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water. . Synagogue. José Javier Lozano Lemus. Alfonso Rodríguez Sánchez. Manuel Jesús Marín . Sabariego. Introduction. To deepen in the Jewish culture and religion in order to understand their influence nowadays. ID: 418286 Download Presentation

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Slide1

The water Synagogue

José Javier Lozano Lemus

Alfonso Rodríguez Sánchez

Manuel Jesús Marín

Sabariego

Slide2

Introduction

To deepen in the Jewish culture and religion in order to understand their influence nowadays

.

To discover the construction techniques used by the ancient Jews in their religious buildings and

symbology

.

To discover the construction techniques used by the ancient Jews in their religious buildings and

symbology

.

To introduce various current buildings around its symbolism.

Slide3

Summary

Sefarat

:

It

was

the

name

the

Jews

gave

to

the

Iberian

Peninsula

.

It

had

many

hidden

places as

the

Water

Synagogue

,

which

was

one

of

the

only

that

had

a

mikveh

inside

(ritual

bath

).

This

p

royect

deepens

on

the

synagogue

,

its

structure

and

the

water

traditions

.

Slide4

Sefarat

Jews made a cultural connection between the religions in Spain.The Jews were expelled from the Iberian Peninsula in 1492.There were no Jews until 1967, they spent about 475 years out of the peninsula.

Slide5

Sefarat (II)

Hasdai

Ibn

Shaprut

created a rabbinical

school.

Shaprut

, born in

Jaén

,

had

a great influence.

Jews were brilliant in Medicine and translations.

The

traditional Jewish poetry was written both in Hebrew and Arabic

.

Jews and Muslims moved to Córdoba where

Abderramán

I

reigned.

Jewish centers were formed South in Peninsula

.

Sefarat

, and specially the school in Córdoba, became important points for the Jews worldwide.

Slide6

XI Century

Jews had to flee to the northern

christians

territories

In the second half of the eleventh century, the mystical poetry is

created

(

Yehudah

Halevi

).

In the late eleventh century, the

Taifa

kingdoms come to an end.

Christians

reconquered the whole Spanish territory after winning in

Granada.

Toledo became an important Jewish center of knowledge because of the translations

.

Coexistence between Jews and Christians was very uneven. With the arrival of wars, pestilence and famine, Jews were blamed for them.

Slide7

Expulsion

The Catholic Kings conquered Granada and then they forced the conversion of Jews to Christianity. The converted Jews began to reach a great importance in Christian.The Catholic Kings created the Inquisition, his goal was to see if the converts continued practicing their original religion.

Slide8

XIX Century

Despite not having a Jewish community for centuries, anti-Semitism kept present in the Spanish culture

.

The Inquisition was removed in 1813 but restored by Fernando VII and not removed at all until 1834

.

At last, in 1869, the new

Constitution allowed

the freedom of religions.

Slide9

XX Century

Ángel

Pulido

Fernández

tried to create a relationship between Spain and the

european

and north-

african

Jewish

communities.

In 1910 it was created the Spanish-Hebrew Union and almost 4000 people subscribed to it in Morocco

.

In 1915 was established in Madrid the first chair of Hebrew for the professor Abraham

Yahuda

.

In 1916, a group of liberal intellectuals and politicians asked the king to intervene in Palestine to help the Jews threatened by the anti-Semitic policies of the government of Turkey .

Slide10

XX Century (II)

In 1920, it was created the Universal House for the Sephardic Jews

.

During the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera, some members of

this community

had the opportunity to acquire the Spanish nationality,

during

the World War

II.

Slide11

The water Synagogue

It was discovered by Fernando Crespo Valenzuela during the

contruction

of some apartments.

It dates from the XIII century when the one of the most

numerous Jewish

communities was located in

Úbeda

.

It was buried when the Jews fled so

that it

wasn’t destroyed as a sacred place

.

Slide12

The water Synagogue

It occupies the space of three houses. The Synagogue is on the first room, the Inquisition room, (called like that for a shield on the front of the building).

Slide13

The water Synagogue

The second house corresponds to the courtyard of the synagogue and the rabbi's house.To go to the Synagogue itself from the courtyard, people have to go through the “Soul door”, with a Star of David above it.

Slide14

The water Synagogue

From the Synagogue there is a pomegranate above the “Soul door” with 613 grains, as the mitzvot (the number of Jewish precepts).The synagogue is facing East (Jerusalem) as most synagogues. It is divided in two galleries, the men and women's gallery (mechitsa).

Slide15

The water Synagogue

The inside could have been richly decorated.The room also contains 4 wells and a Genizah, a well-like structure where sacred damaged documents awaiting decomposition were deposited, because its destruction is against Jewish precepts.

Slide16

The water Synagogue

Under the synagogue there is a mikveh, a traditional Jewish bath. Each summer solstice the mikveh is directly illuminated by sunlight for 20 minutes, giving this room a great religious and architectural significance.Under the rabbi’s house, we find the clay pot room or pantry. The clay pots are in perfect shape due to the burial.

Slide17

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