Presentations text content in The Oracle Storage Story, Now and Tomorrow
The Oracle Storage Story, Now and Tomorrow
Chris WoodDirector of Product Management, Axiom LOBSlide3
A simplified History of Sun/Oracle Storage
In 1999 Sun acquired
(and me in the process) to get it’s first real RAID array. The famous (infamous) T3. (Project Purple)
Sun was not skilled in acquisitions; Sun managed to “incent” 90% of the
development team to quit within the first 90 days.
Leaving a half completed program with no skills to complete it.
About 2 years later the T3 finally shipped with about ½ the features it was supposed to have and little or no RAS.
We sold over 36,000 of them and then it started to break…
Everything hit the fan – I got good at ducking.Slide4
If at first you don’t succeed…
Buy another company with Magic Technology:
had a distributed architecture crossbar virtualization engine that was supposed to do NAS, SAN, offer any to any connectivity, rich data services, fast as all get out and be the industries first totally virtualized array. (6920)
Unfortunately, this did not happen and the remnants were sold off to LSI/
for pennies on the dollar
Sun also bought LSC in 2001 and obtained SAM-QFS but had no clue what to do with it. (The “Box” Mentality)
Now Sun had no competitive storage offerings; Some cool storage S/W but no idea how to exploit it, so what to do?Slide5
Give up, and OEM something that works
Sun OEM’s “Big Fish” from HDS – The 99xx line
Sun OEM’s “Little Fish” from LSI – The 6xxx line.
Both products work just fine, so Sun decides to develop it’s own UI CAM (Common Array Manager) vs. use the well respected HDS High Command and LSI’s
In keeping with past failures, CAM was universally disliked by customers, slow, buggy and short on function; otherwise a great product.
There was one other problem: It’s very hard to make money on
products – Especially if you have daily channel conflict with your major vendor HDS.
Sun finally asks the right question: What exactly is storage?
Disks and Enclosures: Commodity, low value “stuff”
Controller Hardware: Memory (DRAM), microprocessors, I/O ports and a ton of software – A server for instance – We make those!
What Glue is missing?
File System, Volume Manager, RAID code etc. – ZFS – Gosh, we own that also…
Management UI –
and D-Trace Analytics
Decision: Let’s build the Glue and tie the other parts that we already have together – Thus was ZFSSA born.Slide7
Oracle has two great storage offerings: Axiom 600 and ZFSSA – Similar but different, more on this later
Oracle has the premier tape offering in the world, hands down
Oracle has re-discovered SAM-QFS – There’s still nothing quite like it in the world.
Oracle has doubled-down on storage and will announce complete product refreshes for both the Axiom and the ZFSSA at Oracle Open World with availability this year. Sneak peak coming.Slide8
Jim Cates on Tape…His response to my comment: “the SL8500 is really cool”
The T10000C tape drive is also another fairly sophisticated product. The tape is 5 microns thick and we do fast search down tape at about 12 m/s (26 mph). The drive writes ~ 3 micron data tracks on tape at roughly 11 mph to a placement accuracy of tenths of microns. We place 3584 tracks on 1/2 inch tape using 32 data channels operating in parallel.
Oracle designs everything for this drive including the recording head film stack, servo pattern, tape path, rd/
channels, compression/encryption algorithm, analog/digital chips, etc.
We arguably control the largest breadth of dimensions associated with a product. The recording heads have films measured in angstroms. The media length is about 1 kilometer. This is a difference of about 13 orders of magnitude.
The rise time of the head and channel is specified in nanoseconds. The media shelf life is 30 years. This difference spans 17 orders of magnitude.
CW Comment: Tape is way cool!
