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Have you ever fasted?
Have you ever fasted?

Have you ever fasted? - PowerPoint Presentation

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Have you ever fasted? - Description

If answered no probably have but didnt consider that you were fasting May have even fasted for the cause of the Lord Why was fasting practiced Is it commanded today Why do we not fast ID: 540098 Download Presentation

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Presentation on theme: "Have you ever fasted?"— Presentation transcript

Slide1
Slide2

Have you ever fasted?

If answered “no” – probably have, but didn’t consider that you were “fasting”May have even fasted for the cause of the LordSlide3

Why was fasting practiced?

Is it commanded today?Why do we not fast?Is it that we do fast today?

What, if any, regulations are given about fasting?

What Does The Bible Say About

Fasting?Slide4

nesteia

(νηστεία, 3521), “a fasting, fast” (from ne, a negative prefix, and esthio, “to eat”), is used (a)

of voluntary abstinence from food, Luke 2:37; Acts 14:23 (some mss. have it in Matt. 17:21 and Mark 9:29); “fasting” had become a common practice among Jews, and was continued among Christians; in Acts 27:9, “the Fast” refers to the Day of Atonement, Lev. 16:29; that time of the year would be one of dangerous sailing; (b) of involuntary abstinence (perhaps voluntary is included), consequent upon trying circumstances

, 2 Cor. 6:5; 11:27.

Vine, W. E., Unger, M. F., & White, W., Jr. (1996). Vines Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words (Vol. 2, pp. 227228).

Defined

Fast: “

to cause to abstain entirely from or limit food

; put on a fast”

Dictionary.com Slide5

What Does

The Bible

Say About

Fasting?

In The Old TestamentSlide6

In The Old Testament

Day of Atonement

Lev. 16:29-31 – “afflict your souls” (“shall fast” ESV fn)Lev. 23:27-32 – “afflict your souls”

Isa. 58:3, 5 – “afflict souls” = fasting

By the time of Jeremiah – called “fasting day” (36:6)

By NT times – call “the Fast” (Acts 27:9)

Here a fast for a day – established by the LordSlide7

In The Old Testament

Day of Atonement

Public Fast Proclaimed by the King (2 Chron. 20:3)Slide8

In The Old Testament

Day of Atonement

Public Fast Proclaimed by the King (2 Chron. 20:3)

Four Annual Fast

(Zech. 8:19)

4

th month – when wall of Jer. broken (Jer. 52:6-7)5th month – when temple was burnt (Jer. 52:12-13; 2 Kings 25:8-9)7th month – Insurrection against Gedaliah (Jer. 41:1-3)

10

th

month – Nebuchadnezzar’s final siege against Jer. (Jer. 52:4-5; 2 Kings 25;1)

“The observance of these fasts seems, by the Lord’s answer, to have been neither enjoined nor forbidden…”

(Pulpit)Slide9

In The Old Testament

Day of Atonement

Public Fast Proclaimed by the King (2 Chron. 20:3)

Four Annual Fast

(Zech. 8:19)

Examples

Moses (Exo. 34:28;Deut. 9:18)David (2 Sam. 1:12; 12:12-23)Elijah (1 Kings 19:8)

Daniel (Dan. 10:2-3)

Jews in exile (Zech. 7:1-7)

Jehoiakim

(Jer. 36:6, 9)People of Ninevah (Jonah 3:5)

Esther and the Jews (Esther 4:16)Slide10

What Does

The Bible

Say About

Fasting?

In The Old Testament

In The New Testament

Fasting Practiced by the Jews

From OT InfluenceSlide11

In The New Testament

Jesus’ Teaching on Fasting

Matt. 6:16-18 – not done to be seen of menMatt. 9:14-15 – when he is gone

Parallel: Mark 2:18-22; Luke 5:33-35

Fast when mourning

Point: when it is appropriate (i.e. David – 2 Sam. 12:12-23)Slide12

In The New Testament

Jesus’ Teaching on Fasting

Examples:Jesus (Matt. 4:1-ff)

Disciples at Antioch (Acts 13:3)

Early churches (Acts 14:23)

Paul

2 Cor. 6:5 – distress2 Cor. 11:27Acts 27:33Pharisees (Luke 5:33; 18:12)Slide13

In The New Testament

Jesus’ Teaching on Fasting

Examples:

Paul’s Instruction on Separation

(1 Cor. 7:5)

Not commanded to separate – but only under these conditions

Thus, no injunction to fastQuestion Minority Text –vs- Majority Text – “fasting” only appears in KJV & NKJVSlide14

What Does

The Bible

Say About

Fasting?

