Countries using and planning to introduce IPV

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Countries using and planning to introduce IPV




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Presentations text content in Countries using and planning to introduce IPV

Slide1

Countries using and

planning to introduce IPV

and the global status of

bOPV

registration

Slide2

Countries using and planning to introduce IPVMarch 2016 April 2016 status report

This slide deck provides a summary per country on the status of planning for the introduction of Inactivated Poliomyelitis Vaccine (IPV).

It also includes a summary of the global status of national registration of bivalent Oral Polio Vaccine (

bOPV

), in preparation for the switch from trivalent OPV (

tOPV

) to

bOPV

.

Information here is updated monthly based on information shared by WHO and UNICEF Regional Offices. Please contact

polio2@who.int

with any questions or updates on this data.

Definitions

Formal decision

to introduce:

The country has documentation of its decision to introduce IPV which has been verified by the relevant WHO Regional Office, or for

Gavi

eligible countries, a complete application for IPV has been submitted to the

Gavi

Secretariat.

Intent

to introduce:

The country has informally indicated that it plans to introduce IPV, e.g. planning an application to Gavi, or by requesting technical assistance to develop an IPV introduction plan.

Tracking

these decisions and informal intents provide an indication of the global trend towards meeting the targets of the

Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan

.

Slide3

Countries using IPV vaccine to date

and formal decision to introduce

Since January 2013, the following countries have introduced IPV: Kazakhstan, Peru & Singapore (July 2013); Micronesia (August 2013); Libya (April 2014); Albania & Panama (May 2014); Nepal & Tunisia (September 2014); Philippines (October 2014); China (December 2014); Comoros, Senegal & Serbia (January 2015); Colombia & Nigeria (February 2015); Bangladesh & Maldives (March 2015); DR Congo, DPR Korea & The Gambia (April 2015); Madagascar (May 2015); Cote d'Ivoire, Grenada, Kiribati, Morocco, St Vincent and the Grenadines & Sudan (June 2015); Bhutan, Cameroon, Niger, Pakistan, Philippines & Sri Lanka (July 2015); Benin, Chad, Papua New Guinea, The Former Yug. Rep. of Macedonia (August 2015); Afghanistan, CAR, Dominica, Guyana, Iran, Jamaica, Seychelles & Solomon Islands (September 2015); Bahamas, Lao People's Dem Rep, Nauru, Samoa (October 2015); Antigua and Barbuda, Botswana, Burundi, Cook Islands, Guinea, India, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, St Lucia, Suriname, Tuvalu, Vanuatu & Yemen (November 2015); Algeria, Belize, Cambodia, Dominical Rep, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Honduras, Kenya, Myanmar, Paraguay, St Kitts & Nevis, S. Sudan, Thailand, Tonga & Trinidad & Tobago (December 2015); Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Iraq & Venezuela (Bolivian Rep of) (January 2016); Azerbaijan, Bolivia & Timor-Leste (February 2016); Chile & Mali (March 2016)

Data source: WHO/IVB Database, as of 01 April 2016

Map production Immunization Vaccines and Biologicals (IVB),

World Health Organization

Date of slide: 1 April 2016

The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. ©WHO 2016. All rights reserved.

Introduced to date*

(162 countries or 84%)

(25 countries or 13%)

Introduction delayed in 2017

Not available

Not applicable

(7 countries or

4

%)

Formal commitment to introduce in 2016

* Including partial introduction in Haiti, India & Venezuela

Slide4

IPV introduction status and planned introduction

in 2016-2017

Data source: WHO/IVB Database, as of 01 April 2016

Map production Immunization Vaccines and Biologicals (IVB),

World Health Organization

Date of slide: 1 April 2016

The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. ©WHO 2016. All rights reserved.

