Treasury Schools Challenge 2015

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Treasury Schools Challenge 2015




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Presentations text content in Treasury Schools Challenge 2015

Slide1

Treasury Schools Challenge 2015

Nadia BariKatie LewthwaiteJonathan ManickamZach Withers

Slide2

Social Infrastructure

Increasing Equity

Sustainability for the Future

Economic Growth

Managing Risks

Slide3

ISSUE 1: ACCESSIBLITY OF MEDICAL CARE IN RURAL AREAS

Ministry of Health. 2007. Urban–Rural Health Comparisons 2002/03 New Zealand Health Survey. Wellington: Ministry of Health.

[Urban]

[Rural]

Managing Risks

Slide4

Ministry of Health. 2007. Urban–Rural Health Comparisons: Key results of the 2002/03 New Zealand Health Survey. Wellington: Ministry of Health.

“…considerable difficulties getting health care that is equitable to urban areas……often struggle to recruit and retain health professionals”

Social Infrastructure

Slide5

Effects

“…the most basic of services - first response, primary care and maternity may not be available locally.”“more sensitive to the development of disease the further they live from a doctor, but (at the same time) distance negatively affects their propensity to consult.”

“Moving Forward In Rural Health” - NZ Institute of Rural Health, 2008NZMJ 6 August 2004, Vol 117 No 1199

Managing Risks

Slide6

Policy Suggestion – Part 1

Encouragement of partnerships of tertiary institutions with rural communities

Existing model – Medical Officers in Defence Force

Sustainability for the Future

Slide7

Policy Suggestion – Part 2

Creation of a mobile network of medical professionals who travel periodically to rural areas

Existing model – Mobile Dentists

Social Infrastructure

Slide8

The key to success will be co-operating with existing acting stakeholders such as:FonterraFMG (Farmers’ Mutual Group)Local Councils and District Health Boards

Economic Growth

Slide9

Trade-Offs

O

pportunity cost

Financing transport of patients to existing health services

More regional hospitals

Promotion of more inefficient

service providers

Increased costs of healthcare

Slide10

Issue 2: Accommodation

“If Emma-Litta had been living in a warm house, she wouldn’t have died”

Children’s Commissioner Dr

Russell Wills

Increasing Equity

Slide11

Habitat for Humanity New Zealand

“550 000 school days are lost to asthma each year”

“About 300,000 older New Zealand homes are un-insulated, damp and cold”

Asthma Foundation

Managing Risks

Slide12

Causes

70% of children in poverty live in rental propertiesHeating can be too expensive to operate for poorer familiesSome state housing is out of date and not properly fitted outLandlords are not being held accountable

Our Children, Our Choice: Priorities for Policy – Child Poverty Action Group

Increasing Equity

Slide13

Effects

Children in the most deprived quintile

2.9 times as likely to be hospitalised with a respiratory condition

3.2 times as likely to be hospitalised for asthma

5.4 times as likely to be hospitalised for childhood

bronchiolitis

Respiratory Health Impact Report 2013 – Asthma Foundation

Managing Risks

Slide14

Policy Suggestion

A ‘warrant of fitness’ programme for rental properties and state houses to guarantee warm and healthy homes for the most vulnerable.Required insulation, smoke alarms, waterproofExpansion of tax incentives and subsidies for landlords who exceed minimum standardsStricter monitoring and enforcements

Social Infrastructure

Slide15

Trade-Offs

Increased regulations raise operation costs and increase “red tape”

to

go through

May scare landlords off the market

Ultimately cost reflected in rents/subsidies

The cost of

inspections to be borne by local authorities?

Slide16

Issue 3: Disengaged Youth

This

figure is up 15,600 from 10 years ago

Increasing Equity

Household Labour Force Surveys –

2011

Slide17

Causes

Youth lose motivation and fall out of the system during expected transition phases

Our Children, Our Choice: Priorities for Policy – Child Poverty Action Group

High School

Tertiary Education

Productive Life

NEET

Entry to Workforce

Economic Growth

Slide18

Certain regions have much greater NEET rates

Household Labour Force Surveys – 2013

Increasing Equity

Slide19

Effects on Youth

Youth Labour Market Outcomes 2009 – Ministry of Business Innovation & Employment

Youth who are NEET for long periods

Criminal Offending and Substance Abuse

Future Unemployment

Homelessness

Worse mental and physical health

Teenage pregnancy and suicide

Managing Risks

Slide20

Effects on NZ for next 3 Years

The Cost Of Youth Disengagement In NZ –

Gail Pacheco, AUT, August 2014

Economic Growth

Slide21

Policy Suggestion – Schools

Increase the funding and scope of local work integration programmes in schools such as GatewaySupport student learning within the workplaceRelevant to students learning and vocational aspirationsImplement career support earlierYounger students access to career expos and talks

Social Infrastructure

Slide22

Policy Suggestion – Safety Net

Creation of compulsory development programmes for NEET youthTargeted at ‘at risk’ youth Labour for state purposesFencing Farm WaterwaysConservation effortsEnsure youth come out with work experience and life skills

Historical model – NZ Conservation Corps

Managing Risks

Slide23

Trade-Offs

Funding opportunity

cost

Costs of benefits later on in life

Focus on lower levels of qualification (certificates, diplomas)

Not necessarily bad with ever-changing economy

Compulsory programmes can be controversial


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