by ul dl pt of na ge nt nd ga ni on hool of us ne dm ni on ni ve y of ou he n ni os nge      pa dl us du dr t h nni ve y ga ne ve on n   or k or ga ni on ho doe ha ks ounda on upon hi h he or uc of n

by ul dl pt of na ge nt nd ga ni on hool of us ne dm ni on ni ve y of ou he n ni os nge pa dl us du dr t h nni ve y ga ne ve on n or k or ga ni on ho doe ha ks ounda on upon hi h he or uc of n - Description

om obs ve or k or ga ni on n nt y hni ys nd om hi poi nt of vi or k ga ni on ha pe d pr y by hnol ogy nd nc y ons de ons ve n ha ur por nt oc nd ps yc hol ogi ons que nc he obs ve nt pr or k ga ni on pa of he ut hor y uc ur of he pa hi uc ur or or g ID: 28103 Download Pdf

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by ul dl pt of na ge nt nd ga ni on hool of us ne dm ni on ni ve y of ou he n ni os nge pa dl us du dr t h nni ve y ga ne ve on n or k or ga ni on ho doe ha ks ounda on upon hi h he or uc of n

om obs ve or k or ga ni on n nt y hni ys nd om hi poi nt of vi or k ga ni on ha pe d pr y by hnol ogy nd nc y ons de ons ve n ha ur por nt oc nd ps yc hol ogi ons que nc he obs ve nt pr or k ga ni on pa of he ut hor y uc ur of he pa hi uc ur or or g

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by ul dl pt of na ge nt nd ga ni on hool of us ne dm ni on ni ve y of ou he n ni os nge pa dl us du dr t h nni ve y ga ne ve on n or k or ga ni on ho doe ha ks ounda on upon hi h he or uc of n




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Presentation on theme: "by ul dl pt of na ge nt nd ga ni on hool of us ne dm ni on ni ve y of ou he n ni os nge pa dl us du dr t h nni ve y ga ne ve on n or k or ga ni on ho doe ha ks ounda on upon hi h he or uc of n"— Presentation transcript:


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by ul dl pt of na ge nt nd ga ni on hool of us ne dm ni on ni ve y of ou he n ni os nge 90081 1421 213) 740 0748 pa dl us du dr 50t h nni ve y ga ne ve on: n 21, 1997 or k or ga ni on ho doe ha ks ounda on upon hi h he or uc of ndus ons bui he ha pe of or or ga ni on gi ve or ke or or ga ni ng pot ba ga ni ng out nd gi y he or hi ghe ge na ur ha pe opl n he ndus ons d houl d ha ve ong nt how k or ga ni on ha ha nge d ove nd how houl d xpe ha nge n ut ur ooki ng ba k ove he 50 ye nc he of he oundi ng, ha do know bout he nds he de gr of ont ve y ove hi que on oundi ng om obs ve

ook ba k nd or ont nuous pa h of pr ogr ds be obs nd or ng ondi ons he ook hi hi or y nd he pr ogr ve de ki ng of obs de gr da on of bor nd na on of or ke ha ol ow gi ve pe ona of he ue hope ha he put he ont ove n us ul pe pe ve he ont ove y ove hi que on n ge pa due o di nt vi on he na ur of or ha ha pe or or ga ni on. om obs ve or k or ga ni on n nt y hni ys nd om hi poi nt of vi or k ga ni on ha pe d pr y by hnol ogy nd nc y ons de ons ve n ha ur por nt oc nd ps yc hol ogi ons que nc he obs ve nt pr or k ga ni on pa of he ut hor y uc ur of he pa hi uc ur or or ga ni on bot h he nd he obj of

onf ng nt be n or ke nd na ge nd he om nt or vol ut on ha pe d by uggl ont nd pow or k ga ni on he nt on of he o us of or vol ut on he or bot hni xi ge nc nd oppor uni or ove d nc y and he oc pe ve oc d h he pr va ng pi pa ns of ow ne hi p nd ont ol of he of or pa di nc nd of n ont di or y nde nc o he vol ut on or ga ni on, nd he nds ua obs ve he ve ngt h nd nt ng of he nde nc
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n or de o de be he nds h ny pr on, ne d de ne or pe y ha n by k or ga ni on or k or ga ni on ha ou om pone nt or di ns ons he di ns on he ki qui d or ke n he obs he he di ns ons unde he ge ne he di ng of

