touches the wall at the end of the prescribed distance
Horizontal––Parallel to the surface of the water
May––Permissive, not mandatory
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide16
DefinitionsOn the Back––Position of the body when the shoulders are at or past vertical towards the back
On the Breast––Position of the body when the shoulders are at or past vertical towards the breast
Propulsive––Having the power to propel
Scissor Kick––Use of the top of the instep of one foot and the bottom of the other foot in the propulsive part of the kick
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide17
DefinitionsSimultaneously––Occurring at the same time
Touch––Contact with the end of the courseTurn––A point where the swimmers reverse or change direction
Vertical––Perpendicular to the water surface
Wall––Vertical portion of the pool, contiguous surfaces of the deck and overflow gutter, the front portion of the starting block or platform, or the touchpad at the end of the course
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide18
Start: In water facing start end with both hands on gutter or starting grips.
guttered pool - feet/toes may be above the water, but may not be in, on, above lip, or bent over the gutter at any time before or after start.
flat wall pads - feet/toes may be placed above the water level.
when using backstroke ledges - the toes of both feet must be in contact with the wallStroke: Any style as long as swimmer remains on back. Swimmer must break surface throughout the race except swimmer may be submerged after start and each turn not more than 15 meters where head must break surface.
During turn swimmer may go past vertical to the breast and may utilize a continuous single or continuous simultaneous double arm pull to initiate the turn. Some part of swimmer must touch wall at completion of each length. Shoulders at or past vertical toward back when feet leave wall.
: Some part of swimmer must touch the wall while on the back.Slide19
Common Infractions- BackstrokeToes above lip of gutter after start
Head did not break surface of water by 15 meter markShoulders past vertical towards breastDelay initiating arm pull
Delay initiating turn
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide20
Technical Rules- Butterfly
Body kept on breast.
Multiple kicks permitted but first arm pull must bring swimmer to the surface. Must break surface throughout the race except swimmer may be submerged after start and each turn not more than 15 meters where head must break surface. Arms, shoulder to wrist, brought forward over water and pulled back simultaneously.
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide21
Technical Rules- Butterfly
KickSimultaneous up and down movement.No alternating, scissors, or breaststroke kicking movements.
Shoulders at or past vertical toward breast when the swimmer leaves the wall.
Touch should be made with both hands separated and simultaneous at, above, or below the water surface.
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide22
Common Infractions- Butterfly
Head did not break surface of water by 15 meter markAlternating kickBreaststroke kickScissors kick
One hand touchNon-simultaneous touch
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide23
Technical Rules- Breaststroke
Body kept on breast.
Stroke cycle is one arm pull and one leg kick in that order. Simultaneous arm movement in same horizontal plane. After start and each turn one arm stroke may be completely back to legs. Head must break surface at widest part of second pull. Recovery by the hands from the breast-on, under, or over the water. Elbows under water except last stroke before turn or finish.
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide24
Technical Rules- Breaststroke
KickAfter start and each turn, prior to the first breaststroke kick, a single butterfly kick is permitted.
Movement of the legs shall be simultaneous vertically and horizontally.
Feet turned out during propulsive part of kick.
No alternating, scissors, or butterfly kick, except as stated, is allowed.Turns/FinishShoulders at or past vertical toward breast when feet leave wall.
Touch shall be made with both hands separated and simultaneously at, above, or below the water surface.
At the last stroke before the turn and at the finish an arm stroke not followed by a leg kick is permitted.
Head may be submerged after the last arm pull prior to the touch, provided it breaks the surface of the water at some point during the last complete or incomplete stroke cycle preceding the touch.
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide25
Common Infractions- Breaststroke
Head did not break surface of water by widest part of second stroke (Head Not Up)Butterfly kickScissors kick
Arms past hipline
Arms not in same horizontal plane One hand touchNon-simultaneous touch
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide26
Hot of the Press - Individual Medley
101.6 INDIVIDUAL MEDLEY
— The swimmer shall swim the prescribed distance in the following order: the first one-fourth, butterfly; the second one-fourth, backstroke; the third one-fourth, breaststroke; and the last one-fourth, freestyle.
