Teaching Defensive Skills

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Teaching Defensive Skills




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Presentations text content in Teaching Defensive Skills

Slide1

Teaching Defensive Skills

Defense is all about player reactions. You just

train'em

like seals

.

Slide2

Four Phases of Contact (Safety Instruction)

1st Week to end of season

Safety Briefs (continuous reminders)

Instruct players on how to wear equipment and maintain equipment so that it keeps them safe; helmet, shoulder pads, body pads, and shoes as well as mouth pieces.

Instruct players on keeping all their joints bent so that if contact is made they will bend naturally and reduce the chance of injury.

Instruct players to keep their heads up and out of contact to reduce concussion injuries and spinal injures. There must not be any allowance for the head dropping or being part of contact. Pull players from drills and provide additional reinforcement. Don’t be afraid to send a player home for disobeying this rule.

This is on going and these reminders should be given at every drill and at every phase of teaching.

Slide3

Four Phases of Contact (Technical Instruction)

Week 1 (2 to 6 practices)

Teaching basic techniques of blocking and tackling

Close quarters to reduce force on contact.

Walk through to ½ speed when doing player on player.

½ to full speed when doing player on dummy.

Achieve as many well executed reps as possible.

At first reps will look ugly. Keep fixing the biggest problems first. (stance, get off, all out effort)

Do lots of non-contact aggression drills to foster confidence and positive experiences while being aggressive.

Slide4

Four Phases of Contact (Technical Mastery)

Week 2 (3 to 10 practices)

Fine tuning basic techniques of blocking and tackling (LEG progression for us).

Increase distance to increase force on contact.

½ speed to full speed when doing player on player. Working on technique still so short whistle to control drill.

Full speed when doing player on dummy.

Achieve as many well executed reps as possible.

Technique for the vast majority of players should look clean. Keep fixing the minor mistakes and work on players that are not up to speed.

Slide5

Four Phases of Contact – Unleashing the Horde

Week 3 (6 to 15 practices)

Always review stance and progression prior to full contact/full speed reps.

All players are expected to hit at full speed, violently as possible so that they defeat the player in front of them. Whether you are a tackler, blocker, or ball carrier.

Control the drills with the whistle.

Constantly check for proper stance, form and execution.

Player Safety is #1 Priority!

Slide6

Tackling

Tackling is the most visible attribute a defensive player can display. It does not matter how fast the player can run, how hard he can hit, how great a pass rusher or pass defender he is, without the ability to tackle with confidence and control, he will not be considered a great player.

Slide7

Tackling

Axioms: there are certain physical constants in outstanding tackling that we must always emphasize

Chest and eyes up

Low pad level

Bend the knees

Eyes to the ball

Strike on the rise

Explode the hips

Wrap arms and dig fingers into cloth (Eagle Claw)

Drive feet and square hips

Takeaways – Any situation, attack the ball and get it out of the ball carrier’s hands

Big hit

Strip or tip

Eyes to ball

The form Tackle

Close on the ball carrier with proper attack angle

Gather in the open field and lower pad level (come to balance)

If not in the open field, attack on the rise with low pad level and attack through the ball carrier

Eyes up and explode across the bow (unless it is a sideline tackle)

Explode with hip extension up and through the ball carrier

Wrap arms up in a bear hug and dig fingers into cloth and squeeze ball carrier

Drive hips in a position between the defender and the goal line we are defending

Slide8

Non-Contact Drills

Slide9

Non-Contact Drills

Tire War

Tug of War

Dummy Flip Competition

Dummy Lateral Pursuit Drill

Dummy Tackling Competition

Slide10

Single Side Lateral Pursuit Drill

Objective:

Teach the defender how to take a proper angle on the runner as he attacks the perimeter and to make a safe and aggressive tackle prior to or as he passes the dummy.

Key Points:

The coach will use two dummies and two cones. One dummy will be placed on the LOS as a barrier between the runner and the defender with a cone two to four yards from the barrier dummy and a dummy (simulating a runner) six to ten yards away. The runner cone will be five to seven yards from the barrier dummy.

