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Open Science – unlock your research. Uppsala, November 23, 2016. Aina . Svensson, . Electronic . Publishing . Centre. Uppsala University Library. About. . us. Electronic . Publishing . Centre (EPC) . ID: 592855Direct Link: Link:https://www.docslides.com/karlyn-bohler/open-access-how-and-why- Embed code:
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Open access – how and why?
Open Science – unlock your researchUppsala, November 23, 2016Aina Svensson, Electronic Publishing CentreUppsala University LibrarySlide2
Electronic Publishing Centre (EPC) has existed since 2000 and is part of Uppsala University Library. We are located in Carolina RedivivaSlide3
What we do?We promote open access publishing and lead the development of DiVA. We give support to researchers and staff on publishing issues.We handle the entire publication process for books and doctoral theses and give advice in graphic design.Slide4
complex world of scientific publishing
Norwegian list of journals
Grey zone OA-publishers
Looking back - 26 years with the Web!
Wide Web (
First OA ”Mega-journal”(Public Library of Science - PLOS)
than 5000 OA journals
publications have been around for almost 550 years. The scientific journal for about 350 years.The web for 26 years.
scientific journal is an OA journal (PLOS ONE).
ca 10 000
concept ”Open Access” establishes
repositories emerge(in Sweden DiVA and others)Slide6
Why Open Access?
Imagine this scenario: “You're the director of one of the world's largest medical research charities, and you receive notification from one of your funded investigators in Africa reporting some exciting progress toward the development of a vaccine for malaria. The work has just been published, so you log onto the Web to do a quick keyword search, and a link to the article is brought up on your screen.”Robert Terry, Welcome Trust
Terry R (2005) Funding the Way to Open Access.
3(3): e97. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0030097Slide7
Why Open Access?
“Shortly after I defended my PhD thesis, I left academia to work in a biological museum. All articles previously available only a few clicks away, were gone.”Emil V. Nilsson, museum of Biotopia.
articles have disappeared”
V. Nilsson, Forskningsartiklarna har
försvunnit för mig,
Important to consider
Who are the readers – do they have access to your research findings?Other researchers worldwidein the same disciplinein related disciplinesin places with restricted accessAcademics/practitioners outside the Universitypublic authorities, industry, health care centers etc. The public
To summarize - what is open access?
on the Internet
get access to
To make best
on the Web!Slide11
Examples:Wellcome Trust, 2005-National Institute of Health (NIH), 2008-European Research Council (ERC), 2008-Swedish Research Council (VR), 2010-Formas, 2010-Riksbankens Jubileumsfond (RJ), 2010-Knut och Alice Wallenberg Foundation, 2010-FORTE, 2012-Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 2014-Horizon 2020, European Commission, 2014-Horizon 2020 is the worlds largest investment on research and innovation, with about 80 billion euro during 2014-2020.Complete list at: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/juliet/
Research funders with OA mandatesSlide12
What it means
OA mandate from the Swedish Research Council (VR):Researcher must either publish results in an OA-journal, or archive the article in an openly searchable database immediately after, or within at least 6 months, of its publication in a traditional journal (12 months for hum-social sciences.Applies so far only to journal and conference articles.Researchers receiving grants as of 2017 must publish with a so-called CC-BY-license, which enables re-use and new use of research findings.Slide13
Article with a CC-BY-license
work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license.
Creative Commons – a non-profit organization http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/Slide14
Research data – open science
for research data
outlining how the
will be handled during and
redistribute (exception for sensitive data
archived and published in DiVA.Slide15
National guidelines for OA?
Swedish Research Council (VR) has
produced a proposal for national guidelines
for scientific publications and research
(as a commission in 2014 from the Government).
Sweden will have a
strategic objective for
for the research bill!Slide16
will be made availablein open access channels, wherever possible.
does this affect publishers and researchers?The discussion is no longer about WHETHER open access should be promoted, but rather HOW it should be implemented.New options and different journal models. How to publish open access - gold or green open access?Slide18
Articles available only to readers with subscriptions (usually at University campus).Copyright is transferred to the publisher/journal.Usually no general publishing fees.- Exception for colour images etc. Libraries/universities pay annually for access to articles.Slide20
Many subscription-based publishers have an option for authors to have their particular article made open (OA).For an additional fee (ca $ 3000 per article). Libraries/universities pay for subscriptions AND researchers pay per article for wider dissemination. Which means that we pay both to read and to publish.Slide21
Open access journals
Articles are freely available without subscription costs.Authors retain copyright – free to reuse articles.Cover their expenses: Mainly through Article Processing Charges (APCs), sometimes sponsorship. Research projects/funders, universities/libraries (OA-funds).Publishing fees vary: about $3000. Business model: pay once per for publishing.
