The Oracle Storage Story, Now and Tomorrow

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The Oracle Storage Story, Now and Tomorrow




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Presentations text content in The Oracle Storage Story, Now and Tomorrow

Slide1

Slide2

The Oracle Storage Story, Now and Tomorrow

Chris WoodDirector of Product Management, Axiom LOB

Slide3

A simplified History of Sun/Oracle Storage

In 1999 Sun acquired

MaxStrat

(and me in the process) to get it’s first real RAID array. The famous (infamous) T3. (Project Purple)

Sun was not skilled in acquisitions; Sun managed to “incent” 90% of the

MaxStrat

development team to quit within the first 90 days.

Leaving a half completed program with no skills to complete it.

About 2 years later the T3 finally shipped with about ½ the features it was supposed to have and little or no RAS.

We sold over 36,000 of them and then it started to break…

Everything hit the fan – I got good at ducking.

Slide4

If at first you don’t succeed…

Buy another company with Magic Technology:

Pirus

networks (2002)

Pirus

had a distributed architecture crossbar virtualization engine that was supposed to do NAS, SAN, offer any to any connectivity, rich data services, fast as all get out and be the industries first totally virtualized array. (6920)

Unfortunately, this did not happen and the remnants were sold off to LSI/

Engenio

for pennies on the dollar

Sun also bought LSC in 2001 and obtained SAM-QFS but had no clue what to do with it. (The “Box” Mentality)

Now Sun had no competitive storage offerings; Some cool storage S/W but no idea how to exploit it, so what to do?

Slide5

Give up, and OEM something that works

Sun OEM’s “Big Fish” from HDS – The 99xx line

Sun OEM’s “Little Fish” from LSI – The 6xxx line.

Both products work just fine, so Sun decides to develop it’s own UI CAM (Common Array Manager) vs. use the well respected HDS High Command and LSI’s

SANtricity

.

In keeping with past failures, CAM was universally disliked by customers, slow, buggy and short on function; otherwise a great product.

There was one other problem: It’s very hard to make money on

OEM’d

products – Especially if you have daily channel conflict with your major vendor HDS.

Now What?

Slide6

Fishworks

Sun finally asks the right question: What exactly is storage?

Disks and Enclosures: Commodity, low value “stuff”

Controller Hardware: Memory (DRAM), microprocessors, I/O ports and a ton of software – A server for instance – We make those!

What Glue is missing?

File System, Volume Manager, RAID code etc. – ZFS – Gosh, we own that also…

Management UI –

Fishworks

and D-Trace Analytics

Decision: Let’s build the Glue and tie the other parts that we already have together – Thus was ZFSSA born.

Slide7

Today

Oracle has two great storage offerings: Axiom 600 and ZFSSA – Similar but different, more on this later

Oracle has the premier tape offering in the world, hands down

Oracle has re-discovered SAM-QFS – There’s still nothing quite like it in the world.

Oracle has doubled-down on storage and will announce complete product refreshes for both the Axiom and the ZFSSA at Oracle Open World with availability this year. Sneak peak coming.

Slide8

Agenda

TAPEZFSSAAXIOMSAM-QFS

Slide9

Jim Cates on Tape…His response to my comment: “the SL8500 is really cool”

The T10000C tape drive is also another fairly sophisticated product. The tape is 5 microns thick and we do fast search down tape at about 12 m/s (26 mph). The drive writes ~ 3 micron data tracks on tape at roughly 11 mph to a placement accuracy of tenths of microns. We place 3584 tracks on 1/2 inch tape using 32 data channels operating in parallel.

Oracle designs everything for this drive including the recording head film stack, servo pattern, tape path, rd/

wrt

channels, compression/encryption algorithm, analog/digital chips, etc. 

 We arguably control the largest breadth of dimensions associated with a product. The recording heads have films measured in angstroms. The media length is about 1 kilometer. This is a difference of about 13 orders of magnitude.

The rise time of the head and channel is specified in nanoseconds. The media shelf life is 30 years. This difference spans 17 orders of magnitude.

CW Comment: Tape is way cool!

