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Pharyngitis
Pharyngitis

Pharyngitis - PowerPoint Presentation

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Pharyngitis - Description

By Robert Martinez Michael Huffman roman Regalado What is it Commonly known as a sore throat pharyngitis is an upper respiratory infection An infection of the throat Etiology Commonly caused by the flu the common ID: 541911 Download Presentation

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Presentation on theme: "Pharyngitis"— Presentation transcript

Slide1

Pharyngitis

By: Robert Martinez, Michael Huffman, roman Regalado Slide2

What is it?

Commonly known as a sore throat, pharyngitis is an upper respiratory infection.

An infection of the

throat.Slide3

Etiology

Commonly caused by the flu, the common

cold, Coxsackie

virus and mononucleosis.

A fever of 101 degrees Fahrenheit can also promote pharyngitis however a low grade fever or no fever doesn’t inhibit growth either.

It is a gram negative bacteria or can also be found in a viral form.

The methods used to diagnose Strep Throat were not invented until the late 17th Century, so it is impossible to pinpoint an exact origin . Slide4

Epidemiology

Found more commonly amongst younger children.

40-80% of pharyngitis infections are caused by a virus versus the bacteria.

Can be found worldwide and is most prevalent during the flu/cold season.Slide5

Mode of Transmission

Direct contact (horizontal transmission) such as sneezing are common modes of transmission.

Direct contact

with infected throat mucus, nasal discharge, or saliva. Slide6

Symptoms

Fever

Headache

Joint pain and muscle achesSkin

rashes

Swollen

lymph nodes (glands) in the neckHoarsenessRedness of the eyesDry coughRunny or stuffy noseSlide7

Testing for diagnosis

A physical test performed by a physician is the preferred method to check for pharyngitis. However your doctor may also perform a throat culture to rule out the possibility of streptococcus.

A swollen neck and lymph nodes

Is a key clue in pointing out

Streptococcal pharyngitis. Slide8

Treatment

Antibiotics are not recommended because pharyngitis is a virus

and in prescribing antibiotics would only allow for bacteria to grow immune to the treatment.Drinking warm liquids such as tea, honey and milk often aid in soothing the irritation.

Gargling salt water.

Over the counter medicine

such as acetaminophen.Slide9

Prevention

Avoiding contact with those infected.

Washing your hands frequently.

Avoid exposure to others who have a sore throat.

Avoid

crowded areas during cold and flu

season.Do not smoke.Avoid exposure to secondary smoke.Keep vaccinations up to date. Slide10

Video

https://

www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zn6sj6Cf-YcSlide11

References

http://

www.sparkpeople.com/resource/health_a-z_detail.asp?AZ=583&Page=2

http://

en.academic.ru/pictures/enwiki/83/Streptococcus_pyogenes_01.jpg

http://

mddk.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/pharyngitis.jpghttp://www.cdc.gov/features/scarletfever/scarletfever_355px.jpg

http://

www.sfgate.com/blogs/images/sfgate/sfmoms/2009/01/03/sinusitis-boy300x194.jpg

http://

img.webmd.com/dtmcms/live/webmd/consumer_assets/site_images/articles/health_tools/sore_throat_slideshow/PRinc_rm_photo_of_throat_swab.jpg

http://

www.blogcdn.com/green.autoblog.com/media/2007/09/saltwater.jpg

http://

photos-ak.sparkpeople.com/nw/8/0/l804085215.jpg

http

://

media.npr.org/assets/img/2013/08/01/ap091215023358_wide-09a8eece703cb3d2c63450061044288208e68d55-s6-c30.jpg