On GO the runner will cross over step and sprint past the runner dummy and go vertical up field and the defender must maintain inside leverage and stay square and mirror the depth of the runner.

The tackle must tackle the

dummy

before the runner gets by it.

Notes:

This drill is set up to teach an aggressive inside leverage pursuit to our MIKE backer and to defend coming down hill from the inside to attack the ball. It is a great lateral pursuit drill that teaches defenders to attack down hill and make a good BIT THE PIT/HIP tackle. You can immediately see who will make that tackle on the ball.

Slide11

Single Side Lateral Pursuit Drill

Objective:

To reinforce good BGO and Tackling techniques as well as being able to change directions, buzz feet, and make a good aggressive tackle. This is very competitive drill that allows players to be aggressive as well against bags.

Key Points

Coaches align two players facing two bags each that are 5 yards apart and being held by players. There is one additional bag behind each pair that is 10 yards deep.

On GO from a 3 point stance both players will BGO and at the players approach the bags the coach will point left or right to indicate which bag the players will break towards , buzz feet, and tackle. They will immediately recover, get up, and attack the last bag and make a tackle. First to get to both bags wins.

Note:

You can do 3 bags on the first level. You can add an obstacle course of cones and bags to get over and around before approaching first tackle target. You can add a obstacle course on the back side. You can add a shed component for each of them with a player using a shield that the player must rip/swim through first.

C

Slide12

Read & Lateral Pursuit Drill

Objective:

Teach the defender how to read the ball and take a proper angle on the runner as he attacks the perimeter and to make a safe and aggressive tackle prior to or as the runner passes the dummy.

Key Points:

The coach will use three dummies and four cones. Two dummies will be placed on the LOS as a barrier between the runner and the defender with a cone two to four yards from the barrier dummy on each side and a dummy (simulating a runner) six to ten yards away on each side The runner cone will be five to seven yards from the barrier dummy.

On GO the runner will cross over step and sprint past the runner dummy on either side and go vertical up field and the defender must maintain inside leverage and stay square and mirror the depth of the runner.

The tackler must read and flow down hill and tackle the dummy before the runner gets by it.

Notes:

This drill is set up to teach an aggressive inside leverage pursuit to our MIKE backer once he determines flow and to defend the perimeter coming down hill from the inside to attack the ball. It is a great lateral pursuit drill that teaches defenders to attack down hill and make a good BIT THE PIT/HIP tackle. You can immediately see who will make that tackle on the ball.

Slide13

Contact Drills

Slide14

Contact Drills

With or Without Gear:

Who’s Ball is It (2 and 3 man variations)

Push/Pull Competition

The Fight Circle Drill

Full Gear

Blocking Fit Live

Tackle Fit Live

Defensive Shed Fit Live

Double Team Shed Drill

Half Line Pull/Wall Side Drills

Gang Tackling Dummy Drill Progression

Tackling Drills

Turnover Drills

Slide15

Whose Ball is it?

Objective:

To teach the mental and physical aspect of football. To teach each player that the football is theirs at all times on the field and to teach players how to be physical until the echo of the whistle. 

Key Points:

The first time the coach runs this play he should explain that at all times the ball is to be consider ours. Whenever the ball leaves the opponent’s hands as an entire team we must attempt to recover, protect, and retain possession of that ball.

The drill is intended to teach players that it doesn’t matter who gets their hands on it first it matters who has it at the echo of the whistle. The players must not hit, punch, scratch, claw, pinch, bite, or kick the opposing player. He must attempt to get the ball out of the other player’s hands by pulling, tugging, and getting position on the ball. The coach will stand between the two players and ask them each who’s ball it is by name; they should say it is their ball.

Then the coach will walk behind them and then toss the ball up in the air about 5 yards in front of them. As soon as they see the ball they should attack it and the other player should make every attempt to regain possession of the ball. The coach or a pair of coaches will trail the players telling each player to get the ball and encouraging the players in any way they can that they must recover that football.