 

Slide10

But Tape is Dead…

Every analyst says tape backup is declining – And they are correct!D2D (VTL’s etc) are winning: Faster, Deduplication, Sex Appeal, whatever.Then along came Government Regulations, Politicians and Lawyers. Thank God! Data retention policiesSearchable ArchivesProject “Carnivore”Big DataMobile DevicesAll that stuff, that nobody will (or should¹) read has to go somewhere

¹

Privacy?

Slide11

15%

80%

Why Tape: Economics of Tiered Storage

Tape is the Foundation: Most of the Data Stored at the Lowest Cost

5%

Current

(7-30

days)

: Flash/Performance Disk Frequent changes Immediate access Instantaneous protectionRecent (30-90 days) : SAS/SATA Infrequent changes modifications change classification to “Current” Slight access delay acceptableArchival (>90 days) : Tape Very infrequent / no changes Offsite / offline / nearline protected

Result: Tape is growing, Backup is not

Slide12

Storage for archive and retention is a $3B Market growing to over $7B in 2017Use case for archive storage is becoming distinct from primary or backup use caseTape is established as primary storage tier for long-term archive retention

IDC Market Analysis. Worldwide Archival Storage Solutions Forecast: Archiving Needs Thrive in an Information-Thirsty World. (IDC #230762)

Analysts: Digital Archive Market

Tape is the largest tier

Archive Capacity and Revenue: 2009-2017 (EB and $M)

Slide13

Press: Tape

Archive, legislation, need for off-site data storage, disaster recovery, dealing with massive data quantities all mean there is a place for tape. Even as semi-primary storage, tape can have a role to play.”

Clive Longbottom in Dave Bailey’s column, Computing

“(Tape) gives true offsite vaulting for disaster recovery, and requires much less power and cooling. We believe tape will remain viable for the foreseeable future.”

Robert Amatruda, IDC, in Iain Thomson’s column, V3

Slide14

Oracle StorageTek Tape Portfolio

Entry

SL8500

VSM

SL3000

SL150

Software

Device Management

Data Management

Tiered Storage

Virtualization

Encryption

T9840

LTO

T10000

VLE

Best scalability

Best reliability and availability

Best TCO and investment protection

We Make a lot of Stuff!

Slide15

Oracle’s Broomfield, Colorado Campus

225,000 square feet, $70M+ Labs, Over 50 ISV partnerships

Slide16

Oracle Tape Portfolio Investment (last 2 years)

More innovation than ever… with more to come!

Increased investment in tape R&DOur strongest portfolio everInnovation from integration of Oracle software with StorageTek hardware

Slide17

Simplify Tape ManagementTape Analytics monitors all your drives and media so you can focus your resources elsewhereLeverage Intelligent AnalyticsOracle’s proprietary algorithms provide proactive health indicators that can be trusted Worry Free DeploymentTape Analytics gathers performance data through the library without ever entering your live data pathGrow with Peace of MindA monitoring application that scales to meet your needs, Tape Analytics supports monitoring multiple globally dispersed libraries from a single interface

17

Making Tape Reliable for the Long term: Proactive Monitoring

Oracle StorageTek Tape Analytics Software

Slide18

LTFS

WHAT IS IT?

WHAT MAKES STORAGE SELF DESCRIBING?

When a file and the index that describes that file are stored together

WHAT IS UNIQUE ABOUT SELF DESCRIBING FILES?

WHY DO WE WANT SOFTWARE INDEPENDENCE?

Freedom to access files without proprietary software

WHY DO WE WANT FILES TO BE ACCESSIBLE?

