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Easter Rising in 1916
Easter Rising in 1916

Easter Rising in 1916 - PowerPoint Presentation

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Germination of Rising After 1902 even in peace time the Ireland police were more military and the military more policelike than in Britain Miliary parties were called out to suppress industrial unrest as Lockout 1913 to protect the property and to assist police action against nationali ID: 541886 Download Presentation

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Presentation on theme: "Easter Rising in 1916"— Presentation transcript

Slide1

Easter Rising in 1916Slide2

Germination of Rising

After 1902, even in peace time, the Ireland police were more military and the military more police-like than in Britain.

Miliary

parties were called out to suppress industrial unrest (as Lockout 1913), to protect the property, and to assist police action against nationalist paramilitaries.

The Ulster Volunteers were a Unionist militia founded in 1912 to block domestic self-government (or Home Rule) for Ireland, which was then part of the United Kingdom.Founding of The Ulster Volunteers, aroused a feeling of insecurity of Nationalist and also served as the model for the nationalist. James Connolly formed Irish Citizen Army (200 members) early 1913 and Irish Volunteers were formed in Dublin in Nov 1913 ( 20,000 members in early 1914) as well. They are used to against the Ulster Volunteers once Home Rule had been applied.

Irish Volunteers Lockout 1913Slide3

Germination of Rising

Home Rule for Ireland dominated political debate between the two countries since Prime Minister William

Ewart

Gladstone introduced the first Home Rule Bill in 1886, intended to grant a measure of self-government and national autonomy to Ireland, but which was rejected by the

House of Commons. The second Home Rule Bill, seven years later having passed the House of Commons, was vetoed by the House of Lords. Third Home Rule Bill, introduced in

1912, 1913 and 1914. Passed the Commons but rejected by Lords. Nevertheless, as required by the Parliament Act, the Bill automatically became the Law in 1914. It was formally

postponed for a minimum of twelve months with the outbreak of the First World War. The continuation of the war beyond 1915 and subsequent developments in Ireland led to further postponements, meaning that the Act never took effect;Slide4

Germination of Rising

No hope for the Bill took effect.

Desire for independence had mounted, outstripping the laborious passage of the Bill.

Influence of the radical Irish Republican Brotherhood permeated the whole Irish Volunteers structure. Radical leader Patrick

Pearse got part of the control of Irish Volunteers.Outbreak of WWI eagerly reared the believe that “England’s difficulties were Ireland’s opportunities.”German arms supportSlide5

The Rising : Plans?

Plans for Rising, not only in Dublin but in various parts of Ireland.

Carefully worded advertisements had ensured that 10,000

V

olunteers would be ready on Easter Sunday.Plunkett, the chief strategist of Irish Volunteers, made ambitious attempts to obtain German arms and sketched an absurd plan to hold the important buildings in Dublin. James Connolly was a strong advocate of “street fighting” as a way of maximizing the effect of small forces, and driving up the financial cost of repressive action and lingering hope that a really dramatic insurrection could trigger a mass response.Slide6

The Rising: Luckless prelude

Around 10,000 Irish Volunteers was mobilized on 19

th

Apr. and

manoeuvred around Dublin and other towns. MacNeill (Commander-in-chief of Irish Volunteers) heard the news that Cargo ship with German arms was intercepted by British Vessel and Roger Casement was arrested near Tralee, Co. Kerry. on 22nd Apr.MacNeill helped countermand the Easter Monday uprising, after learning about it and confronting Patrick Pearse, by placing a last minute news advertisement advising Volunteers not to take part. Patrick Pearse insisted to continue and only 1,300 radical Irish Volunteers (and 219 Irish Citizen Army) joined the Rising on Monday and the insurrection was confined in Dublin.Slide7

The Rising: Clash of arms

Easter Monday 24

th

Apr 1916 was a public holiday. Most of Dublin citizen concerned the Irish Grand National was being run in

Fairyhouse race course.Irish Volunteers and Irish Citizen Army seized five groups of large buildings. However, half hearted attempt to capture Dublin Castle (premier symbol of British rule) as quickly aborted.Patrick Pearse read the Proclamation of the Irish Republic from outside the General Post Office.

Headquarters of Irish Volunteers and Citizen Army

Irish Volunteers inside GPOSlide8

The Rising: Clash of arms

Irish Volunteers and

Irish Citizen Army

put

themselves on the defensive and handed the operational initiative to much stronger British Army. British authorities could have relaxed at a fairly early stage.British military action became more intense and violent, assault to buildings and artillery bombardment of Liberty Hall and General Post Office.British troops tightened the cordon around rebel positions on Wednesday.By Thursday, 1500 Irish Volunteers and Irish Citizen Army fighting men were surrounded by 16,000 British troops.Irish Citizen Army on roof topIrish Citizen Army on the street

British Soldiers

British Soldiers in DublinSlide9

End of Easter Rising in 1916

In order to prevent further slaughter of Dublin citizens, and in hope of saving the lives of our followers now surrounded and hopelessly outnumbered, the members of the Provisional Government present at Headquarters have agreed to an unconditional surrender and the Commandants of various districts in the city and county will order their commands to lay down arms

.”

