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Secondary PowerPoint 2:
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Governments in Yukon How many levels of government do we have in Canada Can you name them Three Levels of Government Canada is a large country with different needs and interests To serve ID: 541236 Download Presentation

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Presentation on theme: "Secondary PowerPoint 2:"— Presentation transcript

Slide1

Secondary PowerPoint 2:

Governments in YukonSlide2

How many levels of government do we have in Canada?

Can you name them?Slide3

Three Levels of Government

Canada is a

large

country with different needs and interests.

To serve

citizens most

effectively, there are three levels of government: FederalTerritorial/ProvincialMunicipal Each level has its own structure of elected representatives and appointed officials, and a unique set of responsibilities.Slide4

Federal

The elected representative at the

national

level is called a

Member of Parliament

(MP).There are 338 elected MPs. They make up the legislative body, which creates or enacts laws for the country.MPs debate and pass laws in the House of Commons in Ottawa. The leader of the government is called the prime minister. Slide5

Territorial

The elected representatives

are called

Members of the Legislative Assembly

(MLAs

)

in Yukon.The territorial legislative body is made up of 19 MLAs.MLAs debate and pass laws at the Yukon Legislative Building in Whitehorse.The leader of the governmentis called the premier

.Slide6

Municipal

The elected representative at the municipal level is called

a

councillor

or

council member.The head/chair of the council is called a mayor.Municipal councils debate and pass laws for the community at the local city or town hall.The size and structure of the council differs depending on the population it represents.Slide7

Indigenous Governments

Indigenous governments

replace, overlap, or share certain responsibilities

with the government of their territory or the federal government.

The term

self-government

refers to a First Nation

or Indigenous

community with control over its own affairs.Slide8

Political Quiz

Leaders:

Who

is the current prime minister

?

Who is the current premier

?Who is the current mayor?Local representatives:Who is our MP?Who is our MLA?Slide9

Three Branches of Government

Legislative Branch

:

Made up of elected representatives (MLAs).

Creates

and amends laws, rules and regulations under territorial jurisdictionExecutive Branch: Consists of the premier and cabinet ministers. Implements and enforces laws, rules and regulations.Judicial Branch: The court system. Responsible for interpreting the law, protecting citizens’ rights, and determining the proper punishment for people who break the law.Slide10

Devolution

The Yukon legislature has not always had control over

its own

regional matters and

responsibilities

but has

gradually received

powers from

the federal

government.

D

evolution

is the

transfer of powers and

responsibilities

from the federal

government

to a territory.

As

the result of devolution,

the Government

of Yukon is now

responsible

for public

lands and

resource

management

over water, forestry and

mineral resources

, among other

regional

decisions.Slide11

Appointed Representatives

As a

constitutional monarchy

, Canada’s head of

state is

a hereditary

sovereign (queen or king) who reigns in accordance with the Constitution. At the federal level, the sovereign is represented by the governor general (GG), who is appointed by the sovereign on the advice of the prime minister. At the territorial level, the Commissioner of Yukon is appointed by the Government of Canada and is Yukon’s head of state.The commissioner is responsible for swearing in

MLAs to

the legislature, swearing in members of the

cabinet, opening

sessions of the legislative assembly and

reading the

throne speech.

No similar role exists at the municipal level.Slide12

Who is responsible for what?

Name the level of government you think is responsible for the following:

International trade

Local parks

Education

Citizenship and

immigrationRoad maintenanceSlide13

Division of Responsibilities

Federal

:

Global affairs, immigration and citizenship, national defence

,

currency, public safety, fisheries and oceans, tradeTerritorial: Education, health and social services, environment, agricultureMunicipal: Road maintenance, water and sewer service, recreation and community facilities, fire protectionSlide14

Final Thoughts

Is government important? Why or why not?

How does government affect your life?

Why is it important to know who your elected representatives are?