Advanced Fuse-Saving Techniques
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Advanced Fuse-Saving Techniques

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Advanced Fuse-Saving Techniques




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Presentation on theme: "Advanced Fuse-Saving Techniques"— Presentation transcript:

Slide1

Advanced Fuse-Saving Techniques

Tamer Rousan

October 12, 2015

Slide2

Ameren Corporation

Serving

2.4 million electric and 933,000 gas customers over 64,000 square miles in Illinois and

Missouri

Generating 10,300 MW regulated electric generation capacity in MissouriMaintaining 7,400 circuit miles of electric transmissionEmploying more than 8500 personnelAverage annual economic impact of $8.6 billion

2

Slide3

Ameren Illinois

Serving

approximately 1.2 million electric and 827,000 gas customers

.

Service territory of approximately 40,000 square miles in central and southern Illinois.4,500 miles of electric transmission lines45,700 miles of electric distribution lines1,035 distribution substations.2,688 distribution circuits. 3

Slide4

Ameren Illinois

4

Ameren’s Protection and Coordination Settings Philosophies

Slide5

Ameren’s Protection and Coordination Settings Philosophies

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Ameren Illinois’ philosophy is to fundamentally use the fault interrupter as a feeder mid-point protection device for fault isolation, coupled with a fault interrupter at a tie point to allow for quick and automatic system restoration

Slide6

Ameren’s Protection and Coordination Settings Philosophies

6

Ameren Illinois Distribution Automation (DA) engineering group has standardized its protection and coordination settings philosophy for the mid-tie-mid

application.

To maintain the coordination of series devices that have the same protection settings, an advanced feature called the

PulseFinding

™ Fault Location Technique is

enabled.

We also elected to use Intelligent Fuse Savings on the fault

interrupters.

Slide7

Ameren’s Protection and Coordination Settings Philosophies

7

Intelligent Fuse Savings automatically determines whether a fuse-saving “fast” trip should be used based on the fault-current magnitude.

At

high fault currents, a mechanical device cannot trip faster than a fuse will operate, so Intelligent Fuse Savings will avoid using the fast trip, thereby reducing momentary outages.

Ameren

engineering recommends enabling Intelligent Fuse Savings using a fuse-savings curve that matches the largest fuse size desirable to save downstream of the mid-point fault interrupter.

Choosing

the largest fuse to save should be based on the fuse size used most downstream of the fault interrupter and that serves the largest number of customers.

Slide8

Ameren’s Protection and Coordination Settings Philosophies

8

Slide9

Ameren Illinois

9

Ameren Illinois’

IntelliRupter

Fault Interrupter Protection and Coordination Settings Program.

Slide10

Ameren Illinois’ IntelliRupter Fault Interrupter Protection and Coordination Settings Program

10

To drive consistency, DA engineering built a program that takes in data similar to the

information in the previous tables,

and the group automatically runs through the rules of calculating CTI. It then selects the standard recloser emulation, the optimal PulseFinding setting, and the Intelligent Fuse Savings curve. The program runs the above tasks for coordination in both directions

, draws a circuit diagram with the settings printed on it, and plots the TCC coordination curves

Slide11

Ameren Illinois’ IntelliRupter Fault Interrupter Protection and Coordination Settings Program

11

Slide12

Ameren Illinois’ IntelliRupter Fault Interrupter Protection and Coordination Settings Program

12

Slide13

Ameren Illinois

13

Ameren Illinois’

IntelliRupter

Field Results of Intelligent Fuse Saving.

Slide14

Field Results of Intelligent Fuse Saving

14

Example of a fuse saved on a transient

fault. B163

6/14/2014

~1900 A RMS – Pole 3

PulseClose

lasting ~ 5ms

Service restored after ~ 200ms

Slide15

Field Results of Intelligent Fuse Saving

15

Example of a fuse operation for a sustained fault on lateral–B163 9/14/2014

~2000 A RMS – Pole 3

Larger

PulseCloses

in both polarities

Service restored after fuse cleared the fault

A hard close allows fuse to operate

Slide16

Field Results of Intelligent Fuse Saving

16

Example of a fuse blown on a transient fault–B176–10/2/2014

~3493 A RMS – Pole 1

Service restored

immediatley

(except for customers downstream of the fuse)

Slide17

Field Results of Intelligent Fuse Saving

17

Example of a transient fault on the main line–MV155 8/23/2014.

~3600 A RMS – Pole 1

Fault on mainline, no fuse operation, fault interrupter trips after 217

ms

Slide18

Advanced Fuse-Saving Techniques

18

Conclusions

 

Ameren Illinois has standardized on the S&C IntelliRupter PulseCloser Fault Interrupter for 12-kV distribution feeder-protection applications. The objective is to simplify the coordination and configuration of the distribution-system devices by using advanced features of the fault interrupter.  

The calculator tool created by the DA engineering group simplifies coordination for the typical mid-tie-mid application by automating and optimizing the protection settings. The real-life examples of faults on main lines and laterals demonstrate that single-phase tripping and Intelligent Fuse Savings features are improving customer service reliability. Ameren Illinois will continue to monitor the field events and look for opportunities to improve reliability of electricity service while simplifying and standardizing protection and coordination practices.

Slide19

Distribution Automation

19

Questions?

Slide20