Housing Styles. Native American Housing. Tipi, teepee, or tepee . I. deal . portable home, cool in summer and warm in winter. 3 or . 4 poles lashed together at the . top to form a cone shape and covered with hides. ID: 220942
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Native American HousingSlide3
Tipi, teepee, or tepee
Ideal portable home, cool in summer and warm in winter3 or 4 poles lashed together at the top to form a cone shape and covered with hidesentrance faced east to get the morning sunSlide4
Adobe (means “mud brick”)
Made from sand, clay, water, and some kind of organic material (sticks, straw, and/or manure), which builders shape into bricks and dry in the sunExtremely durable and account for some of the oldest existing buildings in the worldSlide5
Construction materials similar to AdobesMulti-level homes built on top of each other into cliffs, caves, and on level grounds.Slide6
Built from young trees that were bent to form a long, rectangular frame with a barrel-shaped roofFrame covered by overlapping strips of barkLong doorways on each endHoused multiple families.Slide7
a frame of arched poles covered with a roofing material made of grass, brush, bark, rushes, mats, reeds, hides or clothConstruction varies with the culture and local availability of materialsGood houses for people who stay in the same place for months at a time.Slide8
Early American period (1640-1720)Slide9
Exterior of house has an exposed wood frame with brick or plaster filling between the frames.Slide10
Cape Cod and Ell
Very simple symmetrical design with a central front door, surrounded by two multi-paned windows and a steep pitched roofElls (a building addition at a right angle to the main structure) added later to provide more spaceSlide11
Has a long sloping roof and few windows on the back sideUsually one story in the back and two stories in the frontEarliest saltbox houses were created when a lean-to addition was added onto the rear of the original house extending the roof lineSlide12
Garrison itself means “a strong structure” Typically two stories with the second-story overhanging in the front.Slide13
German and Dutch Influences
Addition of shed dormers (instead of gable style) to add light and ventilation to the roof areaPrimarily characterized by gambrel roofs having curved eaves along the edges of the house.
The oldest Spanish house in existence in the United States today is located in Florida was built with coquinaCoquina is a soft whitish limestone formed of broken shells and corals cemented together
State Archives of Florida,
Upright timber installed directly into the ground with lime mortar and clay mixed with small stones in between the timbers. Raised basement which would support the floor of the home's primary living quarters. Exterior stairs often leading to a full length porch over the front façade.Casement windows were placed on opposite sides of the house to encourage cross-ventilationEncircling porches accessed via French doorsSteeply pitched hipped roofsSlide16
Built sturdy homes, which became a part of American folklore and were looked upon as truly American buildings called log cabinsSlide17
Eighteenth Century 1720-1840Slide18
Symmetrically, centered entry with windows aligned horizontally and vertically
Side-gabled roof; sometimes a gambrel or hipped
Paneled front doors, capped with a decorative crown (pediment) often supported by decorative pilasters
Rectangular or fanlight transom above door
Cornice (decorative strip is located where the roof and the exterior wall of a house meet) emphasized by decorative dentil moldings
windows and dormers
Belt course between stories (masonry examples)
Quoins of stone or wood imitating stone
Roof balustrades (after 1750)
Centered front gable (pediment) or shallow projecting central gable (after 1750)
Two-story pilasters (after 1750)Slide19
High Style Georgian
Low-pitched roof, or flat roof with a balustrade
Windows arranged symmetrically around a center doorway
Semicircular fanlight over the front door
Narrow side windows flanking the front door
Decorative crown or roof over front door
Tooth-like dentil moldings in the cornice
Circular or elliptical windowsSlide21
The Adam style was a refinement of the preceding Georgian style. Compared to the earlier Georgian houses, Adam houses tend to appear to have a lightness and delicacy
Semi-circular or elliptical fanlight over the front door, with or without side lights
A fanlight often incorporated into a more elaborate door surround, which may include a decorate crown or small entry porch
A cornice usually emphasized by decorate moldings
Three part Palladian-style windows
High style houses may have curved or polygon projections to the side or to the rear.Slide23
Greek Revival /Early Classical Revival
Heavy entablature and cornices
Gable or hipped roof of low pitch
Generally symmetrical, though entry is often to one side
Front door surrounded by narrow sidelights and rectangular transom, usually incorporated into more elaborate door surround
Small frieze-band windows set into wide band trim below cornice
Cornice lines emphasized with wide band of trim (plain or with incised decoration, representing classical entablature)
Porticos common, either entry or full-width supported by prominent columnsSlide25
Greek Revival /Early Classical RevivalSlide26
Romantic Revival Period: Gothic
Steeply pitched roof, cross-gabled
Decorative gingerbread trim
Pointed-arch windows, sometimes stained glass, like churches
Gothic window above entry
One-story porch with flattened, Gothic archesSlide28
Two or three stories; typically asymmetrical
Low-pitched, hipped roof with wide overhanging eaves
Large eave brackets dominate cornice
Tall, narrow windows; paired and triple windows frequent; bay windows common
