Copyright RKQQVHOHFWHGHHGVOOULJKWVUHVHUYHG SEED BREEDERS GROWERS AND MERCHANTS SINCE Cucumber Types and Terminology Benton Ave

Copyright   RKQQVHOHFWHGHHGVOOULJKWVUHVHUYHG SEED BREEDERS GROWERS AND MERCHANTS SINCE  Cucumber Types and Terminology  Benton Ave Copyright   RKQQVHOHFWHGHHGVOOULJKWVUHVHUYHG SEED BREEDERS GROWERS AND MERCHANTS SINCE  Cucumber Types and Terminology  Benton Ave - Start

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Copyright RKQQVHOHFWHGHHGVOOULJKWVUHVHUYHG SEED BREEDERS GROWERS AND MERCHANTS SINCE Cucumber Types and Terminology Benton Ave




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Presentations text content in Copyright RKQQVHOHFWHGHHGVOOULJKWVUHVHUYHG SEED BREEDERS GROWERS AND MERCHANTS SINCE Cucumber Types and Terminology Benton Ave


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Copyright 2014 -RKQQ\V6HOHFWHG6HHGV$OOULJKWVUHVHUYHG SEED BREEDERS, GROWERS, AND MERCHANTS SINCE 1973 Cucumber Types and Terminology 955 Benton Ave., Winslow, ME 04901 x Phone: 1 877 564 6697 x Fax: 1 800 738 6314 Email: service@johnnyseeds.com x Web Site: Johnnyseeds.com De Mystifying Cucumber Types and Terminology At Johnny's, we have categorized our cucumber offerings in to five types. In the descriptions you will find words such as gynoecious, bitter free, Beit Alpha, and possibly other terms that may not be

IDPLOLDUWR\RX,QWKLVDUWLFOHZHOOH[SODLQVRPHRIWKHWHUPLQRORJ\DVVRFLDWHGZLWKFXFXPEHUVZH hope it will KHOS\RXILJXUHRXWZKLFKRI-RKQQ\VFXFXPEHUYDULHWLHVDUHULJKWIRU\RX.HHSLQ mind that cucumber preferences vary by market, and it may take you a few years of growing different types to find those that both

grow well and sell well in your area. Of primary importance in all cucumbers is whether or not they require pollination to produce fruit. 9DULHWLHVWKDWGRQWQHHGSROOLQDWLRQDUHUHIHUUHGWRDVSDUWKHQRFDUSLF,I\RXDUHJURZLQJLQD hoophouse or greenhouse, where there are few bees or other pollinating insects, parthenocarpic varieties are strongly recommended. With greenhouse or hoophouse varieties, size is another important consideration. For baby

FXFXPEHUVZKLFKDUHQRZVROGLQFODPVKHOOVLQVXSHUPDUNHWVJURZ5RFN\,WVDJUHDWVQDFN cucumber. For a medium size, grow Katrina, which is 5 6" at maturity. For long cucumbers, try Socrates, which grows to 7 8". Look for the greenhouse symbol next to the variety name in the catalog. Many newer cucumber varieties are gynoecious, which mea ns they have mostly or only female flowers (the ones that make the fruits). In a regular cucumber plant, the first 10 to 20

flowers are male, and for every female flower, 10 20 male flowers are produced. Plants with all female flowers are earlier and have higher yields. With some gynoecious varieties such as General Lee and Olympian, the female flowers need to be pollinated by male flowers; in such cases, up to 10% of the seeds will be a pollinator variety that produces male flowers. Other varieties are bo th gynoecious and parthenocarpic, meaning you get the high yields of all female flowers without the need for pollinator plants. An example is Diva, our Johnny's bred, 2002 AAS winner. Besides being productive,

Diva is also one of the most delicious cucumbe rs we sell. It is VHHGOHVVVZHHWDQGFULVSZLWKDVPRRWKWKLQVNLQ:HUHQRWVXUSULVHGWKDWLWVRXUWRS selling cucumber. Cucumber Types American slicing cucumbers are the biggest and thickest skinned, which makes them the best choice for shipping. They also remain the most popular cucumber in some markets. Marketmore is the most famous slicing cucumber, and customers often ask for it by name.

Marketmore is also open pollinated, and is available as organic seed. A new variety, Corinto, generated a lo t of excitement in WKHWULDOVODVW\HDU,WVERWKSDUWKHQRFDUSLFDQGJ\QRHFLRXVPDNLQJLWDJRRGFKRLFHIRUKRRSKRXVH and greenhouse growing. It is very tolerant of both hot and cool weather. Corinto was the top yielder of all cucumber varieties at our r esearch farm. The skin is thinner than other slicers, yet tough enough to withstand cucumber beetles and

handling. And, it is available as organic seed.
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Copyright 2014 -RKQQ\V6HOHFWHG6HHGV$OOULJKWVUHVHUYHG SEED BREEDERS, GROWERS, AND MERCHANTS SINCE 1973 Pickling cucumbers are smaller than slicing cucumbers, an essential feature for canning. Pickling cuk es also are delicious eaten fresh because they are crisp and juicy. European and American pickling cucumbers are differentiated by appearance, with the Americans having fewer, larger spines and bumps and the Europeans having many small spines. The European picklers are the

best choice for making gherkin pickles because they are nicely proportioned at a very small size. Harmonie and Adam are best for gherkins. Then there are the varieties categorized as Seedless and Thin Skinned. This covers a lot of territ ory, literally. Because cucumbers are popular the world over, many types bear the names of the regions or countries where they originated. Dutch cucumbers such as Tyria are 14" long, thin, spineless cucumbers usually grown in a greenhouse. Their thin ski ns contribute to their excellent eating quality, but cause them to dehydrate quickly. They are often found

in supermarkets shrink wrapped in plastic. Beit Alpha cucumbers are smaller than the Dutch varieties, averaging about 8" long. Their flavor and cri sp texture make them a desirable choice for gourmet markets. Sultan is recommended for field production and Socrates for greenhouse production. Like the Dutch cucumbers, they are thin skinned and need to be protected from cucumber beetles and dehydration. Asian cucumbers such as Tasty Jade are spiny, slender, and long as much as a foot long. They require trellising to keep the fruits long and straight. There are also specialty cucumbers including

Lemon, which is a small, round, yellow cucumber; Salt and Pepper, the first white skinned pickler that is resistant to powdery mildew; and Striped Armenian, which is curved, striped, and slightly fuzzy. 0DQ\JURZHUVILQGWKDWFXVWRPHUVDVNLIWKHLUFXFXPEHUVDUHEXUSOHVVPHDQLQJWKH\GRQWFDXVH gas. When Asi an cucumbers were first introduced here, they were marketed as being burpless. Since then, many other so

FDOOHGEXUSOHVVYDULHWLHVKDYHEHHQLQWURGXFHG%HFDXVHEXUSOHVVLVD VXEMHFWLYHWHUP-RKQQ\VKDVVWHHUHGDZD\IURPXVLQJLWLQYDULHW\GHVFULSWLRQ s. However, some research has been done into what causes some cucumbers to offend the stomach. It is now thought

WKDWEXUSLQHVVLVFDXVHGE\FXFXUELWDFLQVWKHELWWHUFRPSRXQGVIRXQGLQDOOFXFXUELWV6HHGOHVV thin skinned varieties have lower cucurbita cins and therefore are more likely to be burpless. Look for varieties described as bitter free or non bitter. Finally, consider disease pressure when choosing cucumber varieties. Varieties vary in their disease resistance, so check the catalog descriptio ns carefully if you have had problems in the past. REV 06/12/2014 AM /rc


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