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BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT USING SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE TO ADVANCE PROSECUTIONS AT THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT OCTOBER Workshop Report The Human Rights Center at the University of California Berkeley

Using evidencebased methods and innovative technologies we support efforts to hold perpe trators accountable and to protect vulnerable populations We also train students and advocates to document human rights violations and turn this information int

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BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT USING SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE TO ADVANCE PROSECUTIONS AT THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT OCTOBER Workshop Report The Human Rights Center at the University of California Berkeley






Presentation on theme: "BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT USING SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE TO ADVANCE PROSECUTIONS AT THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT OCTOBER Workshop Report The Human Rights Center at the University of California Berkeley"— Presentation transcript:

BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT USING SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE TO ADVANCE PROSECUTIONS AT THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT 23–24 OCTOBER 2012 Workshop Report \r\f \n \f\t\b\n\r\t\f\f\n \f \f\f\f\f\f\n\f\f  \f\n\n \f\f\f\n\f\t\f \f\f\f\n  \f\f\n\f\f\n\n\f\n\f\n\f \f\f\f\f\n\f  \f\f\f \f \f\f\f\n\f\f ­\f\f \f \f€€‚\n\r€ƒƒ„\f\f …† ‡ ˆ\n\r‰\f\nŠ\f\f‹\f\fŒ\n\n \f­…\f\n\r Beyond Reasonable Doubt USING SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE TO ADVANCE PROSECUTIONS AT THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT 23–24 OCTOBER 2012 WORKSHOP REPORT HUMAN RIGHTS CENTER SCHOOL OF LAW UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY 2850 TELEGRAPH AVENUE, SUITE 500 BERKELEY, CA 94705-7220 CONTENTS I. II. Ž\f\n\n\f  Ž\f\n\n\n \f \f’\f\n  Ž\f\n\n\n \f  “”\f\r\f\f \f  III.MAJOR ISSUES “\f\n\n\f\t\f\t•\n\r  \n\f–——–˜\f  Ž\n™•\n\r\f “  \f\f “\f\f\f  IV.CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS APPENDIX A: WORKSHOP PARTICIPANTS APPENDIX B: WORKSHOP PROGRAM/18 