Windows frequently embellished with heavy crown molding or pediments in inverted U-shape
Porches nearly universal
Paired doorways common; large-pane glazing in door itself; arched doors; elaborate framing decorations
Square cupolas or towers
Horizontal belt courses and corner quoins
Balconies with balustradesSlide30
Mansard roof with dormer windows on steep, lower slope
Decorative brackets beneath eaves
Decorative details similar to Italianate (windows, doors, and porch)
Tall first-story windows; elaborate window surrounds (arched, hooded,
One or two-story bay windows common
Full porches common
Typically stone but also brick or wood frame with clapboard siding
Rectangular or square towers, usually centered on the front façade
Ornate cast-iron cresting at roof ridges and towerSlide32
Second EmpireHeck-Andrews House in Raleigh, NCSlide34
Asymmetrical two or three-storied
Complex intersecting gabled or hipped roofs
Projecting upper floors
Bay windows, often cut away from upper stories
Extensive porches and verandas with turned porch posts and balustrade spindles
Multitude of applied features such as brackets, roof cresting, and ornamental chimneys
Mixing of stylistic details from various architectural styles including reinterpreted classical forms
Textured wall patterns including decorative shingles typical
Lacy ornamentation around porch entries and at gable ends common
Windows often edged with leaded or colored glass
Rich, bold paint color schemesSlide35
Gable, Hipped, or Gambrel roofs
Accentuated front door with decorative pediment supported by pilasters or extended forward and supported by slender columns to form entry porch
Fanlights and sidelights common
Palladian windows common
Centered door; aligned double-hung sash windows
One-story wings, usually with a flat roof and commonly embellished with a balustrade
Dormers, often with exaggerated, eclectic pedimentsSlide38
Steeply pitched gable roofs
Playfully elaborate masonry chimneys (often with chimney pots)
Groupings of windows
Round tower with conical roof
Steeply pitched hipped or gable roof, often with cresting
Tall chimneys with decorative caps
Round arch or flattened basket-handle arch entry
Quatrefoil or arched tracery decorative elements
Usually of masonry (stone or brick) constructionSlide42
Mission-shaped roof parapetWide, overhanging eaves with decorative bracketsRed clay roof tilesArched doorwaysDeep window openings without framing, except the sillQuatrefoil windowsSlide44
Originated by Frank Lloyd Wright
Horizontal lines - everything about a prairie home is horizontally oriented.
Simple materials - uses natural stains to let the character of wood show through.
Cantilevered, flat roofs - long, horizontal roofs on prairie houses had a large, straight overhang, sometimes up to four feet.
Rows of windows - often features several windows in a row, placed together for the appearance of a glass wall.
Organic patterns - Prairie windows often had window mullions, or dividers, with geometric patternsSlide45
Low-pitched gable roof
Front porch with tapered columns
Doors have glass panes in the upper third of the door
Multi-pane windows with no mullions on the bottom sash
Single, wide dormers
Mixture of materials usually clapboard and stone
Exposed rafters under wide eavesSlide47
Lack of ornamentation or decorative details
Curtain walls of glass
Smooth wall surfaces
Mid Twentieth century to presentSlide51
Spreading, horizontal orientation
Hipped or gabled roof often with wide eaves
Logical, open floor plan in a rectangular, L-, or U-shaped configuration
Good quality construction using natural materials
New design elements such as sliding glass doors, large plate glass picture windows, and Formica countertopsSlide52
Popular among architects in the 1950s, 60s, and early 70s.
Not defined by a single shape or style.
May have wide eave overhangs, flat or low-pitched roofs with low gables, exposed supporting beams, and unusual placement and shapes of windows.
This style home is designed to integrate the landscape around it.
Sometimes called the American InternationalSlide54
Has three or four levels
Can be arranged in many ways.
Developed for sloping lots, occasionally built on flat lots
Advantage: traffic into the social, guide, and service areas can be separated easily.
Three levels of living space, each connected by short flights or stairs
Have basements, which adds a fourth level
Traditional decorative details, but it’s a modern home
Usually designed to take advantage of a sloping lot
Provides a space of a ranch home without requiring as large of a lot.Slide56
Appeared during the 1960s.
line is made up of a combination of steeply pitched shed roofs.
Roof may slope at a different angle and face in a different direction.
Usually wood shingle or board sliding applied horizontally, vertically, or diagonally.
Windows are normally small and placed asymmetrically.Slide58
After the WWII anyone was able to buy a houseCan be Cape Cod in styleBasic and are small1 or 2 storiesHas a long drive waySlide60
Gable roof that extends to ground level on two sides
Eliminates the need for separate walls.
Usually used for vacation homes.
Advantage: ease in building and the broad range of building materials that can be used during construction
Disadvantage: odd interior space created by its designSlide61
for emergency and mobile shelter such as military camps
Factory built, bolted together on site.
One or two story
Built of triangular frames that are joined to form a self-supporting roof and walls.
Frame is metal or plastic covered by either a flexible skin or rigid panels.
Dome is structurally self-supporting, interior walls are not needed.
Low cost, energy-saving home
Less building material needed.Slide63
Geodesic Dome Homes
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