or k ons he ons ha or ke ha ve h hos ound he he na ur of he ndi vi dua or k uni he hor ont ons ha nk hi un ot he or k un nd he ve ons by hi h he uni or k oor di na nd ont ol ke he hni or ng on or k or ga ni on nd de nt om of he nde nc nd nds ha n be but d o he ur n he pa of he oc or obi ng nc nd hnol ogy, ode n ndus ha pr ogr ve y ns or d our di ns ons of or k or ga ni on. ve hough he of ha nge va gr os nd ndus hi nk n dva nc om y obus ge ne ons onc ni ng he ove di on of he ns or ons n nut he he hni or ha ve pus he d he di on of pr og ve upgr di ng of ki qui nt nd nc ng nt de pe nde nc of ks n

hr di ns ons of k ons he pa hni on ki qui nt ha d o dua hi upw ds n he ve of ki nd ni ng qui d n os obs hnol ogi ha nge nc 1946 ha d o hi of obs out of out ua oc upa ons nd o oc upa ons ha on ve ge ha ve hi ghe ki qui nt not bl y pr of ona nd hni oc upa ons hi n he or of oc upa ona gor ki qui nt ha ve nc d oo: ki qui nt n bot nua d non nua oc upa ons ha ve nc d ove he de de ot h ue ng nd dr ve n by hi hi duc ona ve ha ve gr dua y n. ot hs ndi ng he nt di ur ng nd ow ds pol on of nc om nd h, he ki qui nt obs he ha ve not be n pol ng, but ha ve be n gr dua nc ng os he boa d. he om xc pt ons hi

ge ne on, nd he n ot of ve ow ki obs he but he xhi bi how he pr opor ona oda n 50 ye go. put abl about he he pa hni ha nge on di ns ons of or ons n, be ve be um d he ont nua on of nge hi y om nde pe nde nc nd ut onom y nd ow ds gr nt de pe nde nc nd or k. go ba k 150 200 ye ge pr opo on ke nde pe nde nt pr oduc he on or n ve y na hops y 100 ye go, he ur of he nt ur y, os pe opl no onge onom de pe nde nt ne ve he n he da da y or he of n de he ow de ons bout ha o do he nd how ve he ubs que nt 50 ye he gr nt na ge nt vol ut on na ugur d by de k yl or pt hr ough os of dus y, he ul ha de ons bout

or k no onge de by or ke he ve but by hol ne or of pe nd na ge hi nd ow gr ow ng nt de pe nde nc ha ont nue d ove he 50 ye h nt de pe nde nc ove ki ng ut onom y n hr k ons di ns ons he ndi vi dua or uni he ho ont nt de pe nde nc of k uni nd he ve nt de pe nde nc hi nd os or k uni
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ook or os y nds ove he 50 n h of di ns ons n ur n. ha hni nc our ge d nd ow ds nc ng pe on nd obj ve hni nt de pe nde nc nd ha ndus y or o na ge hi nt de pe nde nc d pr ogr ve y or om pl of or k hi he ubj ve ons ous or de pe nde nc or k ha ve be n pr og ve y pl ng he ndi vi dua he ba uni of or k or ga

ni on. nde d, he pe d of di us on he or of or k or ga ni on n he onom y nt ye ha be n oni hi ng. ur ve ys he or une 1000 ge ound ha 1987, 28% of pl oye n ha us d na ge d or kt or om pl oye by 1995 ha 28% ha d gr ow o 68% n 1978 onl 6% of pl oye n ha us d uc h or be n 20% nd 40% of he pl oye by 1995 ha 6% o ha gr ow n o 15% oa de ur ve ys onf he ge ne nd: one uc h nt ur ve y ound ha 32% nuf ur ng pl us or ove 50% or kf or he ge gr oup of nonm na ge pl oye nvol ve d n pr oduc ng he bl hm nt n pr oduc hni or ha ve be n he or dr ng hi hi om he ndi vi dua o he or n pl ke ba nks ns ur nc om pa ni

nuf ur ng pl nt nd he ne ut om on ha na d ny nd one nua ks vi ng or ke h he ne of ove ng ge ut om d ys nd n ny hi ys ont ol ol or ve y ye d ny or ndus n nc ngl y de ndi ng om pe ve nvi onm nt ns ha ks ha nge o pi dl y ha be om hni y or nt gi ve oups of or ke pr pons bi y or ng out ho he y dj us o he ha nge he ha n or ng he pe o om ong nd or ga ni ks or he he ond di ns on of k ons he ho ont ons hi p be n pe uni he nd ove he 50 ye nd or ow ds ve gr nt de pe nde nc n he ons hi ps h uni be om nc ngl y pe d nd he or de pe nde nt on ge num be nd ong ha n of uppl he na ur ul nc ngl y ne ge or o or k

