Aviation Security Challenges PowerPoint Presentation

Aviation Security Challenges PowerPoint Presentation

2017-08-27 202K 202 0 0

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Practical Solutions. David Alexander ICAO AVSEC PM. Professional Aviation Services (Pty) Ltd. Contents. Background. Onboard security. Screening. Airports attacks. Countermeasures. Some solutions. Questions and closing. ID: 582572

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Presentations text content in Aviation Security Challenges

Slide1

Aviation Security Challenges

Practical Solutions

David Alexander ICAO AVSEC PM

Professional Aviation Services (Pty) Ltd

Slide2

Contents

Background

Onboard security

Screening

Airports attacks

Countermeasures

Some solutions

Questions and closing

Slide3

A new era in Aviation Security

Focus on the aircraft

Screening

Profiling

Intelligence

Slide4

Security on board

Sky marshals on selected flights

Secure cockpit doors

Security training for flight and cabin crew

Passenger awareness

Slide5

At the airport?

Long delays

Stringent screening (Shoes and parcels)

Angry passengers

Slide6

Advanced screening systems

Passengers screening combining scanning, metal detection and explosive detection

Slide7

Advanced baggage screening

Fully automated CTX screening

Screener intervention to resolve alarms

Some include explosive detection

Slide8

The 5 stage baggage screening system

Level 1 Fully automated

Level 2 Operator screening

Level 3 Alternate Technology

Level 4 Physical examination in presence of passengerLevel 5 if the passenger cannot be reconciled with the bag and the bag will be considered as a threat and dealt with accordingly.

Computer Tomography X-ray

Slide9

Cabin baggage screening

Very difficult to get any illegal item past screening points

Slide10

Result?

Much more difficult to get a device or weapon on board

Seek alternative targets

Airport and transport facilities

Slide11

Why airports and aviation?

High profile

Many people

Symbol of nation

Guaranteed the attack will make the news

Slide12

Airport Attacks

Brussels

Zaventem

Slide13

2007 Glasgow International Airport attack

A terrorist ramming attack which occurred on Saturday 30 June 2007

Security bollards outside the entrance stopped the car from entering the terminal

Religious motivation connected to the Iraqi conflict

Slide14

Results

Increased security at several UK airports

Additional concrete bollards at vehicle access points

By Thomas Nugent, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=13153432

Slide15

Domodedovo International Airport bombing

Explosion affected the baggage-claim area of the airport's international arrivals hall

The bombing killed 37 people and injured 173 others

Two suicide bombers, suspected to be Islamist militants from the North Caucasus

Slide16

Airport owner charged

Dmitriy

Kamenshchik

, the owner of the Domodedovo airport, charged with the provision of services that do not meet security standards in connection with 2011 terrorist attack that left 37 dead

Slide17

2014 Jinnah International Airport attack

8 June 2014, 10 militants armed with automatic weapons, a rocket launcher, suicide vests, and grenades attacked

36 people were killed, including all 10 attackers, and 18 others were wounded

The militant organisation

Tehrik

-

i

-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) claimed responsibility for the attack.

Slide18

2016 Brussels Airport in

Zaventem

Retaliation for Belgium involvement in attacks on ISIS

Two suicide bombers, carrying explosives in large suitcases, attacked a departure hall

In two separate check in rows

Slide19

Maalbeek

metro station

Explosion took place in the middle carriage of a three-carriage train at

Maalbeek

metro station

Slide20

Brussels attacks

In the bombings, 35 people, including three suicide bombers, were killed and over 300 others were injured, 62 critically.

Including the attackers, seventeen bodies were recovered at Brussels Airport and fourteen at the metro station

Slide21

2016 Atatürk Airport attack

Gunmen armed with automatic weapons and explosive belts staged a simultaneous attack at the international terminal of Terminal 2

Forty-five people were killed, in addition to the three attackers, and 239 people were injured

Slide22

Changing patterns

Glasgow vehicle ramming

Moscow suicide bomber in arrivals

Jinnah armed assault

Brussels suicide bombers in departure hall

Istanbul armed assault and suicide vests in departure area and parking area

Slide23

The challenge of new media

Were reliant on media houses

Now self publish

They decide when they get attention

Slide24

Method, the lone wolf and small groups

Difficult to detect

Prospect creates fear

One attack causes many warnings, expense, fear, inconvenience

Slide25

Threats

“A pro-Islamic State Twitter account has warned of a terror attack on planes flying from Heathrow Airport across the US independence Day weekend.”

