SOCCER Coach  Jett History Of Soccer

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Soccer was started in the early third and second centuries B.C. It was used by the “. Han Dynasty” . as a exercise for their military.. They called it “Cuju”. They would take a leather ball and kick it threw a gap in a piece of cloth. . ID: 737053 Download Presentation

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SOCCER Coach Jett History Of Soccer

Soccer was started in the early third and second centuries B.C. It was used by the “. Han Dynasty” . as a exercise for their military.. They called it “Cuju”. They would take a leather ball and kick it threw a gap in a piece of cloth. .

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SOCCER Coach Jett History Of Soccer




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Slide1

SOCCER

Coach Jett

Slide2

History Of Soccer

Soccer was started in the early third and second centuries B.C. It was used by the “Han Dynasty” as a exercise for their military.They called it “Cuju”They would take a leather ball and kick it threw a gap in a piece of cloth.

Slide3

History Continued…..

The first soccer balls were made out of a pigs bladder.The bigger the bladder the bigger the actual ball.The first official soccer ball was made by Charles Goodyear in 1855 and was made out of vulcanized Rubber.

Slide4

History Continued…..

Modern soccer was created in England in the 18th century. The game of soccer is thought to have been brought to

England by Emperor Claudius and the Romans in 45AD.

It has since been the world’s most popular sport.

It is referred to as

futbol

in most countries

.

Slide5

History cont.

Futbol was first associated with rugby, until the teams split away and created their own rules. When they split away they called the game “soccer” to not be associated with rugby anymore.12 London clubs created the first set of soccer rules in 1863.The 12 teams formed a governing body called the football association.

The first official soccer match took place in

Battersea park, London

between England and Scotland in 1872.

Slide6

History Continued…..

In 1904 the Federation International Football Association “FIFA” was created in Paris. Which is still the Governing body of the soccer world today.The founding members of “FIFA” were

France, Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden

and

Switzerland.

Slide7

History Continued…..

“FIFA” created their own tournament called the “World Cup”.The first World Cup was played in Uruguay in 1930 at

Montevideo

stadium. The stadium still stands to this day.

13 teams participated in the event, including 1 from the USA

.

Slide8

History Continued….

Soccer moved to the USA in the early 1900s.In 1913 the first USA Futbol Association was formed called the “USFA”Soccer in known through out the world as “Futbol” but in the USA it is still called soccer.

Slide9

Objectives of the Game

Offensive – maintain possession of the ball until an attempt can be made to score.Defensive – contain the opponents and the ball until it can taken away.

Slide10

Soccer Field Dimensions

Slide11

17 Rules Of Soccer

Rule : 1 Soccer can be played on either grass or artificial turf, but the surface must be green in color. The field must be rectangular in shape, and distinctly marked by two short goal lines and two long-touch lines. The field is divided into halves, separated by the halfway line, which runs from the midpoints of each touchline. At the midpoint of the halfway line is a marked center point surrounded by a lined center circle with a radius of 10 yards. Opposing players are not allowed to enter this circle during the possessing team’s kick-off. The length of the touch line must be greater than the length of the goal line.

Field

Regulation lengths are:

Touch line: Minimum (100 yards), maximum (130 yards)

Width (goal line): Minimum (50

yds

), maximum (100

yds

).

At each end of the field is an eight-yard-wide goal centered along the goal line.

Six yards from each goal post along the goal line and six yards out into the field (perpendicular to the goal line) is the goal box.

Extending 18 yards from each goal post along the goal line and 18 yards out into the field (perpendicular to the goal line) is the penalty box.

In each of the four corners of the field is a five-foot-high corner flag.

Slide12

Rules 2 and 3

2: THE BALLA soccer ball must be spherical in shape and made of leather or another comparable medium. Its circumference must be in the range of 27 to 28 inches. This rule is only applicable for official sanctioned matches, as youth leagues often employ the use of a smaller ball that is better suited to children.

3: NUMBER OF PLAYERS

Matches are generally played by two teams of 7 to a side. The goalkeeper is included in the 7 player total.

