Structure and Style in Writing

Structure and Style in Writing Structure and Style in Writing - Start

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Structure and Style in Writing - Description

Ch. 2 Linda . Yellin. 1. Content. 2. Clarity. 3. Conciseness. 4. Elimination of slang, colloquialisms, trite expressions, . and jargon. 5. Tone. 6. Bias – free language. 7. Spelling . 8. Grammar. 9. Uniformity. ID: 699659 Download Presentation

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Structure and Style in Writing




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Presentations text content in Structure and Style in Writing

Slide1

Structure and Style in Writing

Ch. 2 Linda

Yellin

Slide2

1. Content

2. Clarity

3. Conciseness4. Elimination of slang, colloquialisms, trite expressions, and jargon5. Tone6. Bias – free language7. Spelling 8. Grammar9. Uniformity10.Format

2a: The 10 revision cycles

Slide3

Introduction

The introduction tells the reader:

what the topic of the paper is in general terms, why the topic is important

what to expect in the paper.

Introductions should:funnel from general ideas to the specific topic of the paperjustify the research that will be presented laterIntroductions are sometimes folded into literature reviews

Writing a Research Report

Slide4

Writing a Research Report

A research report has seven components:

2. Introduction—an example

Slide5

A sociological article, paper, or report generally covers only one important topic of interest and conveys evidence and interpretations of evidence.

Research reports are NOT creative writing, opinion pieces, poems, novels, letters, musings, memoirs, or interesting to read.

Writing a Research Report

Slide6

A research paper has three sections: introduction, body paragraphs, and the conclusion.

Headings created for subsections of papers body to make reading easier.

Ideas: Did you develop them sufficiently? Are they understandable? Do you need to add more information?Make sure every sentence says something necessary and important."Juvenile delinquency is a social problem" is poorly written

2b: Content

Slide7

Order

make sure paper progresses and orderly way. Check to see if the organization of your paper followed your outline.

An outline helps you see where arguments are not supported by evidenceBalanceSupply sufficient evidence, but not too much. To support a point, use two good quotes, as opposed to five redundant quotes

Content

Slide8

Emphasis

Repeat

major points for emphasis using different words. Don't make the reader do the work of figuring out how your paper progresses or what is importantTransitions – indicates logical relationships between sentences. Indicates to reader that you are shifting to a new idea, or highlightshow certain material should be understood

Content

Slide9

to

Indicate

Addition: additionally, again, finally, furthermore;to Indicate comparison: by comparison, likewise, similarlyto indicate contrast: although but, conversely, despite, notwithstanding, nevertheless, nonethelessregardless, yet, on the contrary;to indicate concession: certainly, given that, naturally, undoubtedly,

Transitions

Slide10

to

Indicate

examples: after all, for example, for instance, such as, to illustrate;to Indicate location: around, below, beyond, to the north, to the south;to Indicate sequence: again, finally, first, second, third, moreover, next,to indicate results: as a result, because, consequently, therefore;to indicate time: after, as soon as, at that time, since, earlier;

Transitions

Slide11

To Indicate Repetition

: as has been argued, demonstrated,

indicated, as this paper has indicated, noted, statedas mentioned earlier, as noted earlier; as stated earlier;To Indicate Summary or Conclusion: as a result, consequently, in conclusion, in some, on the whole, therefore, to conclude, to summarize;

Transitions

Slide12

Read through document

and eliminate wordiness. Make sure each word in

your paper accounts. Get rid of the fluff, the filler, the useless words, meaningless sentences. “in other words” change to regarding; Wordy: beginning to learn concise: learns is able to

start starts

person of the masculine sex males2d: Conciseness

Slide13

Slang: awesome

formal

: remarkable bash party dude chap stinks

low-quality

2e: Elimination of Slang, Colloquialisms, Trite Expressions, and Jargon

Slide14

Booze

alcohol flunk fail cops police officers kids childrenTrite Expressionslaw and order law abidingpowers that be the authorities

l

ast but not least lastColloquialisms and Trite Expressions

Slide15

When writing a paper

do not

use the jargon of your specialty area. Imagine the audience you're writing to be broader then just people from your field who are familiar with the jargon.Ex: the perpetrator the subject the collar the arrested subject ethnomethodology what happens when people consciously break norms;

Eliminating Jargon

Slide16

Eliminate contractions: “don’t change to do not!

Eliminate

first – person and second – person pronounsI, me, my, mineWe, our, oursYou, your, yoursMakes your sentences more formal; 2f: Tone

Slide17

Avoid terminology reflecting stereotypes based on gender, race, ethnicity, age,

social class, disabilities, religion, family status, sexual

orientation, or other personal characteristics.What is the matter with the term “illegal alien”?2g: Biased – free language

Slide18

Don't

use:

Do Useman – made artificial, syntheticmanpower workforce, staffmankind humanity, the human racemanned staffed, handled

forefathers

ancestorsassemblyman member of the assemblyCongressman member of CongressGender – neutral language


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