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Westermarck, Freud, and the incest taboo:
Westermarck, Freud, and the incest taboo:

Westermarck, Freud, and the incest taboo: - PowerPoint Presentation

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Westermarck, Freud, and the incest taboo: - Description

Does familiar resemblance activate sexual attraction Based on Fraley amp Marks 2010 Westermarck Freud and the incest taboo Does familiar resemblance activate sexual attraction Pers Soc ID: 540000 Download Presentation

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Presentation on theme: "Westermarck, Freud, and the incest taboo:"— Presentation transcript

Slide1

Westermarck, Freud, and the incest taboo:

Does familiar resemblance activate sexual attraction

Based on: Fraley & Marks. (2010). Westermarck, Freud, and the incest taboo: Does familiar resemblance activate sexual attraction. Pers Soc Psyc Bull.

CLASS DEMONSTRATIONSlide2

Boy meets girlSlide3
Slide4

Why don’t we want to have sex with our parents or siblings?Slide5

Incest taboo

“A cultural rule or norm that prohibits sexual relations between closely related persons.”Why is there an incest taboo?Slide6

Westermarck’s proposalEvolutionary biology: Genetic variability improves survival rate

Evolutionary psychology: Psychological mechanisms have evolved to detect genetic similarity (kinship estimator)Slide7

Freud disagrees

Incest taboos exist precisely because there are innate incestuous urgesSlide8

Maybe both are right.

Evolutionary PsychodynamicPerspectiveSlide9

Evolutionary Psychodynamic PerspectivePeople are attracted to familiar things

Familiar “things” include familiar peopleSlide10

Experiment 1

36

34

Participant

Participant’s motherSlide11

Procedure

1000

ms

17

ms

“How sexually attractive is this person to you?”

17

ms

Control group:

Another

participant’s parentSlide12

ResultsSlide13

Experiment 2

Participant

(“self”)

45% (self) <----------------------------------------> 0% (self)

Target

“How sexually attractive is this person to you?”

50

self-target morphsSlide14

Results

Interim conclusion: People are attracted to kin, which include themselves!Slide15

Experiment 3Taboo-aware condition

“We morphed your face with other faces”“How sexually attractive is this person to you?”

Taboo-aware condition[nothing mentioned]“How sexually attractive is this person to you?”Slide16

Results

When taboo is activated, people are less attracted to self-morphs.Slide17

SummaryFreud was right about the outcome, but not about the processSexual attraction to kin is the result of fundamental and evolutionarily old social-cognitive mechanismsSlide18

Let’s break down the components of a scientific presentation

IntroductionWhat is the broader issue the authors are investigating?This is sometimes not written explicitly, that’s why you need to read beyond the article and draw links between textbook, seminars, personal life, and the article itself

Try to hook your audience in with the phenomenonSlide19

Let’s break down the components of a scientific presentation

IntroductionWhat are the theories involved?Explain them well. Do not simply memorize the explanations written (surface understanding). Strive for deep understanding. Understand the logic.Slide20

Let’s break down the components of a scientific presentation

MethodYour goal is to translate what is on paper and get your audience to imagine what the participants actually experienced Simulate the process in your audience. Show them what participants actually experienced

Minimal text, maximal illustrationsSlide21

Let’s break down the components of a scientific presentation

ResultsLearn how to draw good graphs. Google it.Walk your audience through the graphs.What do the axes mean?

What do the means mean?Which comparisons should the audience focus?Slide22

Let’s break down the components of a scientific presentation

SummaryWhat are the things you want your audience to remember?Why is the research important?Slide23

Let’s break down the components of a scientific presentation

DiscussionUnlike a paper, a professional scientific presentation rarely has a discussion segment.There is usually a Q&A session.

But in our class we will have a discussion section.Slide24

Class discussionAt what point does attraction become sexual attraction?

Are the results an artifact of language?Incest (voluntary) does exist, though in very small numbers. Why?