be n he uni o ns ur he nt gr on. oo hni or he dr ve know dge um ul pr ogr na ur y ne pe ons nd he ve us of hi ne know dge qui ne nt gr on hi pr oc pl ye d out our dom ns hi n be n be n nd us y nd uni ve nd be n ount n he gr ow ng nu be d ki ne de d o ope h n nc ngl y om pl x d: ne ob pr ol ne unc ona de pa nt d. om he be y o ns ur or k be n he pe d ki o gr oup he n he one or uni of or ns bl o or ga ni he nt pe d uni nd h ppr opr on nks os unc ona he or pr ol ond, nc ngl y de pe nde nt on uppl or pe d nput of hi ne y, om pone nt nd vi he nt nd ow ds out our ng onl pa y d; or not he pa he ont

nua on of ong nd ow ds he nc ng pe on of ndus nde d, os of he gr ow of he vi or
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ha be n due o de di ng out ur ks o or know dge bl nd nt pe vi ns ur nt gr on uc h pe d uppl nc ngl y om on or nt bl h os pa ne hi yl ons hi ps h he uppl or ke nc ngl y nd he ve nt ng di y uppl nd us om hi d, pa ul y hos n hi gh hnol ogy ndus nc ngl y de pe nde nt on non or por uppl os no bl y uni ve o nt d hnol ogi nf or on nka ge be n he or por or nd uni ve ha ve hus pr ol oo. one on of nd, or ke nc ngl y ke y o nd he ve nr ol d n om uni y ol ge our o he pr oduc on hni que nd hnol ogi our h, gr ow

ng nt de pe nde nc os na ona bounda he nt na ona di vi on bor ha be om or ne gr ne d. nt na ona de nd ow ne hi p nks ha ve gr ow n or num ous ot ur pr ngl y, nt na ona de ue nd dj udi ng bodi na ur ppe ve que nt y on he ont pa ge of our ne pa pe nd or ke nc ngl y ke y o nd he ve ki ng o or om ove pl nt uppl or om he hi di ns on of or ons he ve uc ur of oor di na on nd ont ol oo, hni nc our ge pr gr ve pe on nd os nt gr on. he know dge be dde d pe d onom uni um ul hi hi of xpe na ur ons ul ng, ount ng, nd or xa pl uni or oc por o nd y on gui da nc om ni or oc ho n ur n ha ve ons hi o uni pa ne

ho n ur ha ve ons hi o ni or pa ne ve on he or hopf oor ki ba d pa y ys ha ve be om or om on ha he y ne o ve y uc ur he hi hy hopf oor xpe ot onl hni xpe ut o pr ope na ge xpe ha gr ow n n po nt he om pl xi y bus ne na ge nt hni que ha gr ow n nor ous y. or ove o he xt nt ha he nc or por gr ow ng num be pe d uni hi n ne ds or pe d ddl na ge o oor di na be n he uni he hoos o out our om of hi pe d know dge ne ds bl h os ons h he uppl poi nt d out o ha ve gue ha hni or ha ng he vol ut on of or or ga ni on ha ve pus he d n he di on of ki pgr di ng nd br oa de nt de pe nde nc n or k ons ut ha bout

he ot he or ha pi ng or k or ga ni on he oc uc ur of ow ne hi nd ut hor he oc uc ur of our ode pi oc y n be um d unde br oa d he di ngs om pe on be n nd ge ba d pl oym nt ons hi p hi n ha do know bout he na ur nd pa of he nge nde d by uc ur om pe ve pr ur or ons nt y o de ve op ne pr oduc nd o pr ove he de ve n pi onom y he or ggr ve ha n n nt pr n pr pi oc n us g, de ve opi g, nd nc our gi ng nc nd hnol ogy. o he nds ut d o hni n he di us on bove ons de bl y ngt he ne d by he pr ur d by om pe on. ond, he ge ons hi p di vi de oc y nt o pl oye nd ne na ge he or ow ul gi nc he ow ne nde he pr ur