Right back

“Defender”

Left back

“Defender”

Half/Center back back

“Defender”

Right wing back

“Defender”

Left wing back

“Defender”

Right winger

“Midfielders”

Defending/holding

“Midfielders”

Centre forward

“Striker”

Withdrawn striker

Central midfielder

Attacking Midfielder

Left winger

“Midfielders”

Goalie

Slide13

Soccer positions on the field

Slide14

Rules 4 and 5

4: EQUIPMENT All players are required to wear a jersey, shorts, shin guards, socks and cleats. The socks must cover the shin guards entirely. If the referee deems a player’s equipment unsatisfactory, the player can be sent off until the issue is remedied.

5: THE REFEREE

The referee is the authority on the field, and his word is law.

Slide15

Rules 6 and 7

6: ASSISTANT REFEREESThe assistant referees are primarily responsible for assisting the referee in performing his duties – this includes signaling with a flag when a ball goes of play, when a player is fouled, or when a player is in an offside position.

7: TIME OF MATCHES

A soccer match is comprised of two 45-minute halves, with extra time added for each at the referee’s discretion. The halves are separated by a half-time period not to exceed 15 minutes. The extra time generally corresponds with the referee’s determination of how much time was taken up due to substitutions and injuries. The amount of extra time is announced and displayed at the half line at the end of each 45-minute period. Although soccer does have an allotted time limit, it is ultimately up to the referee’s as to when to end a match.

Slide16

Rules 8 and 9

8: START AND RESTART OF PLAY

Kick-off is generally determined by a coin toss, whereby the winning team can either choose to start with the ball or choose which goal they would like to attack. The losing team is then afforded whatever choice the winner does not elect to take. Kick-off occurs at the start of each half, and after each goal scored, and is taken at the center of the halfway line. If a team scores a goal, the opposing team is given the kick-off to restart the match.

9: BALL IN AND OUT OF PLAY

The ball is out of play when it fully crosses either the goal line or the touch line. It is also out of play if the referee stops play for any reason. If, for any reason, the ball strikes the frame of the goal or the referee and remains within the goal and touch lines, it is still in play.

Slide17

Rules 10 and 11

10: METHOD OF SCORINGA goal is scored when the entire ball has crossed the goal line within the frame of the goal. At the end of the match, the team with the most goals is the winner, barring the circumstantial necessity for extra time.

11: OFFSIDE

When an attacking player receives the ball while on his opponents half, he must be level or behind the second to last defender (the last typically being the goalkeeper). However, this rule only applies if he is involved with the play.

Slide18

Rule 12: Fouls And Misconduct

A direct free kick is awarded when a player:Kicks or attempts to kick an opponentTrips or attempts to trip an opponentJumps at an opponent

Charges an opponent

Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent

Pushes an opponent

Tackles an opponent

Holds an opponent

Spits at an opponent

Handles the ball deliberately

If any of these fouls are committed by a player in their team’s penalty area, the opposing team is awarded a penalty kick.

Indirect free kicks are awarded if a player:

Plays in a dangerous manner

Impedes the progress of an opponent

Prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his/her hands

Slide19

Rule 12 Continued…

Yellow cards are awarded as a caution or warning to a player and can be issued for the following offenses:Unsporting behavior

Dissent by word or action

Persistent infringement of the Laws of the Game

Delaying the restart of play

Failure to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner kick, free kick, or throw-in

Entering or re-entering the field of play without the referee’s permission

deliberately leaving the field of play without the referee’s permissio

n

Red cards

are used to send a player off the field, and can be issued for the following offenses:

Serious foul play

Violent conduct

Spitting at an opponent or any other person

Denying the opposing team a goal or an obvious goal-scoring opportunity by deliberately handling the ball (the goalkeeper being an exception)

Denying an obvious goal-scoring opportunity to an opponent moving towards the player’s goal by an offense punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick

Using offensive or abusive language and/or gestures

Receiving a second caution (yellow card) in the same match

Slide20

Rules 13 and 14

13: FREE KICKSFree Kick is broken into two categories, direct and indirect. A direct kick can be shot directly into the opponent’s goal without touching another player. An indirect free kick is indicated by the referee raising his hand during the kick. An indirect kick can only go into the goal if it has subsequently been touched by another player before it enters the goal. The ball must be stationary for both types of kicks.

