Chapter  AssembletoOrder MaketoOrder and Quick Response with Reactive Capacity  The data in this chapter have been modified to protect confidentiality

Chapter AssembletoOrder MaketoOrder and Quick Response with Reactive Capacity The data in this chapter have been modified to protect confidentiality - Description

A firm facing the newsvendor problem can manage but not avoid the possibility of a de mandsupply mismatch order too much and inventory is left over at the end of the sea son but order too little and incur the opportunity cost of lost sales The firm ID: 36668 Download Pdf

121K - views

Chapter AssembletoOrder MaketoOrder and Quick Response with Reactive Capacity The data in this chapter have been modified to protect confidentiality

A firm facing the newsvendor problem can manage but not avoid the possibility of a de mandsupply mismatch order too much and inventory is left over at the end of the sea son but order too little and incur the opportunity cost of lost sales The firm

Similar presentations


Tags : firm facing the
Download Pdf

Chapter AssembletoOrder MaketoOrder and Quick Response with Reactive Capacity The data in this chapter have been modified to protect confidentiality




Download Pdf - The PPT/PDF document "Chapter AssembletoOrder MaketoOrder and..." is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.



Presentation on theme: "Chapter AssembletoOrder MaketoOrder and Quick Response with Reactive Capacity The data in this chapter have been modified to protect confidentiality"— Presentation transcript:


Page 1
Chapter 10 Assemble-to-Order, Make-to-Order, and Quick Response with Reactive Capacity 214 The data in this chapter have been modified to protect confidentiality. A firm facing the newsvendor problem can manage, but not avoid, the possibility of a de mand–supply mismatch: order too much and inventory is left over at the end of the sea- son, but order too little and incur the opportunity cost of lost sales. The firm finds itself in this situation because it commits to its entire supply before demand occurs. This mode of operation is often called make-to-stock because all items

enter finished goods inventory (stock) before they are demanded. In other words, with make-to-stock the identity of an item’s eventual owner is not known when production of the item is completed. To reduce the demand–supply mismatches associated with make-to-stock, a firm could attempt to delay at least some production until better demand information is learned. For xample, a firm could choose to begin producing an item only when it receives a firm or- der from a customer. This mode of operation is often called make-to-order or assemble-to- order. Dell Computer is probably the most well known

and most successful company to have implemented the assemble-to-order model. Make-to-stock and make-to-order are two extremes in the sense that with one all pro- duction begins well before demand is received, whereas with the other production begins only after demand is known. Between any two extremes there also must be an intermediate option. Suppose the lead time to receive an order is short relative to the length of the sell- ing season. A firm then orders some inventory before the selling season starts so that some product is on hand at the beginning of the season. After observing early

season sales, the fi rm then submits a second order that is received well before the end of the season (due to the short lead time). In this situation, the firm should make a conservative initial order and use the second order to strategically respond to initial season sales: Slow-selling products are not replenished mid-season, thereby reducing leftover inventory, while fast-selling products are replenished, thereby reducing lost sales. cac18993_ch10.qxd 11/9/04 11:18 PM Page 214