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February 26, 2012 February 26, 2012

February 26, 2012 - PowerPoint Presentation

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February 26, 2012 - PPT Presentation

Managed Lanes Overview Dr Adrian Moore Vice President Reason Foundation httpreasonorg 1 Key Issues OUTLINE What are Managed Lanes Where Are Managed Lanes Nationwide Key concerns about Managed Lanes ID: 291421

managed lanes peak transit lanes managed transit peak express congested travel users don

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Slide1

February 26, 2012

Managed Lanes Overview

Dr. Adrian Moore

Vice President

Reason Foundation

http://reason.orgSlide2

1

Key Issues: OUTLINE

What are Managed Lanes?

Where Are Managed Lanes Nationwide

Key concerns about Managed Lanes

Benefits of Managed LanesSlide3

2

What Are Managed Lanes?

Specialized, rather than General Purpose, lanes

Variable pricing, to keep traffic flowing uncongested

Usually limited to cars, vans, buses

Two ways to create:

Conversion of under-performing HOV lanes

Creation of new lanes (added capacity)Slide4

3

Managed Lanes Projects, 2011Slide5

4

Managed Lanes Networks

In Long Range Transportation Plan already:

Atlanta

Dallas

Houston

San Diego

San Francisco

Seattle

Being considered:

Los Angeles

Miami-Dade/Broward/Palm Beach Counties

Washington, DCSlide6

5

Typical Concerns about Managed Lanes

“Lexus Lanes”

“Paying twice”

Discouraging carpooling

Rights of way, adequate roomSlide7

6

The “Lexus Lanes” Issue

Data on commuter attitudes (San Diego, Seattle)

Data on usage (91X, I-15, I-394, SR 167)

High income uses somewhat more frequently

But all economic sectors use lanes at least some times when the need to

Women slightly more likely to be users

Win-win (GP lanes benefit, too)

Common-sense comparisons

(restaurants, airlines, Amtrak, Postal Service)Slide8

WSDOT Data on Managed Lanes Usage

7Slide9

8

“We’ve Already Paid For These Lanes”

Usually applies only to conversions

Best answer: HOV-2 not working well

If empty lanes, taxpayers not getting full value from expensive pavement.

If congested, motorists aren’t getting promised benefits.

If new capacity, the money is seldom there for new GP lanes, or concerns they will simple become congested quickly. Slide10

9

Do Managed Lanes Decrease Carpooling?

No evidence of carpooling decrease

Significant increase on I-15 MLs in San Diego

Conversion definitely reduces violators

Inevitable shift from HOV-2 to HOV-3 in congested

corridors might reduce carpools in the ML itself.Slide11

Rights of Way/Room to Expand

Tampa’s elevated

reversible express

toll

lanes—6 lanes in 6 ftSlide12

11

Benefits of Managed Lanes

Optimize use of all roadway capacity

Increase throughput compared with GP lanes during peak periods

Enables Bus Rapid Transit

More choices for travelers

(“congestion insurance”)

Reduce emissions of increase travel

Expand economic opportunity

Generates revenue to pay at least part of costs

Widespread public and political acceptance.Slide13

Current long-range transportation plans don’t reduce congestion

Metro LRTP $ Transit TTIArea %Transit Mode Share 2003 2030

2005-2030 2003 2030

Atlanta 38% 6.7 8.4 1.46 1.85

Denver 27% 5.0 6.4 1.40 1.80

Los Angeles 58% 4.8 7.4 1.75 1.94

Miami 68% 4.3 5.0 1.42 1.84

SF Bay 64% 6.9 7.3 1.54 1.86

Honolulu 50% 5.7* 8.9 1.19 1.31*2000Slide14

I-95 Miami Managed Lanes: A real success story by any measure

Daily toll traffic now exceeds 50,000 paying vehicles

20% of total daily traffic (higher in peaks)

Annual revenue tracking at about $18-20 million

Phase I only; southbound direction only opened for 5 months

Strong return on project that cost less than $100 million to convert… including toll systems and dynamic signing

Express Lanes above 45 MPH over 99.5% of the time

Cut overall average peak period travel times

in half for all users, and by two thirds for Express Lane users!

13Slide15

Speed (mph)

Travel Speeds

(Northbound - PM Peak Period)

Travel Time (8 mile trip)

Average Peak Period Time Savings = 14 Minutes

Travel Time

(Northbound Peak Period)

Impacts on Peak Period Speeds and Travel Times

After Conversion

Before Conversion

14Slide16

15

Synergy of Managed Lanes andBus Rapid Transit (BRT)

Value-priced lane is

virtual equivalent

of an exclusive fixed

guideway

.

Pricing limits vehicle flow to what’s compatible with LOS C conditions.

Reliable high speed is sustainable long-term, thanks to pricing.

Miami has implemented on new I-95 Express Lanes.

S.F. Bay Area planning

regionwide

express bus on its HOT Network.Slide17

16

Managed Lanes

Main Lanes

BRT Station

Direct Access Road

To Arterial

Direct Transit

Access Ramps

I-15 Transit StationSlide18

17

Choices

Now

Rail Transit

Managed Lanes

Slow buses

Slow

buses

Slow buses

Congested

roads

Congested roads

Congested lanes

Rail Transit

Free flowing Managed

Lane

Bus Rapid TransitSlide19

18

Emission Reductions FromSan Francisco Bay Area NetworkSlide20

19

Economic Benefits of Atlanta’s ML Network (2030)

Employment-shed

(

with

Managed Lanes)

Employment-shed

(without Managed Lanes)

< 45 min.

45 – 90 min.

Travel Time

Opportunity for 196% increase in workers

within 45 minutes of DowntownSlide21

Approve

88%

Don’t

Know

1%

Disapprove

11%

Don’t

Know

6%

Disapprove

28%

Approve

66%

FasTrak Customer

Other I-15 Users

Approval of Managed Lane Program On I-15

20Slide22

Approval of Program by Group

21

Age

Percent Approval

Ethnicity

Income ($000’s)Slide23

91 Express: A popular option

Over 150,000 Vehicles equipped with Transponders

Typically only one in five used in a given day

15-20% of total traffic uses toll lanes

Much higher share in peak hours

Preset Variable toll rate structure

Tolls range from about $1.00 to $10.00 for 10 mile trip

Very high level of public approval

22Slide24

23

Ethnicity

Percent Agree

Income ($000’s)

“People who drive alone should be able to use the I-15 Express Lanes

for a fee?”….

Agree or Disagree?Slide25

Somewhat

Agree

25%

Somewhat

Disagree

5%

Strongly

Disagree

5%

Somewhat

Agree

31%

Somewhat

Disagree

11%

Strongly

Disagree

14%

Don’t

Know

2%

Strongly Agree

65%

Strongly

Agree

42%

FasTrak Customer

Other I-15 Users

FasTrak

Program Reduces Congestion On I-15

24Slide26

Don’t

Know

5%

Extend

Express

Lanes

37%

Add

Regular

Lanes

26%

Build

Other

Roads

21%

Add

Transit

11%

Extend

Express

Lanes

49%

Add

Regular

Lanes

24%

Build

Other

Roads

13%

Add

Transit

10%

Don’t

Know

4%

FasTrak Customer

Other I-15 Users

Single Most Effective Way

to Reduce Congestion On I-15

25Slide27

Summary

Managed Lanes have a track record of:

Improved Flow and reduced congestion

Improved Bus transit operations

Very popular where they are

in place

26