Criminal Justice - PowerPoint Presentation

Criminal Justice
Criminal Justice

Criminal Justice - Description

Stream 1 Four Pillars of a Criminal Justice System Rehabilitation Safety Deterrence Retribution Rehabilitation How does the justice system help rehabilitation The parole system incentivises good behaviour ID: 153196 Download Presentation


system justice rehabilitation criminal justice system criminal rehabilitation people victims model parole crime criminals safety pillars crimes deterrence good stakeholders prison retributive

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Criminal Justice



Four Pillars of a Criminal Justice System






How does the justice system help rehabilitation?

The parole system incentivises good behaviour

To get parole initially

When you are out of prison on parole

We can provide rehabilitation services to criminals like education

Conciliation between victims and perpetratorsSlide5

How does the criminal justice system hurt rehabilitation?

Resentment of society and the state

Creation of criminal networks

Difficulty of getting a job outside of prison

Australia has a 50% recidivism rateSlide6


How is the criminal justice system good for safety?

Victims are protected (e.g. from an ongoing abuser)

Because criminals are kept locked away, they can’t reoffend and inflict harm on other peopleSlide8


Why do prisons deter people

Rational choice theory

Discursive changes in the way we think about crimeSlide10

Why might the deterrent effect fail??

Criminals are often really irrational

Lack education

Crimes of passion

Economic desperation/drug addiction etc.

People are optimistic that they won’t get caught

Sometimes it is basically impossible to enforce crimes (rape, drugs)Slide11

Retributive JusticeSlide12

Why does the criminal justice system give retributive justice?

Victims can recover if the perpetrator is in jail

Society’s desire for justice is met

People get what they deserveSlide13

Putting it all togetherSlide14

What can we do with these concepts?

Think about how the model makes the things we have discussed better/worseSlide15

Then analyse stakeholders with them

Will crime go up or down as a result of this model?

How will prisoners be affected by it?

Will it be more moral/just?Slide16

Helpful Rule of Thumb

Your stakeholders should generally be the way you structure/label your arguments

What does this do to levels of crime?

How does this help the recovery of victims?

How does this impact perpetrators?



of your arguments can then use the four pillarsSlide17


There is no universal template

Which of the four pillars you deploy depends on the debate, you have to think through which issues the model is

really affecting

Shom More....