Open access – how and why? PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

Open access – how and why? PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

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Open Science – unlock your research. Uppsala, November 23, 2016. Aina . Svensson, . Electronic . Publishing . Centre. Uppsala University Library. About. . us. Electronic . Publishing . Centre (EPC) . ID: 592855

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Slide1

Open access – how and why?

Open Science – unlock your researchUppsala, November 23, 2016Aina Svensson, Electronic Publishing CentreUppsala University Library

Slide2

About us

Electronic Publishing Centre (EPC) has existed since 2000 and is part of Uppsala University Library. We are located in Carolina Rediviva

Slide3

About us

What we do?We promote open access publishing and lead the development of DiVA. We give support to researchers and staff on publishing issues.We handle the entire publication process for books and doctoral theses and give advice in graphic design.

Slide4

Today’s

complex world of scientific publishing

Open Access

Open Science

Peer-review

Open peer-review

Self-archiving

Open Repositories

CC-BY-license

Embargo

Impact factor

Norwegian list of journals

DiVA

Evaluation

Citation

Altmetrics

Research data

ResearchGate

Grey zone OA-publishers

Preprint

Hybrid journals

APCs

Research funders

Policies

&

mandates

Slide5

1990

1995

2005

First

Open

Access

publisher(BioMed Central)

Looking back - 26 years with the Web!

2000

2010

Word

Wide Web (

www

)

(Tim Berners-Lee)

First

subscription-based e-journals

First OA ”Mega-journal”(Public Library of Science - PLOS)

More

than 5000 OA journals

Printed

publications have been around for almost 550 years. The scientific journal for about 350 years.The web for 26 years.

Today

the

largest

scientific journal is an OA journal (PLOS ONE).

2015

ca 10 000

OA journals

The

concept ”Open Access” establishes

Open

repositories emerge(in Sweden DiVA and others)

Slide6

Why Open Access?

Imagine this scenario: “You're the director of one of the world's largest medical research charities, and you receive notification from one of your funded investigators in Africa reporting some exciting progress toward the development of a vaccine for malaria. The work has just been published, so you log onto the Web to do a quick keyword search, and a link to the article is brought up on your screen.”Robert Terry, Welcome Trust

Terry R (2005) Funding the Way to Open Access.

PLoS

Biol

3(3): e97. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0030097

Slide7

Why Open Access?

Access to

The Journal

of

Infectious

Diseases

is

restricted

to

registered

institutional

and

individual

subscribers

.

Slide8

“Shortly after I defended my PhD thesis, I left academia to work in a biological museum. All articles previously available only a few clicks away, were gone.”Emil V. Nilsson, museum of Biotopia.

”Research

articles have disappeared”

Reference

to the

the

article

(in Swedish):

Emil

V. Nilsson, Forskningsartiklarna har

försvunnit för mig,

Tidningen Curie

, VR,

2015-09-15.

Slide9

Important to consider

Who are the readers – do they have access to your research findings?Other researchers worldwidein the same disciplinein related disciplinesin places with restricted accessAcademics/practitioners outside the Universitypublic authorities, industry, health care centers etc. The public

Publicly

funded

research

should

be

freely

available

to

everybody

Slide10

To summarize - what is open access?

Free

availability

of

scientific

publications

on the Internet

Free

for

everyone

to read,

download

,

share

taking

full

account

of

the

authors

’ copyright.

Meaning

More

people

can

get access to

scientific

publications

.

Research

findings

can

be

used

to a

larger

extent

.

And

cited

more

!

To make best

use

of

today’s

technology

- to

link

,

share

and disseminate

publications

on the Web!

Slide11

Examples:Wellcome Trust, 2005-National Institute of Health (NIH), 2008-European Research Council (ERC), 2008-Swedish Research Council (VR), 2010-Formas, 2010-Riksbankens Jubileumsfond (RJ), 2010-Knut och Alice Wallenberg Foundation, 2010-FORTE, 2012-Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, 2014-Horizon 2020, European Commission, 2014-Horizon 2020 is the worlds largest investment on research and innovation, with about 80 billion euro during 2014-2020.Complete list at: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/juliet/

Research funders with OA mandates

Slide12

What it means

OA mandate from the Swedish Research Council (VR):Researcher must either publish results in an OA-journal, or archive the article in an openly searchable database immediately after, or within at least 6 months, of its publication in a traditional journal (12 months for hum-social sciences.Applies so far only to journal and conference articles.Researchers receiving grants as of 2017 must publish with a so-called CC-BY-license, which enables re-use and new use of research findings.