14: PENALTY KICKS

A penalty kick is awarded either when a defensive player fouls an attacking player or commits a handball in his/her team’s penalty area. The penalty kick is placed at the penalty spot, and all players on both teams must remain outside the penalty box during the shot. They may enter the box immediately after the shot is taken. The goalkeeper may move horizontally along the goal line before the shot is taken, but he/she may not come off the line until the ball is struck.

Slide21

Rules 15 and 16

15: THROW INA throw-in is awarded when the possessing team kicks the ball out of bounds over the touchline. While taking a throw-in, a player must release the ball with both hands simultaneously and keep both feet firmly planted on the ground. If these conditions are not met, play is stopped and the throw-in is given to the opposing team. Players are not allowed to score directly off a throw-in.

16: GOAL KICK

A goal kick is awarded when the offensive team plays the ball out of bounds over the defensive team’s goal line. After the ball is out of play, the defender or goalkeeper may place the ball anywhere within the six-yard goal box and kick the ball back into play.

Slide22

RULE 17

17: CORNER KICKA corner kick is awarded to the offensive team when the defensive team plays the ball out of bounds over its goal line. The ball is placed within the corner area and is kicked back into play by the offensive team. Players can score directly off a corner kick.

Slide23

Soccer Skills

9 Skills Of Soccer We Will Learn In ClassDribblingPassingTrappingJuggling

Lifting

Tackling

Kicking

Goal keepingPunting

Slide24

Dribbling

The purpose of dribbling is to advance the soccer ball down the field under full control to set up for a pass or a shot on goal.The inside and outside of the foot are the most common surfaces for dribbling the soccer ball.

Most important parts of dribbling.

Point of contact

Keeping your eyes up

Ankle locked

Keep the ball close to your

body – caress it.

Force applied to the ball.

Slide25

Passing

Most important parts of passing.Kick with the side of your foot.Keep your ankle lockedPlant your non kicking foot 3-6 inches beside the ball.

How much force used

Contacting the ball in the right spot

Good pass and follow through.

The purpose of passing is to advance the soccer ball down the field to an advantageous position.

Advancing the soccer ball to a teammate to set up for a shot on goal.

Outside the foot pass is for passes with more force.

Inside the foot pass is for “push passing” the soccer ball to a closer teammate.

Slide26

Trapping

The purpose of trapping is to stop or slow the ball down when it reaches you.Three main trapsInside the foot trapOutside the foot trapWedge trap

Even though these are the main three there are multiple ways to “catch” a soccer ball including your legs and torso.

Main points of trapping a soccer ball.

Be in line with the ball

Keep your eyes on the ball as it travels towards you.

When wedge trapping keep your toes higher then your heel.

Cushion the ball when it arrives.

Slide27

Soccer Ball Juggling/lifting

The purpose of juggling and lifting the soccer ball is to improve your overall control of the ball and to increase the confidence of a player.

Another main purpose is to increase your eye/foot coordination.

Slide28

Tackling

The purpose of tackling is to win the ball away from an opponent by taking it away without committing a foul.

Always go for the ball not the opponent.

Don’t lean in, wait for your opportunity.

Slide29

Instep Kicking

The purpose of kicking is to advance the ball to another spot on the field and to make a shot on goal.

Main kicking cues is to

Approach the ball at a 45 degree angle.

Plant non kicking foot 6-10 inches beside the ball.

Make contact with the top of your foot, towards the laces.

Have your arms out for balance

Keep your knees bent

Make contact in the middle of the ball.

Keep your toes down.

Follow through with the kicking leg.

If you hit the ball well enough you will land back on your kicking leg.

Slide30

Goalkeeping

The purpose of goalkeeping is to keep the other team from scoring any points.The goalie is the only person that can use their hands.The goalie has to keep his weight evenly distributed.He/she has to be light on their toes.

The goalie has to research his opponents to try and anticipate their shot.

Absorb the force of the kick with your hands and then cushion it with your forearms, biceps and your chest.