TWO REASONS:

1 - Easily share files

2 - Retrieve files in the future

INDEX

FILE

SOFTWARE DEPENDENT

INDEX

FILE

SELF DESCRIBING

Self Describing Files are independent of the OS and the software used to create them

A SELF DESCRIBING

STORAGE FORMAT

Slide19

LTFS with LTO

FILE PARTITION

Beginning of Tape

End of Tape

FILE 1

FILE 2

FILE 3

LTFS

Format on Tape

FILE INDEX PARTITION

INDEX 1

INDEX 2

INDEX 3

FILE

Beginning of Tape

End of Tape

TAR

Format on Tape

FILE INDEX

INDEX 1

INDEX 2

FILE(S) 1

FILE(S) 2…

…FILE(S) 2

INDEX 3

FILE(S) 3

Slide20

Oracle’s Open Format Software

First LTFS Driver To Support:

StorageTek T10000C, HP LTO-5, & IBM LTO-5

Oracle’s Driver is Free

https://oss.oracle.com/projects/ltfs

/

Oracle’s StorageTek LTFS, Open Edition Software

So What’s Missing?

Slide21

Visibility Into All The Files in a Tape Archive

How Does LTFS-LE Expose a standard Interface to Tape Libraries?

LTFS Library Edition

INDEX 1

FILES

INDEX 1

INDEX 2

INDEX 3

APPLICATIONS

All File Indices Stored Within LTFS-LE Application

File Index

and

Files

Stored Locally on Every LTFS Tape

POSIX / CIFS / NFS Interface

Slide22

Agenda

TAPEZFSSAAXIOMSAM-QFS

Slide23

ACTIVE-ACTIVE CONTROLLERS

2TB DRAM80 processor cores10 PCI slotsScales to ~15TB FlashScales to ~3PB

S7420

7120

SINGLE OR DUAL CONTROLLERS288GB DRAM16 processor cores2 PCI slotsScales to ~6TB FlashScales to ~500TB

SINGLECONTROLLER48GB DRAM4 CPU cores2 PCI slots73GB of FlashScales to ~200TB

Fastest Growing Major NAS and Unified Storage Vendor

ZFS Storage Appliances

7320

7420

7420

ZFS Intelligent Operating System

Single storage software.

Three unique storage systems.

Slide24

Engineered for Extreme Performance.

Most

Horsepower

Possible

2TB DRAM80 cores processing power4TB Read Flash10TB Write Flash

Dynamic Storage

Tiering (HSP)

Automated, real-time data migration from DRAM to multi-class flash, to multi-class disk storage.Only software engineered for multi-level flash and disk storage.

4 Write SSDs per Tray (max)

7.2K

SAS-2

10/15K

SAS-2

10/15K

SAS-2

Slide25

ZFS Storage Performance Benchmarks

8S

137,066

68,035

62,261

53,014

Sources:

SAN:

storageperformance.org

NAS:

spec.org

/sfs2008/

Oracle

(7420

) – July

Oracle

(7420)

275,000

NetApp (3270)

New

Oracle (6780)

IBM (V7000)

SPC-1

OLTP

10.7GB/s

7.4GB/s

4.8GB/s

3.1GB/s

137,066

Oracle

(7420

) –

Oracle

(7420)

15GB/s

IBM (XIV)

New

Oracle (6780)

IBM (V7000)

SPC-2

DSS/OLAP

134,140

101,183

Oracle (7320)

267,000

NetApp (3270)

IBM (V7000)

SPECsfs

2.5ms response

4.3ms response

Oracle (7320)

NetApp (3270)

Leading Disk Storage Performance

in

A

ll

Three

Industry Benchmarks

Oracle

(7420)

137,066

Oracle

(7420

) – December 2013

325,000

New

137,066

Oracle

(7420

) – December 2013

17GB

/s

New

400,000

Oracle

(7420) – December 2013

New

Caution: Not for External Use

Slide26

Based on Solaris DtraceEnables Storage Admins to see various statistics / measurements in real timeProvides drilldown analysisVisibility of who/what is using storage resourcesMost powerful tool for troubleshooting and resolving bottlenecks

Real Time Visibility

Power of Storage Analytics

Slide27

Agenda

TAPEZFSSAAXIOMSAM-QFS

Slide28

Easy to Use Enterprise Storage: Data and storage services that can be promoted or demoted “on the fly” to increase or decrease performance and priority as business and application priorities change.Scalable and Elastic: Ideal storage platform for virtual infrastructure projects, IT data center consolidation projects, Oracle deployments, and bringing business-critical applications, such as financial and OLTP, online with the highest levels of performance without tradeoffs for capacity utilization.Industry leading Efficiency: Utilization, Performance, and Protection – tied to unique service levels. Consolidate your applications on a single storage platform.