In The Old Testament

In The New Testament

CausesSlide15

Causes

Doom – Calamity

1 Kings 21:27 – Ahab when he heard condemnation (v. 24)

Joel 1:14; 2:12 – Joel pronounced doom (2:11)

Judges 20:26 – At war with

Benjamites & great loss1 Sam. 28:20 – Saul over the doom he faced (vv. 17-19)Slide16

Causes

Doom – Calamity

Sorrow

1 Sam. 31:13 – Men of

Jabesh

over Saul’s death1 Kings 19:8 – Elijah fleeing from Jezebel

2 Sam. 1:11-12 – David over Saul & Jonathan’s deathSlide17

Causes

Doom – Calamity

Sorrow

Penitence for sin

2 Sam. 12:16-23 – cf. v. 13 - David

1 Sam. 7:6 – Samuel judged & lead in fast

Acts 9:9 – Saul realized he was in sin

Jonah 3:5 – Nineveh repentedSlide18

Causes

Doom – Calamity

Sorrow

Penitence for sin

Humility

(Psa. 35:13)Slide19

Causes

Doom – Calamity

Sorrow

Penitence for sin

Humility

(Psa. 35:13)

Petition

Dan. 9:3

Pleading with the Lord – turn away his wrathSlide20

Causes

Doom – Calamity

Sorrow

Penitence for sin

Humility

(Psa. 35:13)

Petition

Dedication to the Lord’s Work

Matt. 4:2 – Jesus fasted

Acts 13:2-3; 14:23 – Focused on preaching & eldership

2 Cor. 6:5; 11:27 – Paul fasted in his workSlide21

Causes

Doom – Calamity

Sorrow

Penitence for sin

Humility

(Psa. 35:13)

Petition

Dedication to the Lord’s Work

Concern

(2 Sam. 12:12-23)Slide22

What Does

The Bible

Say About

Fasting?

In The Old Testament

In The New Testament

Causes

Facts & ConclusionsSlide23

Facts & Conclusions

Different Times & Lengths

Annual (Acts 27:9)

Weekly (Luke 18:12)

Seven days (1 Sam. 31:13)

Three days and nights (Esther 4:15-16)

All day (Lev. 16:23)

Part of a day (2 Sam. 1:12)Slide24

Facts & Conclusions

Different Times & Lengths

Only One Commanded in OT

Day of Atonement commanded by God (Lev. 16)

Other fasts seem to be either voluntary, customary or instituted by man (i.e. King)Slide25

Facts & Conclusions

Different Times & Lengths

Only One Commanded in OT

Not Commanded, but Permitted in NT

Not a command to fast in NT

Not forbidden or condemned in NT

Thus, allowed or permitted - voluntary

No instructions for fasting:

No time given

No instruction for observance

No description for how long it should last

Thus, would be determined by each individual and each circumstanceSlide26

Facts & Conclusions

Different Times & Lengths

Only One Commanded in OT

Not Commanded, but Permitted in NT

Are Benefits to Fasting

Else, why did so many do it?

Health benefits (cleansing effect)

Help hone a keener edge on self-discipline (i.e. Mt 4)

Allows greater focus on spiritualSlide27

Facts & Conclusions

Different Times & Lengths

Only One Commanded in OT

Not Commanded, but Permitted in NT

In Some Cases it Was Not a Cause – but Effect

Mark 2:18-20; 2 Sam. 12:16-23

Circumstances cause it – rather than plannedSlide28

Facts & Conclusions

Different Times & Lengths

Only One Commanded in OT

Not Commanded, but Permitted in NT

In Some Cases it Was Not a Cause – but Effect

We do Fast Today

In times of sorrow – either can’t or will not eat

Involved in work to the degree don’t eat

Others – set aside a certain time to fastSlide29

What Does

The Bible

Say About

Fasting?

In The Old Testament

In The New Testament

Causes

Facts & Conclusions

WarningsSlide30

Warnings

Must Never be Used as a Substitute for Godly Living

Isa. 58 – Fasted, yet pursued their own pleasure

May feel deeply spiritual – while living in sinSlide31

Warnings

Must Never be Used as a Substitute for Godly Living

Must Not be Used as an Occasion to Show or Display

Matt. 6:16-18

If practiced – should not be flaunted before others

If practiced – should not make others feel obligatedSlide32

Warnings

Must Never be Used as a Substitute for Godly Living

Must Not be Used as an Occasion to Show or Display

Must Not Allow it to Ignite a Spirit of Smugness or Self -Righteousness

Luke 18:9-14

Easy to feel spiritually superior over those who may not practice itSlide33

What Does

The Bible

Say About

Fasting?

In The Old Testament

In The New Testament

Causes

Facts & Conclusions

WarningsSlide34