of
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om pe on, nd nde pe nde nt of he pe ona ude nd va ue na ge he or om or o pos ow ne nt ga ns or ke he va of pr oduc or nd na nc ke om nc our ge or y of pl oye nd he br ut un or gi vi ng na ur om pe on ut os he ve pos bl hi pr oc ke hol de ot he ha n ow ne os bl y, or ke n ge hor ha nge d. nde he pr ur of ke om pe on be nd unde he uc of na ge ut ho y n h he ge y pos ve nd om nds n or k or ga ni on ha ve not d o ha be n y unde ne nd gni nt di or d. ke ki upgr di ng ve n hough he ong un om pe ve uc qui ki upgr di ng of n oa ve n he qui d ni ng nc or ke n ke he ul ng hu n pi out

he door o be pa yi ng ob dow he or ove ki d ke ypi y ha or out ha n uns ki d ke nd o na ge ont ol ove he hop or of oor ur he n obs qui ki nd pl ye he or or y pl d. bot ons na ge of n pt o dum dow n qu pm nt nd ob pons bi nd hus o de ki k. ond, na ge unde hor os duc on pr ur of n ni pul or k o pe pr ur pr ur n por pr oduc vi pr ove nt ve n hough ha ge ught up n pe pr ur ke o pa n he onge hor ght d na ge of n nd he pt on of uc h ni pul on bl he n or ke pt pons bi y or out om he y of n ha ve ne got ong he ve ne ba nc of ndi vi dua ut onom y nd ut hor he h or ha de ba nc n y be de d, nd he ut hor

y of he que nt ur ne nt o na y of or ke ga ns ke hi d, unde he pr ur of om pe on, hor ont pe on n de ge ne nt o dve os ba ga ni ng uppl nt do not ys gi gn h us om nd he n pus h om hove pa ne hi ps y gm nt or ont ons hi ps hi n he o vu ne bl o he pr ur of om pe on he om pe on ong na ge or om ot on oppo uni n he ght um hor ont nt de pe nde nc n ppe o ke ut ua be ne or k. ut unde he ong um nc ur ns o pon ga ns or ke ut our ng n us d bl udge on nd gl oba on of pr oduc on hr na nd os obvi ous y, he ne ve hi hy of xpe n y de ge ne unde pr ur nt o he ol d om nd nd ont ol pa n he bs nc of pr of ound

ns or on of oc y ha oul d pe ne nt y va or ke nd ot he ke hol de nt o n por nc om pa bl o ha ow ne he br oa de uc ur of ou pi oc y ons nt y ondi ons onduc ve o de ow d he ut oc or of hi hy. n nut he he k or ga ni on ys buf d be n he hni pr oduc ve dva nt ge of or nd he nt onom dva nt ge of ut oc dom na on. di pa ona nt of he 50 ye nds ki qui nt nd or ons how be ve ha he hni dr ve nde nc o upgr di ng ki nd br oa de ni ng nt de pe nde nc ha ve pr va d he ggr ga nd
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ove he onge ut he doubt ha he oc or ha ve o he k on vol ut on, ki ng he pr ogr onl y ng nd uc nt nd vi ng num ous nd

ve huge poc ke of ba kw dne or ove ve n he ogr ve pe of hi vo ut on not hout he dow ns de or or ke pgr di ng ki nd br oa ni ng nt de pe nde nc nd o und ne bl he d om uni of ol da ons nt y put ng or ke nd he uni ons on he de ns ve hi ha ppe ns n ve ys pgr di ng of pl ol d uni on n young nonuni on hni ns or k n pl y de ne d upe vi or y ount bi y h di us ount bi y. pa ns of hor ont pe on unde ne ol ba ga ni ng uni by ont ng out nd gl oba on. ol bor ve hi hi k ni ons o be om pa ne ve n hough he ne or ough nde dve ba ga ni ng ha ha dl y di ni he d. ur n or now he om ng 50 ye doe hi pe pe ve ugge

bout he ut ur of k or ga ni on? bs nt om di ha nge or br kdow n, he pa n of he pa 50 be ve ont nue he ki upgr di ng nd or nde nc ont nue o pr va ove he ount nde nc not be us he y nt ns y or de bl but pl be us ne d ki nd or k uc d n he uggl or om pe ve ur vi va nd ond, he upgr di ng nd or nds be unde ne d pe odi y by he on of or di ona ut oc or of ut ho y n nd by he ur ge nc of de uc ve or of om pe on be n nd ha do he nds pl y or ndus ons ove he om ng de de oul d ve nt hr onj ur he nd ow ds ki upg di ng, nt de pe nde nc nd or k nd o or ke ve of nt ophi on, br oa de n he dvi nd ha pe n he xpe