Pillar Axiom 600

: Oracle’s Axiom lowers IT costs and speeds up ROI with advanced Quality of Service, simple data management, and industry leading utilization and scalability.

Introducing the Pillar Axiom 600

The Core Value Propositions

Slide29

S7420

Axiom 600 – one model that linearly scales both capacity and performance

Up to 4

ACTIVE-ACTIVE

SLAMMERS with 64 Bricks8 Control UnitsUp to 832 drivesUp to 1.6PB Capacity192GB Cache128 RAID ControllersSATA, FC, or SSD Storage Classes

SINGLE ACTIVE-ACTIVESLAMMERwith ONE BRICK2 Control Units13 Drives12TB Capacity48GB Cache

All models include…Patented Quality of Service (QoS) SoftwareAll Protocols: FC, iSCSI, CIFS, NFS All Management Software: Multi-Axiom Management, Application Profiles, Thin Provisioning, Storage Domains, Path Management SoftwareData Protection and Mobility Software: Replication, Volume Copy, ClonesEngineered integration with Oracle software: HCC, OEM, ASM, SAM, OVM

29

Pillar Axiom 600 Storage System

Slide30

FeatureFunctionBenefitsQuality of ServiceApplication prioritization and contention management that enables multiple applications to efficiently co-exist on the same storage system Applications are assigned I/O resources according to their business value and not relegated to ‘first come first served’Increases overall efficiency and utilization of the storage systemModular ArchitectureAbility to dynamically scale both performance and capacity by independently adding Slammers (up to 4) and Bricks (up to 64)Maximum performance/utilization regardless of size of configuration. Ability to grow and rebalance the storage pool based on changing business environmentsDistributed RAIDAchieves superior scalability and performance even during drive rebuilds by moving RAID local to storage enclosuresEnsures predictable performance scaling with capacity add.Higher reliability by localizing the drive rebuild process to the storage enclosure and reducing RAID rebuild window

Top Technology Differentiators

Slide31

Virtual Server

Virtual Machine 2

Virtual Machine 1

Virtual Machine 3

FIFO

Queue

Virtual Server

Virtual Machine 2

Virtual Machine 1

Virtual Machine 3

1

3

9

4

5

8

10

7

2

6

Premium Priority Queue

Medium Priority Queue

Low Priority Queue

Premium

Medium

Low

Premium

Medium

Low

Typical

Multi-Tier Array

Axiom Architecture

Prioritizing the I/O Queue; Breaking the FIFO Model

4

5

8

10

1

3

7

9

2

6

Align The Business Value Of The Application

To I/O Performance Levels

Slide32

Domain 2

Domain 1

Domain 3

Create up to 64 Physical Domains in a Single Axiom

Refresh Legacy or Aging Bricks without Disruption

Easily and non- disruptively evacuate old drives

Isolate Application Data or Workloads to Physical Location

Secure a workload to a domain - No co-mingling of data across media

Separate User Groups or Departments to Physical Location

Secure department or user type/role data to a domain

Separate ProtocolsIsolate SAN and NAS workloads – they can be very different.

Extending QoS w/ Storage Domains

32

Slide33

Pilot

Slammer

Slammer

Bricks

Modular Scaling with Modular Components

Slide34

SAM-FS with AxiomComplete Solution with Oracle WebCenter Content

Performance Disk

Tape Systems

WebCenter

Content Servers

SAM Policies

QFS File System

Offsite SAM Copies

Metadata Server

SAM Tape Archive Copy

Remote Systems

Metadata

SSD

Primary File System

FC

SAM Disk Archive Copy

SATA

SAM

Copy 1 & 2

SAM Copy 3

Thousands of SAN clients

Hundreds of file systems

Billions of files

Petabytes of disk cache

Exabytes

of archive

Capacity Disk

Slide35


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