Business Intelligence Research Evaluation Kent County

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Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council www.kent.gov.uk/research Business Intelligence Statistical Bulletin Dec ember 2014 Life expectancy in Kent Related information This bulletin presents life expectancy at birth and at age 65 for ma les and females in Kent for 2011 2013 along with a time series of change. Summary of findings x Males born in Kent between 2011 and 2013 have a life expectancy of 79.9 year s, whils t for females it is 83.6 years. 3.7 years longer than mal es. The national average is 79.4 years for males and 83 .1 years for females.

Also 3.7 years longer than males. x Nationally, o ver the past 10 years life expectancy at birth for males has i ncreased by +3.2 years and by +2.4 years for females . For K ent, the increase has been +3.0 years for males and +2.5 years for females. x In Kent, a male resident aged 65 between 2011 and 2013 can expect to live another 18.9 years, whereas for a female is it 21.3 year s. The national average is 18.7 years for males and 21.1 years for females. x Nationally, life expectancy at age 65 for males has increased by +2.4 years and for females by +1.9 years over the last 10 years. For Kent,

the incr ease has be en +2.2 years for males and +1.8 years for females. x Within Kent, Sevenoaks has the highest life expec tancy for males at birth (+81.4 years) and at age 65 (19.8 years). Tunbridge Wells has the highest life expect ancy for females at birth (+85.3 years) and at age 65 (+22.7 years). x Although, over the past 10 years, life expectancy for males has increased more greatly than life expectancy for females, females can still expect to live longer than males. The Population and Census web page contains more information which you may find useful. Population change presents a

time series of population estimates and an analysis of population growth Population forecasts presents the latest thinking about future population levels 2011 Census provides information of the characteristics of the population NOTE : within this bulletin .HQWUHIHUVWRWKH.HQW County Council (KCC) area hich excludes Medway Further information Business Intelligence Research & Evaluation Kent County Council Sessions House Maidstone Kent ME14 1XQ Email: research@kent.gov.uk
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Business I ntelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County

Council www.kent.gov.uk/research Page Introduction Life expectancy fig ures are provided annually by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). The latest information for England and Wales was released on 19 November 2014 and presents a revised time serie s from the year 2001/2003 to 2011/13 All figures are three year averag es, produced by aggregating the number of deaths and mid year population estimates across each three year period . This provides large enough numbers to ensure that figures presented are sufficiently robust and eliminates any effects of extremely large numb ers of births or

deaths in any one year. Life expectancy is the estimated number of years a person would be expected WRVXUYLYHLIKHRUVKHFRQWLQXHGWRH[SHULHQFHWKHDUHDVPRUWDOLW\UDWHDWWKDW time throughout the rest of their life. The figures refle ct mortality of those living in an area at that point in time rather than those born in the area. Two sets of figures are produced. Life expectancy at birth and life expectancy at age 65; x Life expectancy at birth is the number of years a person living

in an DUHDFRXOGEHH[SHFWHGWRVXUYLYHLIWKH\ZHUHWRH[SHULHQFHWKDWDUHDV mortality rates for all people for the rest of their life. x Life expectancy at age 65 is the number of years a person aged 65 or over living in an area could expect to live if th ey were to experience WKDWDUHDVPRUWDOLW\UDWHVIRUSHRSOHDJHGDQGDERYH7KHUHIRUHLI the life expectancy at birth of someone born

in an area is 80 the life expectancy of a person aged 65 may exceed or fall lower than 15 years because the mortality rates applied are different. Both sets publish figures for males and females separately. A combined set of life expectancy figures is not available and cannot be calculated from the male and female figures contained in this bulletin. This bulletin beg ins by presenting the most recent life expectancy at birth data followed by an analysis of how life expectancy at birth has ch anged over recent years. It then goes on to present the latest li fe expectancy at age 65 before going

on to show how life expecta ncy at age 65 has changed over time . National, regional and local district authority level data for Kent is presented.
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Business I ntelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council www.kent.gov.uk/research Page Life Expe ctancy at Birth English regions A m ale born in Engla nd between 2011 and 2013 can expect to live for 79.4 years and a female born a t the same time can live to 83 .1 years . Life expectancy varies acro ss the regions by as much as 2.4 years for both men and for women. Males born in the North West or the North East between 201