At any time either player can tap out if it becomes too physical. Once one player has possession and it is obvious the other player will not regain possession or if both players are tied and there is no movement for a small amount of time call it. Make sure you acknowledge the good job they did and repeat with the next group. After a while you can let winners or even specific players call out other players and put those players on the spot.

Note

This is supposed to be a physical drill and initially you should match up players by size. You can also do three man as well as place obstacles like dummies they have to go over to get the ball (Robert

Ferre

).

Slide16

Push-Pull

Objective:

To teach the DL (any player) how to execute a push/pull in a competitive arena

Key Points:

Two defenders will grasp each others arm pits and on GO both DL men will attempt to push/pull their opponent on to the ground. First defender to put their opponent on the ground wins.

Note

You can have several pairs going at a time as long as you have one coach managing each pair.

This is very similar to the Sumo drill

C

1

C

2

C

3

Slide17

Fight Circle

Objective:

To teach players how to be aggressive and to work towards a common cause as team.

Key Points:

Two groups of players will face off in a circle or square big enough so that they have limited amount of room to maneuver in.

On the coaches GO both groups will attempt to drag, push, toss, or force the other team’s players out of the area. Any part of any player that touches outside of the area is out.

If two opponents fall out the one that falls out first is out and the other one can go back in.

Note

If two or more people fall out and touch they are all out. Use landscape paint to mark the area if you can it makes it easier to identify who goes out. No punching/kicking/biting/scratching – removed.

C

C

C

C

Slide18

Full Gear

Slide19

Full Gear Drills

Blocking Fit

Live

Tackle Fit

Live

Defensive Shed Fit

Live

Double Team Shed

Drill

Half Line Pull/Wall Side

Drills

Gang Tackling Dummy Drill

Progression

Tackling DrillsTurnover Drills

Slide20

Blocking Fits

Coach

Coach

STANCE/LOAD/LOAD EXPLODE by the numbers

STANCE/LEG ½ speed/LEG full speed

Full speed + violent contact + aggressive drive

Match up size and ability along the line for pairs

. Odd

man can alternate in with one pair.

Can be a single coach or staff can break into sections of 3 to 6 pairs correcting one mistake quickly prior to next rep.

2

nd

Phase of CHUTE DRILL

Slide21

Tackling Drill #4 – Tackle Fit

Why: To teach the defender how to fit into the ball carrier and to aim his face mask at the landmark to protect his head.

How: Pair up all players into even pairs. Odd man will pair up with a similar pair of players. One side will be defenders and the other side will be ball carriers and they will switch roles every other rep. On DOWN the ball carriers will grab cloth and get ready to run through the defender. The defender will get into his position stance. When the coach says go and the ball carrier moves the defender will BGO, buzz feet, and LEG tackle the ball carrier and drive him back. Check for FIT.

NOTE: Explain to the players that they must BITE the far arm pit or in the case of a head up tackle the ball side arm pit. Then FIT one side into the ball carrier to explain what biting the pit means. Do both sides twice and check them and do this each day the first week of practice prior to starting the FITS.

Note: This is part of our Dynamic Warm Up routine. Athletic Movements, Block Fit, Tackle Fit, Defensive Shed Fit

Notes: Once the players are good at tackling a head up ball carrier let the ball carrier juke to the immediate left or right (stay in a space no bigger than one arm length away) so that the defender must buzz, mirror, and attack. Latter you can have the ball carrier spin as well in the same space. ½ SPEED (THUD) at first and then go to full speed both sides should be violent.

C

C

Ball Carrier – grab jersey with either hand to simulate the ball

2

nd

Phase of CHUTE DRILL

Slide22

Defensive Shed Fit

Why: To teach the defender how to shed a blocker using the prescribed techniques.