Slide13

Article with a CC-BY-license

This

work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license.

Creative Commons – a non-profit organization http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/

Slide14

Research data – open science

Many

funders

also

have

requirements

for research data

.

A

”data

management plan”

- a

document

outlining how the

research data

collected or

generated,

will be handled during and

after

a

research

project

.

And

if

possible

make it

open

,

free

to access,

reuse and

redistribute (exception for sensitive data

).

To

increase

research

quality

,

transparency

and

scientific

progress.

Data archives:

Subject-specific archives/databases.

DiVA –

Research data

can be

archived and published in DiVA.

Slide15

National guidelines for OA?

The

Swedish Research Council (VR) has

produced a proposal for national guidelines

for scientific publications and research

data

(as a commission in 2014 from the Government).

Sweden will have a

strategic objective for

2025.

November

2016:

We

are

waiting

for the research bill!

Slide16

Research

results

will be made availablein open access channels, wherever possible.

Open

Access at

Uppsala University

Slide17

How

does this affect publishers and researchers?The discussion is no longer about WHETHER open access should be promoted, but rather HOW it should be implemented.New options and different journal models. How to publish open access - gold or green open access?

Slide18

Scientific journals

Different

models

Subscription-based

journals

Hybrid journals

Open

access journals

In common:

peer-review

!

Slide19

Subscription-based journals

Articles available only to readers with subscriptions (usually at University campus).Copyright is transferred to the publisher/journal.Usually no general publishing fees.- Exception for colour images etc. Libraries/universities pay annually for access to articles.

Slide20

Hybrid journals

Many subscription-based publishers have an option for authors to have their particular article made open (OA).For an additional fee (ca $ 3000 per article). Libraries/universities pay for subscriptions AND researchers pay per article for wider dissemination. Which means that we pay both to read and to publish.

Slide21

Open access journals

Articles are freely available without subscription costs.Authors retain copyright – free to reuse articles.Cover their expenses: Mainly through Article Processing Charges (APCs), sometimes sponsorship. Research projects/funders, universities/libraries (OA-funds).Publishing fees vary: about $3000. Business model: pay once per for publishing.

Many

OA

advocates

would

like to

see

a

transition

of

costs

from

subscriptions

to

open

access.

Slide22

Supporting

Gold OA

Discounts on publishing fees (APC:s) at UU:Supporter member of BioMed Central.Springer Compact: researchers at UU can publish open access in Springer journals without additional charge.Uppsala University Library also supports a few other OA services:arXiv Supporter ContributionDOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals)The Open Library of Humanities

Check

out

more

discounts

on

APCs:

https

://mp.uu.se/c/perm/link?p=1367619

Slide23

Examples of OA journals/publishers

BioMed Central, Chemistry Central, Springer Open400+ journals, mainly in medicine, biology, chemistryPLOS – Public Library of Science7 journals; PLOS ONE (”mega-journal”)Hindawi Publishing CorporationAbout 500 journals in science, technology and medicineCopernicus28 journals; geoscience, civil engineering and Math/Data/InformaticsPeerJ Biological, medical science. Mega-journal with lower publication fees.Many ”traditional” publishers start new OA journals: Nature communicationsScientific Reports (an OA mega-journal)

Find more OA journals in DOAJ – Directory of Open Access Journals

http

://doaj.org/

Slide24

eLIFE

– an OA journal. Collaboration between researchers and three large research funders; HHMI, Max Planck and Wellcome Trust.

How journals like Nature, Cell and Science are damaging science – Randy Schekman

Slide25

Grey zone OA publishers

Check before submitting a paper to an unknown journal: Is there adequate information about ownership? Which country? Clear information about the peer-review process Who is on the editorial board? Including full name and home universityAre the terms in their “License to publish” reasonable?Is there adequate contact information?

