QGHUVRPHHQYLURQPHQWDOFRQGLWLRQVEOXHJUHHQDOJDHFDQEHFRPHVR DEXQGDQWWKDWW
36K - views

QGHUVRPHHQYLURQPHQWDOFRQGLWLRQVEOXHJUHHQDOJDHFDQEHFRPHVR DEXQGDQWWKDWW

brPage 1br 8QGHU57347VRPH57347HQYLURQPHQWDO57347FRQGLWLRQV5735957347EOXH57360JUHHQ57347DOJDH57347FDQ57347EHFRPH57347VR DEXQGDQW57347WKDW57347WKH57347IRUP

Download Pdf

QGHUVRPHHQYLURQPHQWDOFRQGLWLRQVEOXHJUHHQDOJDHFDQEHFRPHVR DEXQGDQWWKDWW




Download Pdf - The PPT/PDF document "QGHUVRPHHQYLURQPHQWDOFRQGLWLRQVEOXHJUHHQ..." is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.



Presentation on theme: "QGHUVRPHHQYLURQPHQWDOFRQGLWLRQVEOXHJUHHQDOJDHFDQEHFRPHVR DEXQGDQWWKDWW"— Presentation transcript:


Page 1
8QGHUVRPHHQYLURQPHQWDOFRQGLWLRQVEOXHJUHHQDOJDHFDQEHFRPHVR DEXQGDQWWKDWWKH\IRUPRDWLQJUDIWVRUVFXPVRQWKHVXUIDFHRIWKHZDWHU 7KHVHTXHVWLRQVDQGDQVZHUVSURYLGHLQIRUPDWLRQWRDGGUHVVKHDOWKFRQFHUQVDERXWH[SRVXUH WREOXHJUHHQDOJDOWR[LQVLQ VXUIDFHZDWHUV

ODNHVULYHUVVWUHDPVDQGUHVHUYRLUV :KDWDUHEOXHJUHHQDOJDH" %OXHJUHHQDOJDHWHFKQLFDOO\NQRZQDV F\DQREDFWHULD DUHPLFURVFRSLFRUJDQLVPV WKDWDUHQDWXUDOO\SUHVHQWLQODNHVDQG VWUHDPV7KH\XVXDOO\DUHSUHVHQWLQORZ QXPEHUV%OXHJUHHQDOJDHFDQEHFRPHYHU\

DEXQGDQWLQZDUPVKDOORZXQGLVWXUEHG VXUIDFHZDWHUWKDWUHFHLYHVDORWRIVXQOLJKW :KHQWKLVRFFXUVWKH\FDQIRUPEORRPVWKDW GLVFRORUWKHZDWHURUSURGXFHRDWLQJUDIWV RUVFXPVRQWKHVXUIDFHRIWKHZDWHU :KDWDUHWKHSRWHQWLDOKHDOWKHIIHFWVIURP

GULQNLQJRUFRPLQJLQFRQWDFWZLWKZDWHUFRQ WDLQLQJEOXHJUHHQDOJDH" 6RPHEOXHJUHHQDOJDHSURGXFHWR[LQV WKDWFRXOGSRVHDKHDOWKULVNWRSHRSOHDQG DQLPDOVZKHQWKH\DUHH[SRVHGWRWKHP LQODUJHHQRXJKTXDQWLWLHV+HDOWKHIIHFWV FRXOGRFFXUZKHQVXUIDFHVFXPVRUZDWHU

FRQWDLQLQJKLJKOHYHOVRIEOXHJUHHQDOJDO WR[LQVDUHVZDOORZHGWKURXJKFRQWDFWZLWK WKHVNLQRUZKHQDLUERUQHGURSOHWVFRQ WDLQLQJWR[LQVDUHLQKDOHGZKLOHVZLPPLQJ EDWKLQJRUVKRZHULQJ &RQVXPLQJZDWHUFRQWDLQLQJKLJKOHYHOVRI EOXHJUHHQDOJDOWR[LQVKDVEHHQDVVRFLDWHG