But Tape is Dead…
Every analyst says tape backup is declining – And they are correct!D2D (VTL’s etc) are winning: Faster, Deduplication, Sex Appeal, whatever.Then along came Government Regulations, Politicians and Lawyers. Thank God! Data retention policiesSearchable ArchivesProject “Carnivore”Big DataMobile DevicesAll that stuff, that nobody will (or should¹) read has to go somewhere
Why Tape: Economics of Tiered Storage
Tape is the Foundation: Most of the Data Stored at the Lowest Cost
: Flash/Performance Disk Frequent changes Immediate access Instantaneous protectionRecent (30-90 days) : SAS/SATA Infrequent changes modifications change classification to “Current” Slight access delay acceptableArchival (>90 days) : Tape Very infrequent / no changes Offsite / offline / nearline protected
Result: Tape is growing, Backup is notSlide12
Storage for archive and retention is a $3B Market growing to over $7B in 2017Use case for archive storage is becoming distinct from primary or backup use caseTape is established as primary storage tier for long-term archive retention
IDC Market Analysis. Worldwide Archival Storage Solutions Forecast: Archiving Needs Thrive in an Information-Thirsty World. (IDC #230762)
Analysts: Digital Archive Market
Tape is the largest tier
Archive Capacity and Revenue: 2009-2017 (EB and $M)Slide13
Archive, legislation, need for off-site data storage, disaster recovery, dealing with massive data quantities all mean there is a place for tape. Even as semi-primary storage, tape can have a role to play.”
Clive Longbottom in Dave Bailey’s column, Computing
“(Tape) gives true offsite vaulting for disaster recovery, and requires much less power and cooling. We believe tape will remain viable for the foreseeable future.”
Robert Amatruda, IDC, in Iain Thomson’s column, V3Slide14
Oracle StorageTek Tape Portfolio
Best reliability and availability
Best TCO and investment protection
We Make a lot of Stuff!Slide15
Oracle’s Broomfield, Colorado Campus
225,000 square feet, $70M+ Labs, Over 50 ISV partnershipsSlide16
Oracle Tape Portfolio Investment (last 2 years)
More innovation than ever… with more to come!
Increased investment in tape R&DOur strongest portfolio everInnovation from integration of Oracle software with StorageTek hardwareSlide17
Simplify Tape ManagementTape Analytics monitors all your drives and media so you can focus your resources elsewhereLeverage Intelligent AnalyticsOracle’s proprietary algorithms provide proactive health indicators that can be trusted Worry Free DeploymentTape Analytics gathers performance data through the library without ever entering your live data pathGrow with Peace of MindA monitoring application that scales to meet your needs, Tape Analytics supports monitoring multiple globally dispersed libraries from a single interface
Making Tape Reliable for the Long term: Proactive Monitoring
Oracle StorageTek Tape Analytics SoftwareSlide18
WHAT IS IT?
WHAT MAKES STORAGE SELF DESCRIBING?
When a file and the index that describes that file are stored together
WHAT IS UNIQUE ABOUT SELF DESCRIBING FILES?
WHY DO WE WANT SOFTWARE INDEPENDENCE?
Freedom to access files without proprietary software
WHY DO WE WANT FILES TO BE ACCESSIBLE?
1 - Easily share files
2 - Retrieve files in the future
Self Describing Files are independent of the OS and the software used to create them
A SELF DESCRIBING
LTFS with LTO
Beginning of Tape
End of Tape
Format on Tape
FILE INDEX PARTITION
Beginning of Tape
End of Tape
Format on Tape
Oracle’s Open Format Software
First LTFS Driver To Support:
StorageTek T10000C, HP LTO-5, & IBM LTO-5
Oracle’s Driver is Free
Oracle’s StorageTek LTFS, Open Edition Software
So What’s Missing?Slide21
Visibility Into All The Files in a Tape Archive
How Does LTFS-LE Expose a standard Interface to Tape Libraries?
LTFS Library Edition
All File Indices Stored Within LTFS-LE Application
Stored Locally on Every LTFS Tape
POSIX / CIFS / NFS InterfaceSlide22
2TB DRAM80 processor cores10 PCI slotsScales to ~15TB FlashScales to ~3PB
SINGLE OR DUAL CONTROLLERS288GB DRAM16 processor cores2 PCI slotsScales to ~6TB FlashScales to ~500TB
SINGLECONTROLLER48GB DRAM4 CPU cores2 PCI slots73GB of FlashScales to ~200TB
Fastest Growing Major NAS and Unified Storage Vendor
ZFS Storage Appliances
ZFS Intelligent Operating System
Single storage software.
Three unique storage systems.Slide24
Engineered for Extreme Performance.
2TB DRAM80 cores processing power4TB Read Flash10TB Write Flash
Automated, real-time data migration from DRAM to multi-class flash, to multi-class disk storage.Only software engineered for multi-level flash and disk storage.