1 and 2013 can expect to live 78 years. This is over a yea r less than the England rate is the lowest male life expectancy at birth of all of the regions. The North East also has the lowest life expectancy at birth for females which at 81.7 years is more than two years less than the England rate. Babies born wit hin the South East, East of England, South West and London , have respective life expectancies greater than the England average. The South East has the highes t life expecta ncy for males and the London has the highest life expectancy for females of all the regions. See Table 1 for

details. Table 1: Life expectancy at birth (years): England and the regions Table ranked on male life expectancy Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS), Crow n Copyright Presented by Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council 2011-13 Region Males Females Difference South East 80.4 83.9 3.5 East of England 80.3 83.8 3.5 South West 80.1 83.8 3.7 London 80.0 84.1 4.1 England 79.4 83.1 3.7 East Midlands 79.3 83.0 3.7 West Midlands 78.8 82.8 4.0 Yorkshire & The Humber 78.5 82.2 3.7 North East 78.0 81.7 3.7 North West 78.0 81.8 3.8 Life expectancy figures are presented

to one decimal place. South East Counties Within the counties in the South East region, there are further variations in life expectancy at birth. There is a difference of 1.6 years between the highest and lowest l ife expectancy for males and 1.3 years difference between the highest and lowest life expectancy for females. Males born in Surrey between 201 1 and 2013 have the highest life expectancy at 81.5 years. Buckinghamshire has the highest life expectancy for girls born between 2011 and 201 3 at 84.9 years.
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Business I ntelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council

www.kent.gov.uk/research Page n Kent, males born between 2011 and 2013 have a life expectancy of 79.9 years and females have a life expectancy of 83.6 years. Although b oth of these are hig her than the England figure they rank lowest out of all the counties within the South East region. See Table 2 for details. Table 2: Life expectancy at birth (years): South East Counties Table ranked on male life expectancy Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS), Crow n Copyright Presented by Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council 2011-13 County Males Females Difference

Surrey 81.5 84.6 3.1 Buckinghamshire 81.2 84.9 3.7 Hampshire 81.1 84.2 3.1 Oxfordshire 80.8 84.0 3.2 West Sussex 80.6 84.1 3.5 East Sussex 80.0 83.9 3.9 Kent 79.9 83.6 3.7 Life expectancy figures are presented to one decimal place. Kent local authority districts Within the English local authority districts and unitary authorities there is a much greater difference between the highest and lowest life expectancy at birth . There is a diffe rence of 8.7 years between the highest and lowest life expectancy for males. South Cambridgeshire local authority in the county of Cambridgeshire , has the

highest with 8 3.0 years and Blackpool Unitary Authorit y in the Nort h West, has the lowest with 74 .3 years. There is 6.4 years difference between the highest and lowest life expectancy for females . Chiltern, in the county of Buckinghamshire, has the highest with 86.4 years and Manchester, a district within Manchester Metropolitan County in the Nor th W est, has the lowest with 80 years. Within the Kent local authority districts the difference between the highest and the lowest life ex pectancy at birth for males is 3 .6 years and for fem ales at birth is 3.5 years. Although the range

between the highest and lowest life expectancy within Kent is smaller than that for England, Kent has areas which are within the 20% highest and lowest life expectancy in England. Map 1 and 2 present l ife expectancy for males and females at local authority level across Engla nd.
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Business I ntelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council www.kent.gov.uk/research Page Map 1: Male life expectancy at birt h 201 201 Map 2: Fema le li fe expectancy at birth 201 201
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Business I ntelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council www.kent.gov.uk/research

Page Males born in Sevenoaks between 2011 and 2013 can expect to live to 81.4 years. This is the longest life expectancy for males at birth of al l of t he Kent local authoriti es . Tunbridge Wells has the longest life expectancy for females at birth of all of the Kent local authorities. Fem ales born there during 2011 and 2013 can expect to live to 85.3 years. Both of these figures are higher than the natio nal, regional and county figures. Thanet has the lowest life expectancy for males at bi rth with life expectancy of 77.8 years whilst D artfo d has the lowest life expectancy for females

at birth with 81.8 years. Dartford, Dover and Thanet all have a lower life expectancy for males at birth than England as a whole. The highest difference between male and female life expectancy is in hanet where females born in 2011 to 2013 can expect to live +4.8 years longer than males born at the same time. Dartford has the lowest difference between the sexe s with females born between 2011 and 2013 havin g a life expectancy that is +2.6 years longer tha n males born at the same time. See Table 3 for details. Table 3: Life expectancy at birth (years):Kent local authorities and Medway Unitary