Introduced to date*

(162 countries or 84%)

Introduction planned between May and September 2016

(7 countries or 4%)

Not available

Not applicable

Since January 2013, the following countries have introduced IPV: Kazakhstan, Peru & Singapore (July 2013); Micronesia (August 2013); Libya (April 2014); Albania & Panama (May 2014); Nepal & Tunisia (September 2014); Philippines (October 2014); China (December 2014); Comoros, Senegal & Serbia (January 2015); Colombia & Nigeria (February 2015); Bangladesh & Maldives (March 2015); DR Congo, DPR Korea & The Gambia (April 2015); Madagascar (May 2015); Cote d'Ivoire, Grenada, Kiribati, Morocco, St Vincent and the Grenadines & Sudan (June 2015); Bhutan, Cameroon, Niger, Pakistan, Philippines & Sri Lanka (July 2015); Benin, Chad, Papua New Guinea, The Former Yug. Rep. of Macedonia (August 2015); Afghanistan, CAR, Dominica, Guyana, Iran, Jamaica, Seychelles & Solomon Islands (September 2015); Bahamas, Lao People's Dem Rep, Nauru, Samoa (October 2015); Antigua and Barbuda, Botswana, Burundi, Cook Islands, Guinea, India, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, St Lucia, Suriname, Tuvalu, Vanuatu & Yemen (November 2015); Algeria, Belize, Cambodia, Dominical Rep, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Honduras, Kenya, Myanmar, Paraguay, St Kitts & Nevis, S. Sudan, Thailand, Tonga & Trinidad & Tobago (December 2015); Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Iraq & Venezuela (Bolivian Rep of) (January 2016); Azerbaijan, Bolivia & Timor-Leste (February 2016); Chile & Mali (March 2016)

Introduction planned in April 2016

(10 countries or 5%)

Introduction planned in 2017

* Including partial introduction in Haiti, India & Venezuela

(15 countries or 7%)

Slide5

* Including partial introduction in Haiti, India & Venezuela

Countries using IPV vaccine to date and introductions planned according to Gavi eligibility status

Data source: WHO/IVB Database, as of 01 April 2016

Map production Immunization Vaccines and Biologicals (IVB),

World Health Organization

Date of slide: 1 April 2016

The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. ©WHO 2016. All rights reserved.

Introduced to date*

(162 countries or 84%)

Gavi

countries with formal commitment to introduce in 2016-2017

(26 countries or 13%)

Non

Gavi

countries with formal commitment to introduce in 2016-2017

(6 countries or 3%)

Not available

Not applicable

Since January 2013, the following countries have introduced IPV: Kazakhstan, Peru & Singapore (July 2013); Micronesia (August 2013); Libya (April 2014); Albania & Panama (May 2014); Nepal & Tunisia (September 2014); Philippines (October 2014); China (December 2014); Comoros, Senegal & Serbia (January 2015); Colombia & Nigeria (February 2015); Bangladesh & Maldives (March 2015); DR Congo, DPR Korea & The Gambia (April 2015); Madagascar (May 2015); Cote d'Ivoire, Grenada, Kiribati, Morocco, St Vincent and the Grenadines & Sudan (June 2015); Bhutan, Cameroon, Niger, Pakistan, Philippines & Sri Lanka (July 2015); Benin, Chad, Papua New Guinea, The Former Yug. Rep. of Macedonia (August 2015); Afghanistan, CAR, Dominica, Guyana, Iran, Jamaica, Seychelles & Solomon Islands (September 2015); Bahamas, Lao People's Dem Rep, Nauru, Samoa (October 2015); Antigua and Barbuda, Botswana, Burundi, Cook Islands, Guinea, India, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, St Lucia, Suriname, Tuvalu, Vanuatu & Yemen (November 2015); Algeria, Belize, Cambodia, Dominical Rep, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Honduras, Kenya, Myanmar, Paraguay, St Kitts & Nevis, S. Sudan, Thailand, Tonga & Trinidad & Tobago (December 2015); Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Iraq & Venezuela (Bolivian Rep of) (January 2016); Azerbaijan, Bolivia & Timor-Leste (February 2016); Chile & Mali (March 2016)

Slide6

Tier 1 and 2 Countries using IPV vaccine to date

and formal decision to introduce

Tier 1 countries are countries with cVDPV2 transmission or cVDPV2 reported since 2000 & WPV endemic countries