1 I \f‰\f\f\f \f \f\f\fš \r\f \n\r\t\b \t\t\n\t\t\t\t\t\f ­\f \n\t š \f\t\f\n\f– ˆ\f \f\f\f Ž\f\n\n\f\t\f ›œž›Ÿ–\f›¡€›  \f\n\f\f\r \f\f\f\f \f\f – ˆ\f  \f\f \f\n\f \f\f\f \f\n ¢ \f\f\f\f\f”\f \t”\t \f\n\f\f   ˆ\f\f\n\f\f‰\n\f\f \f\f\n £ ¢ \f”\f \f\n\f\n\f \f\f\f\f\f \f\n\r \f \f\f\n\n\f Ž  \f\n\n\f£”\f\t \f\f\f\n\f\t\n\f\t ”\n\n\f\t”\f\t\n\n”\f\t­…•\n\r\t \f£  \f \f…\f\f\f \f\f  \f\n\f˜\f£\f\f\f \fŽ\f\n\n \n \f\tŽ\f\n\n\n \f \f’\f\n\t\n\f \f \f\t\n\n \f\f\t“”\f\r\f\f \f¤•  ”• \f\n\f ¥•\f\f\t\f\f \f \f\f\f\f \nˆ\nš \t\t\t\t\f ­\f  \n\t€ \f\f  \fŽ\f\n\n\n \f \f’\f\n  \tŽ\f\n\n\n \f\t“”\f\r\f\f \f  \f\f\f \f ˆ \f\n\n\t ˆ \f\f\r\f ˆ\t\f \f\n\n\f\n\r\t\f ” \tˆ\n\n \f \t\n\fˆ‰\t\n  \f\n¤•”\b \f\f\f\f¥ \f\nš \t\t‚\tƒ„ ­­„­\t\f… † ‡\t š\f\f  \f…\f\f \f\t \t•\rŽ\f\n\t\r \f\t\f¦Ž \fŒ‚ \f\n\f\f \f\r\f˜\f\t \f\f\n\f\f\f \r\t–—\f\f\t–\f\r‚Ž\t‚\f ­™•—\f\f 2BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT \n\f\t \t\n\f\n\f\f\n\f˜  \f\t\n\f\r\f\f\n\n\n\r˜\f\n \nš ˆ‰ƒ\t š\f\f  \fŽ\t\r \f \t\b\t…–•\t••\f\f \f•\f \tŽ…“\t \n\n \f\f\tŽ\f\nŽ\f \nŽ\f\t…\n—\fŽ  \t•—\f•\f\f\n\f\r\tŽ\f\n\f\f\f™\f\t\f \f\n\f\f \nˆ\f\n\f\f  \f\n‰\f\t\n\n\f\f \n\f\f\n\f\f   \f”\f €  \f\f\n\n\f\f \n\f\n\f\r\f\f\f   \f§•\f \f\n\f§ ›  \f¨\f\f\n\n\t \r\t\n\r˜§   \f”\f\n\f\n\f\r\f\f\f \f\n”\n \n\f \f\f\n§\f\n\f\n\n\f\n\t\f  \r\t\r\n§  \r\f  \f\f\f\n\f\n\f\r\f\f\f \f\f †\n‡\fˆ\f\n\r\f § „ \n\t \r\f\f \n\f\n\f\r\f\f\f \f§  \n\t \f\f\n\f\f\n\n\f \f\f  \t\r\f\r\t\r\f\f\f\n\r\f ˆ\n\f\f\n\r  \f§ 3 II €ƒƒ¡\t\f\f \f\n\r\n\nš›¡¡›\t Ž\f\n\n\fš\f\n\n\f\f \f\t \r\t\f\r\f\f ¨\n\r\n\f  \f\f \f\r\f \f\n\f\t‰\f\n\t  \t\t \f\t\n\n\n\n\f\f\f ˆ\n\t†\n\f\r\t\t\f\f– \f\f\f\t \f\f\f\n\f\n\n\r\f \f\n\n\f\f \f\n\n\f\n\n‡  Ž\t\f ˆ\f\n\f\n\f\n\r\f\f  \n\n ˆ\r\f’\t\f\n\r\r\f\n\n \f\f ˆ\f\f\f\f  \f\n\n\f \f\f \f ˆ \f  \n\f\n \n\f\t\f\r\f \f\f\f\f International Criminal Court “\n›¡¡›\tŽ\f\n\n\f‰\f\f\t \r\t\fˆ\f•\f \f\f\t\f  \n\n\rœ¡\n\f\f›Ÿ—\f\n\f  \n\n\n\fˆ\f\f – \t\n  \f ‰\fˆ† ˆ\f\n\n \f\f\n‡\f\n\n  \f ­\f\n\f \f\f\f \f\n• \n\f\n• \fš\f \fš\f\f\n\fšŒ ª™…‰\f\n\fš \f\f \n\f ˆ\nˆ\f\f­\f  \n\f \f\f\t\f¦\f\fˆ\f\n\f\f¦\f  ˆ\f\f”\f\f\f\t \f\n• \n\tª\r\t\f¦Ž\f\f\t\f\f\t\f  ™…\r\t•”\f…\n\t‚ªª\n \t Š\r‹\t\t\t\f ­\f\t\t \t—\f\n \b\f•\r…\f\n­ \f\n\n\t\f\f\n\t›¡€€\t€„ Ž\n\n\r \f\n\f\f \f\n\r˜\f\fˆ \f  \f\f\n\f\f \n\f \t ¤†ˆ\t‡\f†ˆ\f‡¥  \n\r ƒ —\f\f\f \f\tˆ\f\f\r\n\t\f\n\f\n\t\n †ˆ‡\n\f † \f‡\f˜\f \f\n¨\n\rš\f‰\f\f \f‰š\n\r˜\r\n\fªŽ…\f \t ‰\f\tƒ ­\f\t\bˆƒƒŒ \b\f\f\t—\t›¡¡€\t€„ 4BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT – ˆ\f \f\f”\f\f\f¦\n\r\f\f \n\n\f \f”\f\f\n\n\n\f   \n\r˜\n\n\n \f«˜\f\t\f\f\f\f\f \t \n\f\t\f \r\f  \n\n\f \f\f\f\n\n\t\f\f\f\f \f \r\n \n\f\n\fš\f\t\r\f\t \n\f\n\rš\f\n\n\f\n\r \f\f\f\n\r\n\f\f”\n\f\r\r \f\f\n\f˜\f \f\f\n\n\f\n\r Ž\f\n\n\f\n\r\f\n\f \n\n\f ˆ  \f \f\f\n\n\f\n\f\n\n\n   \f\f\f International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia Ž\f ŽŽ\f\t…\r\f\nŽ\f\n\n\n \f  \f’\f\n™\r€ƒƒœ\f\f\t\r\t\f \n\f«\b\n€ƒƒ¡’\f\n\n\f€©¡\f ™\f©¡\f\fœ¡ \f \n\f €ƒƒ€\t– ˆ\f \f\f\n\f\r\n‰\f\f\f ” \f\r \f\n\r\f£\r£ \f\f\t\n  \n\r\t”\f­…•\n\r\t\f\f\f£\f\r £ \f\f\fˆ\f£\f\f\f  \n\n\f\f \f\f \f\n\f\n \f   \nš\f\f\n\r\f \f\r\f\nš \n¦\f  \f \f\f ”\f­…•ˆ\f  \r\f\f\n\n \f \n\f  \f\t– ˆ\f \f\f\n\n\n \f \n\f\f\f ”\t\n”\t\f\t\f\n\f\t \f\n\f\t\f\f\n\fŽ\f\n\r\t\n\n\n\f\f\f\f\n\n \f\f”\r– ˆ\f \f\f\n\fˆ \f\f\n\r \f\f\f\t\n \f\n ˆ\n\r \f\f\f\f \f”\n\n\f˜ \f\f  \f\f\f\nŽ\f\t\f\f \n\n\f  \n¨\f  \f\f\f\n\f\r\t\n\f ˆ\n\f\t\f\t \fˆ\n\t ”\tˆ\n\f\n\f BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT5 International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda “\n€ƒƒŸ\f\f\n\f\n\f\f \f\n  \n\tŽ\f\n\n\n \f\n\r¬¡\t\n\f’\f  \n\n\t\n\f\n\f\r \n¦ \f\f \f\n\r\fª\rª\n  \f\r \f\f\r \fŽ \t \f\n\r\f\f\f \t\f \f\f\t\n”\f \f  \n \r\n\n\f\n\n\f\n\r\f  \f•\f \n\n\f\f ”\f\t\f\n¦£\n\f \n”  \f£\n\f\n\f\f\f£\f ˜ \n\r” \f£\f\n\r\r \n\r \f\n\f \f£\n\f \r\f\t \f\n\f\f\f\f\f  ¦\n\f Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia “\n›¡¡© \f\n\f\f\f\f\f…  \f\t“”\f\r\f\f \f\f\n\fŽ\f\r \f\n\f\f\f\n \f\f\t\r\t\f\t \f\f\n\fª\f\t\n \f •\n€ƒ®„\f‚\r€ƒ®ƒ\f\f¨\f\f\f \f œ¡žŸ¡\r\f\n \f”\r\r\f \f\r\f\t\f \f\n\n \fŽ•\n›¡€¡\t\f‰ †¯Ž°\n\r\n\n\r \f”\f\f\n\f\r\f\n\f\n \f\f\t”\n\f\r\f\n\f\r\t\n\r \fˆ\n‡•\n\t\f\n\n\r\f\f\r\t\n\n\f  \f\f”\t\f\f\t\f\f\f†\f \f‡\f \f\r \f­\f\f\f \f¤­¥\n\f\f\f  \f\f\f\n\f\f\f \f \f\f\f\f  \f\f 6 IIIMAJOR ISSUES \f\f\fŽ\f\n\n\f\f\n\f\f ˆ \t\f\n \f \f\f\f\f\n\n\f\f\f\f\f  \n\f˜\f\t…\f\t \fˆ\f¤  \f † ˆ\f˜\f‡\f†\f\f\f‡¥ Evidence Collection, Preservation, and Analysis ¢   \f\f\n\r\f\n \f\n\n\f\n\r\n\f\t\t\f  \f\r’\n \f\n\n\r\f \fŽ\f\n\n\f \f\n\r\n\n\n¤¨ \f\f\n\r‰\f\f\f‰\f\f\n\n  \f\n\r\f\f\n¥£\f\f\n\n\n¤\n\f\n \r \f\n\r\f\n\n\f¥£\n\f\f\f¤  \f\n\n\r\n\f\f\n\f\r\f\n\r¥£ˆ\n \n\fŽ\n\r\n\n\r\f\n\n\f\f˜\f\f\f \f”  \r\t\n\f” \f\f\n\n\r\f˜\f\n\n\f\f\f\f \f\f\f\f\n\r\r ˆ\f˜\f\f  \f\n\n\f \f\f\f\f\fŽ\n\t\f  ˜\f\f \f\f\f\n\r\f  Ž\f\n\n\f\t\n\n\r \r\n\r\f\f\r •\f \f \rŽ\f\n\n\f\t\f\f\f \n\f\f\n\r\f\f\f\f\f\f ˆ\f˜\f \n\f\f”\f\f\f– ˆ\f \f\f\f˜  \f—\f\f\n\n\f\f\f\f \t\f\f\f\n\f\f ¨\f \f\f\n\n\n\f\f –\f ¤–¥\f\f\n\n\f\t\n\t\f\f \f\n\r\f \f\f \f\f\f\f \f˜\n \fˆ  \f”\f\f\n\n\f \f¦\f ¢  \n\n  \n\f\f\f\f\f \n\n\r\f\n\n\f \f\f\f\n\f  \f\r\t˜\f \f\n\f\f \f\n\n\f\f\f\f  \f•\f\n\n\r\t\n\f\f\f \t\f\n  BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT7 \n\r\f\f\n\r\f\n \n\f \f\f \f\n\r \f\f\f\f\f ¢     \n \t  \n\n \f\r\f  \n\f \r \f \f\n\n\n \f \n\n–\f \n \f\f\f \f \n\t \r\t\f \f \f\n•\f\n\f\f\f\nŽ\fŒ\f\f\f €ƒŸƒ\t \f \n\f\f \f \n  –\f \f\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\r\n \f\f\f\n\n\n\n\f \f\f \r \f\f \f  \n\f\f– ˆ\f \f\f\f\n\f\f\n \f\f\n\n\f\n\f  \n\r \f\n\n\n\n” \f\f\f ˆ\f ¢  \n    \f\f†\f\f‡\f \f\n  \f\f\n\f\n\f\n\n\f\f\t\f\t\f \f\f—\f\f\t’\f\t\f\f\f\n\n \f\f\f  \f\n\f \f\n\f\f\r\f\t\n\f\fˆ \f\n\f\n\f\n\f\f\f\f\f\n\n\n \f\n\f  \f\f\f\n\f\n\n\f\f\f\n  \t\f\f \r\r\r\f \f\f\f\n\f\fŽ  \f\t\f\n\n\f\f\f”\f\n\f\n\f\n\n\r \n\r\f \f\n\f Relations with Outside Fact-Finding Organizations ¢  \b \f\f\f\r\f\n\f\f \f– ˆ\f \f  \f\f”\f\f ˆ\f˜\f•\t\f \f\n\f\f\fŽ\f\n\n\f\f˜\f\n\f \f\n\n\t\n\n\r\f\n\f\f\f \n\n\r\n\f\f \f …\f\f\n\f˜\f\t\f \f”\f\f\n\n\t\f \f\f\f\f\r\f\f\f \t\n \n\f \f\t\n\f\n\n\n\r\f ˆ\n  \b\r\f\t\f\n\n\f\t\r \f¨\f\f \f\n\n \f ­\r ¤\f\f\f  \f\f\f\n•\f\n\fŒ\f\f\f €›•€ƒŸƒ\t\n\f\f\f\f  \f Ž\f\n• \f«\t\f ¬‚€ƒ®®\t•œ›•\n\f“\f\n\t† \f \f\f  ¦ \n\f\n\n\n§‡ \t\t\fŽƒ\t  ¬Ÿ¬Ÿ¬¤›¡¡›¥¬Ÿ„ž¬©© 8BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT ¥ \f‰\t\n\t\n ¤\f\n\f \f\f\r \r \f\f \n\f\r\f\f\f\f \n\n¥  Ž\r\t– ˆ\f \f\f\f\r ˆ\f˜\f †‡\f\f\f\f\t\n\n\r\f\f\r\r\n \f \f\f\f\f\r\f\t\f‰ ˜\t\t¨\f\f\n\n\r\f \n\f \f\n\f\f\f\f\f\f\f˜\f”  \n\f ˆ\f˜\f\f\f\f¦ \r•\r\n\t\f\f\f\f\r\f\f\n\r \f\r\n‘\f\f\r\f \f\n \n\f\t\f\n\n  \n\n\r\fˆ \f\f\f\f˜\f\f\f \f¦\r\f\n\f\f\f\f\n\f\n\f \r \f˜\f\f\f\n˜\f\n\f\f \f\f\n\f\n\f\f \r\f\f\f\n\f\n\r Ž\f\n\n\f§ ¨\f\n\n\f\r\n\f\n\f˜\f\f\n\n\f  \n\f\f\f \f\f\n\f˜\f\f \f  \f\f\f\f\f \f\n\f\n\n \n\f\f’\t\f\f\t \n\f \f\f\t \f\fˆ\t\f\n\f\n\n\r  \n\t\t\f˜\f¦\n\r\f\f\f\r ˆ \r\f\n\n¨ \n\n\f  ˆ\f˜\f\f\n\n\f\f\f\t\r \r\f¦\n\n\r\f˜\f\n\r \f\f\f\t\f\t\f\r\f†‡\f\f\n \n\t\f  ¨\n\r\n\f\f\n\f \f\r\f\f\t\n\t \f\t\n\n\r\n\fˆ\f\n\r\f\n\f\n\n\f   \f\b¨\n\f\f \f– ˆ\f \f\f\t \f\f¦¨ \n