British Conquest

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Comparison of Virginia to New France. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1pSdmu2dw74. Comparison of Virginia to New France. Map comparison. Pontiacs rebellion. What is it ?. Key vocab p142. Assimilation . ID: 545978 Download Presentation

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British Conquest




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Presentations text content in British Conquest

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British Conquest

Slide2

Comparison of Virginia to New France

Slide3

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1pSdmu2dw74

Comparison of Virginia to New France

Slide4

Map comparison

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Pontiacs rebellion

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What is it ?Key vocab p142Assimilation Constitution

Royal Proclamation 1763

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Test act – if French Catholics want to keep their position of power they have to renounce their faith. No new Catholics into the colonyCreate Protestant schools favour British immigrationCreate Townships instead of seigneuries. Giving Aboriginals land and forbid Europeans to settle there.

What changes do the British want to put in place in Quebec?

Read through page 144 and make a list

Slide9

What do the

Canadiens think of these changes?

The Peasants

The Merchants

The Clergy

The Nobility

Slide10

What do the

Canadiens think of these changes?

The Peasants

Having the

british

take over the land isn’t really a problem for us. We can still speak our language and believe in our own religion because we rarely encounter the mighty and better than the

french

british

.

Slide11

What do the Canadiens think of these changes?

The Merchants

Us competing with the British is becoming increasingly difficult. Trading with the aboriginals is starting to become harder because they now can trade between both us and the

brits

.

Slide12

What do the

Canadiens think of these changes?

The Clergy

I am not happy about the

english

coming here and taking over, because they don’t believe in the holy roman catholic church. My fellow catholic clergymen from

france

are no longer able to come to Canada.

We are no longer going to be able to spread the catholic faith.

Slide13

What do the

Canadiens think of these changes?

The Nobility

We the Nobility have lost all our power in Quebec. That is one of the reasons why I dislike the British. I’m going to where I will have power. I was born to lead not to work.

Slide14

The peasants : not really botheredThe clergy: their concern is the catholic faith and not being able to grow as a church.The merchants: the competition with the british ( Fur Trade)The nobility: Very concerned with loss of power, privilege and position.

Describe the attitude of each of the social groups ?

Slide15

Concession: giving in to an argument and finding a new middle ground. Rights: That which is just, morally good, legal, proper, or fitting.Prominent: p 152. Read through p 150- 153

New Vocabulary

Slide16

The Royal Proclamation of 1763French Catholics not allowed positions of powerNo new Catholics into the colonyCreate Protestant schools Favour British immigrationCreate Townships instead of seigneuries. Giving Aboriginals land and forbid Europeans to settle there.

What concessions were made to the royal proclamation in order to keep the peace?

1766 The governor relaxed the rules and let the Canadiens keep their catholic faith

1764 – Test Act

The governor relaxed the rules and let the Canadiens keep their position if they become protestant

Slide17

The Conquest Review

Canadiens:

Reactions

were not generally favourable, Murray pushed Britain to relax some laws

.

He hoped the Canadiens would eventually have loyalty to the British King.

Postponed creation of legislative, due to the Test Act.

Pushed for the appointment of a Bishop.

Canadiens wanted more power, old borders, and the return of tithes.

Some British were upset with Murray.

Slide18

Meanwhile in the Thirteen

Colonies…

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HlUiSBXQHCw

Slide19

Britain feared further unrest in the colonies. Were not allowed to expand West, then forced to help pay for the 7 Years War.“No Taxation without representation.”

Slide20

Think of the Thirteen colonies as a teenager ready to leave home!

I’ve had enough of YOU and living under YOUR roof with YOUR rules

I can make my own money and take care of myself!! You just wait and see...

Who is going to take care of you? And protect you? Who is going to give you money and help you make the right decisions?

Slide21

France and the French were no longer a threat in New France so they no longer needed the protection of the British army.They has also established their own trade networks within the colonies and so didn't rely on Britain to buy their products ( this was against British mercantilism)

How the thirteen colonies saw their connection to Britain

Slide22

Britain had spent a lot of money of the seven years war and need to tax the colonies to make their money back. The Thirteen Colonies were not happy with the fact they had no say or control of the decision being made. They refused to buy British goods: which is called boycotting.The British are not too pleased with this.

How the thirteen colonies saw their connection to Britain

Slide23

The Canadiens were still not happy with how they were being governedProminent Canadiens petitioned the British Crown for a better compromise. Compare the changes in the Quebec Act of 1774 ( p 156)

Quebec act 1774

Royal Proclamation 1763

Change or continuity ( same)

Quebec Act of 1774

Slide24

Royal Proclamation 1763

Change or continuity ( same)

Quebec Act of 1774

French Catholics not allowed positions of power.