ons of us n he kpl nd n oc y. ue ha pi oc y he or ke n by hi pr ogr nds o unde ne d our of or ke de nt nd ol da y; but ha pr og o nds o ong or ke ve n gr pot nt or or nl ght ne on on br oa de ond, xpe ha ke xpe nc ki upgr di ng nd or k nd ove o ke he nc ngl y ol of he ut oc na ge nt ut oc ut hor ppe nc ngl y unj us nd ne nt om ki nd of de oc on of he gove na nc uc ur ot hi os pe y ppe n he ur nt pol be om n nc ngl y popul nd om pe ng de nd na y, he nds he nc our ge ke oppos on o he de uc ve or ke om pe on. n unde ut oc ont ol unde nda bl ha ny ke but he ns ur y o he gr d or of he pe na ge or

ow ne ut uc h gr d nd y xa ba ng or or ke gr ow or ophi d, nd na ge nt hi how ve he gl y) ow ds or pa pa ve ode be om nc ngl y ha he unda nt ur of or ke onom ns ur y not or por na ge nt but he oa de uc ur of our onom y nd pol y vol ke nd unr po ns ve gove nm nt or ke onj ur ke o be om nc ngl y hos o unr gul ke om pe on om pe on ha hi nd y of unpr di bl pur gr ow h nd nc hm nt
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pa ul he n pa d h n ns uf nt y de oc or of gove nm nt hi bot h pa or por he ha popul nd o nc pa bl of uf nt y da pe ni ng he pa of ke uc ons on or ke ve ol ude of our ha pe d by ny or pa om or or ga ni

on. nd n uni ons ha ve be n ong, ow de ne hi ha ont but d o gr ow ng ns of na on nd gna on. ut onj ur pr ove va d, nd uni ons nd y ove be yon d di ona bus ne uni oni o ddr he br oa de uc ur onc ns uni ons de ne ght be ve d ove he om ng de de
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bl he vol ut on he oc upa ona uc ur he onom y uc ur he vi n bor or di n ye of hool ng upa ons 1950 1994 1952 1982 na ge nd pr of ona 17. 27. 14. 15. hni dm ni ve 21. 30. 12. 13. vi 11. 13. 8. 12. on pr oduc on, pa 15. 11. 10. 12. pe or br bor 21. 14. 9. 12. ng, or hi ng 13. 2. 8. 12. ona nk, 115t di on duc on da or 1952 om ur u ns us ur nt

opul on por bor 50. 1953 49 4. 1982 he ye n hi di n ye of hool ng va bl duc ona nm nt of ke h 1982 83, pt of bor ur of bor pr 1984, pe bor or por ul 191, bl 9.
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va nt of hi ond vi nt ha or or ga ni on ha pe d by or k hnol ogy, but gue ha or hnol ogy ha pe d by he br oa de oc uc ur hi know n he oc ons uc on of hnol ogy he y o how om oc nf ue nc n pe qui pm nt de gn hoi but n oge he or di ul k how ha oc or de ne he br oa ont our of hnol ogy. nd hi de qui pl us bl o ve de n he na ys ha ol ow n hus ngui h or k ga ni on om or k hnol ogy he ys of qui pm nt ool nd us d by or ke he ks

nd n di ngui h or k or ga ni on he pl nt ve om he br oa oc or ga ni on ndus nd oc us n di ngui h he or hnol ogy of gi ve n pl nt he br oa de uni ve of hnol ogy va bl he oc y hol dw d us n ohr nd d df or 1995 ng gh or nc ga ni ons n nc o: os nd n, ul 1994 ow om on or kpl ns or on nd how n xpl n ho dopt ndus nd bor ons vi n. 175 188 d on he pa of gl oba on on ki qui nt ge ne ha be n he ki d obs ha ha ve gone ove ha ha d bl on he une pl oym nt nd ge ve of hos ki d or ke hr ow n nt o om pe on h or ke ow ge gi ons ut not he ne ga ve not hs ndi ng om hor xpe ons he obs d ove us ua y or hi ghl ki d

nd be pa d ha n he na ve va bl or ke n os ount ond, hi ny or ke ha ve us os he obs uf d ge ut our onom qui dva nc d nough ne nd be obs o hi o. or ke n ge ng he he he y ne d o ke hi hi ur of our gove nm nt nd pol pr oc not he ne vi bl of onom gl oba on.