How: Pair up all players into even pairs. Odd man will pair up with a similar pair of players. One side will be defenders and the other side will be blocker and they will switch roles every other rep. On DOWN the blocker will get into a 3 point stance (OL) and the defender will get into his base stance. On GO the blocker s will execute an aggressive and violent LEG block and the defender must execute a defensive shed. (Initially the blocker will be static as we teach the tech).

NOTE: 1st SPEED RIP, RIP/CLUB (wrist/elbow/shoulder), PULL/SWIM, BULL RUSH, BULL & SPIN,

Note: This is part of our Dynamic Warm Up routine. Athletic Movements, Block Fit, Tackle Fit, Defensive Shed Fit

Notes: Once the players are good at shedding a LEG blocker you can add pass protection and LEG-TURN (PIN).

C

C

Defender

Slide23

Split the Double

Why: to teach our defensive linemen how to split a double team and penetrate beyond their heels or drop the double team at the LOS if they get contact. The OLB must realize that he is free man and must get through his gap and locate the near hip of the QB.

How: Coach will signal a IN/OUT/SPLIT and on his snap count the TE/T will double team the DT and the OG/CTR will double team the DG. They must BGO and attempt to get behind the heels of the

oline

, square their shoulder, and locate the ball. If they get caught by the double team they must latch on to the near arm pit (cloth under arm pit) or lock both blocker’s

tricep

in (arm lock) into your chest and drive one knee down as they pull down on both arm pits/arms and drive the double team into the ground at the LOS creating a barrier. They must do this as soon as they realize they will not penetrate past the heels. The OLB must quickly get into his gap before the OLINE can come off their block and make a play and get to the coach.

Notes: you can use advanced calls as well in this drill as you move on into the season.

C

C

C

Slide24

Wall Side

Coach

Coach

AIR

Coach

Coach

Coach

Coach

ODD

BEAR or EAGLE

EVEN

COMPRESSED

Slide25

Pull Side

SEAL

KICK

WIDE

Slide26

WB Seal Half Line (Pullers)

SEAL

PSWB: FBI

Ignore if:

FILL IN

FLOW OUT

Wall off if:

SIT/READ

BB: KO FDO

QB: KO FDABB

BSG: KO FDAQB

BST: VERT UP WALL

Slide27

WB Kick Half Line (Pullers)

KICK

Slide28

WB Wide Half Line (Pullers)

SEAL

Slide29

Tackle Fit

Objective

To teach the defender how to fit into the ball carrier and to aim his face mask at the landmark to protect his head.

Equipment

Key Points

Pair up all players into even pairs. Odd man will pair up with a similar pair of players. One side will be defenders and the other side will be ball carriers and they will switch roles every other rep.

On DOWN the ball carriers will grab cloth and get ready to run through the defender. The defender will get into his position stance. When the coach says go and the ball carrier moves the defender will BGO, buzz feet, and LEG tackle the ball carrier and drive him back. Check for FIT.

Note

Explain to the players that they must BITE the far arm pit or in the case of a head up tackle the ball side arm pit. Then FIT one side into the ball carrier to explain what biting the pit means. Do both sides twice and check them and do this each day the first week of practice prior to starting the FITS.

Once the players are good at tackling a head up ball carrier let the ball carrier juke to the immediate left or right (stay in a space no bigger than one arm length away) so that the defender must buzz, mirror, and attack. Latter you can have the ball carrier spin as well in the same space. ½ SPEED (THUD) at first and then go to full speed both sides should be violent.

C

C

Ball Carrier – grab jersey with either hand to simulate the ball

Slide30

Tackling Drill – Gang Tackling

Objective

To teach players how to work together to gang tackle a ball carrier.

Equipment

Key Points

Procedure

The coach will place three dummies that are 3 yards apart from each other in a straight line. You can have players hold the dummies in place if you need too.

Have the defender form three lines behind the dummies five yards apart. On GO from a hitting position (or three point stance) the defenders will attack the dummy the coach points to and gang tackle it.