Authority Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS), Crow n Copyright Table ranked on male life expectancy Presented by Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council 2011-13 2011-13 Males Females Difference Local Authority Life expectancy (years) Rank* Life expectancy (years) Rank* between male and female life expectancy (years) Sevenoaks 81.4 38 84.6 59 3.2 Tunbridge Wells 81.3 47 85.3 21 4.0 Ashford 81.2 58 84.5 62 3.3 Canterbury 80.5 111 83.6 139 3.1 Tonbridge & Malling 80.5 110 84.9 37 4.4 Maidstone 80.2 133 83.6 140 3.4 Gravesham 79.7 174 83.3 181 3.6 Shepway 79.6

184 83.5 149 3.9 Dartford 79.2 202 81.8 281 2.6 Dover 79.1 208 82.8 213 3.7 Swale 79.1 210 83.1 194 4.0 Thanet 77.8 286 82.6 229 4.8 Medway UA 78.8 227 82.5 244 3.7 Life expectancy figures are presented to one decimal place. * Rank out of 324 English local authorities. A rank of 1 represents the highest life expectancy, 324 represents the low est.
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Business I ntelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council www.kent.gov.uk/research Page Time series for life expectancy at birth In Kent and Medway U A, life expectancy at birth has increased at an average of +0.3 years per

ye ar for males and for females since 2001. This is comparable to the growth in life expectancy at birth found in the South East and in Engla nd as shown in Charts 1 and 2. 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 2001-2003 2002-2004 2003-2005 2004-2006 2005-2007 2006-2008 2007-2009 2008-2010 2009-2011 2010-2012 2011-2013 Life expectancy in years Chart 1: Male life expectancy at birth 2001 2003 to 2011 2013 England, the South East, Kent and Medway UA England South East Kent Medway UA Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS) Crown Copyright. Chart produced by Business Intelligence, Research &

Evaluatio n K ent County Council 79 80 81 82 83 84 2001-2003 2002-2004 2003-2005 2004-2006 2005-2007 2006-2008 2007-2009 2008-2010 2009-2011 2010-2012 2011-2013 Life expectancy in years Chart 2: Female life expectancy at birth 2001 2003 to 2011 2013 England, the South East, Kent and Medway UA England South East Kent Medway UA Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS) Crown Copyright. Chart produced by Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluatio n K ent County Council Please note County figures have only been published from 2000 2002 onwards. A longer time series for life expectancy

at birth is available at district level. Both time series are presented in Charts 3 and 4.
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Business I ntelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council www.kent.gov.uk/research Page :LWKLQ.HQWVOR cal authorities, Ashford has seen the greatest increase in male life expectanc y at birth since 1991, with +6.6 years . Tunbridge Wells has seen the greatest increase for females and +5.4 years since 1991 . These figures equate to an average annual increase of +0.3 years for males and females er year since 1991. See Charts 3 and 4 for details. 5.5 5.7 5.8

5.0 6.6 5.5 5.6 4.2 5.1 6.0 5.0 5.8 5.7 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.4 Shepway Canterbury Gravesham Medway UA Ashford Maidstone Tonbridge & Malling Thanet Dover Tunbridge Wells Swale Sevenoaks Dartford Years Chart 3: Growth in life expectancy for males at birth : Kent local authorities and Medway Unitary Authority 1991 1993 to 2011 2013 and 2001 2003 to 2011 2013 91/93 to11/13 change 01/03 to11/13 change Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS)  Crown Copyright. Chart produced by Research & Evaluation Kent County Council Chart ranked on highest growth between