Patrick Pearse himself reported to barricade handed up his sword and was taken to British Forces Commander General Sir John Maxwell. He signed the document of surrender (as above)

at 15:45 on 29th April 1916.Slide10

Consequence

Total casualties over 3,00. 450 deaths (including 16 executions, 64 losses to the rebels and 132 to crown forces. Others were civilians), as well as 2600 injuries

1,000 rebels were surrendered and captured. Courts marital had been convened for them while arresting 2,500 more people and charging them with complicity in the rising. 1 woman and 120 men were tried by the courts martial: 90 were sentenced to death. Finally, 15 executions which took place between 3rd to 12th May. Roger Casement was hanged in

Pentonville

gaol on 3 Aug. 1867 men and women interned and gaoled in Britian and the rest were released after questioning between May and June. 600 others were released from internment on 23 Dec 1916. Hundreds were set free in previous months.During and immediately after the rising, Irish people were confused and dismayed by what had happened. Violent of rebels was condemned. However, horrible drawn-out executions changed the public mood gradually but palpably. It accelerated the process of Irish Revolution.Slide11

Peoples

Patrick

Pearse

: Teacher, poet, nationalist and political activist.

Commander-in-chief of Irish Volunteers during Easter Rising. Read the Proclamation of the Irish Republic from outside the General Post Office. Issued

the order to surrender on 29th

Apr 1916Executed

on 03

May 1916.

The First

of the rebels

was

executed

Roger Casement: British

diplomat of Irish extraction, humanitarian activist, Irish nationalist, and poet

.

He

obtained German

support and

smuggled weapons for Irish Volunteers and ICA against

British rule during

Easter Rising.

Convicted

by a British court and executed for

treason on 03 Aug 1916Slide12

Peoples

James Larkin

: Established Irish Transportation & General Workers’ Union. Presided over the Lockout of 1913. He left for America after Lockout and did not involve in Easter Rising

James Connolly

: Took over IT&GWU after the Lockout and formed a small militia Irish Citizen Army to protect the workers.

Commander of ICA during Easter Rising.

Executed on12 May 1916Slide13

Martyr’s Tale / Beginning of a vocation story

Michael

Mallin

:

Born in Dublin, the eldest of nine children of John Mallin. His

early education at the National School at Denmark Street. Mallin

enrolled as a member of the 21st Royal Scots Fusiliers on 21 October

1889 and served until 1899.

He was a silk

weaver

after returned to Ireland and joined Irish Citizen Army in 1913 as Chief

Training

Officer.

He

was second in command of the Irish Citizen Army under James Connolly in the Easter Rising of 1916 and commanded the garrison at St. Stephen's Green in

Dublin.

Executed on 8 May 1916.

Just hours before his execution Michael

Mallin

wrote a letter to his family with his hopes and wishes for their futures.

It is the beginning of a vocation story.Slide14

Beginning of a vocation story

Father Joseph

Mallin

was just two years old when his mother took him and his siblings to the jail to see their father for the last time.

In his father last letter, he said: “Joseph, my little man, be a priest if you can.”Slide15

Father Joseph Mallin

The last surviving son of the 1916 Easter Rising

Born

in Dublin on 13th Sept. 1913, the fourth of five children of Michael Mallin.

He followed his father’s will entered the Irish Jesuit Novitiate in 1932Received the education in the University College Dublin,

Tullbeg College,

Ruhan

and St. Ignatius College, Galway.

In 1946, He was ordained in Milltown Park

In 1948, he came to China by sea with Fr. W Merritt and four Scholastics. He Spent the next two years in Guangzhou and Hong Kong, studying Chinese language along the way.

In 1950, Fr.

Mallin

became teacher of Wan Yan Hong Kong.

Served Wan Yan Kowloon for 10 years intermittently between 1957 and 1971. Slide16

Father Joseph Mallin

The last surviving son of the 1916 Easter Rising

Fr.

Mallin spent 4 years in Macau as Principal of Ricci College (1969 – 70, 1978 – 81)He was the headmaster of Pun U Wan Yan Primary School (1971 -77) and later her Supervisor (1977 – 78, 1981 – 2002)Fr. Mallin Cherished and conducted parish work every Sunday in Yau Ma Tei Catholic Primary School for over 40 years.

He has been a Jesuit for over 80 years and deeply respected by all those who know him.