Slide31

Punting

THE MAIN Purpose OF PUNTING THE BALL IS FOR DISTANCE AND TO ADVANCE THE BALL DOWN THE FIELD AND LET YOUR TEAM GAIN SOME TERRITORY ON YOUR OPPONENT. MOST GOALIES CAN PUNT THE BALL ALMOST TO THE OTHER SIDE OF THE FIELD.The only person that can punt the ball is the goalie.

Slide32

Soccer Strategies

OFFENSIVE STRATEGIESAlways keep moving, never stop and just stand there.You will not always have the ball so move around and get open for it to be passed to you.

Keep the ball wide to spread out the defense.

When the defense is spread out and the lanes are open take your shot.

DEFENSIVE STRATEGIES

Position yourself in front of the offensive player to delay them from receiving the ball.

If possible stay close to your teammates to limit space for passes and shots on goal.

Be aggressive and force your opponent to make mistakes.

Never over play the ball

Watch your opponents torso not the ball

Protect all areas of the field.

If the ball gets passed you retreat back to help the goalie.

Slide33

Player Positions

ATTACKERS – Set up scoring opportunities and scorePenetrating and passing the ball around in penalty areaPerform restartsPressure opponents if they gain possession

Slide34

Player Positions

Midfielders – Support the attackers on offenseSet up scoring opportunities and taking shots outside the penalty area

Overlapping the attack area

Delaying opponents if they gain control

Receiving goal kicks

Taking throw ins

Slide35

Player Positions

DEFENDERS - Support midfielders when attackingFunnel toward goal and congest it

Support teammate and challenge for the ball when 60/40 midfield

Clear ball out of scoring area

Position wide for counter attack when gaining control of the ball

Slide36

Terminology

CHIP – lofting the ball in the airCLEAR

playing the ball a great distance

CORNER KICK

a direct free kick awarded on the arc when the defense last played the ball over the end line

Slide37

Terminology

DIRECT FREE KICK – A free kick from a score may resultDROP BALL – restarting the game after suspension of playINDIRECT FREE KICK –

A free kick in which another player must contact the ball before a score

Slide38

Terminology

PENALTY AREA – the large rectangular area in front of the goal where the goalie is allowed to use his/her hands.

PENALTY KICK –

A free kick awarded for a foul in the penalty area.

Slide39

Terminology

TACKLE – a technique used for taking a ball away from the opponent.THROW IN – technique used for restarting the game when the ball goes out of bounds.

Slide40

Dribbling - Beginning

READY– move directly behind ball with the NK foot behind and to the side of the ball. The kicking foot will be raised slightly off the ground and placed on the ball in various places depending on the desired direction.

Slide41

Dribbling - Middle

The MOTION of the body is in continuous action making repetitive taps.Provide force and/or absorption.The speed of the runner and oncoming ball will help determine force.

Slide42

Dribbling – Ending

Contacting the ball on top keeps it close to the bodyContacting it in the middle moves it forwardContacting it low will lift the ball in the airAs always the angle of the foot and point of contact on the ball will determine the direction. F-THRU

Slide43

Teamwork and Sportsmanship

Teamwork is one of the most important parts of soccer. You can not win a game by yourself it takes a lot of help from your teammates. To be a good teammate you need to encourage the other players and display good sportsmanship while having a great attitude.

Slide44

References

The Physical Education Handbook – 9th ed. – Schmottlack, N. & McManama

, J. 1997.

Slide45

Quiz

#1Name the force used for each of the following kicks. (soft, medium or hard)A. DribbleB. Short passes

C. Long clears

D. Goal shots

Slide46

Quiz

#2Explain 2 goalie techniques#3Pick a skill and describe it in detail

BEGINNING - Grip/stance - ready

MIDDLE - Motion

ENDING - Follow through

Slide47

Quiz

#4 – Who invented soccer?# 5 – What is soccer called?# 6 – Which skill uses a “tap” and has a purpose of moving the ball down the field while keeping it close to the body?

# 7 – What is it called when you take the ball away?

Slide48

Quiz

# 8 – What are the 3 field positions?# 9 – What is the area called where the goalie can use his/her hands?#10 – What is it called to get the ball all the way down the field in one kick?

Slide49

ALL DONE – go have FUN!