Procedure

The first defender will always make a form tackle, the second defender will make contact with the defender just outside of the shoulder of the form tackle while the last defender will close down on the dummy and make the tackle however he can (drive his teammates, go high, go low, mesh with the next tackle).

They need to learn how to work as a unit and drive the runner to the ground as quickly as possible. If you are having a player hold the dummy have him offer some resistance as first contact his made. As soon as the second defender makes contact the holder should release the dummy.

Slide31

Defensive line

Slide32

Drill

Objective

Equipment

Key Points

Procedure

Note

Slide33

Drill

Objective

Equipment

Key Points

Procedure

Note

Slide34

Linebackers

Slide35

Drill

Objective

Equipment

Key Points

Procedure

Note

Slide36

Drill

Objective

Equipment

Key Points

Procedure

Note

Slide37

Defensive Backs:

Base Skills

Drills for the defensive backs. Taken from the Jim Ingram Football Bible.

This section is for building the base skills the defensive backs will utilize in the defensive backfield.

Slide38

Stance Drill

Objective

Teach the players the proper stance

Equipment

Key Points

Feet shoulder width, outside foot up

Knees flexed, arms relaxed and hanging

Weight on balls of feet

Good bend at waist, shoulders forward

Head and eyes up, looking at key

Procedure

Players assume stance on coach’s command

Coach inspects the stance

Note

Any discussion on the secondary must start with the stance. Without a proper stance, which insures readiness, the athlete is giving his opponent and advantage before the action begins.

Slide39

Shuffle Drill

Objective

Equipment

Key Points

Good stance

Shoulders and weight forward

Hips flexed

Eyes on key

Move smoothly and quickly

Procedure

Players assume correct stance

Shuffle on coaches command

Note

May coaches insist that the players take shuffle steps at the snap of the ball. These are two or three shuffle steps backward; used to give the athlete time to determine whether the play is a pass or run and make the necessary reactions

Slide40

Backpedal Drill

Objective

Teach the proper form and technique for executing the backpedal

Equipment

Key Points

Good stance

Push off front foot

Shuffle

Keep elbows in tight

Feet close together

Feet should clear just above the grass

Take good strides

Procedure

Player assumes correct stance

Shuffle on command

Backpedal 20 yards

Note

The backpedal the technique essential for successful secondary play. With a good backpedal an individual of average speed will be able to play in the secondary. The longer an athlete can maintain his backpedal the more effective he will be in defense situations

Slide41

Plant and Read Drill

Objective

Equipment

Key Points

Good stance

Read key

Shuffle

Backpedal

Plant and turn

Procedure

Player assumes good stance

Begin shuffle on command

Players plant and break with coaches signals

Players accelerate 10 yards after plant

Note

It is imperative that a defensive back be able to change directions quickly and effectively. He must be able to runt right/left and go forward/backward as the situation presents itself. It is necessary to work on planting the feet and driving hard in the proper direction.

Slide42

Defensive Backs:

Coverage Techniques

The next step in the training progression is to add receivers to the drills.

Slide43

Coverage Technique Drill

Objective

Teach DB’s proper technique to play receiver

Equipment

Footballs

Key Points

Procedure

Athlete assumes good stance

Shuffle

Backpedal

Read pattern

Plant inside foot

Drop outside shoulder

Maintain cushion

Defender needs 3-4 yards between himself and the receiver at all times.

Drive to football

Note

Use the following patterns:

Post

Corner

Out

Out and up (wheel)

R

DB

R

DB

R

DB

R

DB

Slide44

Turn and Go Drill

Objective

The turn and go technique is used when a defender is forced out of his backpedal by losing his cushion and must run with the receiver

Equipment

Footballs

Key Points

Stance

Shuffle

Backpedal

Read

pattern

If loses cushion (receiver gets within 3 yards) turn and run stride for stride with

receiver

Key Points

Look

for football over inside shoulder

Defender should receive verbal clue from teammates when ball is thrown

Procedure

Athlete assumes good stance

Defender plays 5-7 yards off receiver

Defender uses proper shuffle and backpedal techniques

Defender turns and runs deep with receiver

Note

R

DB

R

DB

Slide45

Oncoming Ball Drill

Objective

Instruct players in proper technique for catching a football thrown directly at them