2001 3 to 2011 13 5.4 4.5 3.7 4.4 4.0 5.2 3.4 3.1 4.1 3.6 3.3 3.4 4.5 3.8 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.6 Tunbridge Wells Swale Shepway Ashford Medway UA Tonbridge & Malling Thanet Dover Gravesham Canterbury Maidstone Dartford Sevenoaks Years Chart 4: Growth in life expectancy for females at birth :Kent local authorities and Medway Unitary Authority 1991 1993 to 2011 2013 and 2001 2003 to 2011 2013 91/93 to11/13 change 01/03 to11/13 change Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS)  Crown Copyright. Chart produced by Research & Evaluation Kent County Council. Chart

ranked on highest growth between 2001 3 to 2011 13
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Business I ntelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council www.kent.gov.uk/research Page Life Ex pectancy at age 65 English regions A male who reaches the age of 65 in England between 201 1 and 2013 can expect to live another 18.7 years. Females reaching the age of 65 at the same time ca n expect to live another 21.1 years. Life expectancy at age 65 varies across the regions by 1.5 years for males and 1.9 years for females. A male and female aged 65 between 2011 and 2013 in the North East will have resp ective life

expectancies of 17.8 ye ars a nd 20.0 years. These figures are a year less than the England average and are the lowest of all of the regions. People aged 65 and over within the South East, East of England, South West and London , have life expectancies greater than the England av erage. The South East has the highest life expectan cy at age 65 for males with 19.3 years. London has the highest life expectancy for females with 21.9 years. See Table 4 for details. Table 4: Life expectancy at age 65 (years): England and the regions Table ranked on male life expectancy Source: Office for National

Statistics (ONS), Crow n Copyright Presented by Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council 2011-13 Region Males Females Difference South East 19.3 21.7 2.4 East of England 19.2 21.6 2.4 South West 19.2 21.7 2.5 London 19.1 21.9 2.8 England 18.7 21.1 2.5 East Midlands 18.5 21.0 2.5 West Midlands 18.4 21.1 2.7 Yorkshire & The Humber 18.0 20.5 2.5 North West 17.9 20.2 2.3 North East 17.8 20.0 2.2 Life expectancy figures are presented to one decimal place. South Eastern counties Within the South East region, Surrey has the h ighest life expectancy at age 65 for males, where

they c an expect live to a further 19.9 years. Buckinghamshire has the highest life expectancy at age 65 for females, where they c an expect to live a further 22.6 years. The variations between the highest an d lowest life expectancy within the South East counties is similar to that across the regions, +1.0 year for males and +1.3 years for females.
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Business I ntelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council www.kent.gov.uk/research Page Males aged 65 during 2011 and 2013 in Ken t have a life expectancy of 18.9 years and females of the same ag e have a life expectancy

of 21.3 years. Despite these life expectancies being higher than the England figures they rank lowest out of all the counties within the South East region. See Table 5 for details. Table 5: Life expectancy at age 65 (years): South East Counties Table ranked on male life expectancy Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS), Crow n Copyright Presented by Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council 2011-13 County Males Females Difference Surrey 19.9 22.0 2.1 Buckinghamshire 19.8 22.6 2.8 Hampshire 19.6 21.9 2.3 Oxfordshire 19.4 21.8 2.4 West Sussex 19.4 21.9 2.5 East

Sussex 19.3 21.9 2.6 Kent 18.9 21.3 2.4 Life expectancy figures are presented to one decimal place. Kent local authority districts As with life expectan cy at birth, life expectancy at age 65 also varies greatly across the English local authoriti es. There is a difference of 5.1 years between the highest and l owest life expectancy for males at age 65. The London borough of Harrow has highest with 21.1 year s and Man chester , a district within Manchester Metropolitan County, has the lowest with 16.0 years. The difference between the highest and lowest life expectancy for females is 5.2 years

. The London borough of Camde n has highest with 24.0 years, an d Ha lton Unitary Authority within the North West region has the lowest with 18.7 years. Within the Kent local authority distri cts there is a difference of 2.0 years between the highest and lowest l ife expectancy for males and 2.8 years for females. Although the range between the highest and lowest is smaller, Kent has areas which are within the 20% highest and lowest for life expectancy at age 65 in England. Please see Maps 3 and 4 for life expectancy for males and females at age 65 local authority level acr oss England.


