Mozambique Food Security Cluster After Action Review PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

Mozambique  Food Security Cluster After Action Review PowerPoint Presentation, PPT - DocSlides

2018-02-27 37K 37 0 0


27 April 2017. Cash Transfers Programming – WFP Food Assistance Approach. Maputo . Ensure common understanding of what . cash based transfers. are and applicability in humanitarian assistance. Address the basic . ID: 638307

Embed code:

Download this presentation

DownloadNote - The PPT/PDF document "Mozambique Food Security Cluster After ..." is the property of its rightful owner. Permission is granted to download and print the materials on this web site for personal, non-commercial use only, and to display it on your personal computer provided you do not modify the materials and that you retain all copyright notices contained in the materials. By downloading content from our website, you accept the terms of this agreement.

Presentations text content in Mozambique Food Security Cluster After Action Review



Food Security Cluster After Action Review

27 April 2017

Cash Transfers Programming – WFP Food Assistance Approach



Ensure common understanding of what cash based transfers are and applicability in humanitarian assistance

Address the basic pillars of food security and principles of responseDiscuss response analysis and distribution modality / delivery mechanism choicePresent audience with some practical options

on wider adoption of CBTObjectives of the PresentationCash Based Transfers


Overview of Cash Based Transfers Programming

Food Security Overview & the WFP Food Assistance ToolkitKey Considerations and Lessons Learnt in CBTPresentation OutlineWFP Cash-Based Transfers


Part I

Overview of Cash Based Transfers Programming


DefinitionsCash Based Transfers

Transfer of resources using market mechanisms. (WFP)As such responds to problem of ‘access’ not ‘availability’, e.g.

people can’t afford food, where there is no shortage.

Cash transfers are assistance to beneficiaries in the form of cash payments, bank transfers or mobile money. Beneficiaries can meet their own needs in the marketplace. (CaLP


“Cash transfer programming in emergencies is one form of humanitarian response which can be used to address basic needs and/or protect, establish or re-establish livelihoods.”

IFRC and ICRC Guidelines for cash transfer

programmingC&V = cash & vouchersCBI = Cash-Based InterventionsMBI = Market Based Interventions

CTP = Cash Transfer Programming


Types of CBT ProgrammesCash Based Transfers Programming


Food insecurity results from different factors calling from diverse response options – One Size Does Not Fit All

Shift to people centric approaches (putting beneficiaries at the centre of their support) Focus on local food production & market development Social-economic factors: cost efficiency & effectiveness considerationsWhy the Transition from Food Aid to Food Assistance?

Cash Based Assistance


Part II

Food Security Overview & The WFP Food Assistance Toolkit – Response Decisions


What is Food Security?Food Assistance

… an evolving concept ...

1950s … 60s – food security was equated with self sufficiency in major staples


… Food Security is defined as Access to Sufficient food

Current Definition:

Food security

is achieved when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious

food to meet their dietary needs and

food preferences

for an active and healthy life



Pillars of Food SecurityFood Security


WFP’s Food Assistance Tool-KitFood Security


The food gap is the difference between nutritional needs and what targeted beneficiaries are able to provide for themselves without adopting distressed strategies.

The Food (Nutrient) GapFood Security

Food Gap

Nutritional Needs:

Average intake of 2,100 kcal/p/day with an appropriate proportion of calories from proteins (10-12%) and fats (min. 17%) and adequate amount of micro nutrients (vitamins and minerals).

Nutritional Value of the food the household is able to provide for themselves without resorting to negative coping strategies.

Needs Assessments determine the food gap in a given food insecurity context.