Change

French

Catholics were allowed to join the council and the colonial admin

2. No new Catholics into the colony

Continuity

3.

Create Protestant schools

Change

Allowed to

practice catholic faith ( teaching)

Catholics could impose tithes .

4.

Favour British immigration

Continuity

5. Create Townships instead of

seigneuries

Change

but continuity of British criminal laws

French civil law were fully

reestablised

*** British law were maintained.

6. Giving Aboriginals land and forbid Europeans to settle there.

Continuity

Slide25

P 157 Write three sentence summarizing how the Canadiens felt about the Quebec Act of 1774 and how the British loyalist felt about it.

Reactions to the Quebec Act 1774

Slide26

Film the Patriot – How much of the film?History channel the History about ushttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D6z-YVGgCCA

American revolution and war of independence

Slide27

I n 1774 what did the insurgents ask the inhabitants of Quebec? Were they successful?The insurgents asked Quebec if they wanted to join the rebellion against the British, because the majority of Canadien were happy with the Quebec Act.The invasion of the province of Quebec

American

revolution and its effects on Quebec

Slide28

Cause and effect of the American Revolution

American point of viewThey asked for independence, freedom and power. Wanted Canadians to join them in their rebellion.

British point of viewThey didn’t want either colonies to rebel. They hoped to stop the rebels

American actionsStarted a war against Britain. wanted Quebec to join them. Quebec didn’t. invaded Montreal.

British actionsPrevented the inhabitants of Quebec from revolting by lifting laws using the Quebec act

Effect onGovernment Because there are now more loyalist in Quebec. They side with the British party and want British government established.

Effect on EconomyThe British lost a great deal of territory ( Ohio valley) and this impacted the fur trade negatively.

Effect onTerritory Ohio valley belongs to The USA.Loyalist settle all over Canada and created Townships

Effect on Population7000 loyalist settled in the Quebec territory.Loyalist took the side of British Canadians.

Revolutionary War 1775- 1783

p158-161

Slide29

Definition of a loyalist

Loyalist in Quebec

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What does it mean to be apart of a nation?

Slide38

What does it mean to be apart of a nation?

Slide39

p4

National belonging

Slide40

http://www.readersdigest.ca/travel/canada/13-strange-canadian-laws-you-never-knew-existed

Strange Canadian laws

Slide41

Legislative Assemblies : persons who make or amend or repeal laws.

Who makes these laws? Why is this important?

Slide42

Legislative Assembly

How it worked?

Slide43

How far are you willing to fight for democracy?The Canadiens sent a petition to Britain asking for the creation of a legislative assembly made up of both British colonist and Canadiens. In 1791, Britain agreed and passed the Constitutional Act.

Loyalist and Constitution of 1791

Slide44

Lower CanadaUpper CanadaFrench CanadiansBritish Colonists/AnglophoneCatholicProtestantFrench Civil code, British criminal codeBritish Civil/Criminal CodeSeigneurial system of land distributionTownshipsLegislative Assembly: CanadiensLegislative Assembly primarily British origin

Upper vs. Lower Canada

The Constitutional Act of 1791

Divided up upper and lower Canada

And created a Parliamentary system

Now for the first time the population elected members to represent them in the legislative Assembly.

Slide45

Liberalism

Liberalism

(social/political/economic):

Democracy;

free

and fair

elections;

Capitalism;

F

reedom

of

religion;

Freedom of expression;

Equality;

Right to vote (for some).

Slide46

Liberalism

Liberalism

is

the belief in the importance of liberty and equal rights

.

Generally support the following:

Constitutionalism (fundamental laws),

l

iberal

democracy,

free

and fair elections,

human

rights,

capitalism

,

and

freedom of

religion.

Why would this become the new theory/ideal?

Slide47

Classwork

Questions

(approximately 10 minutes).

Page 10, # 2

In Our Day, page 11.

Page 12, #3

Slide48

Parliament: Battle and the Press

Battles:

Choosing the speaker of the house (first was a

Canadiens choice).

Speaker's

duty

is to

interpret

rules

impartially, to maintain order, and to defend the rights and privileges of Members, including the right to freedom of speech

.

Language: Canadiens wanted bilingualism, Britain agreed only to have laws translated.

Slide49

Parliament: Battle and the Press

In 1805, disagreement

about financing prisons – created to parties – Parti canadien, and British Party.

Newspapers became very important during this time period – members of the assembly used them to spread their ideas and political demands.

The Quebec Mercury – British

Le Canadien - French

Slide50


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