Introduction and Overview - PowerPoint Presentation

Introduction and Overview
Introduction and Overview

Introduction and Overview - Description


Evidence Synthesis of Qualitative Research in Europe ESQUIRE To provide participants with stateofthe art perspective on methodology of qualitative systematic reviews qualitative evidence syntheses ID: 510096 Download Presentation

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Slide1

Introduction and OverviewSlide2

Evidence Synthesis of Qualitative Research in Europe (ESQUIRE)

To provide participants with state-of-the art perspective on methodology of qualitative systematic reviews (qualitative evidence syntheses).

Focus on methods that feature in guidance of Cochrane Qualitative

and Implementation Research

Methods Group.

Also incorporates broader perspective on available methods of qualitative synthesis.Slide3

The Rise and Rise of QESSlide4

Qualitative Evidence Synthesis

Quantitative meta-synthesis, or meta-analysis, aims to pool numerical results of individual quantitative studies, qualitative meta-synthesis looks for

“themes”

or

“constructs”

that lie in or across individual qualitative studies.

Goal

not aggregative

in sense of “adding studies together,” as with meta-analysis.

Interpretative

in broadening understanding of a particular phenomenon.

Within broader category of “qualitative meta-synthesis,” (Cochrane preferred term = qualitative evidence synthesis) narrow term

“meta-ethnography”

refers to specific method of data synthesis

most widely adopted

in the literature to date. Slide5

An Example

Paterson and colleagues identified

38

studies examining

first hand

experience of living with diabetes.

Prevailing metaphor

=

concept of “balance

”. Specific

sub-themes identified across multiple studies included “knowing one's body,” “learning how to manage diabetes,” and “fostering supportive, collaborative relationships with others.” Slide6

Stages of a Qualitative Evidence Synthesis?

Formulating the review question

Conducting a systematic literature search

Screening and selecting appropriate research articles

Analyzing

and synthesizing qualitative findings

Maintaining quality control

Presenting findings

(Sandelowski & Barroso, 2007)Slide7

Centres and Networks:

EPPI-Centre

Joanna Briggs Institute

Cochrane Collaboration

Campbell Collaboration

Software

EppiReviewer

QARI

Books

Noblit

& Hare (1988) - Meta-Ethnography

Patterson et al (2001) - Meta-Study of Qualitative Health Research

Sandelowski

et al (2001) - Handbook for Synthesizing Qualitative Research

Petticrew

& Roberts (2003) - Systematic Reviews in Social Sciences

Mays, Pope, Popay (2007) - Synthesizing Qualitative and Quantitative Health ResearchHowell Major & Savin-Baden (2010) - Introduction to Qualitative Research SynthesisHannes & Lockwood (2011) - Synthesizing Qualitative Research: Choosing the Right ApproachSaini & Schlonsky (2012) - Systematic Synthesis of Qualitative ResearchBooth et al (2011) – Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature ReviewGough, Oliver & Thomas (2012) - An Introduction to Systematic ReviewsSuri (2013) - Towards Methodologically Inclusive Research Syntheses: Expanding possibilities  Slide8

Plethora of terminology

Meta-Ethnography (1988)

Meta-Study (2001)

Narrative Synthesis (2002)

Realist Synthesis (2002)

Meta-Narrative

review (2005)

Critical Interpretative Synthesis (2006)

Qualitative Evidence Synthesis (2007)

Qualitative Research Synthesis (2010

)

Qualitative

Interpretive Meta-Synthesis (2013)

 Slide9

Qualitative Metasynthesis

An interpretation of qualitative findings that are themselves interpretive syntheses of data including phenomenologies, ethnographies, grounded theories, and other integrated and coherent descriptions or explanations of phenomena, events, or cases that are the hallmarks of qualitative research (Sandelowski & Barroso, 2007, p. 151)Slide10

Expected outcomes of this Programme:

By end of this programme participants will be able to:

Describe main methods of evidence synthesis in terms of their strengths and weaknesses

Rehearse stages of systematic review process, specifically in relation to methodological challenges associated with synthesis of qualitative evidence

Distinguish between aggregative and interpretive approaches to qualitative evidence synthesis

Identify circumstances under which framework analysis or grounded theory-based approaches to synthesis are most appropriate

Describe requirements for presenting data and disseminating findings of qualitative evidence syntheses, both as stand-alone reviews and when integrating with outputs of quantitative systematic reviews.Slide11

Day One –

Tuesday

13:00

p.m. – 17:00 p.m.

