Transformation Technologies in Transportation - Description
Mark R Norman PE Director TRB Program Development amp Strategic Initiatives Transformational or disruptive technologies are those that can be expected to completely displace the status quo ID: 543177 Download Presentation
National University Transportation Center. Chris Hendrickson. email@example.com. T-SET Administration. Carnegie Mellon University Partnered with University of Pennsylvania. T-SET managed jointly with Traffic21 Institute, Mobility21 UTC and Metro21 Institute..
WATIFY. 17.03.2017. Steering Group Meeting. S3 Platform on Industrial Modernisation . 2. Boosting European SMEs’ . technological transformation. Supporting Europe’s regions to translate their smart specialisation strategies in the areas of .
If that doesn't work call: . Toll access number (Toll): 1-646-560-7802. Toll free access number (Toll Free): 1-888-407-5039. Participant pin code: 93886803. July 1. st. , 1:00 – 2:30 pm ET. Topics and Speakers today include:.
Ray Derr. Questions. What does my agency need to install for V2I?. When can we stop installing or doing other things?. When will automated vehicles begin to affect . the transportation system?. Can the public sector influence the course of events?.
Asking the Right Questions. Alain L. Kornhauser, . Ph.D.. Professor, Operations Research & Financial Engineering. Director, Program in Transportation. . Faculty Chair, PAVE (Princeton Autonomous Vehicle Engineering.
Impact on Energy. Tyler C. Folsom, PhD, PE. Project Manager, Qi2, . Kent, . WA. Professor, University of Washington, Bothell, WA. Tyler@TFolsom.com. Easy predictions:. Safer roads. Self-driving taxis blur the distinction between public and private transportation.
Transformation. is the genetic alteration of a cell resulting from the direct uptake and incorporation of exogenous genetic material (exogenous DNA) from its surroundings and taken up through the cell membrane(s). .
Mark R. Norman, P.E.. Director, TRB Program Development. & Strategic Initiatives. Transformational, or “disruptive” technologies, are those that can be expected . to completely displace the status quo.
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Transformation Technologies in Transportation
Presentation on theme: "Transformation Technologies in Transportation"— Presentation transcript:
Transformation Technologies in TransportationMark R. Norman, P.E.Director, TRB Program Development& Strategic InitiativesSlide2
Transformational, or “disruptive” technologies, are those that can be expected
to completely displace the status quo
, forever changing the way we live and work.
TRB Hot Topic: TRANSFORMATIONAL TECHNOLOGIESSlide3
, personal computer, email, smartphone, GPS, big
Connected/automated vehicles, shared vehicles, advanced versions of on-demand shared ride and micro-transit services,
, unmanned aerial systems, cog in “internet-of-things
Key 2015 TRB
EU-US Symposium “Towards Road Transport Automation” April 14-15, 2015; Washington, DC
Vehicle Symposium: July 20-24, 2015; Ann Arbor, MI
Impacts of Automated Vehicles on State and Local Transportation Agencies (NCHRP 20-102)
Review of USDOT Report on Connected Vehicle Initiative Communications Systems Deployment
UTC Symposium on Connected/Automated Vehicles, November 4-5, 2015; Washington, DC
Urban Mobility Systems: TRB Policy Study (December 2015)Slide6
From TRB Conferences, Meetings, and Research Projects Slide8
Automated Vehicles Will Be Available to the Public by 2020Slide9
Automated Vehicles Will Be NOT Available to the Public That SoonSlide10
Automated Vehicles Will Be the Biggest Transformational Change Since the Invention of the Automobile
Automated Vehicles May NOT Significantly Change Transportation
Source: James Anderson, Rand
This Will be the Next Federal Interstate-Type Program
Not! Others Will be Leading the Way
These Vehicles Must be Connected with the Infrastructure to be Successful
Automated Vehicles Can Succeed on Their Own
Connected-Automated Vehicles Will Eliminate 80 Percent of Serious Accidents
The Potential Safety Impacts of These Vehicles Can’t be Taken for Granted
Connected – Automated Vehicles Will Eliminate Congestion
Traffic Congestion Will Remain a Serious Problem – And Might Get Worse
Connected-Automated Vehicles Will Be Better for the Environment & Land Use
These Vehicles Will Negatively Affect the Environment & Land Use
Will Enable Data Driven Solutions
Big Data Will Create Its Own Issues
, sharing, and analysis
OwnershipPrivacy and securityReserved spectrumSlide24
Some Things We Can Agree On!
The truth lies somewhere in the middle
We have more questions than answers – need research!
Need to get startedSlide25
Between Public and Private Mobility:Examining the Rise of Technology-Enabled Services-A Policy Study-Slide26
What Are Technology-Enabled Services?Bike-sharingCar-sharingRidesharing/Transportation Network
CompaniesUber, Lyft, and SidecarMicrotransit
, Leap, Chariot, LoupSlide27
What is a TNC?Transportation Network CompanyMost common are Uber, Lyft, and SidecarAllows a passenger to request and pay for a ride via a smartphone
Transportation Network Companies: Common ModelMost common (and contentious) version connects riders with individuals driving their own personal vehiclesTNCs take a percentage (generally 15-30%) of each fare
Driver keeps the restSlide29
Rise of the TNCsUber (launched in 2010)$50B valuation58 countries, 300+ cities
160,000 driversMore Uber cars in NYC than taxisLyft
65 cities in the U.S.Has not released other numbersSidecar10 cities in the U.S.Slide30
Impact on Travel Volume?Too early to tellSan Francisco Survey:1/3 of TNC users would have taken transit
About 8% induced travel
Much of data is in private sectorSlide31
Access & Equity: ConcernsPotential equity concerns for:Unbanked populations: TNCs require a credit card to be on file.
Those without smart phonesDisabled users. TNCs are not required to have wheelchair accessible vehicles.Slide32
Access & Equity: Potential UpsidesTNCs also improve access for some populations
Many paratransit users can use TNCs instead with far faster pickup times
Paratransit services are a major cost for transit properties
Many cities/neighborhoods do not have readily available street-hail cabs Slide33
Safety : DriverBackground ChecksTaxi industry: Fingerprint driversUber and
Lyft: Run checks with name, birthday, SSN, and driver’s license numberWhich is better?Currently
a (spirited) policy
debateLittle analytical evidence of the effectiveness of either methodSlide34
Safety: Information AvailabilityPassengers have: driver’s name, photo, rating, car type, and license plate numberDrivers
have: passenger name and photo (if passenger uploaded one), and have recourse in the event of an incident (such as a bar pickup getting sick)Trip is tracked from passenger request to driver match to passenger pickup to passenger
Passenger is emailed a detailed receipt.Slide35
Safety Issues: DUIsMany claims about Uber/Lyft/Sidecar reducing DUIsCorrelation between arrival in a city and reduction in DUIs, especially among those under 40
No rigorous analysis yetCould be due to a combination
Labor IssuesTNC employees currently classified as contractors (“IRS1099” employees)Flexibility to work or not, set hours
All expenses fall to driver
Phone/data planHealth insuranceOtherSlide37
Labor Issues: Rulings to DateJune 2015: California Labor Commission ruled one Uber driver is an employeeUber has appealed
Other lawsuits are pending.
Employee vs. contractor ruling could have significant effects on business models of TNCsSlide38
Shared Vehicles: What is the Ultimate Vision?Beyond a ride-hailing serviceChanging the car ownership model