Researching

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Researching




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Presentations text content in Researching

Slide1

Researching

your dissertation:

finding material and making connections

ric Licence

Chris

B

radford and Sam Johnson (Academic Support Librarians)

Slide2

I’m confident finding material for my dissertation

12

Yes

No

Up-to-a-point

Slide3

What is a literature review?

Fink (2005) “systematic, explicit and reproducible method for identifying, evaluating and synthesising the existing body or completed work produced by researchers, scholars and practitioners”

Hart (1998) “the selection of available documents…on the topic…written from a particular standpoint to

fulfill

certain aims or express certain views on the topic and how it is to be investigated, and the effective evaluation of these documents in the relation to the research being proposed”

Slide4

Analyse your question

Be clear what it is you are researchingWhat different concepts are involved?What terms may describe these concepts?List your terms (keywords) by conceptDictionaries/Encyclopedias/Philosophers Index International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioural SciencesEncyclopedia of Political Theory Oxford Reference Online Cambridge Histories Online

Slide5

Identify your literature

Varies according to information you requireOriginal documentation MRCe.g. minutes, reports, correspondenceScholarly analysis and research catalogues, databasese.g. books, journal articles, conference papersFacts and figures UK Data Service/National Statistics/DataStreame.g. official publications and statisticsPopular commentary and analysis Factivae.g. news reports, political magazines, weblogs, twitter

Slide6

The Literature

Journal articles

Books

Reports

Newspapers

Working papers

Slide7

Books on a topic

Databas

e

Slide8

Articles on a topic

Abstracting and full-text journal databasesBroader and more focused subject coverage than full-text services (and Google Scholar)Key abstracting databases organised by subject on the Library web pagesOr, via links from the catalogue or Encore

Slide9

Indexing/abstracting databases

Specialist subject focusBroad coverage of scholarly materials in disciplineHigh search flexibility and controlTransferable search principles/techniquesSimilar functionalitySearch Select Save/print/email

Slide10

Worldwide Political Science Abstracts

Slide11

Web of Knowledge

http://screencast.com/t/n6KfxFloe4E

http://screencast.com/t/n6KfxFloe4E

Slide12

Citation data

Slide13

How many words does the average user put in a search statement?

2

3

14

Nicholas (1998:p131) “Typically one –third of users enter one word in their search statements, about the same proportion two words and the remaining third three words or more. Just under half of all users employ just a single search during a session or visit and just under a quarter undertake two”

Looking at Science Direct – 35% 2-4 Searches being undertaken 9% 5-10 searches being undertaken 1% Over 10 searches

12

Slide14

keywords

Catalogue record

Journal Index

Journal article - record

Slide15

Search planning

Pre-planning makes for better searchingLook at database help and search tipsIdentify and list your conceptual keywordsUse these keywords to build and refine searchRefine your search incorporating descriptors/key-words/limiters from the database

Slide16

Limiting your search horizons

Picture by

CaptPiper

, reproduced under the terms of Creative Commons

Attribution-Noncommercial 2.0 Generic

Licence

.

Slide17

Too many results?

Slide18

Too many results...?

Limit to title field

Restrict the year

Restrict the type of publicationIncrease precision of search terms

15

Slide19

Too few results?

To increase recall of search:Use broader terms to express conceptsAdd alternative search terms (OR)Try another database

Slide20

Statistics on a topic

Ask: who would produce the data you want?National statistical agencies? International organisations? Trade bodies? Other?ESDS database (http://www.esds.ac.uk/)Extensive UK, IMF, OECD and World Bank datasetsRegistration (free!) required See Statistics subject page for access

Slide21

Output – EndNote Web

Keep records of your searches and resultsDatabase alerts and saved searches Organise and manage resources you readBibliographic reference management softwareEndNote or EndNoteWeb

Slide22

Staying up-to-date

Database search alerts

Slide23

http://zetoc.ac.uk

Staying up-to-date with

Zetoc

Slide24

What do I do a journal article I want is not in stock?

Give up and look for something else.

See if the article is available in another format

Use Article ReachUse Document Supply

12

Slide25

Article Reach

Note –average request takes 27hours

Slide26

Document Supply

Slide27

SCONUL Access Scheme

Slide28

Question your research needs

Review your progress periodicallyNew ideas, concepts, events, people, countries and authors to (re)searchTrace material from book/journal references

Slide29

Questions?

Slide30

Questions?

Picture by g - s - h, reproduced under the terms of Creative Commons

Attribution-Non-Commercial 2.0 Generic Licence

Slide31

Further help

One-to-one support from Academic Support LibrarianEndNote Web Training

Slide32

References

BIGGAM, J. (2011).

Succeeding with your master's dissertation a step-by-step handbook

. Maidenhead, Open University Press.

BOOTH

, A., PAPAIOANNOU, D., & SUTTON, A. (2012).

Systematic approaches to a successful literature review

. London, Sage.

HART

, C. (1998).

Doing a literature review: releasing the social science research imagination

. London, Sage Publications.

NICHOLAS, D. (2009).

Digital consumers: reshaping the information professions

. London, Facet Publishing.

OLIVER

, P. (2012).

Succeeding with your literature review: a handbook for students

. Maidenhead, Open University Press.

RIDLEY

, D. (2012).

The literature review: a step-by-step guide for students

. London, SAGE.


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