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Business I ntelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council www.kent.gov.uk/research Page 10 Map 3: Male life expectancy at age 65: 201 201 Map 4: Female life expectanc y at age 65: 201
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Business I ntelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council www.kent.gov.uk/research Page 11 :LWKLQ.HQWVORFDODXWKRULWLHV Sevenoaks has the longest life expectancy for males at age 65, wit h 19.8 years Tunbridge Wells has the longest life expectancy for fem ales at age 65 with and 22.7 years . These life expectancy figures for

males and females aged 65 are higher than the national, regional and county figures. Within the Kent County Council ar ea, Canterbury and Dartford have th e lowest life expectancy for males at age 6 5 with a life expectancy of 17.8 years. Dartford also has the lowest life expectancy for females at age 65 with 19.9 years. See Table 6 for details. Table 6 : Life expectancy at age 65 (years): Kent local authorities and Medway Unitary Authority Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS), Crow n Copyright Table ranked on male life expectancy Presented by Business Intelligence, Research &

Evaluation, Kent County Council 2011-13 Males Females Difference Local Authority Life expectancy (years) Rank* Life expectancy (years) Rank* between male and female life expectancy (years) Sevenoaks 19.8 48 21.9 83 2.1 Tunbridge Wells 19.6 66 22.7 25 3.1 Ashford 19.4 94 22.3 50 2.9 Tonbridge and Malling 19.4 97 22.4 41 3.0 Shepway 19.0 153 21.6 134 2.6 Dover 18.9 167 21.0 202 2.1 Gravesham 18.9 164 20.8 222 1.9 Maidstone 18.8 171 21.1 180 2.3 Swale 18.4 219 20.9 218 2.5 Thanet 17.9 265 20.7 232 2.8 Canterbury 17.8 116 21.3 169 3.5 Dartford 17.8 267 19.9 300 2.1 Medway UA 17.9 260 20.5 265 2.6

Life expectancy figures are presented to one decimal place. * Rank out of 324 English local authorities. A rank of 1 represents the highest life expectancy, 324 represents the low est. .
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Business I ntelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council www.kent.gov.uk/research Page 12 Time series for life expectancy at age 65 In Kent, life expectancy for males at age 65 has increased at an average of +0.2 years per year si nce 2001 . This is equal to the average annual growth in Medway UA, the South East and in England. Life expectancy for females at age 65 has also

increased at an avera ge of +0.2 years per year in Medway UA, Ken t, the South East and England. See Charts 5 and 6. 15 16 17 18 19 20 2001-2003 2002-2004 2003-2005 2004-2006 2005-2007 2006-2008 2007-2009 2008-2010 2009-2011 2010-2012 2011-2013 Life expectancy in years Chart 5: Male life expectancy at age 65 between 2001 2003 to 2011 2013 England, the South East, Kent and Medway UA England South East Kent Medway UA Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS) Crown Copyright. Chart produced by Business Intelligence,Research & Evaluation Ke nt County Council 18 19 20 21 22 2001-2003

2002-2004 2003-2005 2004-2006 2005-2007 2006-2008 2007-2009 2008-2010 2009-2011 2010-2012 2011-2013 Life expectancy in years Chart 6: Female life expectancy at age 65 between 2001 2003 to 2011 2013 Kent , the South East and England England South East Kent Medway UA Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS) Crown Copyright. Chart produced by Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluati on Kent County Council
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Business I ntelligence, Research & Evaluation, Kent County Council www.kent.gov.uk/research Page 13

:LWKLQ.HQWVORFDODXWKRULWLHV7RQEULGJHDQG0DOOLQJKDVVHHQWKHJUHDWHVW increase in male life expectancy at age 6 5 since 20 01, with +3.0 years. Tunbrid ge Wells has seen the greatest increase in female lif e expectancy at age 65 with +3.1 years. These figures equate to an average annual increas e of 0.3 years for males and 0.3 years for females per year since 2001 . See Charts 7 and 8 for details. Pleas e note a total time series for life expect ancy at age 65 is only available from 2000 2002 onwards.

3.0 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.3 Tonbridge & Malling Medway UA Dover Swale Tunbridge Wells Shepway Gravesham Ashford Maidstone Sevenoaks Thanet Dartford Canterbury Growth in life expectancy in years Chart 7: Life expectancy for males at age 65: Growth in years between 2001 2003 to 2011 201 Local Authorities in Kent and Medway Unitary Authority Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS)  Crown Copyright. Chart produced by Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluati on Kent County Council 3.1 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 Tunbridge Wells Swale

Shepway Tonbridge & Malling Ashford Medway UA Maidstone Dover Canterbury Gravesham Sevenoaks Thanet Dartford Growth in life expectancy in years Chart 8: Life expectancy for females at age 65: Growth in years between 2001 2003 to 2011 2013 Local Authorities in Kent and Medway Unitary Authority Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS)  Crown Copyright. Chart produced by Business Intelligence, Research & Evaluati on Kent County Council


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