ˆ\f˜\f\r\f\f\f\f\r\n \f¦\f¦ \f\n€¥\r\f\f  \f£›¥\f\n¤¥\f \f\n\t\f\f\f\f˜  \f£œ¥\f\fˆ\f\f\f \r\n£Ÿ¥ ™…\r\n\t\f\f›\tŸ›…\r\f\f\f†Ž\f\n\f\f \n\r\f\n\n\r\f\n\n\n\r\f\n\f\f\f\f\f  \f\f\nš\fš\n\n\n\n\r\f\n\r™\r\fš\n\f\f \f\n \fš\f\n\f\r\n\r\f \f\f\n\f\f\n\n\r\f  \f\f\f\f\f\f\f\f Ž\f\n\n\f \f\n\f\f\f\f\f\f\f\n‡•\n\f\n™•\n \f\t†—\n \f \nŽ\f\t‡\f\n“ \f\f\nŒ\f\tŽ\t\n\n‘‘\f\n\n \f\f  ‘\f‘—…­•™“…•±›¡–—±›¡Ž™Ž…•±›¡Ž… “ŽŒ•Ž–…  BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT9 \f\f£„¥\fˆ\n\r\f¤\n\f\f\f \n\f\n\n\f\n \f \f\n\f¥\t  \f ¢    \f\f\f ˆ\f\t \n\f\n\f\f\n\n\n\t\f\nˆ \f\f \f \f\f\n\n\f\f \n\n\r\f  \n\f\n\n\f\n\f˜\f\t­\f\f\f \f\t\n\r\f\n\n \f\n\f\r\f«\f\f«\f\f˜\f \f\nˆ\n\r \f\n\f\n\n\f\f\f \f  \r\r\n\t\n\n\f \f\r\r\n\f\f \n\f\n\f\n ˆ\f˜\f\f ˆ\f\f \r\f\f \f\t\r\f\n ˆ \f\f\n\n\f \n\n\n\f\t \f\f \t\r\n\n\f\f \r\f ¢    Œ\f  \f˜\f\r\f  \f\f \f¤\n\f\n\f\n\f\f  \n\f˜\f\t\f\n\f\t\fŽ\f\n\n\f¥\t \n\f\f\f\f\f\f\f\f\f \n\n\n  \f\f\f\n\f \f\f\n\r\n\f \f \f \f\f\f\n\f\n˜\f\f\f \f\f\f˜\f\f\f\f \f Internal Management and Analysis of Evidence ¢    ‚ \f \n\n\f \n \f\f\t\nŽ\f\n\n\f\t\f\n\n\r \f\n  \n\t\f\t\n\r˜\n¨\f  \f\f\f\n\f\n\n\r  \n\n\r\n\f\f\f\n\n\f \f  \f\n¤\f\t\b\r\t”\n\t­\t­ ­\t¥\t \f\n\t\f\t\t\f \f\f\f\n\f \f\f \n\n \f\f\f\f\n\f\f \f\n\f\n¨\r\f \r \r\f\n\n\f\f\n\f \f ¢   \nƒ  \bˆ \f” ¨\f \r\f \f\fˆ \fˆ\f\t\f  \f\n \f \fˆ”\f \n\n\f \f\f\f\n \f\nˆ•\f\r \b\f– ˆ\f \f\f\f\f\f\f\f  ¨\f\f\n \f\f\f¦–\f›¡€›\f\f† ˆ“\f•\f\fŽ\f\n\n\f\t \f—\f™ª\r\t ˆ\fƒŠ\n­\t„‘… \f\t\t  \t\t \n‰ ¤—›¡¡Ÿ¥ 10 BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT \n\f\f\n\fˆ\f\f \f\n\f\n\n\r\f\n\n\f\t\t\n\r\f  ¢   –\f \r\f\f \f\f” \f\n\f\n\f\r\fˆ\f\f\n\f†\n‡\f ˆ\f\n\r\f \n\f \nˆ \f \f\f\f\n\t\n\f\f\f\n\r ˆ\f\n\n\n\r\f\f\n\f“”\n \f\n \r\n\n\n\f \fš\f  \n\n\r\r\fš\r\n\t\r\f \n\n\t\f\f \f\t\t\n\t \f \f\r\f \n\f\f\n\r\n\rˆ \f\n\n\n\f\f\f\n\r\f  ¢  \n \f\f ˆ\n\f \f  \f”\n\f ­\f”\n\f\n\n\n\r\n\n¤€¥ \f ¨\n\r£¤›¥”\f \n\f \f\n\n\n\f \f\n”\f£¤œ¥ \f   \n\f \f\f \f\t\f\f\f\f\n\r  \n™\f\f\t\r\n”\f\t\n\f\f‰\t \f\n\n\r \f\f\f \n\f\f\f\n \f\f ˆ¨\f ”\n\f\n—\f”\n\t\f\t­…•  \f\f \r\f \r\f\n\f\f\n\r\f  \n\f\n\f\f ­…•¤ \f \f\n\n\n¥\f\n\f\n\n\r\f\n  \f˜”\f ˆ¨\f\n\f ”\n \f\n\n\fˆ\f \f†\n‡\f\f \r\f\t\f\f\n\f \f\n”\n \f\n Presentation of Evidence in the Courtroom ¢  „ …‚‚ \f\f \f\f\f ‰\f\f \f\n\n\r\f   ˆ\f\f\f\n\f\n\r \f‰\fŽ\f\f\t\f\n\t\f\f\n\f\f\f ‘\f\fˆ\n\f  \f \f\f  \f\n\f\t\n\f\t\f\n\t\r\f ¢  †‡ \b\n\f\f\t ˆ\f‰\f \f  \f\n\f—\f”\n\t\f\n \f\f \f\n\n\n\n”  \f”\f\n‰\f\f \t\n\f \f \n\n\f\n\f\f\f \n‰\n \f\n\f ¨\f 11 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS —\f\n\n\f\f\f\t\f – ˆ\f \f\f \f\f\n” \f\n\n\f\f\n\f\f\f \f\f \f\f\f\f ¢  ˆ\t – ˆ\f \f\f\f\n\nˆ•\f\r\b\f\f \f\f\t\f\t\n\r\f\n\f  \f\n\fˆ\f\f\f\n\f\n\n\r\f\n\n\f\t  \t\n\r\f \f\n\t\f\r\tˆ‘ \f ¢   – ˆ\f \f\f\f\n\f\r\f\f \r\f ˆ\f\f\f\r\f\f\n  \f\n\n\f\f \f”\r\f\n \f‘\f\f”\f†\f \f\n‡\f ¢  \n ‰\n Š  \f\f\n\f\n \f\f \f– ˆ\f \f\f\f”\f\f ˆ\f  ˜\f\f\t\tŽŽ­­\f\r Ž\r\f \n \f\t\b\n\r\t\n\n \f\f\f\r \n\f\f\f\n\f\n˜\t•\f”\f\r \n–\f\f\f\n\n\r\f”\f \f ˆ\f \f\n\f\n\n\f\n\f\f \f\n\t\n˜\n\n \f \f\n\r\f¤€¥\n\f\f\n\f  \n\fŽ\f\n \n\f\f\f\f£¤›¥\f\f\n\f \f\n\n \f\f\n\t\f\t\r\f£¤œ¥\f\r\f Ž  \f\n\n\f\f ˆ\f˜\f\f\t\n\r˜\t  \f\n\f\n \f\f\f\r\n\n\f\n\n \n\f\n\f\r”\t\n\n \fŽ\f\n\n\f\t …\f\t\f\n\f\n\f\f\n\f˜\f\t \f \f\n\f\f \f\n\n \n\n\f ¢  ‹‚­Œ …\f\f\fš‰\f\n\t  \t\t\f\t\f\fš\f \f\f\n\f \f \f\n\n\f\f\f \r\fŽ\f\n  \f\n ˆ\f˜\f\n\n\r\n \n\f\f\f \f\n\n\f \f‰\f\n\r—\f \f\f\f \n \f\f\f\f \f\f\n\r\f\t\n\n\f\f  12 BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT \n\r \f\f \f\n\n\f\n \f\f\r\f \f\f™ \r\f\f\n\f\f\n  ˆ\n˜\n\n\f \f \f\n\n\fŽ  \f\n\n\f ˆ\f˜\f\f\f\n\f\n\n\t\n\t \f\f\n\f– ˆ\f \f\fˆ\n\n\r\t\n\n\f  \f\f\f\f\f¤€¥ \f\f\f \f\n˜ \f\n\f\f\f\f£¤›¥\n\t\n  \f\f\fˆ\n\n\r\t  \n\r£¤œ¥\fˆ\f\f” ˆ\n\f\f\n\f\f\t\n\f \f\t\f”˜\n\n\r  \n\r\f \f\f¦\n  ¦\f\n\n\f\f\t\f\t\f\n\f  \f\f\f•\f\n\f\r\f\n \f\f\f  \f\n\f\f \n¤\f\f\f˜\f\f– ˆ\f \f\f¦ \n¥\n\f \f \f\n˜\f\f \f‘ \f\f\n\f ¢  \n  Œ\nŒ\t —\f… \f\r\f\n\f\r\f\r\n\t\n\nŽ\f\n\n \f\t‰\n”\n\r\f\f\r  \n ’ ƒ\f\n­\t ¤\t\f\f\t\f†‡\t\n\r\f\f \n\t\n\f\n¥£ ’ ƒ\f\f\r‹ ¤\t \f \f\r\f ˆ\t¨\f\n\n\f¥£ ¢  \f‰\f ¤\t\n\f\f\n\n\f¥£ ’ \n\t\f‰ ¤\t\f\f\f\n\f \f¥£ ’ ‰\t‰\n† ¤\t\t \t\f  ¥£ ’ ­†\f\f‰\t ¤\t\f”\f¥ ’ ­\t­ ¤\t\f\f\n\f\t\f\f \n\n¥£ ’ \f\t\t\t†\rƒ­\t ¤\t\f\n ˆ\t\n\f\f  \t\n\n\n\f\tˆ\n \f\f\tŽ™\t \f¥  ™…\r\n\t\f\f›\t©€ž©› •\n„Ÿ¤œ¥¤¥\f \f\f  \f\f\fˆ\n\n\r\f\fˆ\n\r \f \f\b†\f\n\f¨\n\n\f\n\n\r”\f \n\f\f Ž\t \n\f\f\n\f\f \f\f\f\n\f \f\f\f \f \f \fˆ\n\r\f\f‡\f\n” \f ˆ\f˜\f\n\n\r \r \f \fˆ\n\r\f\n\n˜\n \f\f \f\f\n\f\f\f\f  \n\f  \f\f \r \t©¡\f\f \n\n —\f\f\f\n\n™…\r\n\t\f\f›\t©›ž©œ BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT13  Ž\r\t\f\n\n\f ˆ\f˜\f\n\r \f\f\n\t\f\t\t\f\n\t\r\f¤\t \f  \f\f\f\f\n\f\t\n\n\n\f\f¥\f”\f\f\n\f \f \f\n\n’\t\f \t\n\n\f\f \n\n\r\f\n\f \f”\f \f\f\n \r\f\t\f\n˜\n\n\n\n  \r\f\n\f \f\n\f\n\n\f\f\n\t\f  \t\r\fˆ\n\n\r\t\n\n\f\f\f\f\f\f ¤€¥”\f \f \f \f\f  \f\f\n\t\n\n \r\f   \f\n\n\r\f\n£¤›¥ˆ”\n\t \f\n\n\f\r\f\f \r\n \f\f \f\f\f  £¤œ¥ \f \f\f\n ˆ\f˜  \f\f\n\n\f\n\r\f  \f\f\f\f\f\r\n\f \f\f\f\n‰ ¢  ‚   Ž \f  \f\f\n\f\f\n\f˜\f\t\f\t¨\f  \f\f Ž\t\f \f\f\n\r\f\n\f\r\f  \f\t\f”\n\n\f\f  \f\f \f\f• \t\f\n\f  \f\f\f\n\f\t\t\f\r \f \f\n\n\f ˆ\f˜\f\t\f\t \f\n \f\f \fˆ\n \f\f\f\n\n\n\n\n\r\f \r\f\f\r  ™\f\f\t\f\f\f  \f š\f\f\f\f\n\nš\f\f  \f\n”\n\r ˆ\n\n˜\n\n”\r\f \f\t\n\r  \t\n\f\f  \f\n\f\n \f\fˆ\n\n\r\t \n\n\f\f\f\f\f\t\n \f\f\n\t \f \f\n\n\f\f ¤€¥\n\f\f \f\r\t \fˆ\n\f«\f\r\t\b \t­ ­\t£ ¤›¥\f˜\f\t\f\r\t\n\f\f  \f ¤\t ”\t\f\t\f\t\n\n\f\r¥£   €¡ ­\f¨\f¨\n\r\f  \f\t\r\t\f \r\t\f\n\n \r\f\f\f\n\f—\n\n \n˜\t†–“ \fŽ\f\n\n\f­²•\n\r\t‡‚•\n\t \t\t\t\f ‚\tƒŠ\n­\t ¤…’\f‘\n\t›¡¡¬¥\t€ƒ„ž››© €€ \t \f”\n\t™…\r\n\t\f\f›\t©›ž©œ 14 BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT ¤„¥\f \f\n\f\n\n\f \n¨£  ¦\f\n\n\f\f\t\n\r\f\n\f  \f\f\f\f•\f\n\f\r\f † \f \f\n‡\f\r\n\t\f \f\f\f\f \t ˆ\f˜\fŽ\f\n\n\f\f \n\f\r\f\t\n\r˜\t — \f\r \n\n\f\f\n\n\f”• \f  \f\n\n\f\f\f\f\f\n\f¦  ˆ\f\f\n\f\f\f \f\n\r \f\f\f\n\f \f \f\n\n 15 APPENDIX A Beyond Reasonable Doubt Prosecutions at the International Criminal Court 23–24 October 2012 WORKSHOP PARTICIPANTS \n\f \f\f\n\f– \f\n\f\f\f  \f XABIER AGIRRE \f•\n\r\t– ˆ\f \f\f\tŽ\f\n\n\f CECILE APTEL \f\n\f\n\r•“”­\f\f – ˆ\f \f  \f \f•\f\f \f\f Ž\f\n ¦—\n\f\f\n\f  ­\n\f\r GLORIA ATIBA-DAVIES \f Œ\n\t– ˆ\f \f\f\tŽ\f\n \n\f ERIC BACCARD —\f\f\f\f\t\f ˆ\f\t– ˆ\f \f\f\t Ž\f\n\n\f FREDERICO BORELLO ­\f\f Ž\r PETER BOUCKAERT “­\f LARS BROMLEY \n•\n\r\f•\f…Ž \f‘ –\f\n\n\n•\n\f\f¤…Ž•‘…–•¥ SARAH CRISCITELLI ­\r\f\f\f\f\f\t– ˆ\f \f\f\tŽ\f\n\n \f ALISON COLE \n– ˆ \fŽ\f\n‚–\f\r‚Ž CAMILLE CRITTENDEN “”­\f\f ­­\f\rŽ\tŽŽ\t\r\f  \n \f\t\b\n\r¤\f¥ MICHEL DE SMEDT  \f Ž\f\t– ˆ\f \f\f\tŽ\f\n\n\f SCOTT EDWARDS ™­\f\f \f\n\f•\rŽ  \f\n\t\f­ 16 BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT MARKUS EIKEL Ž\f\t– ˆ\f \f\f\tŽ\f\n\n\f ELIZABETH EVENSON \f\f\nŽ\f\n‚\f LUIS FONDEBRIDER \f •—\f•\f\f\n\f\r¤“••—¥ SAM GREGORY \f­\fŽ…“ VINCENT IACOPINO \f™\n•\f\r \f¤¥•‰\f  \f\f ™\r\f ™\f™\n\f\f\n BRIGID INDER “”­\f\f \f¦Ž \fŒ‚\n•\f \f Œ\f\f\f\f Ž\f\n\n\f ALEXA KOENIG “”­\f\f \t\f\f\n\f \t\r\f \n \f\t \b\n\r XAVIER LAROCHE —\f\f\f\f \f\n\n \f\f OLE LEHTINEN Ž\f\t– ˆ\f \f\f\tŽ\f\n\n\f JAMES LOGAN \f– ˆ–—\f\f DALE