“Inhalants” refers to the vapors from toxic substances, which are inhaled to reach an incredibly strong yet short high. . HISTORY. Initially, inhalants . were used . as pain . relievers. Yet . inhaling f. ID: 443010
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“Inhalants” refers to the vapors from toxic substances, which are inhaled to reach an incredibly strong yet short high.Slide2
from chemicals such as
to alter the individuals state of consciousness, or as part of religious ceremonies, dates back to ancient times in Egypt,
1776, an English chemist by the name Joseph Priestly discovered and proved the presence of oxygen and nitrogen in the air. It is then that Priestly created nitrous
This is done by
“heating ammonium nitrate in the presence of iron filings, and then passing the gas that came off through water to remove toxic by-products”.Slide4
Sir Humphry Davy
1799- Sir Humphry Davy was a British chemist who initially studied inhalants and gasses.
Davy prepared and inhaled
Nitrous Oxide, and is responsible for the term “laughing
was known to hold nitrous oxide parties where people could experience
He is best known to have invented the safety lamp for miners,
he also discovered iodine.
Noting the anesthetic effects, Davy proposed that the gas could be used for operations, although this was not tried for another half century.Slide6
Sir Humphry DavySlide7
Around the mid 1800s, nitrous oxide, ether and chloroform were the anesthetics most commonly used.
Horace Wells personally experimented with N
to remove one of his own teeth.
was from this point on that nitrous oxide was used to relieve pain during surgeries.Slide8
Nitrous oxide was also found to have similar effects to alcohol yet was far less expensive. This came in handy especially during the Prohibition Era of the early 1900’s
In the 1940s, recreational use of solvents, primarily gasoline, became popular
Abuse of inhalants in the United States increased in the 1950s, and in the 60’s several more products were added to the list of inhalants.Slide10
Fast forward to current day, there are now over one thousand products that can be inhaled.
list included rubber cement, nail polish, markers, gasoline, whippets, paint, paint thinner, and any aerosol product including hairspray, spray paint, potpourri, Old English wood cleaner, and Lysol.Slide11
How Inhalants are Ingested
The way most aerosol products are inhaled, is a towel is placed over the canister and then the individual places mouth over the towel. This creates a form of euphoria, yet this high is minimal compared to other forms of inhalants
Gasses, paints, and other liquid forms of inhalants, the individual places mouth over container and takes large inhales. In the most extreme form, the individual can be seen with paint all over his or her face.Slide13
WHIPPETS AND POPPERS
The most common inhalants are whippets and poppers.
the scene during the 1970’s and whippets during the late 80’s early 90’s. What separates poppers from whippets are the ingredients “amyl nitrate, butyl nitrate, and isopropyl nitrite.
Both of these inhalants
provide the “
”. The “
” describe the sound that the individual hears when these inhalants are ingested. This can be described as a heart beat in your brain and when the individual does too much, a seizure like effect takes place.Slide16
Nosebleeds Slurred Speech
Vomiting Prolonged Sniffing
Unconsciousness Impaired JudgmentSlide17
Muscle Weakness Memory Impairment
Disorientation Hearing Loss
Lack of Coordination Bone Marrow Damage
Damage to Internal Organs DeathSlide18
The long-term affects start by depressing the central nervous system. This ultimately decreases the amount oxygen received by the brain, which can also cause permanent brain damage. “Chronic inhalant abuse can lead to permanent loss of brain tissue volume and lasting abnormalities in brain structure. Inhaling solvents causes more cognitive impairment than cocaine abuse”Slide19
Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome
Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome is heart failure resulting from an irregular heartbeat usually caused by stress or strenuous activity after using inhalants. It is thought that the inhalant drug makes the heart increasingly sensitive to the effects of adrenaline.Slide20
“22.9 million Americans” have tried inhalants,
“22% of inhalant abusers who died of Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome had no history of previous inhalant abuse”
Over 2.6 Million children, ages 12-17, use inhalants to get high
Inhalants tend to be the drug that is first tried by children
Inhalants are fourth in line when it comes to substances abused. Inhalants fall right after Tobacco, Alcohol, and Marijuana
Before and AfterSlide22
Inhalants are Bad for You….Slide24
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