4 Write SSDs per Tray (max)
ZFS Storage Performance Benchmarks
) – July
Leading Disk Storage Performance
) – December 2013
) – December 2013
(7420) – December 2013
Caution: Not for External UseSlide26
Based on Solaris DtraceEnables Storage Admins to see various statistics / measurements in real timeProvides drilldown analysisVisibility of who/what is using storage resourcesMost powerful tool for troubleshooting and resolving bottlenecks
Real Time Visibility
Power of Storage AnalyticsSlide27
Easy to Use Enterprise Storage: Data and storage services that can be promoted or demoted “on the fly” to increase or decrease performance and priority as business and application priorities change.Scalable and Elastic: Ideal storage platform for virtual infrastructure projects, IT data center consolidation projects, Oracle deployments, and bringing business-critical applications, such as financial and OLTP, online with the highest levels of performance without tradeoffs for capacity utilization.Industry leading Efficiency: Utilization, Performance, and Protection – tied to unique service levels. Consolidate your applications on a single storage platform.
Pillar Axiom 600
: Oracle’s Axiom lowers IT costs and speeds up ROI with advanced Quality of Service, simple data management, and industry leading utilization and scalability.
Introducing the Pillar Axiom 600
The Core Value PropositionsSlide29
Axiom 600 – one model that linearly scales both capacity and performance
Up to 4
SLAMMERS with 64 Bricks8 Control UnitsUp to 832 drivesUp to 1.6PB Capacity192GB Cache128 RAID ControllersSATA, FC, or SSD Storage Classes
SINGLE ACTIVE-ACTIVESLAMMERwith ONE BRICK2 Control Units13 Drives12TB Capacity48GB Cache
All models include…Patented Quality of Service (QoS) SoftwareAll Protocols: FC, iSCSI, CIFS, NFS All Management Software: Multi-Axiom Management, Application Profiles, Thin Provisioning, Storage Domains, Path Management SoftwareData Protection and Mobility Software: Replication, Volume Copy, ClonesEngineered integration with Oracle software: HCC, OEM, ASM, SAM, OVM
Pillar Axiom 600 Storage SystemSlide30
FeatureFunctionBenefitsQuality of ServiceApplication prioritization and contention management that enables multiple applications to efficiently co-exist on the same storage system Applications are assigned I/O resources according to their business value and not relegated to ‘first come first served’Increases overall efficiency and utilization of the storage systemModular ArchitectureAbility to dynamically scale both performance and capacity by independently adding Slammers (up to 4) and Bricks (up to 64)Maximum performance/utilization regardless of size of configuration. Ability to grow and rebalance the storage pool based on changing business environmentsDistributed RAIDAchieves superior scalability and performance even during drive rebuilds by moving RAID local to storage enclosuresEnsures predictable performance scaling with capacity add.Higher reliability by localizing the drive rebuild process to the storage enclosure and reducing RAID rebuild window
Top Technology DifferentiatorsSlide31
Virtual Machine 2
Virtual Machine 1
Virtual Machine 3
Virtual Machine 2
Virtual Machine 1
Virtual Machine 3
Premium Priority Queue
Medium Priority Queue
Low Priority Queue
Prioritizing the I/O Queue; Breaking the FIFO Model
Align The Business Value Of The Application
To I/O Performance LevelsSlide32
Create up to 64 Physical Domains in a Single Axiom
Refresh Legacy or Aging Bricks without Disruption
Easily and non- disruptively evacuate old drives
Isolate Application Data or Workloads to Physical Location
Secure a workload to a domain - No co-mingling of data across media
Separate User Groups or Departments to Physical Location
Secure department or user type/role data to a domain
Separate ProtocolsIsolate SAN and NAS workloads – they can be very different.
Extending QoS w/ Storage Domains
Modular Scaling with Modular ComponentsSlide34
SAM-FS with AxiomComplete Solution with Oracle WebCenter Content
QFS File System
Offsite SAM Copies
SAM Tape Archive Copy
Primary File System
SAM Disk Archive Copy
Copy 1 & 2
SAM Copy 3
Thousands of SAN clients
Hundreds of file systems
Billions of files
Petabytes of disk cache