ZLWKHIIHFWVRQWKHOLYHUDQGRQWKHQHUYRXV V\VWHPLQODERUDWRU\DQLPDOVSHWVOLYHVWRFN DQGSHRSOH/LYHVWRFNDQGSHWGHDWKVKDYH RFFXUUHGZKHQDQLPDOVFRQVXPHGYHU\ ODUJHDPRXQWVRIDFFXPXODWHGDOJDOVFXP IURPDORQJVKRUHOLQHV 'LUHFWFRQWDFWRUEUHDWKLQJDLUERUQHGURSOHWV

FRQWDLQLQJKLJKOHYHOVRIEOXHJUHHQDOJDO WR[LQVGXULQJVZLPPLQJRUVKRZHULQJFDQ FDXVHLUULWDWLRQRIWKHVNLQH\HVQRVHDQG WKURDWDQGLQDPPDWLRQLQWKHUHVSLUDWRU\ WUDFW %OXHJUHHQ$OJDH ,QIRUPDWLRQ%XOOHWLQ

6XUIDFHZDWHUDIIHFWHGE\EOXHJUHHQDOJDHRIWHQLVVRVWURQJO\FRORUHGWKDW LWFDQGHYHORSDSDLQWOLNHDSSHDUDQFH
Page 2
5HFUHDWLRQDOFRQWDFWVXFKDVVZLPPLQJDQG KRXVHKROGFRQWDFWVXFKDVEDWKLQJRUVKRZ HULQJZLWKZDWHUQRWYLVLEO\DIIHFWHGE\DEOXH

JUHHQDOJDHEORRPLVQRWH[SHFWHGWRFDXVH KHDOWKHIIHFWV+RZHYHUVRPHLQGLYLGXDOVFRXOG EHHVSHFLDOO\VHQVLWLYHWRHYHQORZOHYHOVRIDO JDOWR[LQVDQGPLJKWH[SHULHQFHPLOGV\PSWRPV VXFKDVVNLQH\HRUWKURDWLUULWDWLRQRUDOOHUJLF UHDFWLRQV 7KHUHLVOHVVLQIRUPDWLRQDYDLODEOHDERXWWKH

SRWHQWLDOKHDOWKHIIHFWVRIORQJWHUPH[SRVXUH WRORZOHYHOVRIEOXHJUHHQDOJDOWR[LQV6RPH OLPLWHGHYLGHQFHIURPKXPDQVWXGLHVVXJ JHVWVWKDWORQJWHUPFRQVXPSWLRQRIXQWUHDWHG VXUIDFHZDWHUVFRQWDLQLQJKLJKOHYHOVRIEOXH JUHHQDOJDOWR[LQVFRXOGEHDVVRFLDWHGZLWKDQ

LQFUHDVHGULVNRIOLYHUFDQFHU+RZHYHUSHRSOH LQWKHVHVWXGLHVDOVRZHUHH[SRVHGWRRWKHU IDFWRUVDVVRFLDWHGZLWKOLYHUFDQFHU$VDUHVXOW LWLVXQNQRZQZKHWKHUDOJDOWR[LQH[SRVXUHFRQ WULEXWHGWRWKLVULVN /RQJWHUPFRQWLQXRXVH[SRVXUHWRDOJDOWR[LQV

LQWKH1RUWKHDVWLVXQOLNHO\EHFDXVHEOXHJUHHQ DOJDOEORRPVDUHOLNHO\WRRFFXURQO\GXULQJWKH KRWWHVWSDUWRIWKHVXPPHU1HZ SXEOLFZDWHUVXSSOLHVWKDWXVHVXUIDFHZDWHU VRXUFHVDOVRKDYHRSHUDWLRQDOFRQWUROVWRPLQ LPL]HWKHLQWURGXFWLRQRIEOXHJUHHQDOJDHLQ GULQNLQJZDWHU

+RZGR,NQRZLI,DPEHLQJH[SRVHGWREOXH JUHHQDOJDH" 3HRSOHVKRXOGVXVSHFWWKDWEOXHJUHHQDOJDH FRXOGEHSUHVHQWLQZDWHUWKDWLVYLVLEO\GLV FRORUHGRUWKDWKDVVXUIDFHVFXPV&RORUVFDQ LQFOXGHVKDGHVRIJUHHQEOXHJUHHQ\HOORZ

