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liane-varnes | 2018-03-09 | General

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Fall 2010. Lecture . 7. N. Harvey. TexPoint. fonts used in EMF. . Read the . TexPoint. manual before you delete this box. .: . A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. Covering Hemispheres by Ellipsoids. Let . ID: 644733

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Slide1

Slide9

C&O 355Mathematical ProgrammingFall 2010Lecture 7

N. Harvey

TexPoint

fonts used in EMF.

Read the

TexPoint

manual before you delete this box

.:

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

Slide2Covering Hemispheres by EllipsoidsLet B

= { unit ball }.Let Hu = { x : x

T

u

¸0 }, where kuk=1.Find a small ellipsoid B’ that covers BÅH.

B

B’

u

H

u

Slide3Rank-1 UpdatesDef: Let z be a column vector and

® a scalar.A matrix of the form is called a rank-1 update matrix.

Claim 1:

Suppose

® -1/zTz. Then where ¯ = -®/(1+®z

Tz).Claim 2: If ®¸

-1/zT z then is PSD.

If ®>-1/zT

z then is PD.Claim 3:

Slide4Main Theorem:Let B = { x : k

xk·1 } and Hu = { x : x

T

u

¸0 }, where kuk=1.Let and .Let B’ = E( M, b ). Then: 1) B

Å Hu µ B’. 2)

Remark:

This notation only makes sense if M is positive definite. Claim 2 on rank-1 updates shows that it is, assuming n

¸

2.

Slide5Covering Half-ellipsoids by Ellipsoids

Let

E

be an ellipsoid centered at

z

Let

H

a

= { x :

a

T

x

¸

a

T

z

}

Find a small ellipsoid

E’

that covers

E

Å

H

a

E

E’

z

H

a

Slide6Use our solution for hemispheres!

Goal

Find an affine map

f

and choose u such that: f(B) = E and

f(Hu) =

HaDefine

E’ = f(B’).

Claim: E’ is an ellipsoid.Claim: E

Å Ha µ E’.

E

E’

z

B

B’

H

u

H

a

Slide7Choosing u

E

E’

z

B

B’

H

u

H

a

Assume E=E(

N,z

) and consider the map

f

(x) = N

1/2

x

+

z.

In Lecture 6 we showed that

E

=

f

(

B

).

Now choose

u

such that

f

(

H

u

) =

H

a

.

H

a

= { x :

a

T

(x-z)

¸

0 }

H

u

= { x :

u

T

x

¸

0 }

)

take u = N

1/2

a

Slide8Slide9

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