— The forward start shall be used.
— The stroke for each one-fourth of the designated distance shall follow the prescribed rules for that stroke,
except in the freestyle, the swimmer must be on the breast except when executing a turn
Intermediate turns within each stroke shall conform to the turn rules for that stroke, except that in the freestyle turn, the swimmer must return to the breast before any kick or stroke. B. The turns when changing from one stroke to another shall conform to the finish rules for the stroke just completed, and shall be as follows:
(1) Butterfly to Backstroke — The swimmer must touch as described in 101.3.5. Once a legal touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner, but the shoulders must be at or past the vertical toward the back when the swimmer leaves the wall.(2) Backstroke to Breaststroke — The swimmer must touch the wall while on the back. Once a legal touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner but the shoulders must be at or past the vertical toward the breast when the swimmer leaves the wall and the prescribed breaststroke form must be attained prior to the first arm stroke.(3)
Breaststroke to Freestyle —
The swimmer must touch as described in 101.2.4. Once a legal touch has been made, the swimmer may turn in any manner
and must return to the breast before any kick or stroke
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide27
Common Infractions- Individual MedleyAn Infraction from the previous lists – for the stroke being swam
Swimming more than ¼ of the race in the style of butterfly, backstroke, or breaststroke
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide28
Technical Rules- Relays
Freestyle RelayFreestyle rules apply. Each swimmer must swim ¼ of distance.
Rules pertaining to each stroke apply.
Each swimmer must swim ¼ of event distance as prescribed stroke, in order of Backstroke, Breaststroke, Butterfly, and Freestyle. May not swim in the style of the other three strokes during the freestyle leg.
Swimmer’s feet/foot must remain in contact with the starting platform until the incoming swimmer has touched the finish wall or pad.
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide29
Common Infractions- RelaysEarly takeoff
Swimming more than ¼ of the race in the style of butterfly, backstroke, or breaststroke (if a medley relay)
USA Swimming National Officials CommitteeSlide30
USA S & T
Weird Issues that may arise No Assistance for a swimmer during their swim.
Any swimmer who acts in an unsafe or unsportsmanlike manner observed by the Stroke/Turn Judge may be considered for disciplinary action. Consult with Meet Referee
Swimming across lanes does not disqualify a swimmer unless interference occurs at the S & T judge’s discretion; However, the swimmer must start and finish in the same lane
Standing on the pool's bottom during a freestyle race shall not disqualify a swimmer unless he leaves the pool or walks or springs from the bottom. (NOTE: other than at the turn, standing on the bottom after the start and before the finish of any other stroke shall constitute a disqualification.) If a swimmer swimming backstroke hangs on to a lane rope…are their shoulders past vertical? If so then DQSlide31
COPYRIGHT © 2015-11 GA SWIMMING, INC.
USA Swimming Web Site:
“For You” Tab then “Official” tabSigning InAthlete ProtectionBackground CheckTest & Rule Book
Georgia Swimming Web Site:
Meets to apprentice at (Always read your meet info before going to a meet)
Georgia Official Site: http://www.gaofficials.org Rule Book – USA Web Site Under “Official” TabSlide33
Steps to Becoming USA Official
Training Class $15.00 - Gary Thesian, Finance Chair, Georgia Swimming, Inc.,
Take On Line Open Book Test – USA Swimming Site
Back Ground Check – USA Swimming Site -
$38Athlete Protection Training – USA Swimming SiteUSA 2018 NON – Athlete Registration Application $65.00Apprentice Form*** Always take with you to meets
Apprentice at 5 sessions (at least 2 different Meets)
Scan and email back to me & Doug Kintz
Certification Cards (Emailed PDF)
I will email you document with these steps after you take and pass your test. Along with your apprentice form & USA Non-Athlete Registration application.Slide34