Discounts on publishing fees (APC:s) at UU:Supporter member of BioMed Central.Springer Compact: researchers at UU can publish open access in Springer journals without additional charge.Uppsala University Library also supports a few other OA services:arXiv Supporter ContributionDOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals)The Open Library of Humanities
Examples of OA journals/publishers
BioMed Central, Chemistry Central, Springer Open400+ journals, mainly in medicine, biology, chemistryPLOS – Public Library of Science7 journals; PLOS ONE (”mega-journal”)Hindawi Publishing CorporationAbout 500 journals in science, technology and medicineCopernicus28 journals; geoscience, civil engineering and Math/Data/InformaticsPeerJ Biological, medical science. Mega-journal with lower publication fees.Many ”traditional” publishers start new OA journals: Nature communicationsScientific Reports (an OA mega-journal)
Find more OA journals in DOAJ – Directory of Open Access Journals
– an OA journal. Collaboration between researchers and three large research funders; HHMI, Max Planck and Wellcome Trust.
How journals like Nature, Cell and Science are damaging science – Randy SchekmanSlide25
Grey zone OA publishers
Check before submitting a paper to an unknown journal: Is there adequate information about ownership? Which country? Clear information about the peer-review process Who is on the editorial board? Including full name and home universityAre the terms in their “License to publish” reasonable?Is there adequate contact information?
Members of OASPA (Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association
List of grey zone or predatory OA publishers:
Think Check SubmitSlide27
impact factor in Journal Citation Reports
Or is the journal covered in the Norwegian list of journalsSlide28
Publishing in a
is an embargo
Check the journal’s policy
SHERPA/RoMEO http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/Send an e-mail to email@example.comSlide30
What is an ”accepted author version”?
Same content, different layoutThe author’s final manuscript of the article, accepted for publication (author’s post-print in SHERPA/RoMEO)Includes revisions after peer reviewWhat differs?The author version lacks the publisher’s layout and paginationMake sure you save this version – to comply with the Research Council’s requirements!
reference and link to the reference
accessible for all
article on journal website – only accessible for subscribers
Reference i DiVA
Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet
consortiumDiVA is used by 44 universities, public authorities, museums and research organisations.Slide34
44 DiVA membersBlekinge Institute of Technology (BTH)Dalarna UniversityErsta Sköndal University CollegeFMV, Swedish Defence Materiel Halmstad UniversityJönköping UniversityKristianstad UniversityKarlstad UniversityLinköping UniversityLinnaeus UniversityMid Sweden UniversityMälardalen UniversityNationalmuseumNordic Council of MinistersNordic MuseumRed Cross University CollegeRISE – Research Institutes of SwedenRoyal College of MusicRoyal Institute of ArtRoyal Institute of TechnologySMHISophiahemmet University CollegeStockholm School of EconomicsStockholm School of Theology Stockholm UniversityStockholm University of the ArtsSwedish Environmental Protection AgencySwedish Museum of Natural HistorySwedish National Defence CollegeSwedish Polar Research SecretariatSödertörn University
The Institute of Language and FolkloreThe Nordic Africa InstituteThe Swedish Agency for Marine and Water ManagementThe Swedish National Road and Transport Research InstituteThe Swedish School of Sport and Health SciencesUmeå UniversityUniversity College of Arts Crafts and Design University of BoråsUniversity of GävleUniversity of SkövdeUniversity WestUppsala UniversityÖrebro UniversitySlide35
available from DiVA portal - articles, dissertations, reports, journals, conference papers, research data etc.
Open accessfreely available publications
Long-term preservation, persistent links http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-7490
Profile-/web pages at UUe.g. ”Medarbetarportalen”
Google Scholar etc.
Access to research data
are often discussed in social media – altmetrics score available from DiVA (articles with DOI)Slide39
complex world of scientific publishing
Norwegian list of journals
Grey zone OA-publishers
Access and DiVA:
Electronic Publishing Centre