Metro UK

(Picture: Scott Barbour/Getty Images)

Slide26

Insider threat

Very difficult to detect

Vetting, recruitment and monitoring the key

Slide27

Metrojet

Claim the flight was downed by a soda can IED

Most likely planted in catering by an “Insider”

Slide28

Aftermath?

Increased security measures in many countries

More delays

Fear of travel

Expense

Slide29

Counter measures

What can be done?

Slide30

Rings of protection

Slide31

Outer

Establish at airport boundary/perimeter

Includes fencing, lighting, signs, alarms

Designed to channel people/vehicles through controlled access gates and points

Slide32

Rings of protection

Slide33

Middle

Establish at exterior of buildings, terminals, situated within airport boundary (greater physical protection of doors, windows, roofs, skylights)

For open areas such as runways and aprons, (protected by patrolling/guarding/surveillance)

Slide34

Rings of protection

Slide35

Inner

Buildings, areas, aircraft requiring maximum protection (protected by guarding/patrolling and additional barriers)

Slide36

Rings of protection

Slide37

Sterile area

Passengers with valid tickets

Employees with valid permits

EVERYBODY screened before entry

Slide38

Attacks being forced to the outer ring…A good thing?

Slide39

Cooperation

Role players working together to design solutions

Airport authorities, ICAO, IATA, ACI, Police and intelligence bodies

Learn from experience

Slide40

Airport design

“Sometimes, art and function coincide. Open spaces and high ceilings can reduce the impact of a concussive blast.

Other times, designers are working to reduce congestion in non-secure areas and create more offsite checkpoints. They seek to channel passengers in ways that take advantage of high-tech sensors, cameras and facial recognition software that may help police stop assailants before they kill.”

Yahoo News By Alwyn Scott and Daniel Trotta

Slide41

Information security

Ensure that your security data is safe guarded, includes

Security design features

Personnel details

Shifts

SOP’s

Emergency procedures

Slide42

Intelligence?

Many protest the surveillance being done

Security and safety or privacy?

You choose

I want them to watch all the time

Slide43

Choose

Security and safety

Privacy

Choose, you cannot have both

Slide44

Recruiting key

Recruit carefully

Select and vet correctly and thoroughly

Look after your people

Slide45

Profiling

Essential tool despite bad press and resistance

Stopped many attacks

The attackers in Istanbul had on winter coats despite it being summer……….

Slide46

Not “Criminal Minds”……

A very important tool and technique for keeping us safe

Slide47

See something,

say something

To report suspicious activity, contact your local law enforcement agency. Describe specifically what you observed, including:

Who

 or 

what

 you saw;

When

 you saw it;

Where

 it occurred; and

Why

 it's suspicious.

If there is an emergency,

call 9–1–1.

From US DHS

Slide48

Random and unpredictable

“TSA officers may use risk-based security measures to identify, mitigate and resolve potential threats at the airport security checkpoint. These officers may ask you questions about your travel to include identity, travel itinerary and property. TSA may use a variety of screening processes, including random screening, regardless of whether an alarm is triggered. In addition, TSA uses unpredictable security measures throughout the airport and no individual is guaranteed expedited screening.”

https://www.tsa.gov/travel/security-screening

Slide49

CCTV

Advanced observation

Track movement of persons

High image quality and image manipulation

Very valuable security tool

Slide50

Training

Training is critical

Train EVERYBODY!

Aviation Security Awareness

Why is awareness important?

What must we be aware of?

What does awareness mean? (How is it done?)

What do I do if I see something?

Who do I report it to?

Slide51

Don’t train because you must……..

Train because it is the most effective way to create maximum “eyes” on security and possible threats

Train everybody, all can contribute to security

Train for your circumstances, include practical exercises

Slide52

Conclusions

Threats and attack methods evolve all the time

Technology is evolving to meet current (and yesterday’s) threat

Intelligence is key

Human measures (profiling, recruiting, training) are the most effective detection method

Motivated, trained, aware personnel are the best deterrent

Slide53

Questions?

Presentation by David Alexander ICAO AVSEC PM

Professional Aviation Services (Pty) Ltd

082 308 0169

david@professional.za.com


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