Equipment

QB/thrower

Footballs

Key Points

Run toward QB keeping eyes on football

Cup hands in front of ball

Use soft hands, absorb impact

Intercept ball at highest point

Clutch ball with hands and tuck under arm

Procedure

Players line up 20 yards from QB

On command players run towards QB

Players break in direction given

Intercept ball and return up-field

Note

R

DB

C

Slide46

Post Corner Drill

Objective

Develop the technique for making a complete change of direction while in coverage technique

Equipment

QB/thrower

Footballs

Key Points

Assume good stance

Shuffle to backpedal on command

Break to post (inside) on ball movement

Break to corner(outside) on ball movement

Drive to football

Procedure

Assume good stance

Shuffle to backpedal

Break to post

Plant inside foot and break back in opposite direction keeping shoulders forward (to post)

Drive to football

Note

DB

Slide47

Zone The Middle Drill

Objective

Teach the DB that he can stay in the middle of two receivers

Equipment

QB/Thrower

Footballs

Lined field

Key Points

Assume good stance

Shuffle to backpedal on command

Defender gets depth in zone

Defender gets in position to defend both receivers (split the difference)

Defender reads the intention of the QB

The QB must use drop-back action

Break to ball

DB must watch the QB and the release of the ball, then he can cover equal distance to each hash mark by the time the ball gets there

Procedure

Defender is aligned 8 yards up field from QB in the middle of the hash marks

Receivers are 1 yard outside the hash marks.

QB is aligned in the middle of the hash marks

On command receivers run downfield at ¾ speed

Defender will backpedal and gain depth while reading the intentions of the QB

After the defender has backpedaled to 10-15 yards the QB should deliver the ball to either receiver

Defender drives to the football

Receivers allow the defenders to catch the ballNoteMake sure the ball is thrown to different spots to ensure the DB keeps his eyes on the ball and not the receiver.

Depth in relation to the receivers is very important

R

R

QB

DB

Slide48

Zone The Outside Drill

Objective

Instruct the defender on how to cover 2 receivers

Equipment

QB/Thrower

Footballs

Lined field

Key Points

Assume good stance

Shuffle to backpedal on command

Defender gets depth in zone

Defender gets in position to defend both receivers (split the difference)

Defender reads the intention of the QB

The QB must use drop-back action

Break to ball

Procedure

Defender is aligned 8 yards up field from QB in the middle of the hash marks

Receivers are 1 yard inside the sideline and 1 yard outside the hash marks.

QB is aligned in the middle of the hash marks

On command receivers run downfield at ¾ speed

Defender will backpedal along the near hash and gain depth while reading the intentions of the QB

After the defender has backpedaled to 10-15 yards the QB should deliver the ball to either receiver

Defender drives to the football

Receivers allow the defenders to catch the ball

NoteMake sure the ball is thrown to different spots to ensure the DB keeps his eyes on the ball and not the receiver.Depth in relation to the receivers is very important

R

R

DB

QB

Slide49

Drill

Objective

Equipment

Key Points

Procedure

Note

Slide50

Zone the Outside Drill

Objective

Equipment

Key Points

Procedure

Note

Slide51

Double Hash Drill

Objective

Equipment

Key Points

Procedure

Note

Slide52

45-degree Zone Break Drill

Objective

Equipment

Key Points

Procedure

Note

Slide53

Drill

Objective

Equipment

Key Points

Procedure

Note

Slide54

Drill

Objective

Equipment

Key Points

Procedure

Note

Slide55

Drill

Objective

Equipment

Key Points

Procedure

Note

Slide56

It is time for you to leave.

Thus

spake

the master Coach:

Slide57

Parking lot


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