Marxist Theory Marxist Theory

Marxist Theory Marxist Theory Marxist Theory Marxist Theory - Start

Added : 2018-02-15 Views :84K

Download Presentation

Marxist Theory Marxist Theory




Download Presentation - The PPT/PDF document "Marxist Theory Marxist Theory" is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.



Presentations text content in Marxist Theory Marxist Theory

Slide1

Marxist Theory

Slide2

Marxist Theory

-Based on philosophy of Karl Marx (1818-1883)

-German philosopher and economist

“Whoever controls the means of production (factories) in a society controls society.”

Slide3

What do Marxists believe?

Getting

and keeping economic power is the motive behind all social and political activities

(education, philosophy, religion, government, the arts, science, technology, the media)

.

Economics is the base and the social/political and ideological realities are built on top of it

.

Slide4

There’s Two Kinds of People in the World:

Bourgeoisie (haves) – those who control the world’s natural, economic, and human resources

Proletariat (have

nots

) – the majority of the population who perform the manual

labour

that keeps the wealthy rich.

Question: what would happen if the proletariat banded together (all voted one way? Boycotted a company?)

Slide5

Hey Baby, Nice Class

Five basic groups in Western society:

underclass

(homeless),

lower class (limited career/educational opportunities),

middle

class (own a home/car, can send kids to college),

upper class (two homes, nice vacations, luxury car, etc), the super-rich (the American ‘aristocracy’)

Slide6

Fight the power!

Marxists believe the lower classes are held back by ideologies

Ideology: a belief

system

Undesirable (negative) ideologies promote repressive political agendas

; to be accepted by the citizens, they pass themselves off as “natural”

Slide7

1. Classism

an

ideology that equates your value as a human being with the social class to which one

belongs

Slide8

2. Patriotism

Keeps poor

from country A fighting against poor from country B while the military-industrial complex rakes in the profits

Slide9

3. Religion

Religion is used

to keep the poor satisfied with their lot in life (e.g. with the promise of a better afterlife)

Slide10

4. Consumerism

I

can be as “good” as a richer person if I buy the same things;

G

enerates

profits for the wealthy who manufacture those products

Slide11

5. Alienated Labour

Because

factory workers produce only a small part of the whole

they

are disconnected from the products and the value of their

labour

Slide12

Commodification

Marxists

warn against seeing people and things only for what they can do for us.

Marxists propose that we think about things/people as having three different values

Slide13

A) Use Value

Buy a

book for the pleasure of reading, or a doorstop. Useful

!

Date a guy because he’s funny and has a nice smile.

Slide14

B) Exchange Value

I

sell the book for money to buy something else

I go on a date with a guy because I think he’ll take me somewhere fancy and pay!

Slide15

C) Sign-Exchange Value

I

carry the book around so people will see it and think I’m smart/that book cost a lot!

I go on a date with a guy because he’ll introduce me to other rich

people and make my friends jealous

Slide16

Marxist Theory

Literature is a reflection of culture, and culture can be influenced by literature….

…which means that literature can instigate revolution!

Slide17

Questions Marxists ask

Does the work reinforce (intentionally or not) capitalist or classist values? Critics should expose and condemn that agenda.

How might the work critique capitalism or classism? Critics should recognize if a text has a Marxist agenda.

Is the work ideologically conflicted (e.g. condemns some capitalism but also celebrates overconsumption?)

How does the text reflect (intentionally or not) the socioeconomic conditions of the time it was written or set?

How might the work be seen as a critique of organized religion? Does religion in the text function to keep a character(s) from resisting oppression?

Slide18

Marxist Video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v

=YgL-OVQrgl8


About DocSlides
DocSlides allows users to easily upload and share presentations, PDF documents, and images.Share your documents with the world , watch,share and upload any time you want. How can you benefit from using DocSlides? DocSlides consists documents from individuals and organizations on topics ranging from technology and business to travel, health, and education. Find and search for what interests you, and learn from people and more. You can also download DocSlides to read or reference later.
Youtube