How to Meet the Food GapFood Security

WFP Food Basket

In-kind food

Transfer Value

determined by the minimum

Nutritionally Balanced Food Basket

available in the market

Cash-Based Transfers


A basket made of food commodities available in the local market, preferred by the beneficiaries as per diet habits, nutritious enough to fill the identified food gap!THIS IS ALSO KNOWN AS

… The “LOCAL DIET BASKET”What is a Nutritionally Balanced Food Basket Available in the Market?Food Security


Once the local diet basket is defined in commodities and quantities, we apply the local market prices: How to Calculate the Transfer Value

Food Security

Food gap:Nutrient ValueEnergy KcalMacronutrients Micronutrients

In-kind food

Food Basket

Food items and associated quantities calculated to fill the food gap (Kcal + macro + micro nutrient requirements)

Cash-Based Transfers

Food Basket

Food items tailored on local diet.Associated quantities calculated to fill the food gap (Kcal macro + micro nutrient)

Transfer Value

Food basket

(items & quantities)


Local market prices


Sectorial Capacity Assessment ConsiderationsComparative Decision Making Processes

Cooperating Partners Capacity

Local Market & Retail Sector Capacity

Financial Services Capacity

IT and Communication Capacity

Field Security Assessment


Government Policies


Cost Efficiency and Effectiveness ConsiderationsTransfer Modality Choice



Measures the cost of Delivering the ProgrammeMeasures the cost of achieving the objective


Part III

Key Considerations in Cash Based Transfers


Financial Services ProvidersTraders (not as typical providers of commodities)

(Third Party) Technology ProvidersOther Government Ministries and DepartmentWorking with non-traditional PartnersPartnerships

At one end of the spectrum are simple transactional partnerships for leveraging resources; at the other end are full-scale, complex multi-sector partnerships which aim to bring about system change. And of course there are many points in between, but for simplicity we have picked out a central point of “combining to innovate”.



Relationship Spectrum


Outcome of misalignment … …



Market functionality a key success determinantMarket assessments prior to intervention key

Market monitoring during intervention essentialIt is good practice to build on what the target population has … (markets created for humanitarian responses tend to collapse with the intervention)Why do different market assessment arrive at different conclusions?Market based responses need markets



Financial inclusion – a large portion of the population remains outside the financial grid (KYCs, regular income, costs et al limit access)

Adopted financial services shouldn't be a burden to target population – clear point of payment and verification of recipient (right amount to the right person at the right time)The aim is not “technology” but rather adoption of appropriate mechanismTechnology can limit risk of fraud Technology can limit access to financial services

Access to and interaction with FSPsFinancial Services Providers


Project Objectives (including duration of assistance & transfer value)

Existing infrastructureSet up costsSecurity considerations Controls & risk mitigation measures (automation)Human resources requirements (#s & capability)Speed for execution (fast or slow onset emergency?)Acceptability by target & vulnerable groups

ScaleFlexibility – to amounts, frequency et alCriteria for Assessment Cash Delivery Options

Delivery Mechanisms


Biometrics – e.g. use of finger prints can achieve deduplication, erase need for PIN numbers

Mobile Phones – use for mobile money; remote monitoring tool on project variables; accountability to affected population (AAP) – messaging – BCC, notification of “abuse”SMART card – multiple wallet capability, data encryption, ability of offline transactionsIMS

– e.g. SCOPE from WFP enable beneficiary and transfer management Sample ConsiderationsTechnology


Data protection – what information can be collected?

Informed (beneficiary) consent Legislation and political willGovernment


Cash Working Groups a good place to discuss cash issuesCross sectorial linkages useful

Government linkages essential (both local and national)Joint studies, programmes contribute to collective learningEnables addressing competing narratives on key issues like transfer value and thresholds for changing transfer modalityCoordination and collaboration

Working together


Business engagement is not about CSR! It is about a social-business interaction that MUST make sense to all actors

Technology shouldn’t be adopted for the sake of technology – sometimes low-tech makes most senseGovernment ownership and leadership key!Coordination and collaboration among stakeholders is essential (CWGs)Always ensure AAP – they have to be informed and involvedCritical Success Factors

Lessons Learnt


27th April 2017

Q&A SessionLearn more:

Charles InwaniProgramme Policy Adviser CBT & Social Protection, Regional Bureau of Johannesburg, South

About DocSlides
DocSlides allows users to easily upload and share presentations, PDF documents, and images.Share your documents with the world , watch,share and upload any time you want. How can you benefit from using DocSlides? DocSlides consists documents from individuals and organizations on topics ranging from technology and business to travel, health, and education. Find and search for what interests you, and learn from people and more. You can also download DocSlides to read or reference later.