Overview, Focusing the Question and Searching

 

 

13:00 pm Introduction and Overview

Dr

Andrew Booth

13:30 pm Focusing the Question

Dr Janet Harris

14:15 pm Qualitative Evidence Synthesis – Case Study

Dr

Andrew Booth  14:45 Break 

 

15:15 pm Planning Your Review

Dr

Andrew Booth

 

 

Dr

Andrew Booth

 

 

15:45 pm Searching for Qualitative Evidence , Using Filters and Supplementary Methods

16:45 pm Summary of the Day

Dr

Andrew BoothSlide12

19:00 for 19:30

Course Dinner –

InoxDine

Level 5, Student's Union Building, Durham Road, Sheffield S10 2TG

Phone:

0114

222 6043Slide13

Day Two -

Wednesday

Session Two – Data Extraction and Quality Assessment

09.30am Choosing a Method of Qualitative Synthesis

Dr

Andrew Booth

Dr

Andrew Booth and

Ms

Fiona Campbell

09.45 am Introducing QES Methods – the Basics (Thematic Synthesis and Framework Synthesis)

 

Coffee Break (10:30 am -10:45 a.m.)

 

 

10.45am Workshop: Thematic Synthesis and Framework Synthesis (Part One – Data Extraction)

 

Dr

Andrew Booth and

Ms

Fiona Campbell

11:30 Workshop: Thematic Synthesis and Framework Synthesis (Part Two – Quality Assessment)

12:30 pm -13:30 pm Lunch

 Slide14

Day Two -

Wednesday

Session Three – Analysis, Synthesis and Writing Up

1

13.30pm Workshop: Thematic Synthesis and Framework Synthesis (Part Three –

Synthesising

across Studies)

 

 

Dr

Andrew Booth and

Ms

Fiona Campbell

Tea

Break (3.00-3.15 pm

)

 

15.15pm Workshop: Thematic Synthesis and Framework Synthesis (Part Four –Completing the Analysis) 

Dr Andrew Booth and Ms

Fiona Campbell

15:45 pm Feedback and Summing Up

Ms

Fiona Campbell

 

16:15 pm Where to Next?

 

16:30 pm Writing Up and Dissemination

Dr

Andrew Booth

17.00pm

Close

 Slide15

Free Evening

West Street?

Ecclesall

Road?

Broomhill

?

Or Sheffield City Centre?Slide16

Day Three –

Thursday

09.00 am Realist Synthesis 101

Dr Andrew Booth

09.30 am Meta-ethnography 101

Dr Ruth Garside

10.00 am Overview of Methodological Issues

Dr

Andrew Booth

10.15 am Issues and Challenges around Scoping, Focusing the Question & Use of Models and Theory

Dr Janet Harris

11.00 am Issues and Challenges around Searching the Literature

Dr Andrew Booth

11.20 am Coffee

 

11.50 am Issues and Challenges around Assessing Qualitative Research

Dr Ruth Garside

12.30 pm Lunch

 

Session Four - Methodological Challenges - Focusing, Study Identification and Assessment

Chair Dr Andrew BoothSlide17

Day Three –

Thursday

13.30pm Issues and Challenges around Synthesising Qualitative Research

Dr Andrew Booth

14.15pm Issues and Challenges around Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Data

Professor James Thomas

15.00 pm Methodological Roundtable Discussion

Featuring - Dr Andrew Booth, Dr Ruth Garside, Professor James Thomas & Dr Janet Harris

15.20 pm The Way Forward – Taking your Interest Further - 

Dr Janet Harris & Dr Andrew Booth

15.30 pm Tea and Departure

Session Five - Methodological Challenges - Synthesis and Integration

Chair Dr Janet HarrisSlide18

http://esquiresheffield.pbworks.comSlide19

ASQUS Discussion List

http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/asqus

Slide20

http://cqim.cochrane.org/Slide21

http://www.mendeley.com/groups/518691/cochrane-qes-register/papers

/Slide22

References

Booth A. "Brimful of STARLITE": toward standards for reporting literature searches.

J Med Libr Assoc

. 2006 Oct;94(4):421-9, 

Major

, C., &

Savin

-Baden, M. (2010).

An introduction to qualitative research synthesis: Managing the information explosion in social science research

. London: Routledge.

Paterson BL, Thorne S,

Dewis

M. Adapting to and managing diabetes. 

Image J

Nurs

Sch. 

1998; 30 (1): 57–62.

Sandelowski, M. and Barroso, J. (2007) Handbook for Synthesizing Qualitative Research. New York: Springer Publishing Company.

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