Members of OASPA (Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association

):

http://oaspa.org/membership/members

/

List of grey zone or predatory OA publishers:

http://scholarlyoa.com/publishers

/

Think-check-submit:

http://thinkchecksubmit.org

/

Slide26

Think Check Submit

Slide27

Check

impact factor in Journal Citation Reports

Or is the journal covered in the Norwegian list of journals

Slide28

”Green OA”

Self-

archiving

(”parallell

publication

”):

Publishing in a

traditional

subscription-based

journal and

self-archiving

in an

open

repository

(

e.g

. DiVA).

Which

version?

Usually

the final

peer-reviewed

manuscript

,

without

the

journal’s

layout and

pagination

(”the

accepted

author

version”).

Usually

there

is an embargo

period.

Slide29

Check the journal’s policy

SHERPA/RoMEO http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/Send an e-mail to diva-helpdesk@ub.uu.se

Slide30

What is an ”accepted author version”?

Same content, different layoutThe author’s final manuscript of the article, accepted for publication (author’s post-print in SHERPA/RoMEO)Includes revisions after peer reviewWhat differs?The author version lacks the publisher’s layout and paginationMake sure you save this version – to comply with the Research Council’s requirements!

Final

manuscript

Slide31

Cover page

with

full

reference and link to the reference

Cover page

Final manuscript

Slide32

Self-archived

article

in

DiVA

accepted

author

version –

accessible for all

article on journal website – only accessible for subscribers

Reference i DiVA

and

othersearch tools

$

Slide33

Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet

DiVA

consortiumDiVA is used by 44 universities, public authorities, museums and research organisations.

Slide34

44 DiVA membersBlekinge Institute of Technology (BTH)Dalarna UniversityErsta Sköndal University CollegeFMV, Swedish Defence Materiel Halmstad UniversityJönköping UniversityKristianstad UniversityKarlstad UniversityLinköping UniversityLinnaeus UniversityMid Sweden UniversityMälardalen UniversityNationalmuseumNordic Council of MinistersNordic MuseumRed Cross University CollegeRISE – Research Institutes of SwedenRoyal College of MusicRoyal Institute of ArtRoyal Institute of TechnologySMHISophiahemmet University CollegeStockholm School of EconomicsStockholm School of Theology Stockholm UniversityStockholm University of the ArtsSwedish Environmental Protection AgencySwedish Museum of Natural HistorySwedish National Defence CollegeSwedish Polar Research SecretariatSödertörn University

The Institute of Language and FolkloreThe Nordic Africa InstituteThe Swedish Agency for Marine and Water ManagementThe Swedish National Road and Transport Research InstituteThe Swedish School of Sport and Health SciencesUmeå UniversityUniversity College of Arts Crafts and Design University of BoråsUniversity of GävleUniversity of SkövdeUniversity WestUppsala UniversityÖrebro University

Slide35

Publications

available from DiVA portal - articles, dissertations, reports, journals, conference papers, research data etc.

DiVA Portal

-275

000 full

texts

-47

milj

downloads

during 2016

Slide36

Open accessfreely available publications

Dissemination

Long-term preservation, persistent links http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-7490

Digital archiving

Profile-/web pages at UUe.g. ”Medarbetarportalen”

SwePub LIBRIS

essays.se,dissertations.se

DRIVER/ OpenAIRE

Google Scholar etc.

Link

to

webshop

Evaluation

, statistics,

annual

reviews

E-

posting

doctoral

theses

How

DiVA is

used

Research data

Slide37

Open

Access to research data

(

example

from DiVA)

Slide38

Research

results

are often discussed in social media – altmetrics score available from DiVA (articles with DOI)

Slide39

Today’s

complex world of scientific publishing

Open Access

Open Science

Peer-review

Open peer-review

Self-archiving

Open Repositories

CC-BY-license

Embargo

Impact factor

Norwegian list of journals

DiVA

Evaluation

Citation

Altmetrics

Research data

ResearchGate

Grey zone OA-publishers

Preprint

Hybrid journals

APCs

Research funders

Policies

&

mandates

Slide40

Thank

you!

Welcome

to

contact

us

!

DiVA and

Open

access:

diva-helpdesk@ub.uu.se

Thesis

production

, templates

avhandling@ub.uu.se

Read

more

about

Open

Access and DiVA:

https

://mp.uu.se/c/perm/link?p=1323551

Aina Svensson,

Electronic Publishing Centre

Uppsala University

Library


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