Presentations text content in Researching
finding material and making connections
radford and Sam Johnson (Academic Support Librarians)Slide2
I’m confident finding material for my dissertation
What is a literature review?
Fink (2005) “systematic, explicit and reproducible method for identifying, evaluating and synthesising the existing body or completed work produced by researchers, scholars and practitioners”
Hart (1998) “the selection of available documents…on the topic…written from a particular standpoint to
certain aims or express certain views on the topic and how it is to be investigated, and the effective evaluation of these documents in the relation to the research being proposed”Slide4
Analyse your question
Be clear what it is you are researchingWhat different concepts are involved?What terms may describe these concepts?List your terms (keywords) by conceptDictionaries/Encyclopedias/Philosophers Index International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioural SciencesEncyclopedia of Political Theory Oxford Reference Online Cambridge Histories OnlineSlide5
Identify your literature
Varies according to information you requireOriginal documentation MRCe.g. minutes, reports, correspondenceScholarly analysis and research catalogues, databasese.g. books, journal articles, conference papersFacts and figures UK Data Service/National Statistics/DataStreame.g. official publications and statisticsPopular commentary and analysis Factivae.g. news reports, political magazines, weblogs, twitterSlide6
Books on a topic
Articles on a topic
Abstracting and full-text journal databasesBroader and more focused subject coverage than full-text services (and Google Scholar)Key abstracting databases organised by subject on the Library web pagesOr, via links from the catalogue or EncoreSlide9
Specialist subject focusBroad coverage of scholarly materials in disciplineHigh search flexibility and controlTransferable search principles/techniquesSimilar functionalitySearch Select Save/print/emailSlide10
Worldwide Political Science AbstractsSlide11
Web of Knowledge
How many words does the average user put in a search statement?
Nicholas (1998:p131) “Typically one –third of users enter one word in their search statements, about the same proportion two words and the remaining third three words or more. Just under half of all users employ just a single search during a session or visit and just under a quarter undertake two”
Looking at Science Direct – 35% 2-4 Searches being undertaken 9% 5-10 searches being undertaken 1% Over 10 searches
Journal article - recordSlide15
Pre-planning makes for better searchingLook at database help and search tipsIdentify and list your conceptual keywordsUse these keywords to build and refine searchRefine your search incorporating descriptors/key-words/limiters from the databaseSlide16
Limiting your search horizons
, reproduced under the terms of Creative Commons
Attribution-Noncommercial 2.0 Generic
Too many results?Slide18
Too many results...?
Limit to title field
Restrict the year
Restrict the type of publicationIncrease precision of search terms
Too few results?
To increase recall of search:Use broader terms to express conceptsAdd alternative search terms (OR)Try another databaseSlide20
Statistics on a topic
Ask: who would produce the data you want?National statistical agencies? International organisations? Trade bodies? Other?ESDS database (http://www.esds.ac.uk/)Extensive UK, IMF, OECD and World Bank datasetsRegistration (free!) required See Statistics subject page for accessSlide21
Output – EndNote Web
Keep records of your searches and resultsDatabase alerts and saved searches Organise and manage resources you readBibliographic reference management softwareEndNote or EndNoteWebSlide22
Database search alertsSlide23
Staying up-to-date with
What do I do a journal article I want is not in stock?
Give up and look for something else.
See if the article is available in another format
Use Article ReachUse Document Supply
Note –average request takes 27hoursSlide26
SCONUL Access SchemeSlide28
Question your research needs
Review your progress periodicallyNew ideas, concepts, events, people, countries and authors to (re)searchTrace material from book/journal referencesSlide29
Picture by g - s - h, reproduced under the terms of Creative Commons
Attribution-Non-Commercial 2.0 Generic LicenceSlide31
One-to-one support from Academic Support LibrarianEndNote Web TrainingSlide32
BIGGAM, J. (2011).
Succeeding with your master's dissertation a step-by-step handbook
. Maidenhead, Open University Press.
, A., PAPAIOANNOU, D., & SUTTON, A. (2012).
Systematic approaches to a successful literature review
. London, Sage.
, C. (1998).
Doing a literature review: releasing the social science research imagination
. London, Sage Publications.
NICHOLAS, D. (2009).
Digital consumers: reshaping the information professions
. London, Facet Publishing.
, P. (2012).
Succeeding with your literature review: a handbook for students
. Maidenhead, Open University Press.
, D. (2012).
The literature review: a step-by-step guide for students
. London, SAGE.