Poetic Elements/ Figurative Language
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Poetic Elements/ Figurative LanguageSlide2
Although these elements are
found in poems, that’s not the
type of literature where they exist. They could be in fictional stories, non-fiction, etc.Slide3
Words used to create a special effect or description. These words don’t mean what they first appear to mean.
Figurative language makes writing interesting and unique.
The opposite of figurative language is
, which is saying EXACTLY what you mean.Slide4
Literal or Figurative?
1. She can run fast. Literal. ↑2. She can run as fast as a cheetah driving a Ferrari. Figurative. ↑Which way is more creative?Slide5
Simile – a comparison of two UNLIKE things using
“She is as bright as a star.”
What is this person trying to say about her?Slide6
Metaphor – comparison of two UNLIKE things NOT using
“The teacher is a monster!”
What is this person trying to say about the teacher?Slide7
Extended Metaphor- a comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem. It is often comprised of more than one sentence and sometimes consists of a full paragraph.
Why is it difficult to provide a quick example of this?Slide8
Hyperbole – an exaggeration in order to emphasize something.
“He is faster than lightning!”
Is he really faster than lightning?
What is this person trying to say about him?Slide9
Imagery-using the 5 senses (touch, see, smell, hear, taste) in order to describe something.
“The bright blue ocean sparkled as the hot sunshine warmed the water. The salty smell of seaweed drifted into town.”
What is this person trying to show you?
What senses do these words appeal to?Slide10
Symbol- something concrete (can be touched) that represents something abstract (an idea).
“A heart represents love.”
Which word in the example is the “concrete” part of the symbol?
Which word in the example is the “abstract” part of the symbol?Slide11
Tone-how the author feels, or the emotion the author is trying to portray through his/her writing.
It’s not just what you say, it’s how you say it!
“I hate this stupid computer! I want to break it into a million pieces!”
What is the tone? How do you know?Slide12
Onomatopoeia- words that sound like the sounds they are describing.
1. “The basketball swished through the net.”
2. “Squish. I stepped in mud!”
Which words in the above examples mimic the sound they are describing?Slide13
Alliteration- the repetition of sounds at the beginning of words that are near each other.
Carrie's cat clawed her couch, creating chaos.
What sound is repeated?Slide14
Rhyme- Two or more words that end with the same sound
1. “Mary had a little lamb,
His fleece was white as snow,
And everywhere that Mary went,
The lamb was sure to go.”
2. “teacher, bleacher, feature, creature, preacher”
Which words rhyme in the above examples?Slide15
Personification- giving human qualities to non-human things in order to better describe them.
“The trees danced in the wind as the sun smiled through the clouds.”
Which non-human things are being personified? How do you know?Slide16
Stanza- poetry’s version of a paragraph. Authors can create them wherever they want. They can be any length or number of lines. This isn’t really a “poetic element,” but it is something you need to know in order to analyze and describe poems!
“I walked into the room
And found my friend there.
He looked really weird
Because he had no hair.”
How many stanzas are in this poem? How can you tell when one stanza ends and the other begins?Slide17
Poems have themes, too!
What is a theme? Write your own definition (or look up the definition
from last week’s notes).Slide18Slide19Slide20Slide21Slide22Slide23Slide24Slide25