Tier 2 countries are countries with

cVDPV

1/3 since 2000 or large /Medium size countries

with DTP3 coverage <80% in the past 3 years as per WUENIC

Since January 2013, the following Tier 1 and 2 countries have introduced IPV:The Philippines (October 2014), China (December 2014), Nigeria (February 2015), DR Congo (April 2015), Madagascar (May 2015), Cameroon, Niger and Pakistan (July 2015); Benin, Chad and Papua New Guinea (August 2015); Afghanistan and CAR (September 2015); Lao People's Democratic Republic (October 2015); Guinea, India, Mauritania, Mozambique, Somalia & Yemen (November 2015); Cambodia, Dominican Rep., Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Myanmar & S. Sudan (December 2015); Haiti & Iraq (January 2016); Azerbaijan & Timor-Leste (February 2016); Mali (March 2016)

Data source: WHO/IVB Database, as of 01 April 2016,

based on 36 tier 1 & 2 countriesMap production Immunization Vaccines and Biologicals (IVB),World Health Organization

Date of slide: 1 April 2016

The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. ©WHO 2016. All rights reserved.Introduced to date*

(32 countries or 89%)

Formal commitment to introduce in 2016-2017

Not applicable / not available / not Tier 1 or 2 countries

(4 countries or 11%)

* Including partial introduction in Haiti & India

Slide7

Middle Income Countries using IPV vaccine to date

and formal decision to introduce

Since January 2013, the following MIC have introduced IPV:

Kazakhstan (July 2013); Peru (July 2013); Libya (March 2014); Albania (May 2014); Panama (July 2014); Tunisia (September 2014); Philippines (October 2014); China (December 2014); Senegal (January 2015); Serbia (January 2015); Colombia (February 2015); Maldives (March 2015) and Cote d'Ivoire, Kiribati, Morocco, St Vincent and the Grenadines & Sudan (June 2015); Bhutan, Cameroon, Pakistan & Sri Lanka (July 2015); Papua New Guinea & the former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia (August 2015); Dominica, Guyana, Iran, Jamaica & Solomon Islands (September 2015); Lao People's Democratic Rep & Samoa (October 2015); Botswana, India, Mauritania, Mauritius, Namibia, Nicaragua, St Lucia, Tuvalu , Vanuatu & Yemen (November 2015); Algeria, Belize, Dominican Rep, Ecuador, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Honduras, Kenya, Myanmar, Paraguay, Thailand & Tonga (December 2015); Cuba, El Salvador, Iraq & Guatemala (January 2016); Azerbaijan, Bolivia & Timor-Leste (February 2016)

Data source: WHO/IVB Database, as of 01 April 2016 based on 100

middle income countries (MIC) as per last World Bank classification

Map production Immunization Vaccines and Biologicals (IVB),

World Health Organization

Date of slide: 1 April 2016

The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. ©WHO 2016. All rights reserved.

Introduced to date

(82 countries or 82%)

Formal commitment to introduce in 2016-2017

(18 countries or 18%)

* Including partial introduction in India

Not applicable / not available / Non MIC

(94 countries)

Slide8

Overview of Global birth cohort by

IPV status/tier(100% = 136.1million births in 2015)

Data source: WHO/IVB Database, as of

01 April 2016

and

United Nations, Department of

Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2015). World Population Prospects: The 2015

Revision

Slide9

bOPV registration status for routine immunization

Date of slide: 1 April 2016

The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. ©WHO 2016. All rights reserved.

Approval for use

(141 countries)

Review in progress

(2 countries – Mexico & Russian Federation)

Pending submission

(1 country – Viet Nam)

Not applicable (switch area territories)

Not available/ non switch countries

(46 countries) + 4 countries switching from tOPV to IPV

Data source: WHO/IVB Database, as of 01 April 2016

based on 148 OPV user countries and 7 Territories

Map production Immunization Vaccines and Biologicals (IVB),

World Health Organization


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