LYSAK •\f\f\t– ˆ\f \f\f\f\t“”\f\r\f \f \f HOLO MAKWAIA \f•\n\f\n\t– ˆ\f \f\f\tŽ\f\n\n\n \f  DONNA MCKAY “”­\f\f \r \f¤¥ PEGGY O’DONNELL \t\f\f\n\f \t­\t ­\f \f\r\t\r\f \n \f\t\b\n\r CRISTIÁN ORREGO ­\f\f —\f\f‰\t\f\f\n\f \t  \r\f \n \f\t\b\n\r IRENE O’SULLIVAN Ž\f\n—\f•\f‘ˆ\f\f\f\f…\n —\fŽ THOMAS PARSONS ­\f\f —\fŽ\f\n\f\f\f™\f ¤Ž™¥ JONATHAN PONTING \f \n³–\f\f\t– ˆ\f \f\f\tŽ\f\n \n\f MEGAN PRICE \f\b\f¤¥ JOHN RALSTON “”­\f\f Ž \fŽ\f\n\nŽ\f¤ŽŽŽ¥ BOB REID  \f Ž\f\tŽ\f\n\n\n \f \f’\f\n BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT17 CHEN REIS \n\n•\f\f \f­\f\f •\f\t‚\f  ª\f\n\f\f\n\f Ž\f\n\t\r\f ­ CRISTINA RIBEIRO Ž\f\f\f\f\t– ˆ\f \f\f\tŽ\f\n\n\f KIM THUY SEELINGER ­\f\f ”\n \f\n•\f\n\r\f‰ \t\f\f\n\f \t\r\f \n \f\t\b\n\r PATRICIA SELLERS \f\n\n\f\r\t —\n\n\fª\n\n\f\f\n\n\f –”  \f\r\t\f \f\f \f\n\n ERIC STOVER  —\n\r­\f\f •‰\f \f\f \n \n\t\f\f\n\f \t\r\f \n \f\t\b\n\r¤\f¥ BUKENI WARUZI \f™\t• ™\n“\tŽ…“ ALEX WHITING \f\f\f\f\f\t– ˆ\f \f\f\tŽ\f\n\n\f SUSAN WOLFINBARGER \f‰­\f••\f\f \f•\f  SABINA ZANETTA —\f– ˆ\tˆ\f\t– ˆ\f \f\f\tŽ\f\n \n\f 18 APPENDIX B Beyond Reasonable Doubt Prosecutions at the International Criminal Court 23-24 October 2012 PROGRAM Tuesday, 23 October ƒ   \t\n\t   “\f­ ¤™\n­\t\f Ž\f\t– ˆ\f \f\f\tŽ\f\n  \n\f¥ ƒœ¡ “‹‰…\r”\t “\f³\n\n\t\f    \b\fƒ\t…ƒƒ\t\n\t\t\t \b“\t \t\t\n\t \n\t†  ­\r\f• ¤•\n”“\b¥ €€  \f   Š\n­\t \t“‹‰\b\t\t\n\t\t\t\t † \t\f ­\f \n\t ¤\r–¦­\f\n\n¥  €œ¡  \f\f\t\f\t\t\t\f ­\f \n\t ¢ Ž\f\n\n\n \f \f’\f\n¤\b\f\t \f Ž\f¥ ¢ Ž\f\n\n\n \f¤\f\n\f™\t\f•\n\f\n¥ ¢ “”\f\r\f\f \f¤­\n\r\t•\f\f¥ \f  Ÿ   \t\t‚\tƒ\t…ƒƒ\tŠ ­­ƒŠ\n­\t„ † ­\t\f…‡\t ¢ – ˆ\f \f\f \f¤\n•\n¥ ¢ ¤\b\f¥ ¢ •\rŽ\f\n¤\f“¥ ¢ \r \f¤ Ž\f\f¥ ¢ \f¦Ž \fŒ‚¤\bŽ¥ BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT19 ©  •‰\f Wednesday, 24 October ƒ   ˆ‰ƒ\t ¢ “”\f¤—\f\t•—\f•\f\f\n\f\r¥ ¢ ­…••\n\r‘Žˆ\f¤\f\f\tŽ\f\n\f\f\f™\f¥ €¡   ˆ‰ƒ\t ¢ \n\n“”\f¤“\b\tŽ¥ ¢ \r\n\r\f\n\f\n¨\n\f \f¤ Ž\f\f\t\r \f¥ ¢ ”\n \f\n¤\n\n\t\f\n\n\f\r¥ €€  \f  \f\b\tŽ\f\f\t\n\n  €€„ ˆ‰ƒ\t ¢ ”\n \f\n“Œ™\f¤\t\r\f ­¥ ¢ ­¤™\t\b¥ ›€„ ˆ‰ƒ\t ¢ \n\n‘\f¤\b\f\n\r\t…–•\f\nˆ\t••\f  \f \f•\f ¥ ¢ ­\n \f“¤Œ\f\r\tŽ…“¥ ¢ …—\f¨Ž\f\nŽ\f¤´\f\t\n\n \f \f¥ \f  \f\b\f\n\r\t\f\nˆ\tŒ\f\r\t\f Ÿœ¡ –\t\t\nƒ\t \n\t\b…\n\t–‰\tˆ ¢ Ž\f\nŽ\f \nŽ\f¤‚\f\n\f¥ ¢ …\n—\fŽ¤Ž–¦\n\n¥ Œ\n­\f\f\f •‰\f 2850 Telegraph Ave., Suite 500 Berkeley, CA 94705-7220 Phone: 510.642.0965 Email: hrc@berkeley.edu http://hrc.berkeley.edu