EURZQRUUHG:DWHUDIIHFWHGE\EOXHJUHHQDO JDOEORRPVRIWHQLVVRVWURQJO\FRORUHGWKDWLW FDQGHYHORSDSDLQWOLNHDSSHDUDQFH 8QSOHDVDQWWDVWHVRURGRUVDUHQRWUHOLDEOHLQGL FDWRUVRIEOXHJUHHQDOJDOWR[LQVRURWKHUWR[LF VXEVWDQFHVEHFDXVHVSHFLHVSURGXFLQJEOXH

JUHHQDOJDOWR[LQVPD\RUPD\QRWDOVRSURGXFH FKHPLFDOVWKDWDIIHFWWKHWDVWHRURGRURIGULQN LQJZDWHU6LPLODUO\WKHDEVHQFHRIXQSOHDVDQW WDVWHVDQGRGRUVGRHVQRWJXDUDQWHHWKHDE VHQFHRIEOXHJUHHQDOJDOWR[LQV 1<6'HSDUWPHQWRI+HDOWK &HQWHUIRU(QYLURQPHQWDO+HDOWK

5LYHU6WUHHW7UR\1< $YRLGLQJH[SRVXUHWREOXHJUHHQDOJDH 1HYHUGULQNXQWUHDWHGVXUIDFHZDWHUZKHWKHU RUQRWDOJDHEORRPVDUHSUHVHQW 8QWUHDWHGVXU IDFHZDWHUPD\FRQWDLQRWKHUEDFWHULDSDUDVLWHV RUYLUXVHVDVZHOODVDOJDOWR[LQVWKDWDOOFRXOG

FDXVHLOOQHVVLIFRQVXPHG 3HRSOHQRWRQSXEOLFZDWHUVXSSOLHVVKRXOGQRW GULQNVXUIDFHZDWHU HYHQLILWLVWUHDWHGGXULQJ DQDOJDOEORRPEHFDXVHLQKRPHWUHDWPHQWV VXFKDVERLOLQJDQGGLVLQIHFWLQJZDWHUZLWKFKOR ULQHRU89DQGZDWHUOWUDWLRQXQLWVGRQRWSUR

WHFWSHRSOHIURPEOXHJUHHQDOJDOWR[LQV ,IZDVKLQJGLVKHVLQXQWUHDWHGVXUIDFHZDWHU LVXQDYRLGDEOHULQVLQJZLWKERWWOHGZDWHUPD\ UHGXFHSRVVLEOHUHVLGXHV :KLOHZHGRQWNQRZ LIZDWHUFRQWDLQLQJORZOHYHOVRIEOXHJUHHQDOJDO WR[LQVFRXOGOHDYHUHVLGXHVRQGLVKHVWDNLQJWKLV

SUHFDXWLRQPD\KHOSUHGXFHSRVVLEOHH[SRVXUHV 3HRSOHSHWVDQGOLYHVWRFNVKRXOGDYRLGFRQ WDFWZLWKZDWHUWKDWLVGLVFRORUHGRUKDVVFXPV RQWKHVXUIDFH &RORUVFDQLQFOXGHVKDGHV RIJUHHQEOXHJUHHQ\HOORZEURZQRUUHG,I FRQWDFWGRHVRFFXUZDVKZLWKVRDSDQGZDWHU

RUULQVHWKRURXJKO\ZLWKFOHDQZDWHUWRUHPRYH DOJDH 6WRSXVLQJWKHZDWHUDQGVHHNPHGLFDO DWWHQWLRQLIQHHGHG LIV\PSWRPVVXFKDVVNLQ H\HRUWKURDWLUULWDWLRQDOOHUJLFUHDFWLRQVRU EUHDWKLQJGLIFXOWLHVRFFXUZKLOHLQFRQWDFWZLWK XQWUHDWHGVXUIDFHZDWHUV+RZHYHUVZLPPLQJ

EDWKLQJRUVKRZHULQJZLWKZDWHUQRWYLVLEO\ DIIHFWHGE\DEOXHJUHHQDOJDHEORRPLVQRW H[SHFWHGWRFDXVHKHDOWKHIIHFWV :KHUHWRJHWPRUHLQIRUPDWLRQ 1<6'HSDUWPHQWRI+HDOWK %XUHDXRI7R[LF6XEVWDQFH$VVHVVPHQW SKH[W