Science Olympiad 2014 Science Olympiad 2014

Science Olympiad 2014 - PowerPoint Presentation

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Uploaded On 2016-04-27

Science Olympiad 2014 - PPT Presentation

Knowledgebased amp Labbased Events Knowledgebased Events Anatomy This event encompasses the anatomy structure and function of the nervous and integumentary systems Nervous System The Brain Sense Organs Nervous disorders Epilepsy Alzheimers Disease Multiple Sclerosis Par ID: 295644

include topics system amp topics include amp system students water health basic magnetic map based anatomy knowledge disease ice




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Science Olympiad 2014

Knowledge-based &

Lab-based Events Slide2

Knowledge-based EventsSlide3


This event encompasses the anatomy (structure and function) of the nervous and integumentary systems.

Nervous System – The Brain, Sense Organs, Nervous disorders (Epilepsy, Alzheimer’s Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s Disease, Shingles (Herpes Zoster), Cerebral Palsy, Glaucoma, Conjunctivitis)

Effects of the drugs: alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, and marijuana on the nervous system

Integumentary System – Functions, Basic anatomy of skin, Components of skin, hair and nails, anatomy of integumentary glands, Diseases on each level from the cell to the whole person – burns, allergies, allergens, skin/nail infections, skin cancerSlide4

Disease Detectives

Students will use their investigative skills in the scientific study of disease, injury, health, and disability in populations of groups of people with a focus on

Environmental Quality


Topics include health as well as illness – mental, physical, infectious, chronic, environmental, societal, genetic, injuries and health behaviours.

Students will be expected to define basic epidemiological and public health terms like outbreak, epidemic, pandemic, surveillance, risk, vector, fomite,


oonosis, etc.

Recognize various categories of disease causing agents & give examples of illnesses caused by each

Recognize and understand differences among the major groups of infectious agents like viruses, bacteria, protistans, fungi and animals.Slide5

Dynamic Planet

Students will use process skills to complete tasks related to glaciation and long term climate change

Topics include -

Glacial formation, mass-balance, and flow

Glacier and ice sheet types and forms (alpine and continental)

Glacial erosion, erosional landforms, and sediment transport

Interpretation of glaciers and glacially altered landscape features shown on USGS topographic maps

Periglacial environment processes and landforms, Pleistocene and pre-Pleistocene glacial history, Milankovich cycles and other theories explaining glacial and ice sheet advance and retreat

Glaciers as indicators of modern global climate changeSlide6


Knowledge on basic principles of genetics

Topics include –

Monohybrid Cross

Dihybrid Cross

Dominant and recessive alleles

Multiple alleles

Genotype vs. Phenotype

Human sex determination

Gene: protein relationship

DNA Structure and replication

Mitosis & Meiosis

Human karyotypes analysis for nondisjunction disordersSlide7


Topics include –

Cyclones, anti-cyclones, weather maps, weather stations, global circulation patterns, mid-latitude cyclones, hurricanes, Saffir-Simpson Scale

Thunderstorms, supercell thunderstorms, dry line thunderstorms, squall lines, meoscale convective complexes

Straight line winds, downdrafts, downbursts, derechos, dust storms

Lightning strokes, sprites & jets, lightning direction finders

Tornados: life cycles, characteristics, Fujita & E-Fujita scales

Severe Storm Hazards: Flash flood, debris flow, mudslide, atmospheric river, winds, etc.

Observation Technologies including aircraft, satellite imagery, Doppler Radar, Stationary Radar, bow front and TVSSlide8

Road Scholar

Students will have to answer questions on state highway maps, USGS topographic maps, Internet-generated maps, road atlas or satellite/aerial images.

Map Testing Areas include –

Map location/series/scale/index/legend

Marginal information, contours, magnetic declination

Map symbols & features, Azimuths and bearings

Geographic coordinate system features and symbols

Public Land Survey System (PLSS),


tick marks

Universal Transversal Mercator (UTM)

Map grid system, city/regional inserts on the highway mapSlide9

Solar System

Students need to demonstrate an understanding and knowledge of the properties and evolution of extraterrestrial ice and water in the solar system.

Topics include –

Mars: North Polar Ice Cap, South Polar Ice Cap, Equatorial Glaciers, Permafrost

Europa: Thrace Macula, Thera Macula, Conamara Chaos, Ridges, Cycloids, Plains, Ocean

Enceladus: Plumes, Jets, Tiger Stripes

Iapetus, Triton, Ceres, and Titan

Comets, The Kuiper Belt, and the Oort Cloud

History and formation processes for the topics above

Physical, thermal, and chemical properties of potential habitats for life

Past, current and planned future missions to explore these objectsSlide10

Water Quality

The event will focus on the evaluation and understanding of aquatic environments.

Topics include –

Aquatic ecology, water cycles, nutrient cycling, aquatic chemistry and it’s implications for life, potable water treatment, waster water treatment, aquatic food chains/webs, community interactions, population dynamics, watershed resource management issues, sedimentation pollution and harmful species.

Coral reefs, reef ecosystems, identification of Coral Reef organisms and their importance as indicators of reef health.

Knowledge of general ecology, life cycles and feeding habits of Banded Coral shrimp, Butterfly fish, Morey eel, long-spined black sea-urchins, Triton, Bumphead parrotfish, Humphead wrasse

Understand and interpret data related to salinity, pH, phosphates, temperature, nitrates, fecal coliform, total solids, aragonite saturation and their relationship to one another.Slide11

Lab-based EventsSlide12

Can’t Judge a Powder

For testing at school level students will be asked to identify/write chemical composition of substances like baking soda, sugar, sodium chloride, sodium acetate, calcium carbonate etc. and their reaction with water, acids, if endothermic or exothermic & pH values.

Please note that for Regionals, State & Nationals this event will be more hands-onSlide13


Students will be asked to identify an insect’s Order, Family or common name

Economic or health impact of the specimen upon the human race

Structure and function of internal and external anatomy, ecology, behavior, and history

Insects are limited to an Official Insect List which is based on the Audobon Insect and Spider Field guide (to be published later at the club meeting)

For school level testing, insects will be limited to the following –

A. Protura-telsontails, proturans, B. Collembola-springtails, snow, fleas, C. Diplura-diplurans, D. Thysanura-bristletails, silverfish, E. Ephemeroptera-mayflies, F.





-darners, dragonflies, 2.



, 3.


-skimmers, dragonflies, 4.


, 5.


-narrow winged

(Letters refer to order and numbers refer to families)Slide14

Rocks and Minerals

Topics include –

Rock Cycle

Properties of minerals

Mineral groups

Formation and properties of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks

Bowen’s reaction series

Composition and structure of mineralsSlide15

Shock Value

Topics include –

Basic electrical DC circuit theory (voltage, current flow & direction, electrical pathways, amperes, ohms, ohm’s law)

Basic electrical device concepts (battery polarity, parallel vs. series circuits, dry vs. wet cells, light bulb and motor connections)

Basic magnetic concepts (Earth’s magnetic field, electromagnet principles, magnetic vs. non-magnetic materials, magnet shapes/types)